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Lessons from the Cold War : A Study of A Peaceful Wartime

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The goal of this essay is to analyse the history as well as the impact of the Cold War. Moreover, the starting point of enmity between so-called superpower countries and the outcome, impact and end of the war, war consequences after the end of the war and all. Further, it has been discussed about various stages of war and its effects, born of NATO, etc. The cold war was a term of geopolitical pressure between the then Soviet Union and the United States and their allies, the Eastern Bloc and the Western Bloc, after World War II. The term is commonly measured to span the 1947 Truman Principle to the 1991 suspension of the Soviet Union. The terminology "cold" is used because there was no large-scale fighting directly between the two superpowers, however, they each supported major regional fights known as proxy wars. The war was based about the ideological and geopolitical struggle for international influence by the two powers, following their temporary alliance and victory against Nazi Germany in 1945. Whilst the Eastern Bloc and Western Bloc normally backed the economic theories of capitalism and socialism, the conflict was almost geopolitical in nature.  Each power had a nuclear strategy that discouraged a pre-emptive attack by the other side, on the basis that such an attack would lead to the total demolition of the attacker - the principle of mutually assured devastation. Apart from the nuclear weapon expansion and standard military placement, the scuffle for domination was expressed via psychological combat, huge publicity, far-reaching restrictions, campaigns and surveillance competition at sports events and technological competitions such as the Planetary Race. The Cold War began after the surrender of Nazi Germany in 1945, when the uneasy alliance between the United States and Great Britain on the one side and the Soviet Union on the other side started to fall apart.


Introduction Origins of The Cold War

After the surrender of Nazi troops in Germany in May 1945 near the close of World War II, the uneasy wartime alliance between the United States and Great Britain on the one side and the Soviet Union on the other began to unravel. In 1948 the Soviets had mounted left-wing governments in the countries of eastern Europe that had been liberated by the Red Army. The British and the Americans feared the perpetual Soviet control of eastern Europe and the threat of Soviet-encouraged communist parties coming to power in the democracies of western Europe. On the one hand, the Soviets, were determined to safeguard control of eastern Europe in order to defend against any possible new threat from Germany, and they were determined on spreading communism worldwide, basically for moral causes. The Cold War had hardened by 1947-48, when U.S. assistance provided under the Marshall Plan to western Europe had brought those countries under American influence and the Soviets had mounted willingly communist rule in eastern Europe.

Beginnings of World War II

During 1930s, Stalin was working with Foreign Minister Maxim Litvinov to sponsor popular war fronts with capitalism and governments to oppose fascism. The Soviets were embittered when Western governments chose to practice appeasement with Nazi Germany instead. In March 1939 Britain and France-without discussing the USSR-granted Hitler control of most of the Czechoslovakia at the Munich Agreement. Encountering a violent Japan at Russia's boundaries as well, Stalin changed directions and replaced Litvinov with Vyacheslav Molotov, who made closer relations with Germany. After signing the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty and German-Soviet Frontier Pact, the Soviet Union compelling the Baltic countries like Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania-to allow it to station Soviet troops in their countries. Finland revoked territorial demands, motivating a Soviet attack in November 1939. In March 1940, the resulting Winter War ended with Finnish privileges. France and Britain, considering the Soviet invasion in Finland as equivalent to its waging the war on the side of the Germans, responded to the Soviet invasion by supporting the USSR's expulsion from the League of Nations. During June 1940, the Soviet Union annexed Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania by force. It seized the disputed Romanian regions of Bessarabia, Northern Bukovina, and Hertza as well. However, after the German Army attacked the Soviet Union in June 1941 in Operation Barbarossa and

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