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Study Resources (Statistics)

181.  The 1,500 gifted in the famous gifted study begun in 1921 were found to __________ than their peers. a.  have spoken and read earlier b.  be more sickly c.  have poorer social skills d.  show all of these characteristics more 182.  _________ is an individual’s potential to learn and adapt to their environment. a.  Achievement b. .
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41.  Compared to non-abused children, those who are physically abused   a.  pay more attention to angry faces. b.  have difficulty turning away from anger-related information. c.  are more likely to interpret routine situations as threatening. d.  are more likely to do all of these. 42.  Zack and his friends are poking fun at each.
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161.  Emotional intelligence is best defined by the ability to a.  accurately perceive and express feelings. b.  use emotional information to form thoughts and opinions. c.  understand the causes and consequences of emotions. d.  do all of these. 162.  Margo is very good at detecting the emotional state of her friends and coworkers, while.
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91.  Which of the following is/are TRUE regarding remarriages and stepparents?    a.  Parents tend to be more involved with their own children than their stepchildren. b.  The presence of children increases the chance of a second marriage failing by 50 percent. c.  Partners disagree less when they discuss mutual children rather than.
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71. Children of divorce often a.  react differently to the divorce because of their different temperaments. b. feel sad, lonely, and angry during childhood. c.  feel that they have no choice about how they spend their time on weekends or holidays. d.  experience all of these. 72.  ________ is a statistical procedure that combines the.
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31.  Studies have found that children who have a television in their bedroom and those who report watching a lot of television have ____________ than children who do not watch a lot of television.    a.  fewer friendships b.  lower language expression scores c.  higher BMIs. d.  all of these more 32.  Which of.
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121. The least advantaged children have lower-quality schools when school quality is defined by    a.  teacher qualifications. b.  physical conditions of the school. c.  student achievement. d.  all of these. 122.  The Gautreaux Project demonstrated that _________ influence students’ success.   a.  improving teacher qualifications in low-income schools tends to b.  improving the physical facilities in.
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303. Discuss the program called PATHS, including a description of its prepared units and the outcomes of its use in schools. 304. Regarding how children distinguish among various domains of competency, describe how an eight-year-old, a ten-year-old, and a 12-year-old might describe themselves using opposing information. .
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61.  According to Flinn’s research, which of the following stressors had the LEAST impact on the children’s stress levels and their rates of illness? a.  relatives fighting b.  the demands of school c.  changes in residences d.  having a step-father and half-siblings 62.  According to Flinn’s research, the best adjusted children in Bwa Mawega were.
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297.  Children in middle childhood are often confused by difficult rules for combining words. List and describe four such difficulties they experience.    298. Describe three language skills that children in all cultures develop during middle and late childhood. 299. Describe four of the instructional practices supported by Piaget’s work. .
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231.  Susan dislikes Helena because she knows that Helena dislikes her. This is called  a.  mutual antipathies. b.  mutual rejection. c.  negative bonding. d.  negative reinforcement. 232.  Children who report a lot of antipathies are more likely to describe themselves as a(n) a.  average child. b.  bully. c.  loner. d.  popular child. 233.  Bullies a.  tend.
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221.  Which of the following is/are TRUE regarding children’s ability to “fit in” to groups? a.  All children find it remarkably difficult to infiltrate peer activities. b.  Popular second and third graders are rejected or ignored over 25 percent of the time they approach peers. c.  Popular children blend in while they.
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11.  ___________ approaches assume that children’s natural ability to learn will lead them to absorb knowledge if they are exposed to interesting, meaningful activities.  a.  Traditional b.  Behavioristic c.  Immersion d.  Humanistic 12.  Brandon is learning to read. His mother has bought him a very colorful book that has each letter integrated into pictures.
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191. Which of the following statements is FALSE? a.  Fourth graders lack the basic insight to understand, such concepts as “fairness” and “courage.” b.  There are differences across cultures regarding “how” people cooperate. c.  The expectation that people will cooperate with others and be fair is universal. d.  Fourth graders lack the abstract.
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251.  What is neural plasticity?    252.  When do children usually develop conservation of weight, number, and volume?        253.  What is meant by the term “horizontal decalage”?          254.  What did Piaget mean when he said that “concrete operational thinking is reality bound”?           255.  Children’s speed of processing increases because of which.
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151.  Babies tend to fear all of the following EXCEPT a.  loud noises. b.  specific animals. c.  separation from loved ones. d.  fearful expressions on adults’ faces. 152.  Will is four-year-old. He most likely fears all of the following EXCEPT a.  the possibility of monsters. b.  loud noises. c.  darkness. d.  the movements of an unfamiliar dog. 153. .
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171.  Some experts point out that _______ appear spontaneously, while ________ are skills, such as playing a piano, which requires specialized training. a.  talents; prodigies b.  talents; gifts c.  gifts; talents. d.  prodigies; gifts 172.  Most researchers use the term “________” to talk about skills in academic subjects and “________” to talk about artistic potential..
