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211.  Peter was charged with physically abusing a child. If he is typical of most male child abusers, Peter will exhibit all of the following characteristics EXCEPT a.  having low expectations for the child. b.  being the child’s stepfather. c.  placing his needs above the child’s. d.  living in a neighborhood that lacks social.
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31.  _________ are vitamins and minerals that are needed in small amounts to sustain life processes, such as hormone production, growth, and immune system functioning with deficiencies also causing a negative effect on brain growth and cognitive functioning. a.  Amino acids b.  Lipids c.  Micronutrients d.  Riboflavins 32.  Which of the following is/are TRUE.
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71.  ___________ is a medical procedure that trains the body to detect and fight diseases. a.  An immunization b.  A teratogen c.  A neurilemma d.  Virology 72.  Mitzi is receiving an injection that will protect her against diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough. The “shot” she received, called a(n) _________, works by injecting weakened or killed.
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Quiz #2: 1.  Which of the following persons conducted an experiment in which twin boys, Jimmy and Johnny, were observed in a laboratory five days a week with Jimmy being given routine care, while Johnny was provided with special practice and encouraged to explore the limits of his physical abilities? a.  John.
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151.  Difficult temperament is associated with higher rates of    a.  doctor visits. b.  accidents. c.  sleep disturbances. d.  all of these. 152.  The Infant Behavior Questionnaire yields scores on which of the following dimensions?  a.  activity level. b.  smiling and laughter c.  soothability d.  all of these 153.  Which of the following is NOT one of the dimensions.
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271.  In developing countries, how have the incidence of measles, diarrhea, and malaria been reduced? 272.  Name the procedure in which a trained interviewer visits the home and assesses a list of characteristics including whether the parent touches the child, how many books the child has, and whether the child’s play.
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221.  Which of the following is FALSE regarding shaken baby syndrome? a.  It can be caused by inappropriate play. b.  It can be caused by being violently thrown against a surface. c.  It is has a low mortality rate. d.  It results in retinal and neurological injuries. 222.  Maltreatment rates can be reduced by.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.  _________ believed that learning guided development, and parents should mold their babies’ behavior as early as possible. a.  John Watson b.  Arnold Gesell c.  Carl Rogers d.  Abraham Maslow 2.  _________ believed that one had to wait until the cells of the nervous system matured before a child could benefit from training. a. .
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51.  Factors that increase the risk of SIDS include all of the following EXCEPT a.  prematurity and low birth weight. b.  maternal smoking and drug use. c.   the child being female. d.  the mother receiving limited prenatal care. 52.  Which of the following factors are often involved in SIDS cases? a.  biological vulnerabilities b.  developmental factors c. .
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201.  Child maltreatment includes all of the following categories EXCEPT for   a.  neglect. b.  sexual abuse. c.  emotional maltreatment. d.  authoritarian discipline. 202.  Bonnie leaves her five-year-old at home without care and supervision for over five hours.  Bonnie’s actions would be considered   a.  physical abuse. b.  neglect. c.  emotional maltreatment. d.  none of these. 203.  Sexual abuse involves.
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Quiz #1: 1.  _______ is a formula for determining how heavy someone is adjusted for height. a.  Height-Weight Ratio b.  Body Mass Index c.  Mean Length Mass d.  Developmental Quotient 2.  Jonathan catches a ball using his whole body and can hop up to three times on his preferred foot. However, when he goes down.
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31.  Eighty percent of the neurons in the brain are ________ cells, which have tiny thorn-like “spines” that contain most of the receptors the cell needs to communicate with other cells. a.  pyramidal b.  spinocerebral c.  sensorimotor d.  neurilemma 32.  Children with some forms of mental retardation have a variety of cellular abnormalities in.
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41.  The obvious improvement around three months in a baby’s fussing and crying is due to a.  parents’ learning to ignore the infant. b.  the occurrence of less digestive discomfort in infants of this age. c.  the development of a daily (circadian) rhythm for physiological functions. d.  all of these. 42.  Felisia is two-months-old and.
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11.  Every day the second grade teacher tells the students the meaning of a “new” word that most have never heard and then has the students make up a sentence using this new word. This teacher is adding information to the students’ _________ memories.   a.  episodic b.  semantic c.  implicit d.  eidetic 12..
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61.  The most rapid approach to helping a child to sleep better is _______, which involves putting the child to bed at a designated time and not returning—even if the child cries. a.  graduated extinction b.  scheduled awakening c.  extinction d.  positive bedtime routines 62.  Marissa is studying how the differences in the childrearing.
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231.  Regarding the nurse-visitation model for decreasing child abuse and unintentional injuries, successful home visitation programs had to have which of the following characteristics? a.  visits occurred at least two to three times per month for over a year b.  home visitors being highly trained and a low turn-over rate c.  programs with.
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21.  As a young child, Jennifer had limited stamina and endurance for motor activities. Then, as a preschooler, she explored less on play equipment and had difficulty relating to the other children because of her clumsiness. Jennifer has a condition known as ________ disorder. a.  motor dyslexia b.  bilateral coordination c.  developmental.
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51.  Three-year-old Jessica is learning to ride a tricycle and has discovered that a flat surface is a good environment for riding her tricycle, while the slanted driveway is not. Jessica has learned a(n) _________ for objects that provide tricycle riding a.  accommadates b.  affordance c.  symbolic artifact d.  dual representation 52.  ____________ are features.
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161.  Although Asma, her husband, and her older children have always been very sociable and enjoy new experiences, the youngest child tends to react very negatively to new experiences. Therefore, Asma makes sure that she introduces new foods and experiences very gradually, preparing her youngest child for the new situation..
