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171.  Melanie has recently disclosed that she is a lesbian. If she is typical of most teens, she first disclosed her sexual orientation to a.  her friends. b.  her mother. c.  her father. d.  a teacher. 172. Which of the following statements is/are TRUE regarding GLB youth? a.  GLB youth have a higher rate.
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241. ___________ morality is typical of children from age four to ten.   a.  Conventional b.  Preconventional c.  Preoperational d.  Cooperative 242. Persons exhibiting ___________ morality view rules as absolute and judge actions by whether they lead to punishment or not.   a.  conventional b.  preconventional c.  preoperational d.  cooperative 243. Seven-year-old Jake tells his friend that they cannot play.
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281. According to information processing theory, list the three basic processes whose improvement opens the door for more sophisticated problem-solving by middle to older adolescents? 282. List two universal tasks of adolescence. (and according to Elkind the “conquest of thought”) 283. According to Elkind’s theory of adolescent egocentrism, what are the.
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11.  Jocelynn is a teenager, who is visiting her grandmother. While she is there, she steals some of her grandmother’s prescribed pain killers to take herself and to share with her best friend. This increasingly popular practice among teens is referred to as  a.  “wasting.” b.  “high-balling.” c.  “pharming.” d.  “huffing.” 12.  A popular.
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131. Which of the following is FALSE regarding adolescents’ sexual behavior? a.  Boys say they feel more pressure to have sex than girls. b.  Hispanic adolescents report the most sexual activity, followed by African-American teens. c.  The majority of boys and girls in the U.S. have had sexual intercourse by the time they.
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111. An increasingly popular practice among teens is referred to as ________, which means to take prescription-type drugs, such as pain killer or anti-anxiety medication that has been stolen from relatives or purchased illegally. a.  “wasting” b.  “high-balling” c.  “pharming” d.  “huffing” 112. Terrence is a teenager on the football team, who decides to.
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316. What are some reasons that could explain why adolescents report dating less than in past generations? 317. Briefly describe each of Kohlberg’s three levels of moral reasoning.   318. Fourteen-year-old Jason sees her little brother trying to do a simple trick on his bicycle. Jason demands to have “a turn” at.
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41. Although Marta will have to hold down a part-time job throughout this difficult semester in college, she believes that she can manage her time wisely and make good grades. Marta is exhibiting a high degree of   a.  primary motivation. b.  self-efficacy. c.  self-actualization. d.  cognitive empowerment. 42. Bandura and his colleagues found that.
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261. Which of the following is FALSE regarding adolescents? a.  Adolescents have an increased potential for abstract thought and to reason about future possibilities. b.  Adolescents lack life experience. c.  The adolescent brain has completed the circuitry that helps people monitor errors, regulate emotions, and interpret a first impression in order to think.
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251. Name two sexually-transmitted diseases for which there is no cure, at this time. 252. If teenage pregnancy has always been common in the U.S., why did teenage childbearing become viewed as a social issue during the 1970s? 253. Based on the findings of the longitudinal study of teenage mothers presented in.
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51. On the SAT verbal section, _______ students currently score the lowest, although the gap has been steadily closing in recent years. a.  Mexican-American b.  African-American c.  white d.  Asian-American 52. Which of the following is/are reasons why minority students perform more poorly than other students on tests like the SAT? a.  Most minority.
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11. Which of the following is/are classified as a stimulant drug(s)? a. methamphetamine b.  alcohol c.  LSD d.  all of these 12.  Today, oral sex often precedes intercourse because  a.  teens falsely view it as a safe practice. b.  teens see it as a way to be sexually active without losing their virginity. c.  teens engage in.
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Quiz #1: 1.  Confirmation ceremonies, bar mitzvahs, and the quinceañera are a.  modern rites of passage. b.  gender intensification ceremonies. c.  types of adolescent statuses. d.  all of these. 2.  In general, academic achievement is more negatively affected by school transitions for  a.  older adolescents. b.  boys than girls. c.  children from lower SES families. d.  students from.
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31. Research on school size has encouraged some large high schools to switch to a(n) ____________ reorganization, with each subunit having its own student body and teaching staff. a.  schools-within-schools b.  academic tracking c.  developmental consolidation d.  open classroom 32. Benefits of schools-within-schools reorganization include which of the following? a.  better social relationships b.  safer school.
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151. _______ is a bacterial disease that spreads when people have contact with this bacterial sore in another person’s mouth, external genitals, vagina, anus, or rectum. The sores that appear early in the disease are followed by a skin rash and other symptoms, which may include fever, swollen lymph glands,.
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305. Discuss three of the findings that contradict Elkind’s theory of adolescent egocentrism. 306. An analysis of the emotionally-dense passages written by Anne Frank in her diary to determine shifts to higher levels of cognitive thinking raised an interesting possibility regarding emotion and thinking. Describe this finding and its interpretation regarding.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1. For Malcolm X, the ______ transformed him from a directionless criminal into one of the driving forces of the civil rights movement. a.  death of his younger brother b.  support of his parents and friends c.  books in the prison library d.  brutalism he saw toward black inmates by the white.
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303. Discuss the views of individuals who believe that juveniles who commit crimes should be treated differently than adults and discuss the views of other who believe that some juveniles should be prosecuted in the adult court system. 304. Explain how increases in the three basic information processes give adolescents an.
