Search
Info
Warning
Danger

Study Resources (Statistics)

  11.Peirce and James differed slightly with regard to their respective views of Pragmatism. 12.Dewey defined truth as “warranted assertability.” 13.James argued that we live in a block universe. 14.According to Peirce, there is no possibility of an absolute reality. 15.Sellars follows in Peirce?s tradition of Pragmatism.   .
0 Views
View Answer
1.  Compare the following: (a)open-ended and closed-ended questions: closed: standardized answers to select from, like a multiple-choice test item] (b)rating and ranking: (c)mutually exclusive and exhaustive (d)anonymous and confidential     .
4 Views
View Answer
  11.According to the Utilitarians, humans have two major regulators, pleasure and pain. 12.Utilitarianism has seven major factors for measuring happiness. 13.The founder of Utilitarianism is Kant. 14.The theory which seeks the greatest good for the greatest number is Deontology. 15.Mill critiqued Bentham?s version of Utilitarianism as being too Hedonistic.   .
0 Views
View Answer
  11.Which philosopher was not a Social Contract theorist? A.Hobbes B.Locke C.Rand D.Rawls 12.Advocates of Care Ethics are major critics of _____. A.Ethical egoism B.Divine Command Theory C.Deontology D.Social Contract Theory 13.Which is not a root of ethics according to the Care Ethicists? A.Care B.Affection C.Utility D.Personal relationship 14.Which philosopher supports Care Ethics? A.Rawls B.Blum C.Korsgaard D.Grimshaw   .
0 Views
View Answer
1.Define the following: (a)positivism   Presenting Results (b)an abstract (c)organization of an academic article 2.What are some of the ethical issues involved when reporting findings and presenting your research? 3.A lengthy literature review is part of any presentation at a conference or to a committee.   True  False    .
5 Views
View Answer
Multiple Choice Questions 1.To assume determinism is true and completely incompatible with free will is called ____. A.Hard Determinism B.Soft Determinism C.Hierarchical Compatibilism D.Rationalist Compatibilism 2.According to ___, free will does not exist. A.Hume B.James C.Schopenhauer D.Aquinas 3.The ___ argued that atoms within humans could swerve. A.Epicureans B.Atomists C.Determinists D.Neutronists 4.The view that determinism is compatible with free will is called ____. A.Hard Determinism B.Soft Determinism C.Hierarchical Compatibilism D.Rationalist Compatibilism 5.Which.
2 Views
View Answer
  3.T F Rubricizing can be a very individual experience 4.T F Rubricizing is usually our first perceptual response 5.T F Rubricizing is helpful when dealing with change 6.T F Positive rubrics are often resisted 7.T F Rubricizing is always an incomplete perception 8.T F Rubricizing rarely occurs with someone you know   .
0 Views
View Answer
  (b)there is no relationship between attitudes toward environmental laws (strongly agree to strongly disagree) and income category (lower, middle, upper)   Which variable? Level of Measurement? Independent variable         Dependent variable           (c)there is a relationship between gender (male or female) and residential status (home owner or renter)   Which variable? Level of Measurement? Independent variable         Dependent variable             (d)there is a relationship between years of schooling and.
0 Views
View Answer
  11.“To be is to be perceived” is Malebranche?s most famous saying. 12.According to Materialism, no distinct mind substance exists. 13.According to Dual-Aspect theory, there is only one substance. 14.Dual-Aspect theory was advanced by Spinoza. 15.According to Functionalism, mental phenomenalism should be identified with some physical part of the brain. 16.„Qualia? implies the qualitative content of.
1 Views
View Answer
  True/False Questions 1.Libertarians believe there is at least some place free of determinism in which free will might thrive. 2.Pico sees no constraints upon human freedom at all. 3.Chisholm sees free will as a gift from God. 4.According to Campbell, our power of free will is a creative power which comes into play when.
0 Views
View Answer
  True/ False Questions 1.Questions of what form of government is best and what justifies government is the domain of ethical philosophy. 2.To claim that the ruler was appointed by God is to justify government by Divine Right. 3.Anarchists deny the legitimacy of all governmental powers. 4.Plato?s ideal state was to be a Democracy. 5.Hobbes attempted.
0 Views
View Answer
  True/False Questions 1.The Divine Command Theory is also known as theological volunteerism. 2.To assume that God makes a command not to do something because God knows it is wrong implies that moral rightness exists outside of God. 3.According to Divine Command Theory, God?s commands are always morally ambiguous. 4.According to Divine Command Theory, it.
