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Study Resources (Sociology)

21. Transnational organizations, such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, play an important role in maintaining developing nations’ economic dependence on the former colonial powers. From this perspective, globalization a. contributes to development in the Third World. b. places a financial burden on wealthy nations. c. continues the legacy.
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51. What percentage of the American population uses public transportation for their daily commute to work? a. less than 5% b. about 10% c. about 15% d. about 20% 52. Which combination best reflects the main problems caused by today’s suburban sprawl? a. housing and mortgage crisis b. declining property values and water depletion c. destruction of agricultural.
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71. A sociologist asks 100 people which jobs they find to be the most prestigious within society. He then ranks the jobs based on the responses from the 100 people he interviewed. What type of scale is the sociologist constructing? a. income ranking b. social structure c. occupational attainment d. occupational prestige 72. A.
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71. Framing is central to the formation of a collective identity necessary for the success of a social movement. What does framing do? a. It defines “us” versus “them.” b. It defines the meaning of its message. c. It identifies opponents or targets. d. It solidifies membership. 72. Social movements promote their organizations with symbolic.
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91. User-generated media never reaches a broad audience. 92. User-generated media is always vetted before being posted to the Internet to prevent negative or harmful content. 93. The media is a promoter of ideology. 94. Use of the Internet has spread very quickly and people throughout the world have open access to.
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61. The laissez-faire form of capitalism _____ democracy. a. undermines b. strengthens c. contributes to freedom and d. is opposed to the principles of 62. One of the outcomes of a truly free-market capitalist system is a. a fully competitive market. b. monopolization. c. regulated business environment. d. reduction in inequality. 63. In which system does a small group.
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21. Social reproduction theorists would argue that which of the following is a major contributor to social reproduction? a. students choosing not to excel in school b. kids spending time playing video games and not studying c. unequal access to financial resources across schools d. parents being generally uninterested in education 22. Why.
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31. From the perspective of human ecology, the analysis of distinct urban areas focuses on their a. formal boundaries. b. function. c. district political affiliation. d. dominant ethnicity. 32. The inner-city area is fundamentally different from the suburbs. Which of the following reflects the focus of the perspective of human ecology in understanding the differences?.
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71. In the global economy, a. corporations enjoy considerable leverage over governments. b. governments enjoy considerable leverage over corporations. c. governments enjoy considerable leverage over citizens’ interests. d. consumers enjoy considerable leverage over corporations. 72. _____ was an important factor in both the savings and loan crisis in the 1980s and the financial crisis of.
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11. According to Ferdinand Tönnies, a social organization in which individuals are oriented to collectively shared of values and traditional ties is called a. Verstehen. b. Gesellschaft. c. Gemeinschaft. d. Wissenschaft. 12. Life in New York City today is an example of which form of social organization? a. mechanical solidarity b. urban solidarity c. Gemeinschaft d. Gesellschaft 13. _____ is.
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61. Some areas in the Southwest require residents to install water-saving toilets in new homes. This is an example of a. greenwashing. b. attempting sustainability . c. civil rights violation. d. a boondoggle. 62. Who is affected by environmental degradation? a. the poor much more than the rich b. everyone about equally c. men more than.
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51. What have sociologists concluded about the relationship between occupational prestige and job satisfaction? a. A high-status job does not guarantee job satisfaction. b. Those in high-status jobs are the most satisfied. c. Workers in low-status jobs are the most satisfied. d. Those in professional jobs are the least satisfied. 52..
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31. Which of the following factors has NOT contributed to regsegregation in American schools? a. persistent residential segregation b. rise of school choice programs c. white parents taking children out of multiracial neighborhoods d. minority parents choosing to send their children to segregated schools 32. What have researchers concluded about the quality of.
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81. Which theory suggests that capitalist and socialist economies are becoming increasingly similar? a. theory of socialization b. convergence theory c. mixed economy theory d. combination theory 82. The policies of the United States are focused almost exclusively on issues of national security. Are people feeling more secure?  a. No; the threat of terrorism persists. b..
