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131. John and his wife are having trouble communicating and getting along with one another. Which type of therapy is most likely to help them with their problems? a) family   b) individual  c) self-help group    d) systematic desensitization 132. Saleem has been seeing a therapist because she cannot adjust to her.
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151. Research suggests that a reduction in myelin coating neurons in the uncinate fasciculus and the cingulum bundle, two important parts of the brain, is related to developing symptoms of __________. a) schizophrenia b) major depression c) conversion disorder d) generalized anxiety disorder   How do the various personality disorders differ, and what is thought.
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51.  What approach to therapy utilizes the principles of classical and operant conditioning? a. behavior modification b. cognitive c. humanistic d. psychoanalytic 52.  Which therapeutic approach is most concerned about changing the problem behavior? a. behavior modification b. cognitive c. humanistic d. psychoanalytic 53.  The "token economy" is most closely associated with the _______ approach to treatment. a. operant-conditioning b. cognitive c. humanistic-existential d..
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61.  Which technique uses reinforcement to change behavior? a. operant conditioning b. classical conditioning c. aversive conditioning d. desensitization 62.  After Jeff is expelled from school for missing too many classes, he seeks help from a therapist.  The therapist develops a contract that specifies that if Jeff attends all his classes, he will be allowed.
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111. Which of the following best describes dysthymia? a) a mild to moderate depression b) a severe, intermittent form of depression c) a form of depression that affects biological functions such as appetite d) a form of depression that is very responsive to electroconvulsive therapy 112. Major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder are all examples.
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141. An advantage of group therapy is that it ___________. a) can provide help to individuals who may be unable to afford individual psychotherapy b) can be helpful to individuals who are uncomfortable in social situations c) can only be used alone and not in combination with any other form of therapy d) can.
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121. According to Albert Ellis, we become unhappy and depressed about events because of _________. a) our behaviors b) our irrational beliefs c) the events that happen to us d) other people’s irrational beliefs 122. In which form of therapy does the therapist take a directive role, challenging clients when they make “my.
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121. Which cognitive event has been linked to self-defeating thinking and is hypothesized as contributing to the development and maintenance of major depression? a) self-efficacy b) learned helplessness c) reciprocal determinism d) all-or-none thinking 122. Which of the following is the biological explanation for mood disorders? a) They are a result of learned helplessness. b) They are.
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21.  Last month Pam was giddy, impulsive, and talkative; this month she is sad, silent, and almost motionless. What is the most likely diagnosis in this case?  a. major depressive disorder b. anxiety disorder c. somatoform disorder  d. bipolar disorder 22.  A person who suffers from bipolar disorder alternates between .
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11.  Genuineness, empathy, unconditional positive regard, and self-growth are all associated with ________ therapy. a. gestalt b. humanistic c. cognitive d. behavioral 12.  Which of the following is a leading figure in Gestalt therapy? a. Fritz Perls b. Max Wertheimer c. Rollo May d. Albert Ellis 13.  Freud believed that many psychological problems were the result of: a. feelings and emotions.
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  In-Text Questions   Chapter 13 1. Larisa is going to a therapist to gain a better understanding of what makes her do the things she does. This type of therapy is known as __________ therapy. a. insight b. action c. behavioral d. biomedical 2. It was __________ who is most credited with the “moral treatment” movement for using.
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111. Your friend has applied to several medical schools. After receiving one rejection letter, she concludes that she will not be admitted to any school and feels depressed. Your friend is engaging in___________. a) arbitrary inference b) overgeneralization c) minimization  d) selective thinking 112. Azdah’s teenage son fails his mathematics exam due.
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41. According to Carl Rogers, the __________ is how people see their actual traits and abilities. a) ideal self b) real self c) ego d) id 42. According to Carl Rogers, the __________ is how people think they should be. a) ideal self b) real self c) ego d) id 43. Sylvia, who is undergoing person-centered therapy, has been told.
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21.  In the psychoanalytic technique of _______, the patient is encouraged to say whatever thoughts come to mind, regardless of their order or appropriateness. a. abreaction b. cathexis c. free-association d. transference 22.  A student finds himself hating a professor because the latter reminds him of his abusive father.  In psychoanalytic terms, the student is.
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81.  Which of the following has been fairly effective in treating bipolar disorders? a. cingulotomy b. valium c. lithium carbonate d. ECT 82.  Which of the following is NOT used in biomedical therapy? a. electric shock b. language c. drugs d. surgery 83.  Which of the following is NOT a primary technique associated with modern biomedical therapy? a. drugs b. surgery c. trephining d..
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161. Which of the following drugs would be the treatment of choice for schizophrenia? a) Librium b) aripiprazole c) lithium d) Prozac 162. What type of drugs are the traditional antianxiety drugs, or minor tranquilizers, such as Valium? a) tricyclics     b) lithium family    c) chlorpromazines d) benzodiazepines 163. A physician prescribes a benzodiazepine drug.
