The goal of this essay is to analyze indicators in the history of the Internet. As technology grows, it raises new social and ethical challenges. The early Internet was developed and implemented in American research centres, educational institutions, and telecom companies that had long vision and curiosity in advanced new research. During 1984-1989 the entry of the Internet was into the commercial stage. Moreover, this paper discusses about brief history of internet, evolution summary of internet. It further discusses the growing success of social networking sites that provides the users to share, photos, data, personal and private papers as well as commercial comforts with networks of mutual friends.
A network of many collective networks, linking many government, private computers and university together and providing an infrastructure for the use of E-mail, bulletin boards, file archives, hypertext documents, databases and other computational resources. [PG1] The huge collection of computer networks that formulate and act as a single enormous network for transportation of information and messages across various places which can be anywhere from an office to any part of the world. [PG2] 1968 - Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) have pacts with Bolt, Beranek & Newman(BBN) to create the ARPAnet 1970: First five nodes introduced: UCLA Stanford UC Santa Barbara U of Utah, and BBN[PG3] 1974 - TCP specification by Vint Cerf[PG4] 1984 – On January 1, the Internet with its 1000 hosts [PG5] converts all together to using TCP/IP for its messaging [PG6]
In today’s world internet is a must for everyone. It gives many information to the [PG7] users from almost all parts of the World. Hence, internet is a must. Similarly, after the introduction of intranet, many organizations had a constraint saying, ‘the users have to use only intranet and only eligible users have to use internet’. Moreover, many security threats are there in using the internet. Many a time there are possibilities to monitor or steal the user’s information.
In 1945, Memex Conceived, in 1948 A Mathematical Theory of Communication, Silicon Chip came into existence, in 1962 First Vast Computer Network Envisioned, in 1964 [PG8] Packet Switching was invented, in 1965 Hypertext was invented 1965, ARPANET was used, in 1972 TCP/IP was created, in 1984 Internet named and goes TC/IP, in 1989 WWW was created, in 1993 Mosaic was created, in 1995 Age of e-Commerce begins. [PG9] Unlike technologies like the telephone or the light bulb, the internet has no single inventor. Internet has evolved from time to time [PG10]. The internet had its origin in the United States as a government weapon used in the Cold War more than 50 years [PG11] ago. For years, researchers and scientists used it to communicate and share data between them [PG12] . In the current day, we use the internet for almost all purposes, and for many people it would be very difficult to imagine a life without it (History.com Editors, 2010). On October 4, 1957 Soviet Union first launched Sputnik, any of a series of three artificial Earth satellites, inaugurated the space age. Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite launched, was a 83.6-kg (184-pound) capsule. It achieved an Earth orbit with an apogee (farthest point from Earth) of 940 km (584 miles) and a perigee (nearest point) of 230 km (143 miles), circling Earth every 96 minutes and remaining in orbit until January 4, 1958, when it fell back and burned in Earth’s atmosphere. The launch of Sputnik 1 shocked many Americans, who had assumed that their country was technologically ahead of the Soviet Union, and led to the “space race” between the two countries. it [PG13] (Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica). After Sputnik was launched, many Americans started thinking more seriously about science and technology. In Schools subjects like Physics, Calculus and Chemistry were added. Corporations invested government grants in scientific research and development. Then, the federal government itself formed new agencies, such as, the Department of Defence’s Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to develop space-age technologies such as weapons, rockets and computers. it [PG14] (History.com Editors, 2010).