51) Productivity measurement complicated by A) the competition's output B) the fact

Question : 51) Productivity measurement complicated by A) the competition's output B) the fact : 1977120

51) Productivity measurement is complicated by

A) the competition's output

B) the fact that precise units of measure are often unavailable

C) stable quality

D) the workforce size

E) the type of equipment used

52) The total of all outputs produced by the transformation process divided by the total of the inputs is

A) utilization

B) greater in manufacturing than in services

C) defined only for manufacturing firms

D) multifactor productivity

E) none of the above

53) Which productivity variable has the greatest potential to increase productivity?

A) labor

B) globalization

C) management

D) capital

E) none of the above

54) Which of the following nets the largest productivity improvement?

A) increase output 15%

B) decrease input 15%

C) increase both output and input by 5%

D) increase output 10%, decrease input 3%

E) decrease input 10%, increase output 3%

55) Productivity can be improved by

A) increasing inputs while holding outputs steady

B) decreasing outputs while holding inputs steady

C) increasing inputs and outputs in the same proportion

D) decreasing inputs while holding outputs steady

E) none of the above

56) The largest contributor to productivity increases is __________, estimated to be responsible for __________ of the annual increase.

A) management; over one-half

B) Mr. Deming; one-half

C) labor; two-thirds

D) capital; 90%

E) technology; over one-half

57) The factor responsible for the largest portion of productivity increase in the U.S. is

A) labor

B) management

C) capital

D) All three combined; it is impossible to determine the contribution of individual factors.

E) None of these

58) Which of the following is not true when explaining why productivity tends to be lower in the service sector than in the manufacturing sector?

A) Services are typically labor-intensive.

B) Services are often difficult to evaluate for quality.

C) Services are often an intellectual task performed by professionals.

D) Services are difficult to automate.

E) Service operations are typically capital intensive.

59) Three commonly used productivity variables are

A) quality, external elements, and precise units of measure

B) labor, capital, and management

C) technology, raw materials, and labor

D) education, diet, and social overhead

E) quality, efficiency, and low cost

60) The service sector has lower productivity improvements than the manufacturing sector because

A) the service sector uses less skilled labor than manufacturing

B) the quality of output is lower in services than manufacturing

C) services usually are labor-intensive

D) service sector productivity is hard to measure

E) none of the above

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