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Study Resources (Chemistry)

51) Use the periodic table to predict the most stable oxidation state for the following element: Pb A) +1 B) +2 C) +3 D) -1 E) -2 52) Identify the element that has a ground-state electronic configuration of [Ar]4s23d104p1. A) Al B) In C) Ga D) B 53) How many unpaired electrons are present in the ground-state P atom? A) 0 B) 3 C).
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11) An element that has the valence electron configuration 6s26p6 belongs to which period and group? A) period 6; group 16 B) period 6; group 18 C) period 7; group 16 D) period 7; group 18 E) period 7; group 17 12) An element that has the valence electron configuration 5s24d5 belongs to which period and.
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Short Answer Questions 1) Define diffraction. 2) Define constructive interference. 3) What is the photoelectric effect? 4) Why do atoms only emit certain wavelengths of light when they are excited? (Why do line spectra exist?) 5) Describe how a neon light works. .
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Matching Questions Match the following. A) measures blood pressure B) measures pressure of a gas C) V1/n1 = V2/n2 D) PV = nRT E) P1V1 = P2V2 F) measures atmospheric pressure G) V1/T1 = V2/T2 H) PT = PA + PB + PC ... 1) barometer Diff: 1     Type: MA     Var: 1     Page Ref: 5.2 2) manometer Diff: 1     Type: MA     Var: 1    .
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Algorithmic Questions 1) The condensed electron configuration of sulfur, element 16, is ________. A) [Ne]3s2 B) [Ar]3s2 C) [Ne]3s23p4 D) [He]2s42p8 E) [He]3s2 2) The condensed electron configuration of krypton, element 36, is ________. A) [Kr]4s23d8 B) [Ar]4s4 C) [Kr]4s43d8 D) [Ar]3d104s24p6 E) [Ar]4s43d4 3) How many electrons are in the outermost shell.
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Algorithmic Questions 1) Electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength of 525 nm appears as green light to the human eye. The frequency of this light is ________ s-1. A) 5.71 × 1014 B) 5.71 × 105 C) 1.58 × 102 D) 1.58 × 1011 E) 1.75 × 10-15 2) An FM radio station broadcasts electromagnetic radiation at a.
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81) Which of the following quantum numbers describes the size and energy of an orbital? A) magnetic quantum number B) principal quantum number C) angular momentum quantum number D) spin quantum number E) Schrödinger quantum number 82) How many different values of ml are possible in the 4f sublevel? A) 1 B) 7 C) 3 D) 5 E) 2 83) How.
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21) An element that has the valence electron configuration 6s26p2 belongs to which period and group? A) period 6; group 16 B) period 6; group 6 C) period 6; group 4 D) period 6; group 14 E) period 6; group 9 22) Using the periodic table, identify the element with the following exception electron configuration: [Xe]6s15d9 A).
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11) Which of the following colours of electromagnetic radiation has the shortest wavelength? A) blue B) violet C) orange D) green E) yellow 12) Which of the following types of electromagnetic radiation has the lowest frequency? A) yellow B) blue C) orange D) green E) purple 13) Calculate the wavelength (in nm) of a the red light emitted by a neon sign.
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131) Choose the ground-state electron configuration for Ti2?. A) [Ar]3d2 B) [Ar]4s2 C) [Ar]4s23d2 D) [Ar]4s23d4 E) [Ar]3d4 132) Choose the ground-state electron configuration for Zn2?. A) [Ar]4s23d8 B) [Ar]3d10 C) [Ar]4s23d6 D) [Ar] E) [Ar]3d8 133) Choose the ground-state electron configuration for Zr2?. A) [Kr]5s2 B) [Kr]5s24d2 C) [Kr]4d2 D) [Kr] E) [Kr]5s24d4 134) Choose the ground-state electron configuration for Cr3?. A) [Ar]4s13d2 B) [Ar] C) [Ar]4s23d6 D) [Ar]3d3 E) [Ar]4s23d1 135) Choose.
