Question : 1. The war in Iraq began under __________ and ended : 1726329
1. The war in Iraq began under __________ and ended under __________.
a. Bill Clinton, George H. W. Bush
b. Bill Clinton, George W. Bush
c. George H. W. Bush, George W. Bush
d. George W. Bush, George W. Bush
e. George W. Bush, Barack Obama
2. One of the primary purposes of the war in Afghanistan was to __________.
a. prevent the spread of communism
b. remove the Taliban-led government
c. protect religious freedom
d. retaliate for the bombing of the USS Cole
e. protect Iraq from Afghani military attacks
3. Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic were admitted to NATO in 1998, which was notable for which of the following reasons?
a. Other NATO countries objected strongly, since the democracies were so new.
b. They presented a huge security risk to NATO.
c. NATO usually did not accept Western European countries that were so poor.
d. Russia lobbied for NATO to accept them.
e. They were the first Eastern European countries to be admitted to NATO.
4. The military phase of the war on terrorism began in 2001 with Operation Enduring Freedom, which was the name given to the invasion of which of the following countries?
5. The Truman Doctrine was a pledge by President Harry S. Truman to do which of the following?
a. support countries that are essential to U.S. economic interests even if they violate human rights
b. aid people around the world who are hungry or need medical care
c. support free people who are fighting to help neighboring countries become free
d. aid insurgents who are fighting a communist dictatorship
e. support free people who are resisting subjugation attempts
6. What is meant by the term Vietnam syndrome?
a. Many veterans of the Vietnam War suffered from posttraumatic stress disorder.
b. American leaders exaggerated the importance of Vietnam, so afterward the American public did not believe their warnings of other dangers.
c. The Vietnam War was the first of a long line of wars in which U.S. leaders lied to the American public about the reasons for military intervention.
d. The Vietnam War was the closest the world has ever come to nuclear holocaust, which prompted U.S. leaders to take nuclear disarmament more seriously.
e. The outstanding success of the war in Vietnam made the American public expect every military victory to be the same, which led to disappointment when other wars like Iraq did not go as well.
7. The 1960s were a turning point in nuclear arms talks for what reason?
a. The resources being poured into the Vietnam War made it necessary for both the United States and the Soviet Union to reduce their nuclear stockpiles, so no talks were necessary.
b. Reconnaissance satellites made it possible for nations to monitor the weapons possessed by other nations, which made cheating on agreements more difficult.
c. The SALT talks between Henry Kissinger and the Soviet Union fell through when Kissinger was unable to reach any kind of agreement with the Soviets.
d. Both the United States and the Soviets had sufficient weaponry to ensure second-strike capability, which meant deterrence was successful and talks were unnecessary.
e. Advances in technology increased spying capabilities, which increased distrust between nations and made reaching agreements more difficult.
8. Which international organization was created after World War II at the urging of the United States?
a. the League of Nations
b. the United Nations
c. the Warsaw Pact
d. the World Trade Organization
e. the Marshall Plan
9. Which of the following is one of the three reasons President George W. Bush gave for Operation Iraqi Freedom?
a. to make sure Iraq would not be able to acquire weapons of mass destruction from Iran
b. to help the government of Iraq fight the terrorist insurgents who were trying to take over
c. to provide aid to Prime Minister Tony Blair, who was prepared to lead the war against Saddam
d. to help change the current regime so the Iraqi people would be free and the threat to Iraq‘s neighbors would be reduced
e. to provide aid to France and Germany, since they were willing to lead the fight on terrorism
10. What role did Afghanistan play in the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks?
a. Most of the terrorists were from Afghanistan.
b. Osama bin Laden trained some of the terrorists in Afghanistan.
c. The al-Qaeda–led government of Afghanistan funded Osama bin Laden.
d. The 9/11 terrorists hijacked airplanes originating from Afghanistan.
e. The government of Afghanistan actively plotted the 9/11 terrorist attacks.