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11. Which of the following lessons would be an example of the hidden curriculum present within schools? a. algebraic equations b. obedience to authority c. chemistry formulas d. sociological theories 12. What does the hidden curriculum do? a. It teaches students the central values and beliefs of society.  b. It teaches students basic subjects like math.
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31. Which economic philosophy promotes markets, deregulation, privatization, and reduced government social expenditures? a. the Austrian school b. Keynesian economics c. neoliberalism d. libertarianism 32. According to the Globalization Index, which of the following countries is the most globalized? a. the United States b. Belgium c. Chad d. China 33. Which is NOT a policy promoted by neoliberalism? a..
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Multiple Choice Questions 1. Social change is always a. complete. b. partial. c. disturbing. d. bad. 2. Even though women today enjoy full equality in the workplace, they still collectively make significantly less money than men. This is evidence that while some beliefs and attitudes change, a. they do not change fast enough. b. they are replaced.
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91. Europe and North America account for the vast majority of the world’s cultural exports. 92. Developing countries account for at least a half of the world’s cultural exports. 93. Developing nations tend to be the most globalized. 94. Censorship and manipulation of Internet content is one way that governments which oppose.
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21. What does media saturation mean? a. Media technology has become increasingly heavy and cumbersome. b. Media is present in more and more aspects of our social world and lives. c. Media has become so expensive that people are distancing themselves from it. d. None of the answers is correct. 22. How has the.
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11. What is a consequence of the concentration of media ownership? a. Fewer perspectives are presented, and those that are presented represent the concerns of corporate powers. b. Cable prices go up but the quality of programming goes down. c. Media becomes more diffuse because it is owned and produced by more.
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21. According to Emile Durkheim, urban societies are based on an interdependent network of specialized social roles. This type of social cohesion is called _____ solidarity. a. urban b. organic c. mechanical d. complex 22. In an urban neighborhood, people feel a sense of a community because they do not live.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1. From the perspective of sociology, health and disease are a matter of a. personal choice. b. mostly genetics. c. social patterns. d. social epidemic. 2. Which combination best describes what sociologists mean by a “community”? a. place, relationships, and identity in common b. neighborhood, address, and social class in common c. race, neighborhood, and.
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41. Gentrification raises property values and the overall attractiveness of the community. This is both positive and negative. Which of the following is a major problem with gentrification? a. a housing bubble b. too many vacant units c. the displacement of low-income residents d. the unintended increase in burglary cases 42. W.E.B. Du Bois pioneered.
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91. Gesellschaft and organic solidarity both describe the characteristics of a modern urban social organization. The two concepts are virtually the same. 92. Human ecologists liken the city processes of growth and decline to the natural patterns of life. 93. Gentrification benefits residents of all class backgrounds by increasing property values. 94. W.E.B..
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51. What did Max Weber mean by the term social economics? a. the calculating nature of social interaction b. the interconnection between economy and social life c. the science of economics as a social science d. system of exchange in small-scale societies 52. Economic life is social because a functioning economic system is predicated on.
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31. Which theory of power is most closely based on the work of Karl Marx, which views the economic system as the primary source of power? a. class domination theory b. class division theory c. power elite theory d. theory of exploitation 32. Wealthy individuals and corporations have the power to influence government policy.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1. A realm in which decisions are made on behalf of a society about policies and priorities is called a. the law. b. politics. c. corporate governance. d. a social system. 2. Which statement about politics is false? a. It is full of hypocrisy and deception. b. It is ridden with conflict. c. It is separate.
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41. Who runs charter schools? a. parents of students attending the schools b. local governments c. organizations that are independent of local school districts d. students attending the charter schools 42. Which of the following is NOT an accurate description of charter schools? a. They are essentially private schools because of who runs them. b. They.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1. What does it mean to describe traditional media as only involved in one-way communication? a. It did not rely on audience participation. b. It used low-level technologies. c. It created personalized messages for a single viewer. d. It never considered its audience. 2. Which of the following comprises the media? a. communication.
