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46. Korsakoff's Syndrome __________. a. produces serious impairments in short-term memory b. involves damage to the brain structure c. is most directly due to alcohol abuse d. often includes considerable confusion and confabulation e. all of these 47. Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome has been linked to __________ deficiency. a. Vitamin A b. Vitamin C c. iron d. thiamine 48. __________ is.

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  • 46. Korsakoff's Syndrome __________. a. produces serious impairments in short-term memory b.
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56. Alcohol is often used in cough syrups because it is an excellent solvent. a. True b. False 57. An important acute effect of alcohol is a dramatic increase in REM, or dream, sleep. a. True b. False 58. Grayouts probably reflect state-dependent learning. a. True b. False 59. Alcohol will erase its own hangover symptoms. a. True b. False 60. Alcohol's.

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  • 56. Alcohol often used in cough syrups because it an
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31. Research has indicated that little tolerance to caffeine’s __________ develops. a. renal function effects b. stimulant effects c. effects on sleep d. all of these e. stimulant effects or effects on sleep 32. The explanation for caffeine's acute effects that is most accepted now is the __________ hypothesis. a. phosphodiesterase b. aminophylline c. adenosine d. glucose 33. Caffeine's.

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  • 31. Research has indicated that little tolerance to caffeine’s __________
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66. Cocaine and amphetamines are beta-blockers. a. True b. False 67. Cocaine influences dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin activity. a. True b. False 68. Cocaine is thought to activate the dopamine pathways of the mesolimbic dopaminergic pathway. a. True b. False 69. Cocaine enhances athletic performance involving strength or endurance. a. True b. False 70. Cocaine enhances sexual performance in males. a. True b. False 71..

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  • 66. Cocaine and amphetamines beta-blockers. a. True b. False 67. Cocaine influences dopamine,
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31. The use of ____________ in cold medications is now strictly regulated as a result of the Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act. a. guafenesin b. pseudoephedrine c. dextromethorphan d. all of these 32. The long-term effects of stimulant use involve depletion of ______. a. monoamines b. acetylcholine c. endorphins d. GABA 33. The physiological and behavioral effects of amphetamine.

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  • 31. The use of ____________ in cold medications now strictly
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46. A medication intended to increase respiratory stimulation in premature infants would be most likely to include __________. a. caffeine b. theophylline c. theobromine d. none of these 47. Caffeine has been used in a variety of medications to produce __________. a. cerebral stimulation b. diuresis c. coronary constriction d. all of these e. cerebral stimulation and diuresis.

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  • 46. A medication intended to increase respiratory stimulation in premature
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11. Which drug(s) is/are notable for being “cradle to grave” drugs? a. caffeine b. nicotine c. alcohol d. all of these e. caffeine and nicotine 12. Citizens of __________ are the world’s top coffee consumers. a. the U.S. b. Great Britain c. Scandinavian countries d. Brazil 13. The United States’ consumption of caffeine is __________ the world average. a. half.

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  • 11. Which drug(s) is/are notable for being “cradle to grave”
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11. The ingredients in the original Coca-Cola included __________. a. methamphetamine b. cocaine c. barbiturates d. benzedrine e. all of these 12. Amphetamines have been put to many medical uses. Which of the following is not one of them? a. treatment of anxiety b. relief of sinus problems c. treatment of attention deficit/hyperactivity d. treatment of narcolepsy 13. Which of the.

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  • 11. The ingredients in the original Coca-Cola included __________. a. methamphetamine b.
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21. The group most likely to use moist snuff are __________. a. young females b. young males c. adult men who earn less than $5,000/year d. psychiatric outpatients 22. Nicotine has __________-like effects. a. dopamine b. serotonin c. acetylcholine d. norepinephrine 23. Nicotine is most readily absorbed from the __________. a. skin b. lungs c. nasal mucosa d. gastrointestinal tract 24..

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  • 21. The group most likely to use moist snuff __________. a.
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36. Alcohol inhibits the secretion of antidiuretic hormone. This causes __________. a. constipation b. increased urination c. diarrhea d. decreased appetite 37. Alcohol works as a peripheral dilator. This causes __________. a. nausea b. blackouts c. dizziness d. the skin to feel warm and turn red 38. With blackouts, the individual __________. a. can only partially recall.

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  • 36. Alcohol inhibits the secretion of antidiuretic hormone. causes __________. a.
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31. The most frequently reported nicotine withdrawal symptom is __________. a. insomnia b. anxiety c. irritability d. nicotine craving 32. Nicotine has been shown to have __________ effects. a. calming b. stimulating c. both calming and stimulating d. none of these 33. Which of the following is not an acute pharmacological effect of nicotine? a. increased behavioral.

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  • 31. The most frequently reported nicotine withdrawal symptom __________. a. insomnia
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a. theobromine b. methylxanthine c. theophylline d. alkaloid 2. Caffeine is one of three naturally occurring compounds known as the __________. a. theobromines b. methylxanthines c. endorphins d. tricyclics 3. Caffeine is chemically related to __________. a. theophylline b. theobromine c. nicotine d. all of these e. theophylline and theobromine only 4. Tea contains ________ as well as caffeine. a. theophylline b. theobromine c..

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  • a. theobromine b. methylxanthine c. theophylline d. alkaloid 2. Caffeine one of
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61. One effect of caffeine use is mood-elevation. a. True b. False 62. In reaction-time experiments, caffeine improves the decision-making part of the task but impairs the motor component. a. True b. False 63. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration strictly monitors the caffeine content of energy drinks. a. True b. False 64. Combining Red Bull and alcohol reduces.

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  • 61. One effect of caffeine use mood-elevation. a. True b. False 62. In
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