Solution for Aging in Contemporary Canada 2nd Edition Chapter 1, Problem 1

by Neena L. Chappell, Lynn McDonald, Michael Stones
82 Solutions 16 Chapters 16596 Studied ISBN: 9780132018739 Sociology 5 (1)

Chapter 1, Problem 1 :   1. Define the term attitude....


1. Define the term attitude. Discuss the relationship between attitudes and behaviour.


Step-By-Step Solution



Definitions of attitude refer to a tendency to evaluate an object with some degree of favour or disfavour. A tendency is a mental state lasting at least a short time. An evaluation is a response that implies favour or disfavour. The object of an attitude may be abstract, concrete, collective or unique. Attitude is considered to intervene between an object and the evaluative responses to that object. Attitude is not directly observable but inferred from observation. One of the assumptions about attitudes is that they have a predictive or a causal relationship to behaviour. Early laboratory research found a weak or non-significant correlation between attitudes and behaviour. It was suggested that lab research might be weaker than survey research because the attitudes studied tended to be less important to respondents and lab studies constrain the choice of actions to those chosen by the researcher. Later research found a weak correlation of attitudes with discrete behaviours but stronger correlations with summed indexes of behaviour. It was suggested that someone with a given attitude toward an object may express it unevenly for a number of reasons (e.g. fear of expressing an unpopular attitude), and attitude is only one of many influences on behaviour. Current theories tend to support the idea that generalized attitudes have implications for a range of behaviours, rather than strong effects on specific behaviours.


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