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51. Unsustainable population growth is threatening the planet. This statement is consistent with which population theory? a. neoclassical b. Malthusian c. environmental d. neo-Malthusian 52. Which theory argues that population growth is directly related to levels of affluence and adoption of new technology? a. demographic divide theory b. Malthusian theory c. demographic transition theory d. neoliberalism 53. Demographic transition theory.
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11. William Ogburn argued that in the face of rapid technological change, people’s _____ the new technological reality. a. beliefs lag behind b. ideas correspond with c. attitudes adjust to d. choices adapt to 12. William Ogburn argued that technological development produces a. more comfortable lifestyles. b. better opportunities. c. improved health. d. new social problems. 13. The Internet.
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91. Political participation is stratified by class more in the United States than in many other democracies. 92. The middle class receives a more positive political socialization than the working class, making them more likely to participate in political life. 93. Unlike the George W. Bush campaigns, the 2008 Obama presidential campaign.
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41. What is the primary reason behind the global population explosion? a. absence of birth control b. increased prosperity c. increasing poverty d. medical advances 42. Technological development, particularly in the medical field, had contributed to population explosion by a. improving living standards and reducing mortality. b. improving fertility treatment. c. increasing life expectancy and lowering infant.
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61. How do professionals generally derive power in the workplace? a. from being owners and making the “big decisions” b. by being productive and working longer hours than others c. by possessing credentials and highly specialized skills needed in the workplace d. by controlling the purse strings of the company for which they work 62..
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81. Several college students decide to start their own website where they upload stories and links to other websites regarding news on college campuses. This kind of _____ is a new trend in media because more accessible technologies allow easier production of media content. a. traditional mass media b. socialization agent c..
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71. Some sociologists argue that corporations could play an important role in solving environmental problems by adopting green-technology to increase profits. This perspective is a. widely accepted. b. controversial. c. scientifically proven. d. gaining in popularity. 72. The only effective solution to the problem of environmental abuse and degradation, and the danger it represents for.
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41. From the sociological perspective, what is consumption? a. creating products b. choosing goods you would like to purchase c. choosing, purchasing, and using goods d. using a product until it has no utility left 42. Which of the following has NOT contributed to the rise of consumer culture in the United States?.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1. Which social institution teaches not only knowledge and skills but also cultural norms and values? a. politics b. economy c. education d. religion 2. How does schooling differ from education? a. Education is the process of instruction whereas schooling is the social institution. b. Education refers to skill acquisition whereas schooling refers to.
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51. What provides the most revenue for most forms of media? a. syndication rights b. cable reruns c. advertising d. donations 52. Emotional obsolescence is when advertisers a. appeal to the charitable emotions of their audiences so they constantly donate money to new causes. b. constantly cycle new products into the marketplace, keeping.
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91. Charter schools are basically private schools. 92. Occupational prestige is always positively related to the average income of an occupation; the more money earned, the more prestigious the occupation. 93. The gender gap in pay is only caused by the fact that women choose to leave their jobs to become.
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21. According to research, taking part in what high school activity contributes to increased political participation in adult years? a. service organizations b. sports c. academic clubs d. None of these have been shown to contribute to increased political participation. 22. What theory explains why, in order to avoid social isolation, people do not.
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81. People with low socioeconomic status a. suffer less stress. b. are less likely to be isolated. c. die sooner. d. suffer fewer mental health issues. 82. The primary cause of childhood asthma is a. city air pollution. b. genetic disposition. c. lack of exercise. d. environmental factors linked to housing. 83. Environmental factors disproportionately influence the health of .
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61. What primarily differentiates social movements from other forms of politics? a. Social movements do not involve money. b. Social movements use extrainstitutional tactics. c. Social movements fight for a noble cause. d. Social movements are centered on conflict. 62. Boycotts, non-violent street demonstrations, and protests are examples of what type of methods of social.
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41. Military spending in the United States represents approximately what percentage of the world’s military budget? a. 12% b. 19% c. 25% d. 43% 42. Which sector received the greatest amount from the United States government’s discretionary spending budget? a. energy and science b. international affairs c. the military d. education 43. What proportion of the total United States government’s.
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