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Multiple-Choice Questions 1.The photos in this chapter are: A.“Mug shots” of researchers who were jailed for refusing to disclose information. B.An image of shacks in Nairobi, Kenya, that a participatory-action researcher had hoped to replace with adequate housing but was not able to do so. C.a picture of the bakery collective and its members.
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  True/False 1.According to the authors, sociologists often ignore “invariant” social phenomena, such as repetitive behaviors. 2.The ethnographic data you produce and the results you present will depend more heavily on words than on numbers. 4.Standard English (or “The King’s English”), as opposed to slang, represents an opportunity to learn about a group’s behavior. 5.Nonbehavioral.
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  Multiple Choice Questions 1.At the present time, the majority of sociologists use visual imagery … A. As primary data. B.For illustrative purposes - to spice up their texts and give some breathing room to readers. C.As data for analysis AND as the vehicle for communicating the analysis and findings. D.As numerical data for statistical.
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  True/False Questions 1.Regardless of the nature of your qualitative data, a CAQDAS program is always going to make your data analysis easier 2.The wonderful thing about CAQDAS programs is that nearly all of your analyses can be done with a simple “point and click.” 3.CAQDAS programs have the unique capability to define your.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.The overall point of view of the authors is: A.Quantitative and qualitative research are best kept completely separate. B.Qualitative research should always be an exploration that precedes quantitative research. C.Qualitative research should follow quantitative research in order to provide insight into the process through which variables become linked. D.In contemporary research, quantitative.
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  11.In her study of schools, Jean Anyon found that: A.Children of the business elite experienced stimulating, challenging and interactive classroom teaching. B.Children from low-income families attended schools with low perpupil expenditures. C.There were great differences in the quality of teacher training in wealthy and poor communities. D.Minority children, regardless of parental income, received a.
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  11.An ethnographilm is a movie that is made by a sociologist and is comprised of a representative sample of subjects whom the sociologist interviews on camera. 12.The ethnographilm is a particular kind of documentary film. 13.The ethnographilm-maker is concerned only with the substance of her film; never is she concerned with the.
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  11.What is Klinenberg’s attitude towards to “smart consumer model” of social service delivery? A.It is an appropriate model for contemporary cities. B.It shows respect for the capacity of individuals and families to make decisions about the type of service that is best for them. C.It is an inadequate model for delivering services to.
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Fill in the blanks 1.Max Weber and Georg Simmel describe _________________ when they refer to systematically developing an interpretive, processual understanding of culture. 2.Gerald Suttles argues that fieldworkers would be well-served by problematizing repetitive behaviors. He refers to these repetitive behaviors as ________________. 3.Ethnographers refer to ______________ as the specialized system of language.
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  1)Mary Strong is a librarian. Who is called Mary Prunella Clapsaddle Jones by her close friends. Because she collects strange names as other people collect rare stamps. Petite and pretty, she is witty, kind, and startlingly frank. 2)Marion and Matt are lifelong enemies. Because they are so much alike. She is.
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Fill-in-the-Blanks 1.According to the authors, the term _____________ refers to an analyzable component, or segment, of an important event in your field notes, not to the actual event (e.g., a bullfight) or a full accounting of it. 2.The set of criteria one uses to decide what an “episode” corresponds with is called.
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Multiple-Choice Questions: 1.Eric Wolf in Peasant Wars of the Twentieth Century asserts: A.These wars were conflicts among peasants over land claims, and they were precursors to modern nationalist movements. B.These wars differed markedly depending on the culture of the region in which they took place. C.Peasants were mobilized along religious lines to take part.
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Fill In the Blank Questions 1.Ethnography is _________. 2.Ethnographers seek to systemically investigate the culture with a/an _________ perspective. 3.In sociological research done ¬on groups, communities, and organizations the researcher assumes a/an ____________ perspective. 4.A holistic approach to ethnography requires the researcher to study cultural processes ____________. 5.According to the authors, ____________ is the scientific.
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Multiple-Choice Questions 1.Why do the authors call focus groups “unnatural”? A.The focus groups are not spontaneously formed groups. B.The topics are often not ones the participants would discuss spontaneously. C.The flow of interaction is moved along by a set of prepared questions. D. A and B. E. A, B and C. 2.Ideally focus group size is:.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.Which of the following is a use of interviewing that the authors do NOT recommend? A.To gain insight into individuals’ views and opinions. B.To obtain information about technical knowledge and practices. C.To collect life narratives of individuals. D.To study ideologies of organizations and movements. E.All of the above can be learned in interviewing. 2.The.
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Multiple-Choice Questions 1 “Theory” can be defined concisely as: A.A synonym of “hypothesis” B.A strategy for explaining a wide range of human actions C.A statement that can be tested by collecting data. D.A specific prediction about the outcome of a situation E.A statement that is speculative and abstract 2.Which of the following is NOT an example of.
