The essay on contemporary Chinese politics tells us about the regime under the rulers Deng and Xi Jinping. China has become a world leader in the international world market with its goods being sold in other countries like the U.S. and India. Their economy has increased multifold but their ruler Xi has not been approved by the people as they feel that they have been suppressed and are not given their due freedom. The reforms by Deng and Xi are shown in the paper with the help of references ‘Chinese politics in the era of Xi Jinping: Renaissance, reform, or retrogression? and ‘The curious case of ideas in modern Chinese politics'.
The study of contemporary Chinese politics has taken a turn for change from what it was many years before. One of the reasons for this has been the fact that China has emerged as a new entity in the world and has become famous for its developments in various fields. Other countries are now looking at China for all their products (Carlson,A et.al. n.d.)
China is ruled by only a single party. However, there have always been questions regarding its boundaries which have been in existence from many years. Political leaders like Deng Liquin fought for over liberalization while Hu Yaobang and Zhao Ziyang were the opposition leaders. Even during the Maoist regime, this fight continued with the leftists demanding a progressive state in the Cultural Revolution which started in the year 1966. This debate carried on throughout the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing regimes and the topics of discussion were the spread of Buddhism, increasing trend of western influence and their effects in the country. The Communist Party incurred a lot of expenditure in training its people to send them to other countries to learn about their leader and his reforms. However, in spite of these attempts, China has not been able to develop its ideas in political debates and has been concentrating on the sole idea of strengthening the power of its ruler XI Jinping (Brown,K. 2017).
Wang Hui, who was an intelligent thinker, put forth his view that fights in the political field in China had some matters relating to major policy differences. Recent developments have shown that people discuss the fact that whether the present ruler Xi would continue his tenure or not. But, one never gets to know whether the policy changes were passed or not. This aspect would decide the fate of China in the future (Brown,K. 2017).
China has faced its share of natural disasters and threats from the Han Empire which made them work towards stabilizing their country. Legalism, Daoism and Confucianism were responsible for the present social and political rules in China. The Chinese have a firm belief in the concept of stability to aim for further development of their country. Legalism means the enforcement of strict laws to the media and autocratic teachers towards the protection of the secrets of the states. Daonism defines the presence of an order to schedule events dealing with the traditional methods of Chinese medicines like Feng shui. Confucianism creates a harmony between the individual and society by the means of stability and people begin to follow the Communist Party blindly. China today, has become a big giant in the world and its products are sold in world markets. The country wants to keep up its reputation and can even resort to use force if necessary. The Chinese want free trade , developed financial markets besides possessing a sound economy (Universidad de Navarra. 2019).
The present day politics under the rule of Xi in China has seen him giving equal importance to ideological pursuits. The previous leader Deng Xiaping was the one who had promoted state capitalism and obstructed dissent. Though he was the mind behind the 1989 massacre, he was instrumental in introducing reforms in the political system, to mitigate the effects of the Cultural Revolution. He had liberalized the economy, made institutional changes to prevent Mao’s “ one voice chamber”. Deng was of the view that if one did