41.Which a legitimate criticism of Piaget’s theory?
a.Too much emphasis unconscious : 1408641
41.Which is a legitimate criticism of Piaget’s theory?
a.Too much emphasis on unconscious thoughts
b.Too much emphasis on children as “computing machines” (complete with software)
c.Not enough emphasis on sociocultural influences
d.Not enough emphasis on stages of development
42.Which child does Piaget’s theory have the most difficulty explaining?
a.Ivy, who has mastered the conservation and three-mountain tasks
b.Rose, who fails both the conservation and three-mountain tasks
c.Daisy, who has mastered the conservation task but fails the three-mountain task
d.Flora, who not only has mastered the conservation and three-mountain tasks but can explain the intricacies of these tasks to others
43.The theory that human infants are born with a rudimentary knowledge of the world and they use their experience to expand this knowledge underlies the ____ hypothesis.
44.Which best exemplifies the core knowledge hypothesis?
a.The fact that 3-week-old Gene appears to innately understand that three objects are more than two objects.
b.The fact that 10-year-old Paul has the math skills of a 30-year-old.
c.The fact that 5-month-old Ace loves to kiss his mother but not his father.
d.The fact that 6-year-old Peter’s early music abilities have not improved in spite of intensive training.
45.Research with “possible” and “impossible” events has led to the conclusion that infants
a.are born with object permanence.
b.develop an understanding of object permanence at a younger age than was predicted by Piaget.
c.develop an understanding of object permanence at the exact age that was predicted by Piaget.
d.develop an understanding of object permanence at an older age than was predicted by Piaget.
46.Four-week-old Dixie appears to understand that when you push a cup over the edge of a table, the cup will fall to the ground. Such an understanding would provide support for the concept of
a.naive physics.c.the stable-order principle.
47.Houdini is a normally developing one-year-old watching a magic act. The magician he is observing has just rolled a ball into what looks like a solid wall. However, when the ball reached the wall, the ball appeared to roll through it. According to research findings by Baillargeon, one would expect that Houdini’s most likely reaction would involve
a.disinterest and immediate looking away.
b.surprise, yet immediate looking away.
c.disinterest, yet the infant will stare at the spot the ball appeared to go through the wall.
d.surprise, and the infant will stare at the spot the ball appeared to go through the wall.
48.Seven-month-old LeBron appears to possess a sense of “naive physics.” Which of LeBron’s actions would indicate that he does possess this sense?
a.His surprise when he sees a basketball go through a hoop
b.His surprise when he drops a ball and it falls to the floor
c.His surprise when he hears his dad cheering while watching a basketball game on television
d.His surprise when a basketball appears to be hanging in mid air when it is not attached to a string or other supporting device
49.How many of the following beliefs would be part of the “naive biology” of a typical preschooler: understanding that things grow, understanding realizing that children often resemble parents, understanding that some illness can be inherited, understanding that the insides of animals are different that the insides of inanimate objects?
50.Most preschoolers believe that
a.both animate (e.g., a puppy) and inanimate (e.g., a stuffed cat) objects can only be repaired by humans.
b.both animate (e.g., a puppy) and inanimate (e.g., a stuffed cat) objects can repair themselves.
c.animate objects (e.g., a puppy) can heal themselves, but inanimate objects (e.g., a stuffed cat) need to be repaired by humans.
d.inanimate objects (e.g., a stuffed cat) can repair themselves, but animate objects (e.g., a puppy) need to be healed by humans.