61.According to the path-goal theory, which of the following an : 1418608
61.According to the path-goal theory, which of the following is an example of an environmental contingency?
a.the formal authority system
c.locus of control
e.focus of subordinate
62.According to the path-goal theory of leadership, ____ means setting challenging goals, having high expectations of employees, and displaying confidence that employees will assume responsibility and put forth extraordinary effort.
63.Hot Topic is a fast-growing clothing chain targeted to the alternative teen demographic. Hot Topic’s CEO Betsy McLaughlin relies on her employees to locate new trends. McLaughlin almost daily consults with her employees for suggestions on what the stores should carry. She relies on their input before making inventory decisions. McLaughlin uses the ____ style of management.
64.The normative decision theory ____.
a.states that the situation determines what leadership style to use
b.assumes that certain inalienable characteristics determine the most effective leaders
c.helps managers determine how much employee participation should be used in decision making
d.assumes leader behavior can be fitted to subordinate characteristics
e.assumes leaders are generally unable to change their leadership style
65.To save a company from bankruptcy, its CEO told its employees that he would eliminate 53 percent of the company's mechanics and reduce the compensation of the remaining mechanics by 26 percent. In terms of the normative decision theory, Steenland ____.
a.made consultative decisions
b.used a telling leadership style
c.made autocratic decisions
d.used a selling leadership style
e.used an adaptive leadership style
66.In many organizations, sales managers develop companywide sales forecasts by asking members of the sales force to decide how much growth they anticipate in their individual sales territories. Sales managers then take the input from the individual salespeople and create the companywide sales forecasts based on this information. In the normative decision model, this would be an example of a(n) ____ decision-making style.
67.Which of the following is an example of a rule used within normative decision theory to increase decision quality?
a.the subordinate conflict rule
b.the goal congruence rule
c.the worker readiness rule
d.the commitment requirement rule
e.the commitment probability rule
68.Which of the following leadership theories uses a decision tree to determine the appropriate level of participation by subordinates in decision-making?
a.Fiedler's contingency theory
b.Blake and Mouton's leadership grid
d.Vroom-Yetton-Jago’s normative decision model
69.____ is the ability to anticipate, envision, maintain flexibility, think strategically, and work with others to initiate change that will create a positive future for the organization.
70.In the trucking industry today, leaders are needed that will do more than simply manage or direct drivers, owner-operators, and the staff that supports them. These leaders need to inspire, coach, encourage, and guide. Today’s leaders need to earn consensus by working as part of the team, providing resources to get the job done, then getting out of the way and letting their people perform. Today, these men and women need to be ____ leaders.