Engineering Applications in Sustainable Design and Development

1st Edition
by Bradley Striebig, Adebayo A. Ogundipe, Maria Papadakis
333 Solutions 12 Chapters 3680 Studied ISBN: 9781133629771 Environmental science 5 (1)

Chapters 11: 1

1. Identify and explain three to four factors that contribute to sprawl.

Step-By-Step Solution

1. Answers will vary, but should incorporate some of the following:

Population growth can contribute to sprawl because of the need for new housing and residential areas.

Inexpensive land costs at the urban fringe can contribute to sprawl, because it is cheaper to buy land and build in the suburbs.

The desire for large yards, lawns, and property can contribute to sprawl, because such space is typically not available in urban areas.

Single use zoning contributes to sprawl by not allowing residential areas to be mixed in with other land uses.

In the case of the US, an automobile culture can contribute to sprawl because people are mobile enough to commute long distances.

Zoning laws with respect to density, building envelopes, setback distances, floor area ratios, and so on can contribute to sprawl by increasing the amount of land area required for an individual house or neighborhood.


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