Info
Warning
Danger

Occupational Health and Safety, Canadian Edition

15th Edition
by David L. Goetsch, University of West Florida and Oskaloosa-Walton Eugene Ozon, Algonquin College
1035 Solutions 49 Chapters 1468 Studied ISBN: 0133450244 Computer Science 5 (1)

Chapters 18: DQ 10

10. Given the inelasticity of cigarette demand, discuss an excise tax on cigarettes in terms of efficiency loss and tax incidence.


Step-By-Step Solution

10. Given the inelasticity of cigarette demand, discuss an excise tax on cigarettes in terms of efficiency loss and tax incidence.

Answer: Since cigarette demand is relatively inelastic the slope of the (inverse) demand schedule will be relatively steep. This implies that the actual tax incidence will fall on the consumer and the efficiency loss will be relatively small (when compared to a good with a higher elasticity).

In the diagram above, the (per-unit) tax equals the After Tax Price the Consumer Pays minus the After Tax Price Received by the Firm.

The consumer incidence of this equals the After Tax Price the Consumer pays minus Original Price prior to the Tax.

The producer incidence equals the Original Price prior to the Tax minus the After Tax Price Received by the Firm.

Given that demand is relatively inelastic, most of the burden falls on the consumer.

The efficiency loss is the area shown in the triangle above.


Unlimited Access

More than 10 Million Textbook Solutions, Q&A's, Flash Cards, Study Documents and much more for just
USD 3.95
Total: USD 3.95
*Please Enter the Email to Proceed
No obligation. Choose plans to save more.
Continue to Paypal
You will be charged USD 119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. Learn more about our subscriptions.

FAQ's

Gingerbread cookie pastry halvah
Gingerbread cookie pastry halvah macaroon icing sugar plum. Tootsie roll cake chocolate. Gingerbread sugar plum chupa chups powder jelly-o oat cake cake chocolate bar. Cookie brownie chocolate. Brownie pastry bonbon lollipop sweet. Icing carrot cake sweet roll biscuit. Ice cream dragée powder.
Pastry gummies donut pastry
Gingerbread cookie pastry halvah macaroon icing sugar plum. Tootsie roll cake chocolate. Gingerbread sugar plum chupa chups powder jelly-o oat cake cake chocolate bar. Cookie brownie chocolate. Brownie pastry bonbon lollipop sweet. Icing carrot cake sweet roll biscuit. Ice cream dragée powder.
Cake gummi bears cheesecake
Gingerbread cookie pastry halvah macaroon icing sugar plum. Tootsie roll cake chocolate. Gingerbread sugar plum chupa chups powder jelly-o oat cake cake chocolate bar. Cookie brownie chocolate. Brownie pastry bonbon lollipop sweet. Icing carrot cake sweet roll biscuit. Ice cream dragée powder.
Brownie jelly-o pastry topping
Gingerbread cookie pastry halvah macaroon icing sugar plum. Tootsie roll cake chocolate. Gingerbread sugar plum chupa chups powder jelly-o oat cake cake chocolate bar. Cookie brownie chocolate. Brownie pastry bonbon lollipop sweet. Icing carrot cake sweet roll biscuit. Ice cream dragée powder.
Tootsie roll cake chocolate
Gingerbread cookie pastry halvah macaroon icing sugar plum. Tootsie roll cake chocolate. Gingerbread sugar plum chupa chups powder jelly-o oat cake cake chocolate bar. Cookie brownie chocolate. Brownie pastry bonbon lollipop sweet. Icing carrot cake sweet roll biscuit. Ice cream dragée powder.