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361.  Explain why the evolutionary perspective sees Sternberg’s complex system of dividing love into components as an insurance policy, and discuss the reason that cultures adopted the practice of marriage. 362.  Explain the difference in serial monogamy, polygamy and polyandry. 363.  In the United States, three changes have created more.
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91. Which of the following is/are TRUE regarding the cultural differences involving menopause? a.  Menopausal Japanese women report having stiffness and dizziness, but not hot flashes or depression. b.  U.S. and European women often report being depressed and having hot flashes during menopause. c.  Navajo women in North America assume greater leadership roles.
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211. The amygdala, a part of the brain that processes emotional information, is _____active when older adults process emotionally negative pictures than when they process emotionally positive pictures, while younger adults show ______ regardless of the emotional content of the pictures. a.  more; less activation b.  more; similar activation patterns c.  less; similar.
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11.  Which of the following designations is/are CORRECT? a.  young-old------------from 50 to 69 b.  old-old----------------from 70 to 80 c.  oldest-old-------------85 and older d.  All of these designations are correct. 12.  Which of the following designations is/are CORRECT? a.  young-old------------from 61 to 74 b.  old-old----------------from 75 to 84 c.  oldest-old-------------85 and older d.  All of these designations are.
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11. Dementia is often preceded by                 a.  significant episodes of cognitive dissonance. b.  mild cognitive impairment. c.  transient severe lapses in memory. d.  a serious physical illness. 12. Being able to attend to the traffic light on the post at the corner of main street even though there are several brightly lit advertising.
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141. Remembering to do something in the future, such as taking your medicine or picking up the mail, involves __________ memory. a.  implicit b.  procedural c.  prospective d.  working 142. ____________ memory is involved whenever you are interrupted by other activities and need to reactivate your intention to do something.
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131. Your grandfather is picking you up at the airport. You are standing with several people your same age, and you can tell your grandfather is having difficulty finding you in the crowd. This illustrates elderly adults difficulty with  a.  focused attention. b.  selective attention. c.  divided attention. d.  multi-tasking. 132. ________ involves.
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191.  Which of the following statements is/are TRUE regarding Baltes and Staudinger’s research on wisdom?                a.  They found no increase or decrease in wisdom between 20 and 80 years of age.                b.  More elderly adults scored in the top 20 percent on the measures of wisdom.                c.  Wisdom is.
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111. Brain parts that are affected by aging include the ________, which is responsible for memory. a.  amygdala b.  thalamus c.  hippocampus d.  hypothalamus 112. Brain parts that are affected by aging include the ________, which is the seat of coordinated movement and a contributor to many cognitive skills, including verbal fluency and attentional.
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71.  Sid is 82 years old and has developed cloudy spots on the lens in his eyes. Sid has an eye condition known as   a.  cataracts. b.  glaucoma. c.  macular degeneration. d.  presbyopia. 72.  The deterioration of hearing associated with aging is called   a.  presbycusis. b.  presbyopia. c.  aural degeneration. d.  macular degeneration. 73.  Joe is 70 years.
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357.  Describe four changes that have occurred in the workforce because of the information (microchip) revolution.   358.  Describe three sets of findings that suggest that many young people feel trapped in a “self-perpetuating state of hesitancy and confusion” regarding the selection of a career. .
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221. Successful resolution of Erikson’s stage of integrity versus despair hinges on   a.  a person’s physical health in old age. b.  a person’s intelligence and creativity. c.  the emotional support he or she receives from others. d.  his or her responses to all of the earlier stages. 222. According to Erikson, people in his.
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51. _________ has been used to decrease the metabolic activity of animals and extend their life expectancy. a.  Free radicals b.  Exercise c.  Calorie restriction d.  Antioxidants 52. Which of the following is FALSE regarding approaches to extending the life span? a.  Laboratory animals fed large amounts of antioxidants live longer and develop cancer and.
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201. Which of the following characteristics would be considered normal memory loss shown by healthy older adults?                a.  may forget part or all of a recent event b.  sometimes forgets a word or feels it is on the “tip of the tongue” c.  gradually loses information, such as historical or political information.
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151. Source-monitoring problems are the result of problems in __________ memory.  a.  implicit b.  procedural  c.  prospective  d.  episodic 152. A scam artist tells an 80-year-old couple that they agreed last week to have him repair their roof for a specific price. The couple had been getting information about roof.
