#### Occupational Health and Safety, Canadian Edition

15th Edition
by David L. Goetsch, University of West Florida and Oskaloosa-Walton Eugene Ozon, Algonquin College
1035 Solutions 49 Chapters 1454 Studied ISBN: 0133450244 5 (1)

#### Chapters 21: DQ 10

10. How do government statisticians determine the poverty rate? How could the poverty rate fall while the number of people in poverty rises? Which group in each of the following pairs has the higher poverty rate: (a) children or people age 65 or over? (b) African Americans or foreign-born noncitizens? (c) Asians or Hispanics?

#### Step-By-Step Solution

10. How do government statisticians determine the poverty rate? How could the poverty rate fall while the number of people in poverty rises? Which group in each of the following pairs has the higher poverty rate: (a) children or people age 65 or over? (b) African Americans or foreign-born noncitizens? (c) Asians or Hispanics?

Answer: Government statisticians determine who is officially in poverty by comparing family incomes to a threshold based on family size. The threshold is intended to represent the minimum income needed for that family size to satisfy basic needs for food, clothing, shelter, and transportation.

The poverty rate can fall, despite the number in poverty rising, if the population grows faster than the number of people in poverty.

(a) Children have a higher poverty rate (19) than persons 65 or over (9.7).

(b) African-Americans have a higher poverty rate (24.7) than foreign-born noncitizens (23.3).

(c) Hispanics have a higher rate (23.2) than Asians (11.8).