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MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 4) Continental tropical air masses are most prominent in what part of North America? A) the Southwestern United States and northern Mexico B) the Southeastern United States C) the Pacific Northwest D) the Midwestern United States and Canada 5) A maritime.

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  • Continental tropical air masses are most prominent in what part of North America
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80) The gently sloping submerged surface extending from the shoreline toward the deep ocean is termed the continental ________. A) shelf B) rise C) plain D) slope 81) Valleys that lead from the continental shelf into deeper waters are known as ________. A) continental slopes B) accretionary wedges C) deep sea fans D) submarine canyons 82) ________ continental margins typically.

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  • The gently sloping submerged surface extending from the shoreline toward
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48) Seawater contains ________ of the natural occurring elements on earth. A) most B) a few C) about half D) all 49) Salinity refers to ________. A) salt content B) all solid dissolved minerals C) amount of sea life D) ocean thermal gradient 50) ________ is the most abundant salt found in seawater. A) Calcium sulfate B) Sodium chloride C) Borate D) Thorium 51) Thermoclines.

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  • Seawater contains of the natural occurring elements on earth. A) most B) a few
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58) ________ is the most important factor in the process of photosynthesis. A) Sunlight B) Pressure C) Temperature D) Salinity 59) Productivity in the oceans is highest in ________ regions. A) polar B) middle latitude C) aphotic D) equatorial 60) Feeding stages in the food chain are known as ________ levels. A) photic B) pelagic C) epipelagic D) trophic 61) Large Blue whales that are.

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  • is the most important factor in the process of photosynthesis. A) Sunlight B) Pressure
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MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Standard sea level pressure in inches of mercury is ________. A) 14.70 inches B) 28.70 inches C) 7.52 inches D) 29.92 inches 2) The mercurial barometer was invented by ________. A) Watt B) Newton C) Galileo D) Torricelli 3) Which of these instruments is not.

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  • Standard sea level pressure in inches of mercury is A) 14.70 inches B) 28.70 inches
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70) Seafloor hot springs occur mainly in ________. A) continental shelves B) mid-ocean ridges C) continental slopes D) abyssal plains 71) There are mid-ocean ridges in ________. A) the Pacific Ocean B) the Atlantic Ocean C) the Indian Ocean D) all three of these oceans 72) ________ does not accumulate below 4500 meters depth because it is highly soluble in.

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  • Seafloor hot springs occur mainly in A) continental shelves B) mid-ocean ridges
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68) ________ refers to the mass of all living organisms on Earth. A) Biomass B) Food web C) Trophic level D) Benthos 69) Among plankton, animals that drift on ocean currents are specifically known as ________. A) primary plankton B) zooplankton C) neuroplankton D) phytoplankton 70) Marine organisms are influenced by a variety of physical oceanographic factors including ________. A) distance.

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  • refers to the mass of all living organisms on Earth. A) Biomass B) Food web
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71) Examine the words and/or phrases below and determine the relationship among the majority of words/phrases. Choose the option which does not fit the pattern. A) radiation B) convection C) scattering D) conduction 72) Weather differs from climate in that it (weather) deals only with ________. A) short term conditions B) the atmosphere C) humidity and temperature only D).

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  • Examine the words and/or phrases below and determine the relationship
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52) This fog results from adiabatic cooling. A) advection B) radiation C) steam D) upslope 53) Which one of the fogs listed below may be categorized as an evaporation-caused fog? A) advection B) radiation C) steam D) upslope 54) Cloud water droplets remain a liquid to temperatures as low as ________. A) -25°C B) -40°C C) 0°C D) -10°C E) 0°F 55) A super cooled.

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  • This fog results from adiabatic cooling. A) advection B) radiation C) steam
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14) The thermocline is important because ________. A) it controls the climate and rate of evaporation and precipitation near the oceans B) different chemical compositions form at different temperatures C) the ability for the ocean to dissolve CO2 from the atmosphere is dependent on temperature over a range of depths. D) it forms a barrier.

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  • The thermocline is important because A) it controls the climate and rate of evaporation
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84) Clouds form because rising air ________ and has a ________ water capacity. A) warms; higher B) warms; lower C) cools; lower D) cools; higher 85) The change of state from a gas to a liquid is called ________. A) sublimation B) deposition C) evaporation D) condensation 86) The process by which water vapor changes directly to a solid is.

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  • Clouds form because rising air and has a water capacity. A) warms; higher B) warms; lower
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64) Examine the words and/or phrases below and determine the relationship among the majority of words/phrases. Choose the option that does not fit the pattern. A) condensation B) melting C) sublimation D) evaporation 65) Examine the words and/or phrases below and determine the relationship among the majority of words/phrases. Choose the option that does not.

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  • Examine the words and/or phrases below and determine the relationship
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74) A surface low pressure system will not strengthen unless there is ________ pressure aloft. A) high B) low C) medium D) no 75) In the Northern Hemisphere, winds blow ________ and ________ from the center of anticyclones. A) clockwise, outward B) clockwise; inward C) counter-clockwise, inward D) counter-clockwise, outward 76) If Earth were ________, there would be no Coriolis.

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  • A surface low pressure system will not strengthen unless there is pressure aloft.
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81) The closest invisible wavelengths to violet on the electromagnetic spectrum are called ________ and are responsible for sunburns. A) infrared B) orange C) ultraviolet D) short-wave 82) The fraction of the total radiation encountered that is reflected by a surface is called its ________. A) absorber B) advection C) scattering D) albedo ESSAY. Write your answer in the space.

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  • The closest invisible wavelengths to violet on the electromagnetic spectrum
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11) Closely spaced isobars indicate ________. A) geostrophic conditions B) low pressure gradient and weak gusty winds C) high pressure gradient and likely gusty winds D) high pressure gradient and high winds 12) A steep pressure gradient ________. A) would be depicted by widely spaced isobars B) is only possible in the tropics C) produces strong winds D) produces.

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  • Closely spaced isobars indicate A) geostrophic conditions B) low pressure gradient
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64) The ________ is the main driving force behind wind. A) geostrophic force B) Coriolis effect C) influence of friction D) pressure gradient force 65) Horizontal movement of air is called ________. A) jet stream B) wind C) pressure gradient D) the Coriolis effect 66) An isobar is a line connecting places of equal ________. A) temperature B) humidity C) pressure D) gradient 67) Upper.

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  • The is the main driving force behind wind. A) geostrophic force B) Coriolis effect C) influence of friction
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60) Examine the words and/or phrases below and determine the relationship among the majority of words/phrases. Choose the option that does not fit the pattern. A) Doppler radar B) radar altimeters C) sidescan sonar D) echo sounder 61) Examine the words and/or phrases below and determine the relationship among the majority of words/phrases. Choose the.

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  • Examine the words and/or phrases below and determine the relationship among the majority
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21) As you go up in elevation, the temperature ________. A) stays constant B) increases C) decreases D) It depends on what atmospheric layer you are in. E) none of the above 22) Important weather phenomena typically occurs in the ________. A) stratosphere B) mesosphere C) thermosphere D) troposphere E) all of the above 23) In the outer most layer of the.

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  • As you go up in elevation, the temperature A) stays constant B) increases
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49) Micro-organisms called foraminifera have tiny coiled shells with chambers. In modern oceans the coiling direction of foraminifera shells is correlated to temperature. Using coiling direction from foraminifera fossils is an example of ________. A) geomagic; the whole idea is preposterous B) using the fossil's coiling direction is a proxy for climate.

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  • Micro-organisms called foraminifera have tiny coiled shells with chambers.
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