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261.  What is gender identity and what are gender role behaviors? 262. What is gender dysphoria, and what is the mean age of referral for children with this disorder? 263. What is temperament, and who conducted the most famous study of it (the New York Longitudinal Study)? 264. Describe the difference between inhibited.
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141.  Which of the following is NOT one of the temperamental categories proposed by Thomas and Chess?   a.  easy b.  bold c.  slow-to-warm-up  d.  difficult 142.  The largest number of children studied by Thomas and Chess fell into which category?  a.  easy b. slow-to-warm-up c.  difficult d.  mixed category (children who did not fit the.
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241.  Which of the following is FALSE regarding synaptic formation and synaptic density? a.  Initial synapse formation is under genetic, not environmental, control. b.  The number of synapses does not determine intelligence. c.  People with cognitive challenges due to fragile-X syndrome have an unusually high numbers of synapses. d.  Adults have significantly more.
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41.  Which of the following is FALSE regarding visual development? a.  Grated acuity will not reach adult level until a child is between four and six years. b.  Contrast sensitivity will reach adults level between six and 15 years of age. c.  Individual cells in the retinas are more densely packed during early.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1. The daycare abuse cases in the 1980s and 1990s shared all of the following features EXCEPT a.  the children never reported abuse until they were questioned by adults. b.  forensic tests of objects mentioned by the children failed to produce any physical evidence. c.  all of those individuals arrested for.
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11.  As she approaches another very warm southern Christmas, Suzie remembers all the white, snowy Christmases that she spent as a child in Michigan. These childhood memories are part of Suzie’s _______ memories. a.  semantic b.  episodic c.  implicit d.  eidetic 12. Randy just made himself a peanut butter sandwich and sees his little.
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91.  Which of the following countries has/have banned corporal (physical) punishment? a.  Croatia b.  Italy c.  Germany d.  all of these 92.  Most developmental researchers agree on which of the following statements? a.  Physical punishment can have negative effects on children. b.  Mild swats are not usually harmful. c.  The effects of spanking depend on one’s culture. d.  All.
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290. Describe the three major findings regarding the effects of early day care. 291. Describe some of the important features of high quality child care regarding a) interaction, b) curriculum, c) relationships, d) staff qualifications, e) physical environment, and f) health, safety, and licensing. 292. Regarding their physical development, skills, and behaviors,.
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131.  _______ babies are born with nonstandard genitals due to conditions that influence early hormone exposure or response to hormones.   a.  Asexual b.  Bisexual c.  Intersexed d.  Anomolous 132.  Regarding the case of Kayla discussed in this chapter, physician William Reiner concluded that   a.  the brain may be biased toward a gender identity by.
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121.  The behaviors consistent with cultural norms for how males and females should act are referred to as________ behaviors.    a.  gender role  b.  gender dysphoria c.  sexual orientation d.  biological sex 122.  _________ is a preference to interact sexually with opposite-sex partners, same-sex partners, or both sexes.   a.  Sex role behavior b. .
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Quiz #1: 1.  _________ believed that learning guides development, and parents should mold their babies’ behavior as early as possible, while ________ believed that one must wait until the cells of the nervous system mature before a child can benefit from training. a.  John Watson; Arnold Gesell b.  Arnold Gesell; John Watson c. .
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101.  Fathers   a.  who are affectionate, responsive, and teaching-oriented are more likely to have children who score well on tests of cognitive and language development. b.  buffer children from the effects of poverty. c.  improve the quality of mothering by lowering family stress. d.  do all of these. 102.  The absence of a.
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181.  ________ tends to BEST predict an infant’s later development.                 a.  Speed of processing b.  Sensorimotor skills c.  Scores on infant developmental tests d.  A preference for familiar objects rather than novel objects 182.  Lamont scored in the superior range on an intelligence test in elementary school. According to research, Lamont most likely.
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171.  __________ tests have been administered to large, representative samples of children so the performance of individual children can be compared against the performance of children as a whole.          a.  Culture-fair b.  Criterion-referenced c.  Norm-referenced d.  Developmentally-referenced 172.  The goal of the ___________ is to describe development from one month through 42 months of.
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Quiz #2: 1.  Which of the following is FALSE regarding how children’s physical appearance changes from age two or three to six? a.  Their spines straighten and their pot bellies disappear, creating a more grown-up appearance. b.  Their body mass index increases as they get taller, then gradually decreases. c.  Children gain about.
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Essay Questions 281.  Briefly describe Myrtle McGraw’s (1935) study of twin boys Johnny and Jimmy (that involved a roller-skating baby) and explain the results of this study. 282.  Describe the benefits to the baby, the mother, and the rest of the family if the mother chooses to breastfeed. .
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11.  Which of the following is/are TRUE regarding breastfeeding? a.  Breast milk contains sugar, digestible protein, and fat. b.  Breast milk provides enzymes and antibodies that fight disease. c.  Breast feeding suppresses ovulation in the mothers, but does not always eliminate it. d.  All of these statements are true. 12.  The United Nations and the.
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191.  More than one out of _____ children lives in poverty in some of the richest countries in the world, including the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Germany.  a.  10 b.  18 c.  25 d.  33 192.  Family socioeconomic status (SES) is correlated with developmental outcomes because poverty is associated with  a. .
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111.  Regarding early sex differences, boys a.  have a higher infant mortality rate than girls during the first year of life. b.  are physically and neurologically more advanced than girls. c.  score higher than girls on measures of how easily and predictably they transition between states of arousal. d.  potty-train sooner than girls.
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