0 Views
View Answer
1.  Define the following: (a)validity     (b)reliability  (c)hypothesis (d)operationalization 2.Explain the difference between split-half reliability and test-retest reliability.   3.Here are several hypotheses: first identify the independent and dependent variables.Then say which levels of measurement would likely be used for each variable: (a)there is no relationship between type of TV shows respondents like (drama, reality.
6 Views
View Answer
1.Indicate which measure of relationship or association – in addition to chi-square – you would use to test each of the following null hypotheses (lambda, gamma, or Pearson r): (a)there is no relationship between race and the type of car owned _______ (b)there is no relationship between height and GPA  _______ .
3 Views
View Answer
1.When a relationship between two variables is significant, but disappears when a third control variable is introduced, it is considered a (a)spurious relationship (b)antecedent relationship (c)intervening relationship (d)suppressor relationship 2.A partial correlation is the relationship between X and Y when a control variable is introduced.  True False  3.Here is some output from.
3 Views
View Answer
1.  For each of the following statements describe the everyday thinking potential problem (biased question, limited sampling, selective perception, or inaccurate generalization): (a) “What did you think about that incredible movie?”  (b) “None of my friends like the new teacher.” (c) “How could you not see that horrible jacket she wore.
3 Views
View Answer
  Truth/False Question 1.The “I” may only be defined by the body. 2.Some people argue that personal identity is part of the soul. 3.According to Locke, the main criteria for personal identity is continuity of memory. 4.The basic law of identity is compatible with the memory standard of identity. 5.Narratives are a way of keeping identity.
0 Views
View Answer
1.  Define the following: (a)Informed consent:   (b)Institutional Review Board:  (c)Serendipity:  2.  The logic based on binary categories and used to search databases is called: (a)Boolean  (b)serendipitous (c)Google (d)inductive 3.What is the difference between anonymity and confidentiality in research?  4.Informing people about the main goals and methods of the.
3 Views
View Answer
  True/ False Questions 1.Intuitionism says there are ethical truths which are self-evident. 2.W.D. Ross is the originator of Intuitionism. 3.According to Ross, ethical knowledge is derived from reason. 4.The underlying question of all ethical theories is: What ought I to do? 5.Intuitionism focuses on the question of what type of life is worthwhile. 6.Virtue Ethics focuses.
0 Views
View Answer
Multiple Choice Questions 1.____believes there is at least some space free of determinism in which free will might thrive. A.Cynics B.Libertarians C.Conservatives D.Draconians 2.According to ____, free will was a gift granted from God. A.Pico B.Sartre C.Dennett D.Nagel 3.According to ___, libertarian free will implies that there are no constraints on freedom whatsoever. A. Pico B.Nagel C.Chisholm D.Dennett 4.According to ____, our power of free.
1 Views
View Answer
  1.Rubricizing is a.placing a person into a category. b.a form of massage developed in Sweden. c.the same as stereotyping. d.a process for perceiving uniqueness 2.Self-rubricizing is a.not possible. b.freezing your own identity. c.freezing another’s identity. d.a health-enhancing behavior   .
1 Views
View Answer
1.Rogers equates identity with a.one’s social roles. b.one’s real self. c.how others, including social institutions, define us. d.family origins 2.Rogers contends that compared to very early historical periods, a.identity formation is now more difficult. b.identity formation is somewhat easier. c.identity formation has about the same difficulty. d.identity formation is now more rigidly defined 3.Identity self-discovery is essentially a.completed by the age.
5 Views
View Answer
  True/ False Questions 1.The Ancient Greeks believed change was superior to permanence. 2.Darwin was the first person to speak of evolution. 3.Evolutionary theory helped many accept the notion of change as positive. 4.According to the Pragmatists, if a theory works then it is true. 5.Pragmatists are anti-foundationalists. 6.The Pragmatic Movement of Inquiry has two stages: Firstness.
0 Views
View Answer
Multiple Choice Questions 1.Fatalism was taught by ____. A.Epictetus B.Aristotle C.Aquinas D.Diogenes 2.____is the view that the events of life are destined. A.Free Will B.Determinism C.Fatalism D.Cubism 3.Stoics were generally ____. A.Determinists B.Fatalists C.Sophists D.Moists 4.The view that God selects each person for salvation or damnation is called ____. A.Determinism B.Free Will C.Predestination D.Samarra Predestination was taught by _____. A.Luther and Kent B.Calvin and Hobbes C.Calvin and Mill D.Calvin and Luther 6.The view that everything is.