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11. Which therapy style can be compared to a drill sergeant–private style of therapeutic relationship? a. person-centered b. Gestalt c. rational–emotive behavioral d. cognitive 12. Which of the following is not one of the three goals of cognitive–behavioral therapy? a. helping the client gain insight b. relieving the symptoms and resolving the problems c. helping the client develop.
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91. Which of the following is a therapy based on the principles of operant conditioning? a) systematic desensitization b) flooding c) aversion therapy d) token economy 92. At Skinner Elementary School, teachers pass out “Skinner bucks” to students who turn in papers on time, obey the teacher, and finish their homework. The paper “bucks” can.
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41.  In which of the following therapies might a therapist use real physical pain to change behavior?   a. operant conditioning  b. aversive conditioning  c. psychoanalysis  d. desensitization  42.  Paula's mother painted Paula's nails with an unpleasant-tasting salve to stop her nail biting.  This illustrates ________. a. aversive conditioning b. systematic desensitization c. biofeedback d..
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Chapter 13: Psychological Therapies Quick Quiz 1 1. Lulu sees a professional once a month to manage the medication she is taking to help alleviate the symptoms of her anxiety disorder. The type of therapy Lulu is undergoing is called ______________. a) psychotherapy b) biomedical therapy c) physical therapy d) electroconvulsive shock therapy 2. Modern psychoanalysts differ.
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91. Intruding thoughts that occur again and again are called _________. Repetitive, ritualistic behaviors are called________. a) intrusions; impulses b) obsessions; compulsions c) impulses; intrusions d) compulsions; obsessions 92. George is suffering from an obsessive-compulsive disorder. If he tries to stop his compulsive behaviors, he is likely to experience ______. a) severe depression b) severe anxiety c) amnesia d).
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41.  Martha vacuums the carpet in her living room 15 times a day.  It is very likely that she is suffering from which of the following disorders? a. obsessive-compulsive b. conversion c. PTSD d. somatoform 42.  Which of the following statements about posttraumatic stress disorder is NOT true? a. There are recurrent dreams and nightmares. b. It.
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61. Which of the following individuals would be considered a good candidate for humanistic therapy? a) Mary, who is extremely withdrawn b) Kaleem, who suffers from a severe psychotic disorder c) Pasha, who is unable to verbally express her thoughts and feelings d) Lou, who is seeking a career change - How do behavior.
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81. Eloise is living with post-traumatic stress disorder. During her therapy session, her therapist asks her to move her eyes rapidly back and forth while thinking of a disturbing memory. Eloise’s therapist is using __________. a) eye-movement desensitization reprocessing b) systematic desensitization c) eye-memory therapy d) eye therapy 82. What is an advantage of using.
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181. Prefrontal lobotomy is one form of ______. a) shock treatment b) drug therapy c) psychosurgery d) EST 182. A patient scheduled to have an operation called a bilateral cingulotomy may have which of the following diagnoses? a) panic disorder b) bipolar disorder c) catatonic schizophrenia d) antisocial personality disorder 183. Bilateral cingulotomy has been performed in cases of ________.
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11.  The learning approach to psychological disorders suggests that: a. we learn abnormal behaviors just as we learn other behaviors. b. what is learned cannot be unlearned. c. we must find the cause of a disorder before it can be treated. d. none of the above 12.  The _______ approach to psychological disorders suggests that.
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71. Which of the following best describes the antisocial personality? a. low intelligence b. lack of remorse or guilt c. depression d. paranoid schizophrenic tendencies 72.  Which of the following is NOT characteristic of the antisocial personality disorder? a. self-centered b. no guilt or remorse c. manipulative and insincere d. low intelligence 73.  What individual is most likely to come.
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    31. Mario has always had trouble dealing with his parents as authority figures. During psychoanalysis, he reacts to the analyst in a negative manner whenever the therapist says something that reminds him of his parents’ control over him. What process would Freud say is occurring?  a) manifesting b) resistance     c) transference .
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11. Which term does not belong? a. bipolar b. hypochondria c. dysthymia d. major depression 12. Which mood disorder consists of mostly manic episodes with only a few episodes of depression? a. bipolar b. unipolar c. dysthymia d. major depressive disorder 13. Which mood disorder consists of a consistent, extremely sad mood? a. bipolar b. cyclothymia c. mania d. major depressive disorder 14. Unlike individuals.
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91.  Electroconvulsive therapy is used to alleviate _______. a. anxiety b. schizophrenia c. somatoform disorders d. severe depression 92.  Electroconvulsive therapy _______. a. is used more frequently today than in years past. b. is only effective if administered daily over a six-month period c. is capable of damaging the brain d. produces only negative results 93.  The effects of psychosurgery.
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13 Psychological Therapies MULTIPLE CHOICE - What are the two modern ways in which psychological disorders can be treated, and how have they been treated in the past? 1. The kind of therapy that involves talking things out with a professional is called____________. a) psychotherapy b) biomedical therapy c) physical therapy d) electroconvulsive shock therapy 2. Lulu sees.