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101. The 100+-year-olds of the future are more likely to be comfortable because of  a.  advances in genetics. b.  advances in pharmaceuticals. c.  improved replacement parts. d.  all of these 102. Walking on the six-inch curbs can stimulate which part of the brain?  a.  amygdala b.  hypothalamus c.  cerebellum d.  hippocampus 103. Which of the following is FALSE.
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Essay Questions 351.  According to your textbook, what two facts are revealed by looking collectively at the mortality, morbidity, and disability rates? 352.  From an evolutionary perspective, what is the reason behind the young male syndrome and how do homicide statistics support this perspective? 353.  Regarding domestic violence, how does the pattern of.
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11.  The verbal subtests on the WAIS place heavier demands on _________ abilities, whereas the perceptual subtests emphasize _________ abilities.                a.  crystallized; fluid b.  fluid; crystallized c.  creative; crystallized d.  crystallized; creative 12.  Cindy is knitting a sweater, while she watches her favorite soap opera on television. Being able to do both tasks.
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341.  List the traits in the Big Five personality model. 342.  What term is used to refer to the hypothetical brain processes that produce variation in intelligent behavior across a wide variety of tasks? 343.  What is the savant syndrome? 344.  List five of Howard Gardner’s eight types of intelligences. 345. .
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.  In the opening segment, Richard Alpert, also known as Ram Dass, did not feel old until he a.  had to take medication for high blood pressure. b.  began to suffer from gout. c.  became almost completely bald and had age spots. d.  was given a senior citizen discount on a.
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171.  Which theory of cognitive aging is supported by the finding that people with better vision and hearing also tend to perform better on intelligence tests? a.  interference b.  speed of processing c.  working memory d.  neurological fidelity 172.  “Senior moments, “ in which older adults lose an idea just moments after having it, can.
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61.  Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding what people look like after 50?  a.  The majority of older people in the United States still have their own teeth. b.  Teeth yellow over time, and older people are more likely to have tooth decay and gun disease. c.  A person’s nose.
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241. _________ refers to traditional forms of religious beliefs based on established authority. a.  Religiousness b.  Spirituality c.  Indoctrination d.  Dogmatism 242. _________ encompasses more individual approaches to meaning and one’s relationship to the universe that borrow from a variety of religious and philosophical approaches.  a.  Religiousness b.  Spirituality c.  Meditation d.  Introspection 243. During our.
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331. Regarding marriage, what is the communal norm? 332.  Although, as a group, couples who cohabitate before marriage have a 50 percent higher rate of divorce than those who do not cohabitate, which two subgroups of cohabitating couples do not have this elevated risk of divorce? 333.  The largest drop.
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41.  The number of possible cell divisions is related to the length of the tip of the chromosome known as the a.  acrosome. b.  telomere. c.  mesoderm. d.  polymere. 42.  Which of the following is FALSE regarding telomeres? a.  Once a cell’s telomeres reach a critically short length, that cell can no longer divide. b. .
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231. Regarding research on the activity and disengagement theories of aging, which of the following statements is FALSE?  a.  Gerontologists acknowledge that people do withdraw from specific activities as they lose function. b.  Disengagement is a typical consequence of aging. c.  Older adults with higher levels of social contact and activity.
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181.  According to Psychologist Paul Baltes’ model, _________involves pursuing goals effectively, such as by practicing harder or finding a skilled mentor. a.  selectivity b.  optimization c.  actualization d.  compensation 182.  Barry, an older engineer, always works on the most difficult tasks early in the morning before the other employees get to work so he.
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Essay Questions 280.  Explain why the age dependency ratio is important and how it has changed in the U.S. in the last fifty years. 281.  What changes are likely to occur in society as the population in the U.S. continued to get older? 282.  Explain why sea anemones age slower than.
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261. Although the age of menopause varies widely, what is the average age of menopause? 262. What is andropause? 263. List four of the most common causes of impotence in older men. 264. Name two neurotransmitters that show significantly decreased production in the brain as we age. 265. What is lipofuscin? 266.  Sam,.
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161. When caregivers use Elderspeak, they a.  are using a type of slow, simplified speech. b.  make it easier for older people to understand. c.  can make seniors feel less competent. d.  can do all of these. 162. Which of the following is/are TRUE regarding language and aging?   a.  The stories told by older.
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31.  Survival selection causes __________ effects, in which the relative health of various groups changes with age. a.  actuarial b.  evolutionary c.  cross-over d.  pseudo-aging 32. All theories of aging start with the assumption that aging is a.  programmed. b.  a wear-and-tear process. c.  a normal biological process. d.  not universal or inevitable. 33.  _______ theories describe the nature.
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