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Study Resources (Earth Science)

1) How old is the sun, approximately? A) 14 billion years old B) 14 million years old C) 5 billion years old D) 5 million years old E) 5 thousand years old 2) What triggered the formation of the sun? A) Supernova explosion B) Big Bang explosion C) Radioactive Decay of materials D) Electromagnetic attractions E) No one knows 3) How.
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31) Areas with extensive Limestone formations are particularly vulnerable to sinkholes and caves. 32) Sinkholes usually form when the ground becomes wet and things sink into them after a big rainstorm. 33) Caves form in places where giant bubbles were present in the lava that formed the earth's crust. 34) Sinkholes and caves.
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21) Which of the following is not true about the effects of landslides? A) Landslides can cause flooding when rivers are blocked B) Landslides can bury people in debris C) Landslides rarely do much damage and are rare occurrences D) Landslides can break utility wires and disrupt travel E) Landslides can cause damage to homes.
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11) Which of the following statements is true about waves? A) Waves break because they rise too high in shallow water B) Waves diminish greatly in size as they move across the ocean C) Waves are mostly random and cannot be predicted D) Wavelength increases when the wave hits the shoreline E) Waves speed up.
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11) What causes soil volume change? A) Changes in the water content of soil B) Changes in atmospheric pressure C) Changes in temperature of the soil D) Changes in the minerals in the soil E) Changes in elevation of the soil 12) Which of the following is not a dissolvable rock? A) Limestone B) Granite C) Gypsum D) Marble E) Dolostone 13).
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21) Why do Extratropical Cyclones form? A) Cold air moving towards the tropics meets with warm air moving towards the poles. B) Cold Fronts moving eastward meet with warm fronts moving westward C) Polar Jet Stream meets with a barrier D) Tropical Jet stream meets with warm ocean water E) Hurricanes cross over small islands.
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31) Why do scientists believe that the current global warming situation is not caused by natural forces? A) Models of the sun show that radiation hasn't varied throughout history B) Volcanoes have not been known to cause global climate change, only local changes C) Mathematical models show anthropogenic sources to be the cause D).
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61) Global temperatures have fluctuated many times in the last 800,000 years showing glacial and interglacial periods. 62) Because of the burning of fossil fuels, the earth is warmer today than in any other period in the last 800,000 years. 63) Most of the increase in global temperatures can be attributed to.
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1) What is mass wasting? A) Recycling of materials to make slopes B) Loss of mass during chemical weathering C) Downslope movement of rock D) Land lost to volcanic eruptions E) Movement of sediment downshore due to currents 2) Which of the following environments are susceptible to mass wasting? A) A steep and rocky slope B) A moderate.
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31) Which is the most common type of severe thunderstorm? A) Mesoscale convection systems B) Squall lines C) Supercells D) Derechos E) Microbursts 32) Which type of severe thunderstorm is caused by cold fronts? A) Mesoscale convection systems B) Squall lines C) Supercells D) Derechos E) Microbursts 33) Which type of severe thunderstorms spawn the most tornadoes? A) Mesoscale convection systems B) Squall lines C).
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21) Which of the following is not caused by land subsidence or soil volume change? A) Water pollution B) Building collapse C) Disease D) Coastal flooding E) Loss of wetlands 22) Which of the following statements about sinkholes is not true? A) Sinkholes are common in Florida B) Sinkholes are usually found in remote and swampy areas C) Sinkholes.
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51) How good are weather forecasters at predicting severe winter weather? A) They can usually predict the type of precipitation, but predicting the exact amount of snow or ice is difficult B) They can predict both the type of precipitation and the amounts very accurately C) They can predict amounts of rain very.
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41) Which of the following is a way in which communities can prepare for a hurricane? A) Install accurate warning systems B) Plan and publicize evacuation routes C) Make flooding insurance available to potential victims D) Use effective building designs for structures in the hurricane zone E) All of the above are ways in which.
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11) How does the presence of mountains increase wildfire incidence or intensity? A) Air dries as it descends down mountains B) Mountains circulate winds causing fires to move more quickly C) Fires moving upslope preheat materials ahead of fire making them easier to burn D) Drier materials are found on slopes that face sunlight.
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61) Cyclones can dramatically increase the amount of coastal erosion that takes place. 62) Extratropical cyclones are associated with both blizzards and thunderstorms. 63) The destruction of sand dunes can increase the damage from cyclones on a coastline. 64) Computer models and satellites make it unnecessary for aircraft to collect hurricane data from.