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General Bank Questions 13: PSYCHOLOGICAL THERAPIES ______________________________________________________________________________ 1.  What technique is used when patients are asked to relate thoughts, feelings, or images without modifying them?  a. hypnosis b. primary analysis c. dream analysis d. free association 2.  What is the primary goal of client-centered therapy?  a. to eliminate the client's undesirable behaviors.
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21. In interpreting a dream, a psychoanalyst would attempt to discover the dream’s__________. a) latent content  b) manifest content c) symbolic content   d) psychological content a) manifest content b) free association c) latent content d) resistance 23. The psychoanalytic patient who lets her thoughts flow without interruption or fear of negative criticism from her therapist.
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171. What is one of the main advantages of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) as compared to similar drugs? a) They have fewer side effects. b) They only need to be taken weekly, not daily. c) They affect several different neurotransmitters. d) They work immediately. 172. The drug ______ is used to treat.
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General Bank Questions   12: PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS ______________________________________________________________________________ Abnormality 1.  During the Middle Ages, abnormal behavior was frequently attributed to: a. unconscious processes. b. unbalanced bodily processes. c. social upheaval. d. demon possession. 2.  With which perspective on mental disorder is John Watson associated? a. behavioral b. biomedical c. psychodynamic d. sociological 3.  The learning approach to psychological disorders suggests that: a. abnormal behavior is learned.
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61.  Harry has an intense, irrational fear of fire.  He is probably suffering from ________. a. pyrophobia b. ophidiophobia c. mysophobia d. arachnophobia 62.  Fears of snakes, thunderstorms, darkness, and water are classified as ________ phobias. a. specific b. primary c. social d. innate 63.  Most psychodynamic theorists believe that anxiety disorders are the result of _______. a. repressed urges or.
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51.  Ritualistic behavior is associated with which of the following disorders? a. anxiety b. obsessive-compulsive c. somatoform d. conversion 52.  Thoughts that repeatedly intrude into consciousness against one's will are called: a. compulsions. b. loose associations. c. neologisms. d. obsessions. 53.  Acts that "must be done" are called: a. compulsions. b. obsessions. c. motor impulses. d. preservative impulses. 54.  Obsessions and compulsions: a. appear to be.
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141. False sensory perceptions that often take the form of hearing voices that do no really exist are called ________. a) delusions b) hallucinations c) obsessions d) compulsions 142. Of the five known human sensory systems, which type of hallucination is the most common? a) visual b) tactile c) gustatory d) auditory 143. Nick is admitted to a mental institution.
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81.  Nancy smells smoke when there is no fire.  This is an example of: a. a delusion. b. a hallucination. c. a paranoia. d. an olfactory inhibition. 82.  Excessive amounts of dopamine in the brain have been proposed as a cause of: a. schizophrenia. b. anorexia nervosa. c. antisocial personality. d. paraphilia. 83.  Of the following, which would provide the.
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71.  A type of psychotherapy in which people meet regularly to interact and help one another achieve insight into their feelings and behavior is __________ therapy.   a. virtual  b. group  c. Gestalt  d. response  72.  When problems exist between parents and children, their problems are usually BEST handled by __________.  .
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31.  Albert Ellis is best known as a _______ therapist. a. Gestalt b. rational-emotive c. family d. group 32.  The originator of rational-emotive therapy is _______. a. Bandura b. Perls c. Rogers d. Ellis 33.  On the door of the refrigerator is a sheet of paper with check marks on it. Every time Alice cleans her room properly and makes.
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  In-Text Questions   Chapter 12 1. Survivors of natural disasters like Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the 2010 BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico mayexperience higher incidences of __________. a. depression b. posttraumatic stress disorder c. anxiety disorders d. all of the above 2. What was the most likely reason that ancient peoples performed trepanning on.
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131. An eating disorder characterized by eating binges followed by purging is called _________. a) anorexia nervosa b) bulimia c) hormone under secretion d) leptin reduction 132. The neurotransmitter associated with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa is _____________. a) dopamine b) insulin c) serotonin d) endorphin a) Anorexia and bulimia are only found in Western, high-socioeconomic cultures. b) African American.
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31.  Major depression disorder is: a. always accompanied by a manic state.b. equally common among men and women. c. a type of psychosis. d. the most common psychological disorder. 32.  Social cognitive theorists believe that depression stems from _______. a. genetic predisposition b. a poor self-image c. distortions of thinking d. reaction-formation 33.  There is strong evidence that _______.
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51. The person-centered therapist must show a genuine, open, and honest response to the client. This is called___________. a) empathy b) resistance c) authenticity d) unconditional positive regard 52. Expressing empathy, developing discrepancy between a client’s present behaviors and values, rolling with resistance, and supporting a client’s self-efficacy are the four principles of.
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