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121. Which of the following is FALSE regarding THC? a.  THC is generally known for producing a sense of relaxation and mild silliness. b.  THC can produce uncomfortable feelings of paranoia and even hallucinations. c.  THC affects coordination and interferes with the body’s ability to fight infection d.  THC is found in most.
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71. Whether children who have non-custodial fathers will be well adjusted or not depends on all of the following EXCEPT  a.  the frequency of contact with the fathers. b.  whether the father provides financial assistance or not. c.  whether the father engages in authoritative parenting or not. d.  what type of behaviors the.
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Quiz #2: 1.  Regarding Thomas Cook’s study of 12,000 seventh-and eighth-grade students in the southeast area of Washington, DC, the team of researchers found that the NEIGHBORHOODS in which the adolescent lives had more influence on __________ than the other factors. a.  the mental health of the adolescent, such as having.
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211. Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding academic differences by gender? a.  Male adolescents are more likely than females to have a learning disability. b.  Female adolescents are more likely than males to drop out of high school. c.  Males outperform females on both the verbal and math sections of.
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201. ________ make more suicide attempts, but _________ have the highest rate of completed suicides.  a.  White males; black males b.  Latin Americans; people from Arabic countries c.  Males; females d.  Females; males 202. Which of the following is FALSE regarding suicide? a.  Suicide rates have risen as economic opportunities have risen. b.  Suicide rates drop.
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141. Which of the following is FALSE regarding sexually-transmitted diseases? a.  It is estimated that there are about 19 million new cases of STDs each year in the U.S. alone. b.  Half of all STDs occur among individuals between 15 and 24 years old. c.  STDs can cause infertility, cervical cancer, blindness, and.
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231. Which of the following is FALSE regarding dating and romantic attachments? a.  A moderate amount of dating can be a positive socializing experience, while early dating and dating many partners is associated with more negative effects. b.  In a majority of cases, romantic attachments in mid-adolescence last an average of.
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191. ________ is present when three consecutive menstrual periods have been missed. a.  Enuresis b.  Bulimia c.  Amenorrhea d.  Pica 192. Which of the following is FALSE regarding individuals with anorexia? a.  They develop a dislike for food and being around food. b.  Control over one’s body and one’s life is often one of.
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91. The biggest problem for modern adolescents is that ________ percent of their time is discretionary and not spent in activities that advance their academic or social development. a.  10 to 20 b.  25 to 35 c.  40 to 50 d.  55 to 65 92.  Modern adolescents would benefit from spending more time ___________.
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Essay Questions 294.  Explain the difference between puberty and adolescence. 295. Describe how the negative feedback loop helps the endocrine system monitor and coordinate hormonal levels. 296. Explain the difference between primary and secondary sex characteristics .
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251. When an individual avoids breaking rules in order to avoid punishment or when one only follows rules when it will benefit his or her own needs, the individual is exhibiting characteristics of which level of moral reasoning? a.  conventional b.  preconventional c.  postconventional d.  cooperative 252. When you live up to what other.
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61.  The ________ of conflicts between parents and teens generally peaks around mid adolescence.               a.  emotional intensity b.  frequency c.  resolution d.  duration 62.  Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding parent-teen conflicts?               a.  The parent who generally absorbs the brunt of parent-adolescent conflict is the mother. b.  Most conflicts between teens and parents.
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308. Discuss James Marcia’s theory of identity formation, including the two dimensions and the four identity classifications.  which a person has gone through a period of crisis or exploration and has made a commitment. Identity diffusion and identity foreclosure were considered to be undesirable by identity theorists because identity diffusion.
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231. Define schools-within-schools reorganization. 232. What is self-efficacy?  233. List three groups of minority teens that are more likely to drop out of high school in the U.S. 234. What is the most well-known of the high-stakes tests and is used for college admissions? 235.  Define stereotype threat and give an.
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21.  The term __________ typically includes grades seven and eight or six, seven, and eight and involves a philosophy of teaching that recognizes that young adolescents have a new-found ability to think abstractly and grapple with moral issues but still learn best when school creates strong ties to significant adults.
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310. Explain how age, gender, and ethnic identity affect one’s self-esteem. 311. Describe the three processes through which one’s development of a self-concept develops, and explain why the last process reduces stress. 312. Describe the differences in the level and importance of intimacy in girls’ and boys’ same-sex friendships and how.
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211.  Children who enjoy positive relationships with friends  a.  are more involved with school. b.  tend to feel good about themselves. c.  experience less stress from life transitions. d.  are characterized by all of these. 212.  In general, friends become more important to children around   a.  four to six years of age. b.  seven to.
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221. Which of the following is FALSE regarding cliques? a.  Cliques vary in size from three to ten members, with the average clique containing about five members. b.  Most cliques have both males and females and individuals of varying ethnicity. c.  Most clique members are the same age. d.  Clique leaders enforce group norms.
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81. Chris and Conner are brothers. Chris prefers to watch television and enjoys watching action shows in which both the hero and villain are both violent. Conner spends more time playing the violent “fighting” videogames. Research on impact of violent television and violent videogames would predict that a.  Chris would.
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