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  21) How is the incidence of landslides expected to change in the future? A) Incidence of landslides will increase. B) Incidence of landslides will decrease. C) Incidence of landslides will stay the same. D) Incidence of landslides will cease. E) There is no way to tell whether the incidence of landslides will increase or decrease. 22).
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  6) Nearly all of the Earth's energy comes from the Sun. Where does most of the rest of the Earth's energy come from? A) Magnetic energy from the Earth's outer core B) Thermal energy from the Earth's core C) Thermal energy from ocean currents D) Electric energy from thunderstorms E) Wind energy from atmospheric circulation 7).
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69) What does "restricting deltaic sedimentation" mean? Explain how it relates to subsidence. 70) In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, the city of New Orleans received a lot of damage. One of the reasons why New Orleans was hit so hard was because of land subsidence. Explain two reasons for why.
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  41) Sinkholes usually form when the ground becomes wet and things sink into them after a big rainstorm. 42) Caves form in places where giant bubbles were present in the lava that formed the Earth's crust. 43) Sinkholes and caves involve extensive dissolution of rocks due to changing levels of groundwater. 44) Permafrost.
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  56) No mountains on Earth extend above the troposphere. 57) Relative humidity describes how close the air is to being saturated. 58) Cumulus clouds are puffy clouds that form during the mature stage of a thunderstorm. 59) Air pressure increases as you move up in the atmosphere. 60) High atmospheric pressure is associated with.
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  61) Low atmospheric pressure is associated with clouds and rainy conditions. 62) Air moves from low pressure to high pressure, creating wind. 63) The Coriolis Effect has no effect on winds at the equator. 64) Winds in the Northern Hemisphere spin in the opposite direction from winds in the Southern Hemisphere due to.
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  66) Thunderstorm development stages are defined by the presence of updrafts and downdrafts in the storm. 67) A dryline is an area of low humidity where thunderstorms cannot form. 68) Supercells are the longest lasting severe thunderstorm type. 69) Hail is usually associated with winter storms that produce sleet and freezing rain. 70) In.
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  46) Which of the following hazards is NOT influenced by the weather? A) Landslides B) Earthquakes C) Flooding D) Wildfires E) Hurricanes 47) What should you do when a tornado watch is issued for your area? A) Go outside and watch for the tornado to come B) Run quickly down to your basement because a tornado is coming C).
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  16) What is the main difference between collapse sinkholes and solutional sinkholes? A) Collapse sinkholes create a subsidence in the ground whereas solutional sinkholes have no effect on the land surface. B) Solutional sinkholes form faster than collapse sinkholes. C) Collapse sinkholes involve the surface rock and soil falling into an underground cave.
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  11) In a region susceptible to sinkhole formation, the most likely times for collapse will be A) When groundwater levels are low. B) When groundwater levels are high. C) During periods of heavy rain. D) Just before full moons. E) During late afternoon when air temperatures are highest. 12) Which of the following does NOT cause.
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  26) Which of the following is FALSE about thunderstorms? A) Thunderstorms are storms associated with lightning. B) Thunderstorms are usually associated with warm fronts. C) Thunderstorms are frequent in Florida and the Midwest United States. D) Thunderstorms are common in the late afternoon during summer. 27) Which thunderstorm stage is dominated by updrafts? A) Cumulus stage B).
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  31) What is groundwater mining? A) Groundwater is pumped from the ground faster than it is replenished. B) Groundwater is used to excavate minerals. C) Groundwater is pumped into mines to clean them. D) Groundwater is put through a sieve to remove minerals. E) Groundwater is used to dissolve minerals and then evaporated. 32) Weathering is.
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  6) How good of an indicator is soil color in categorizing the soil horizon? A) Excellent. Color always indicates an exact soil horizon. B) It is an excellent indicator of soil horizon for well-drained soils but a poor indicator for poorly-drained soils. C) Terrible. Different soil horizons don't have distinct color differences. D) Reasonably.
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  56) Humans have contributed to the thawing of permafrost through poor building practices. 57) In the U.S. subsidence and expansion and contraction of the soil are natural hazards that are well publicized and get considerable media coverage. 58) There is little that can be done to prevent damage from expansive soils. 59) Before.
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  16) How does atmospheric pressure change within the troposphere? A) It increases with increasing altitude. B) It stays the same with increasing altitude. C) It decreases with increasing altitude. D) It increases and then decreases with increasing altitude. E) It decreases and then increases with increasing altitude. 17) What happens to air as it rises in.
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  21) Which of the following states has the greatest percentage of karst topography? A) Kentucky B) Nevada C) Nebraska D) Louisiana E) Alaska 22) Which of the following is NOT an indication that there are expansive soils in an area? A) Wavy bumps on surfaces B) Tilting sidewalks C) Cracks in building foundations D) Popcorn-like weathering texture in the soil E).
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  46) Expansive soils are relatively rare and cause little if any damage to structures. 47) The mineral composition of soils has a great influence on the type of subsidence or volume changes that will occur. 48) Sinkhole formation is influenced by dramatic changes in the water table level that happen during wet.
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  16) Adding earth material to the lower part of a slope which has the potential for a landslide would A) increase the resisting force. B) decrease the resisting force. C) increase the driving force. D) decrease the driving force. 17) Which of the following is NOT a way in which water contributes to slope failure? A) Water.
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  76) Drought is very uncommon and only affects the few people who live in the drought area. 77) Dust storms can involve large amounts of dust that can travel large distances from their origination. 78) Heatwaves are always associated with low humidity and extreme dry conditions. 79) In large urban areas, the temperatures.
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  31) Which is the most common type of severe thunderstorm? A) Mesoscale convection systems B) Squall lines C) Supercell storms D) Derechos E) Microbursts 32) Which type of severe thunderstorm is caused by cold fronts? A) Mesoscale convection systems B) Squall lines C) Supercell storms D) Derechos E) Microbursts 33) Which type of severe thunderstorm generally spawn the largest tornadoes? A) Mesoscale convection.
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