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  True-False Questions 1. In respondent-driven sampling, the researcher works with community leaders to set up the sampling frame for the study. 2. In Jean Anyon’s research, she found a relationship between the social class of a community and the classroom interactions in the local school. 3. Eric Klinenberg concluded that the medical examiner’s.
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Fill-in-the-Blanks 1.Two of the researcher’s main roles in ethnographic fieldwork are ________________ and ________________. 2.Generally speaking, ____________________ should be utilized throughout the course of fieldwork, not just at the end of the study period when one needs to confirm/check hypotheses or emergent theoretical models. 3.A _________ ___________ entails asking an informant to give.
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Fill-in-the-Blank Questions 1.___________ refers to films created through the implementation of ethnographic methodology and articulated through a rhetorical narrative arc pertaining to a particular culture. 2.Every image is a conveyor of _______________. 3.Early 1900s photographers and sociologists shared a common interest in life at the _________. 4.____ _______ refers to the use of visuals.
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  True/False 1.If the researcher does not spend time in the “field,” however s/he defines it, the study is not ethnographic. 2.Central common denominator of all ethnographies is the belief that one can study a relatively small group or community to produce knowledge and insight relevant and useful beyond the confines of the.
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  Multiple-Choice Questions 1.Ethnographers mainly study: A.crime B.organizational misconduct C.voting D.culture E.none of the above 2.According to the authors, who could be considered an ethnographer? A.sociologists B.anthropologists C.historians D.cinematographers E.everyone 3.When we approach life as an ethnographer approaches a research setting we are considered: A.researchers B.social engineers C.precarious strangers D.professional strangers E.field observers 4 Literally, “ethnography” means: A.urban study B.writing people C.cultural relativism D.ethnic study E.ethnic people 5.Performing ethnography successfully at the professional level demands a.
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  True/False 1.Ethnography should be evidence-based, and the quality of the evidence depends heavily upon the quality of your relationships with informants. 2.At a fundamental level, qualitative research and ethnography are concerned with percentages: occurrences within and across the cases that comprise your sample. 3.A sociometric grid is nothing more than a table, or.
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  Fill-in-the-Blank Questions 1.Belief in the possibility of an external, objective viewpoint for the researcher. 2.Strong emphasis on measurement and metrics; all variables must be explicitly operational: 3.Belief that the scientific method can be adapted to the social sciences with very little modification: POSITIVIST. 4.Emphasis on multiple perspectives and discourses with little effort to claim.
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  True/False Questions 1.The word idea is derived from the original Greek term “idein,” which means “to see.” 2.According to the authors, the act of visualizing plays a vital role even in statistical studies that involve absolutely no interaction with human beings. 3.The authors argue that the most essential question to ask of any.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.The vignettes at the start of the chapter suggest: A.Qualitative researchers face fewer ethical challenges than quantitative ones because qualitative research is less impersonal. B.Quantitative research is more exploitive of subjects than qualitative research. C.Qualitative researchers using observation and ethnographic methods face deeper ethical issues than survey researchers. D.The ethical issues in.
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  True/False Questions 1.Culture is a shared way of understanding the world and taking action within it. 2.According to the work of Karl Popper (1963),”falsification” is the basis of all scientific inquiry. 3.Greg Scott’s (2009) ethnographilm The Family at 1312 focuses on a “real kinship” system developed and perpetuated by crack smokers, prostitutes, and.
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  Multiple Choice Questions 1.The authors repeatedly remind you, the ethnographer, to ask … A.“how” questions B.“when” questions C.“where” questions D.“why” questions E.“what” questions 2.Contrast questions: A.pose a juxtaposition of two events, things, relationships, or phenomena B.are one way of understanding variation and difference within cultures C.rarely produce good data D.none of the above E.(a) and (b) only 3.Making explicit the knowledge and rules.
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  True/False 1.The largest single block of work in an ethnographic field study entails field notes. 2.The authors argue that field notes represent the main vehicle by which the ethnographer producers and analyzes data. 4.Language is the key to all cultures. 5.The authors recommend that you write your field notes in the past tense, as.
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  11.The photographs in Chapter 11 are about: A.The way sacred architecture of churches, mosques, and synagogues represents religious ideals. B.The way corporate headquarters express an idealized image of the companies. C.The way campus architecture expresses institutional traditions. D.The way resort hotels in different countries evoke each country’s concept of leisure and fun. E.The way restaurants.
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  Multiple-Choice Questions 1.According to the authors, the defining experience of ethnography is: A.Interviewing powerful people B.spell checking your notes C.the field D.interacting with people who oppose your research E.developing salient relationships with artifacts in the field you’re studying 2.All ethnographers have in common: A. the experience of entering a field B.conducting interviews C.video recording observations D.observing a culture E.all of the.
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Multiple-Choice Questions 1.Analysis of cultural objects as defined in this chapter could be focused on all of the following EXCEPT: A.Objects used in religious rituals B.Tools C.An individual’s actions in a specific situation D.A work of art E.The text of a law book 2.When Michael Schudson said that advertising is “capitalist realism” he meant that: A.Most commercials actually.
