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36. Taxes on gasoline, alcohol, and cigarettes are classified as ______ taxes. A. severance B. ad valorem C. excise D. flat E. sales 37. The text mentions “other sources” of state and local revenue which include all of the following EXCEPT A. building inspections. B. parking meters. C. operating courts. D. excise taxes. E. disposing of garbage. 38. For many years only.

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  • 36. Taxes gasoline, alcohol, and cigarettes classified as ______ taxes. A.
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  51. There are almost 18,000 state and local law enforcement agencies in the United States, employing more than ____________ officers. A. 100,000 B. 350,000 C. 600,000 D. 400,000 E. 700,000 52. Inherent powers of state governments to pass laws to protect public health, safety, and welfare are defined by the text as _______. A. tacit-consent powers B. tyranny.

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  •   51. There almost 18,000 state and local law enforcement agencies
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True/False Questions 1. Unlike the federal workforce, which actually has relatively few employees who work directly with citizens, almost all state and local employees have contact with the public. 2. Approximately one-fifth of the cost of state and local government is employees’ salaries. 3. Under a 1976 Supreme Court decision, states can and.

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  • True/False Questions 1. Unlike the federal workforce, which actually has relatively
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  21. A responsibility contract is required for all welfare recipients. 22. Since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on New York City and the Pentagon, twenty-five of the fifty states have designated a homeland security coordinator. 23. Highlighted by the text, the Leveraging Educational Assistance Partnership is a program that rewards states.

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  •   21. A responsibility contract required for all welfare recipients. 22. Since
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  61. The _________ consists of more than 46,000 miles of superhighways linking almost all cities with a population of 50,000 or more. A. National Matrix B. National System of Interstate and Defense Highways C. Eisenhower Interstate System D. Roosevelt Interstate System E. National Interstate Highway Initiative 62. In January 2008, the National Surface Transportation Policy and.

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  •   61. The _________ consists of more than 46,000 miles of
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6. Subsequent to 1939, many state and local governments enacted “_________” that enforced merit principles and restricted the political activities of their employees. A. little Pendleton Acts B. little Hatch Acts C. little Spoils Acts D. State Spoils Acts E. State Merit Acts 7. State personnel offices are concerned with all of the following EXCEPT A. administering.

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  • 6. Subsequent to 1939, many state and local governments enacted
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1. Rather than relying on their own employees, many state and local governments have “contracted out” public services to private sector organizations, including for-profit corporations as well as nonprofit agencies, in a practice called A. freelancing. B. freejacking. C. the spoils system. D. outsourcing. E. repurposing. 2. The Pendleton Act A. sought to eliminate political patronage. B. was.

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  • 1. Rather than relying their own employees, many state and
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16. Many state and local governments have privatized major parts of their A. public works system. B. technology needs. C. welfare services. D. health care services. E. All of the above. 17. By _________, personnel systems public managers may be able to get the people they really need. A. centralizing B. regulating C. deregulating D. streamlining E. decentralizing 18. Contracting with private.

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  • 16. Many state and local governments have privatized major parts
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6. Public higher education has traditionally been provided by A. religious institutions. B. the federal government. C. the states. D. county government. E. a national educational tax since 1967. 7. Land-grant universities including Michigan State and the University of Georgia were created by A. the No Child Left Behind Act. B. the Homestead Act of 1860. C. the Morrill.

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  • 6. Public higher education has traditionally been provided by A. religious
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26. The valuation a government places on property for the purposes of taxation is defined as A. ad valorem. B. appraisal. C. assessment. D. levying. E. appropriation. 27. Several state courts have ruled that wide differences between school districts in per-pupil expenditures are inconsistent with the equal protection clause of the ________ Amendment. A. Sixteenth B. Ninth C. Fourteenth D..

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  • 26. The valuation a government places property for the purposes
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  76. States pay what percentage of federal environmental programs? A. 50% B. 70% C. 80% D. 40% E. 60% 77. _______________ adopted in 2006 a law “requiring a 25 percent reduction in the state’s carbon dioxide emissions by 2020,” but in late 2007 was denied the waiver to do so. A. New York B. Boston C. California D. Philadelphia E. Seattle 78..

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  •   76. States pay what percentage of federal environmental programs? A. 50% B.
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6. Wages for public employees constitute more than ________ of the cost of state and local government. A. one-fourth B. one-third C. one-half D. two-thirds E. four-fifths 7. A government seeks to identify the value of land and other properties through a process termed A. ad valorem. B. appraisal. C. assessment. D. levying. E. appropriation. 8. A hundred years ago, wealth primarily.

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  • 6. Wages for public employees constitute more than ________ of
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