1 Views
View Answer
Multiple Choice Questions 1._____is the view that there are ethical truths that we can recognize and know as soon as we concentrate carefully upon them. A.Virtue Ethics B.Intuitionism C.Realism D.Existentialism 2.The founder of Intuitionism was _____. A.Rawls B.Habermas C.Ross D.Mackie 3.According to Ross, our ethical knowledge is derived from _____. A.Ethical Intuitionism B.Reason C.Sentiment D.Agreement 4._____focuses on the question of what type of life is worthwhile. A.Virtue.
4 Views
View Answer
  1.When asked “Where are you from?” the author found this question to be personally intrusive. *True    False 2.The questioners in this article were attempting to determine the author’s a.occupation b.ethnicity c.last name d.hometown b 3.T F The author was not an American citizen 1.T F The author believes that personality changes are normally abrupt and easily recognizable.    2.T F The.
0 Views
View Answer
1.  Compare the following: (a)longitudinal panel sample and longitudinal trend sample (b)quota sampling and stratified random sampling (c)parameter and statistic Sampling 2.How is the sampling interval determined for systematic sampling? 3.For each of the following studies, state what method of sampling was used. (a)researcher surveyed the first 25 women and the first 25 men who entered.
4 Views
View Answer
  4.What is the level of measurement (nominal, ordinal, ratio/interval) used in each of the following variables? (a)Book bestseller top 10  (b)number of movies seen last month (c)favorite foods    (d)SAT scores  5.For each of the following, identity the independent and dependent variables and say whether this.
0 Views
View Answer
  11.Under Hobbes? version of social contract, man only hands over the right of defense and the right of punishment to the sovereign. 12.Jefferson based the Declaration of Independence on Locke?s social contract theory. 13.According to Rousseau, the main reason for entering the social contract is to protect property rights. 14.The classical conservative model.
0 Views
View Answer
  (b)Central Limit Theorem: (c) the median: (d) valid percent: 4.The mode is always the answer selected by the majority.  True False    5.If grades on the last Quantitative Methods exam were approximately normally distributed with a mean of 70 and a standard deviation of 10, what percentage of students received.
0 Views
View Answer
  True/ False Questions 1.Descartes argued for the theory of Mind-Body Dualism. 2.Descartes indicated that the Cogito implied that one?s body existed. 3.Descartes believed the mind and brain were the same thing. 4.According to Descartes, the mind is physical substance while the brain is mental substance. 5.According to Rorty, Descartes? view sent philosophy down “a 400.
0 Views
View Answer
Multiple Choice Questions 1._____argued for Mind-Body Dualism. A.Aristotle B.Berkeley C.Descartes D.Hume 2.According to ___, acceptance of Mind-Body Dualism led philosophy down “a 400 year long cul-de-sac.” A.Descartes B.Rorty C.Quine D.Chalmers 3.According to Descartes, the Cogito implies ____. A.The mind exists B.The body exists C.Both A and B D.None of the Above 4.According to ____, preestablished harmony existed between the mind and body. A.Leibniz B.Descartes C.Chalmers D.Berkeley 5.According to the theory of.
2 Views
View Answer
  3.A correlation of .05 is a strong significant relationship. True False   4.Which one of the following is the strongest correlation coefficient? (a)-.45 (c)  -.78 (b).56 (d)  .02 5.The percentages for each value or category of the ___________ variable should add up to 100 percent.                 6.Put.
1 Views
View Answer
Multiple Choice Questions 1.The “I” may be defined by _____. A.Body B.Soul C.Memory D.All of the Above 2.According to ____, the main criteria for personal identity is continuity of memory. A.Berkeley B.Locke C.Chomsky D.Hume 3.“To assume that if A is identical with B, and B is identical with C, then A is identical with C” describes the law of ______. A.Identity B.Memory C.Continuity D.Non-contradiction 4.According to.
3 Views
View Answer
Multiple Choice Questions 1.Questions of what form of government is best and what justifies government is the domain of _____philosophy. A.Ethical B.Political C.Existential D.Ancient 2.To claim the ruler was appointed by God is to justify the government by ____. A.Divine Right B.Social Contract C.Oligarchy D.Aristocracy 3.Which thinker would not agree with the statement “government is best which governs least”? A. Jefferson B.Paine C.Hobbes D.Thoreau 4.Individuals.
5 Views
View Answer
  3.When comparing the scores on a satisfaction scale for a group of workers before and after new salaries were provided, it is best to test the difference in mean satisfaction scores using (a)an independent samples t-test (b)analysis of variance (c)paired samples t-test (d)one-sample t-test 4.Explain “confidence interval.”   5. What statistics would be most.