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  Multiple Choice Questions 1.Max Weber distinguishes ________ from behavior? (Hint: this distinction guides the production of data and field work.) A.norms, values, and beliefs B.action C.attitudes D.events and rituals E.all of the above 2.Ethnographers concern themselves with: A.the “what” of human activity B.the “when” of human activity C.the “where” of human activity D.the “why” of human activity E.the “how” of human activity F.all.
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Multiple-Choice Questions: 1.Carnal sociology is most directly based on the following concept (and the theorist who proposed it): A.verstehen (Weber) B.habitus (Bourdieu) C.fetishism of commodities (Marx) D.function (structural-functional theorists such as Parsons and Merton) E.the looking-glass self (Cooley) (Note to instructor: one could make an argument that it is based on verstehen, but the key word here.
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  Short Essay Questions 1.What was the research question for the study of the tattoo parlor? 2.What were the research questions for Willis’s study of the lads? Fill in the blanks What are the Units of Analysis for the following questions? a. What types of colleges offer philosophy majors? b. What are the demographic characteristics and.
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    11.The “gaze” refers to: A.The valuable practice of researchers making an effort to see their subjects clearly. B.The tendency of subjects to scrutinize the researcher to make sure they are not being exploited or exposed to risks. C.The impersonal way that researchers look at and write about research subjects. D.The direct look that subjects.
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Multiple-Choice Questions 1.The pictures in Chapter 9 are about: A. Violence in social revolutions. B.The effects of the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. C.Damage caused during Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans. D.Injuries caused by a chemical spill in India. E.Mining debris that caused a mudslide in West Virginia. 2.What types of events can.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.Krista Harper’s study was carried out: A.On a Dakota Indian reservation in the U.S. B.In a predominantly African American inner-city community in Chicago. C.In a Roma (“gypsy”) community in Hungary. D.In an “untouchable” village in India. E.In an Irish Travelers’ neighborhood in the periphery of Dublin. 2.The community with which Krista worked were: A.Nomads who.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.Which of the following is NOT included in the canonical research report? A. A statement of the research problem. B.A methods section. C.Findings. D.Self-reflection. E.Discussion or conclusion. 2.In addition to the essential sections, most standard research reports also include: A.An abstract. B.A works-cited or reference list. C.A discussion of how their family supported the research. D.B and.
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  Multiple Choice Questions 1.What is key operating principle of all CAQDAS programs? A.inflation B.reduction C.over-simplification D.problematization E.theory formulation 2.All information in electronic form is expressed through ________ ___________. A.organizing schemata B.informant misrecognitions C.binary code D.Fortran language E.Cobalt code 3.The proper and rigorous use of CAQDAS in a research study can enhance the study’s _______ _______, which strengthens its transparency and therefore makes it.
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  Multiple Choice Questions 1.The major goals of field notes are: A.disciplining data gathering B.making public the basis of your interpretation C.observing and interacting with informants who are “local heroes” D.filling up otherwise empty time in the field E.(a) and (b) only F.none of the above 2.Time, organized in field notes, is relevant to which two elements: A.chronological order B.episodes C.zones of.
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  1)Voice lessons have not met my expectations. I thought professor rosman?s methods, goals, and repertoire would be predictable and stuffy. Not startling and thorughly unconventional. I knew rosman?s methods were unusual at my first lesson in setember of 1990. When he asked me to pretend that I could only make.
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Fill-in-the-Blank Questions 1._______________ is a shorthand way of saying that no computer or software program is going to do anything beyond what you tell it to do. 2.CAQDAS refers to ___________________________ programs. 3.CAQDAS programs are designed to manipulate ____________________ data. (351) 4.CAQDAS programs, at a fundamental level, manipulate information using _________ ________ operators. 5.The main contribution.
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Fill in the blanks: 1.Quantitative research entails the study of a __________ number of cases but a _________ number of variables, while qualitative research involves studying a _____________ number of cases and a ___________ number of variables. 2.Ethnographers spend their time in __________observing a culture and writing about people. 3._________________ is methodological branch.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.Max Weber believed that: A.Scholars must recognize “inconvenient facts” that contradict their own political views. B.Scholars should give priority to their own political positions in planning their research. C.Scholars should make an effort to “explain away” findings that are incompatible with their own values. D.Scholars should be activists and advocates for the.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.The chapter cites life narratives collected by anthropologists about all of the following EXCEPT A.The lives of poor people in Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Cuba. B.Change in the lives of rural and indigenous people. C.The lives of women in Somalia, Ireland, and Iran. D.Change in the lives of poor people after the.
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  11.The authors compare these two books (Learning to Labor and Ain’t No Makin’ It) and conclude: A.Willis’s use of theory is too dogmatic. B.MacLeod’s use of theory is the most effective. C.Both authors “use too much theory” and therefore their studies are abstract and confusing. D.It is a matter of taste—both approaches are acceptable. E.Neither.
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