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1) Were there wildfires before humans? (Choose the best answer) A) Yes, but they were very small because they had natural causes B) Yes and they were caused by natural igniters like lightning strikes or asteroid impact C) No. Humans are the only cause of wildfires D) No. There weren't trees before humans and.
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31) Which of the following is a form of soft stabilization? A) Jetties B) Breakwaters C) Seawalls D) Beach nourishment E) Groins 32) Which of the following hard stabilizations is built in an effort to protect boats in the harbor? A) Jetties B) Breakwaters C) Seawalls D) Beach nourishment E) Groins 33) Which of the following hard stabilizations are built parallel to.
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51) Tropical disturbances for the Atlantic Ocean are caused by Easterly Waves off of the coast of Africa. 52) Before they become hurricanes, they start out as tropical depressions and then tropical storms. 53) Hurricanes usually dissipate when they make landfall due to the increased friction of the land. 54) Extratropical cyclones usually.
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51) There is nothing that can make the global sea level change. 52) Climate and Tectonic processes are the main contributors to Relative Sea Level change. 53) Relative Sea Level fluctuates constantly throughout the day. 54) Rip currents are currents that pull objects away from the shore rather than towards it. 55) Rip currents.
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31) Which of the following adverse effects of natural hazards is not associated with flooding? A) Pollution B) Disease C) Destruction of buildings D) Land upheaval E) Economic loss 32) Which of the following will not affect the damage from a flood? A) People's use of the floodplain B) Season of the year the flooding occurs C) Type of.
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1) What is soil? A) Any solid earth material that can support rooted plants B) Any dark material on earth's surface C) Decayed plant material D) Small bits of cooled magma from the beginning of the earth's formation E) All of the above describe soil 2) Where does the majority of soil originate from? A) It comes.
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11) What is the correct order of Tropical Cyclone development (least to most developed)? A) Tropical Depression, Tropical Disturbance, Tropical Storm, Hurricane B) Tropical Storm, Tropical Depression, Tropical Disturbance, Hurricane C) Tropical Disturbance, Tropical Depression, Tropical Storm, Hurricane D) Hurricane, Tropical Depression, Tropical Storm, Tropical Disturbance E) Hurricane, Tropical Storm, Tropical Disturbance, Tropical Depression 12) Why.
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21) How does the Antarctic Ice give us information about climate? A) Bubbles trapped in the ice contains prehistoric atmosphere B) Ice, when melted, can be chemically analyzed to determine composition C) The ice is composed of layers of ice that was deposited at different times giving a chronology D) Amount of ice can.
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11) Which of the following will not cause mass extinctions? A) Plate Tectonics B) Volcanic Activity causing global cooling C) Volcanic Activity causing global warming D) Extraterrestrial impact E) All of the above may cause mass extinctions 12) Why did scientists FIRST hypothesize that extraterrestrial impact caused the extinction at the K-T Boundary? A) They found evidence.
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11) What causes glaciation? A) Changing position of the continents B) Change in the Earth's precession C) Change in the Earth's orbit D) Change in the Earth's tilt E) All of the above play some role, but none are the cause. 12) What is the difference between a glacial and interglacial period? A) Glacial periods are longer.
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71) A dryline is an area of low humidity where thunderstorms cannot form. 72) Supercells are the longest lasting severe thunderstorm type. 73) Hail is usually associated with winter storms that produce sleet and freezing rain. 74) In the Shrinking Stage of tornado development the tornado gets smaller in diameter and actually increases.
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1) Which way do winds around a Low Pressure in the Northern Hemisphere blow? A) Clockwise B) Counter-clockwise C) Northeast D) Northwest E) Landward 2) Which of the following is not true of Tropical and Extratropical Cyclones? A) Tropical cyclones form over warm water, Extratropical cyclones form over land or water B) Tropical cyclones form at latitudes around.
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41) Slopes that have been cleared of native grasses and other vegetation become more stable. 42) Snow avalanches usually move down chutes that have previously produced avalanches, making it easier to predict where an avalanche will occur. 43) Landslides can be a positive event for forests by creating new habitats for plants.
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31) Global warming is expected to increase both the frequency and intensity of wildfires. 32) Wildfires decrease the possibility of landslides because they burn off most of the vegetation on the hillsides. 33) Most animals are able to escape from the actual flames of a wildfire, but are harmed by destruction to.
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