2 Views
View Answer
Multiple Choice Questions 1.The view that ethics is dependent on God?s will is called ____. A.Care ethics B.Egoism C.Theological volunteerism D.Relativism 2.According to Divine Command Theory, God?s commands are always morally ____. A.Charged B.Good C.Bad D.Ambiguous 3.According to Martin Luther King, God commandments are good because ____. A.They provide good moral guidance B.They come from God C.They are empirically grounded D.They are useful 4.The view that.
4 Views
View Answer
  11.Ayn Rand was an ethical egoist. 12.Social contract theory states that ethics is a man-made system of rules which is socially enforced. 13.John Rawls used social contract theory to support egoism. 14.According to Rawls, one should stand behind a veil of ignorance to seek moral norms which are genuinely fair. 15.Advocates of Care Ethics.
0 Views
View Answer
1.For each of the following hypotheses, decide which statistic should be used: (a)There is no difference in yearly salary among four regions of the country (east, west, south, and north). _________ (b)There is a difference in scores on a satisfaction scale between salaried and hourly employees. _________                                          .
5 Views
View Answer
  True/ False Questions 1.Aristotle taught Fatalism. 2.Fatalism is the view that the events of life are destined. 3.Stoics tended to be Fatalists. 4.According to Predestination, God determines salvation based upon a person?s life choices. 5.Calvin and Luther preached the doctrine of predestination. 6.Determinism is the view that everything is the result of causal laws. 7.Determinism is scientifically.
0 Views
View Answer
  True/ False Questions 1.Hard determinists state that determinism is true and incompatible with free will. 2.Hard determinists insist that humans do not even feel as if they are acting freely. 3.Schopenhauer was a soft determinist. 4.All atomists were hard determinists. 5.Soft determinism is also known as Compatibilism. 6.Luther and Calvin were Compatibilists. 7.According to Hume, determinism is.
0 Views
View Answer
  Place an X on any item which lessens negative rubricizing: 9.__ Be aware of language usage 10.__ Ask “What do you do?” to new people. 11.__ Know your “rubric triggers.” 12.__ Do not be aware of “rubric triggers.” 13.__ Talk about new topics 14.__ Look at someone as if for the first time 15.__ Ask someone else.
0 Views
View Answer
  True/False Questions 1.Kant credits Hume for awakening him from his “dogmatic slumber”. 2.According to Hume, ethics must be grounded in reason. 3.Kant felt that reason was unreliable. 4.According to Kant, feelings are not distinctly human. 5.A Categorical Imperative is universally binding on everyone. 6.A Hypothetical Imperative is only binding on those individuals included in the consequent. 7.“Act.
0 Views
View Answer
  11.Moral responsibility and causal responsibility are identical. 12.To say that one is causally responsible for an act is to judge that punishment or reward is warranted. 13.Role responsibility means to be responsible for managing one?s own life. 14.To be causally responsible means that one is deserving of reward and punishment.   .
0 Views
View Answer
Multiple Choice Questions 1.Kant indicated that ____awoke him from his “dogmatic slumber.” A.Leibniz B.Spinoza C.Descartes D.Hume 2.According to Hume, ethics must be grounded in ____. A.Reason B.Sentiment C.Truth D.Love 3.Kant felt that ____was unreliable and uncertain. A.Reason B.Sentiment C.Truth D.Love 4.Which of the following does Kant indicate is not distinctly human? A.Power of reason B.Abstract reasoning from principles C.Feelings D.Both A and B 5.A ____imperative is universally binding on everyone. A.Categorical B.Hypothetical C.Rational D.Human 6.A ____imperative.
2 Views
View Answer
Multiple Choice Questions 1.Ancient Greek thinkers sought ____. A.Permanence B.Change C.Coherence D.Togas 2.The earliest scientific theory of evolution was proposed by _____. A.Newton B.Mendel C.Darwin D.Lamarck 3.The founder of Pragmatism was_____. A.Darwin B.Dewey C.Peirce D.Russell 4.According to ____, if a theory works, then it is true. A.Epistemology B.Pragmatism C.Philosophy D.The Vienna Circle 5.The Pragmatic Movement of Inquiry was created by ____. A.James B.Dewey C.Rorty D.Peirce 6.According to Popper, ____leads to knowledge. A.Verification B.Falsification C.Obligation D.Termination 7._____theorists hold the view that knowledge.
3 Views
View Answer
  (c)as part of their requirements for a course, all the students in Intro Psychology completed a questionnaire                 (d)members of the local motorcycle club complete questionnaires and are then asked to give questionnaires to other people they know who own motorcycles who are also asked to give some questionnaires to.
0 Views
View Answer