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151. __________ is an educational philosophy that values the contributions of all children and encourages all children to participate in their communities. a.  Equalized access b.  Nondiscriminatory placement c.  Inclusion d.  Assimilation 152.  Aiden spends part of his day in the regular classroom and the other part of his day in a(n)________ room.
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181.  Experts advise adults to promote positive self-concepts and self-efficacy by doing all of the following EXCEPT  a.  helping children learn what they need to succeed. b.  encouraging children to work through difficulties. c.  giving children frequent, positive feedback. d.  encourage positive interactions with friends and the community. 182.  __________ is the belief that.
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161.  Jose speaks one language at home and another at school. Jose is  a.  multicultural. b.  bilingual. c.  exhibiting language inclusion. d.  exhibiting dual linguistics. 162.  The best situation in which to learn a second language is when learning the second language does not interfere with learning the first language. This is known as.
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211.  When scientists map social relationships within classrooms, _________ children receive many positive nominations and few negative nominations. a.  average children b.  popular children c.  controversial children d.  neglected children 212.  When a psychologist mapped the social relationships in Hannah’s classroom, he found that Hannah received many positive nominations, but also many negative nominations..
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284.  Explain the cause of “swimmer’s shoulder” that often occurs in childhood and young adulthood and how it can be prevented. 285. Discuss the visual problem of myopia. Include in your answer its more common name, why the child sees objects out of focus and whether myopia is caused by heredity.
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261. Why do children and adults alike sometimes fail to use what they have learned? 262.  What are desirable difficulties? 263.  According to Erik Erikson, children from six years of age until puberty are in which stage? 264.  What are cultural display rules?  265.  Child psychologists describe the period from eight to 11.
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Quiz #1: 1.  After unintentional injuries, the next three most frequent causes of death during middle childhood are    a.  cancer, congenital malformations, and assault. b.  asthma, heart disease, and sleep apnea. c.  assault, allergic reactions, pneumonia. d.  asthma, cancer, and suicide. 2.  Which of the following is/are TRUE regarding bicycle safety?  a.  Bicycle accidents have.
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271.  What is intrinsic motivation? 272. During middle to late childhood, children stop seeing rules as absolute and become more flexible in their understanding and application of rules. These older children are exhibiting characteristics of which type of morality?  273.  How does the typical seven- and eight-year-old define a “friend”? 274.  Why.
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290. Compare and contrast the abilities of a concrete operational child to a preoperational child and a formal operational child.   291.  Using Piaget’s research, explain whether carefully planned learning activities can nudge children into higher stages of thinking and why or why not?         .
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141. In education, the practice of choosing instructional approaches that have produced the best achievement in scientific studies is known as                a.  open educational design. b.  evidence-based instruction. c.  immersion approaches. d.  constructivist approaches. 142.  Dr. Amos is the superintendent of a large school system. She believes that schools should adopt instructional.
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81.  Which of the following is FALSE regarding the “ecology of divorce”? a.  Children who responded poorly to challenges before divorce have the most problems after divorce. b.  Experts tell families that life will probably settle down again after a two-year period of adjustment unless remarriage or other family disruptions occur. c.  Even.
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21.  ________ is the most common chronic childhood disease. a.  Leukemia b.  Otitis media c.  Asthma d.  Obesity 22.  Which of the following is FALSE regarding asthma? a.  Currently, almost one out of every eight children has been diagnosed with asthma. b.  Asthma is more prevalent in rural areas because of animals and pollen. c.  With.
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171.  More complex thinking produces which of the following changes in children’s concepts of themselves?  a.  Children pay more attention to abilities and personality traits as they age. b.  Children distinguish among various domains of competency as they grow. c.  Self-esteem declines for many children between the first and third grades. d.  All.
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131.  In order to be successful learners throughout life, children need   a.  to master fundamental skills and facts. b.  to understand concepts so they can transfer learning to new problems. c.  to maintain their desire to learn. d.  all of these. 132.  __________ is an educational philosophy in which children direct their own learning.
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Quiz #2: 1.  Good recommendations for playground safety include which of the following?     a.  have the school-age children help supervise the toddlers as they all play in the same area. b.  keep play areas free from hazards. c.  use smooth, concrete surfacing around the equipment. d.  all of these 2.  Ten-year-old Barry runs to jump.
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292.  Tara is five years old, Bart is 10 years old, and Sachel is 15 years old. Describe how each of these children would most likely perform on Piaget’s pendulum problem and why?        293.  Discuss the conclusions derived from the cross-cultural research conducted on Piaget’s theory of cognitive growth.           294. .
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.  In 1983, the People’s Liberation Army and the Sudanese Government a.  began relief efforts to help the Sudanese people relocate after a devastating flood. b.  began food and medicine relief efforts to help the Sudanese people survive after a devastating drought. c.  began a war that killed over two million.
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101.  Which of the following has NOT been shown to have a significant effect on the well-being of children being raised? a.  children being raised by opposite-sex parents rather than same-sex parents b.  children having caretakers that are responsive c.  children having loving relationships with other adults d.  parents sharing the burdens of.
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