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Occupational Health and Safety, Canadian Edition

15th Edition
by David L. Goetsch, University of West Florida and Oskaloosa-Walton Eugene Ozon, Algonquin College
1035 Solutions 49 Chapters 1455 Studied ISBN: 0133450244 Computer Science 5 (1)

Chapters 34: DQ 1

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

1. What is the basic determinant of (a) the transactions demand and (b) the asset demand for money? Explain how these two demands can be combined graphically to determine total money demand. How is the equilibrium interest rate in the money market determined? Use a graph to show the impact of an increase in the total demand for money on the equilibrium interest rate (no change in money supply). Use your general knowledge of equilibrium prices to explain why the previous interest rate is no longer sustainable.


Step-By-Step Solution

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

1. What is the basic determinant of (a) the transactions demand and (b) the asset demand for money? Explain how these two demands can be combined graphically to determine total money demand. How is the equilibrium interest rate in the money market determined? Use a graph to show the impact of an increase in the total demand for money on the equilibrium interest rate (no change in money supply). Use your general knowledge of equilibrium prices to explain why the previous interest rate is no longer sustainable.

Answer: (a) The level of nominal GDP. The higher this level, the greater the amount of money demanded for transactions. (b) The interest rate. The higher the interest rate, the smaller the amount of money demanded as an asset.

On a graph measuring the interest rate vertically and the amount of money demanded horizontally, the two demands for the money curves can be summed horizontally to get the total demand for money. This total demand shows the total amount of money demanded at each interest rate. The equilibrium interest rate is determined at the intersection of the total demand for money curve and the supply of money curve.

With an increase in total money demand, the previous interest rate (i0) is unsustainable because with the new demand for money (Dm1), the quantity of money demanded will exceed the quantity of money supplied. There would be a shortage of funds and upward pressure on the interest rate.


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