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Short Answer Questions 1) Define pressure. 2) Consider a container of gas under a particular P, V, T set of conditions. Describe how the pressure would change if the volume were doubled while the absolute temperature was increasing by a factor of 2. 3) Why does hot air rise? 4) Give the major gas.
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51) Using the following thermochemical equation, determine the amount of heat produced from the combustion of 24.3 g benzene (C6H6). The molar mass of benzene is 78.11 g mol-1 2C6H6(l) + 15O2(g) → 12CO2(g) + 6H2O(g)ΔrH° = -6278 kJ A) 3910 kJ C6H6 B) 1950 kJ C6H6 C) 977 kJ C6H6 D) 40.1 kJ C6H6 E).
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41) Use the periodic table to determine the ground-state electron configuration for the following element: Ga A) [Ar]4s23d104p2 B) [Ar]4s23d9 C) [Ar]4s23d10 D) [Ar]4s24p2 E) [Ar]4s23d104p1 42) Use the periodic table to predict the most stable oxidation state for the following element: Al A) +1 B) +2 C) +3 D) -1 E) -2 43) Use the periodic table to predict the most.
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61) Which of the following statements is TRUE? A) State functions do not depend on the path taken to arrive at a particular state. B) ΔrU can be determined using constant volume calorimetry. C) Energy is neither created nor destroyed, excluding nuclear reactions. D) ΔrH can be determined using constant pressure calorimetry. E) All of.
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Short Answer Questions 1) Describe the energy changes that occur when a book is held 1 m off the floor and then dropped. 2) Define chemical energy. 3) Where does the energy absorbed during an endothermic reaction go? 4) Explain the difference between ΔH and ΔU. 5) Give the temperature and pressure for the.
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  Multiple Choice Questions 1) Identify the number of core electrons for O. A) 0 B) 1 C) 2 D) 3 E) 4 2) Identify the number of valence electrons for O. A) 0 B) 1 C) 2 D) 3 E) 4 3) Identify the number of valence electrons for Pb. A) 4 B) 2 C) 28 D) 12 E) 26 4) Identify the ground-state electron configuration for Cd. A) [Kr]5s25d10 B).
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21) Identify what a bomb calorimeter measures. A) measures ΔH for aqueous solutions B) measures ΔU for combustion reactions C) measures ΔH for oxidation solutions D) measures ΔT for hydrolysis solutions E) measures ΔU for reduction reactions 22) Calculate the change in internal energy (ΔU) for a system that is giving off 25.0 kJ of heat.
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  Multiple Choice Questions 1) Energy that is associated with the position or composition of an object is called A) kinetic energy. B) thermal energy. C) potential energy. D) chemical energy. 2) Which of the following signs on q and w represent a system that is doing work on the surroundings as well as losing heat to.
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111) When filling degenerate orbitals, electrons fill them singly first, with parallel spins. What is this known as? A) Pauli exclusion principle B) Hund's rule C) aufbau principle D) Heisenberg uncertainty principle 112) Choose the orbital diagram that represents the ground state of N. A) B) C) D) E) 113) Choose the valence orbital diagram.
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Matching Questions Match the following. A) kinetic energy B) potential energy C) chemical energy D) thermal energy 1) energy associated with the motion of an object Diff: 1     Type: MA     Var: 1     Page Ref: 6.2 2) energy associated with the temperature of an object Diff: 1     Type: MA     Var: 1     Page Ref: 6.2 3) energy associated with the position of.
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31) Using the periodic table, identify the element with the following exception electron configuration: [Kr]4d10 A) Sn B) Ru C) Sr D) Cd E) Pd 32) Use the periodic table to determine the ground-state electron configuration for the following element: Te A) [Kr]5s24d105p6 B) [Kr]5s24d105p4 C) [Xe]5s24d105p4 D) [Xe]6s25d104f146p4 E) [Kr]5s24d6 33) Use the periodic table to determine the ground-state electron configuration.
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121) Choose the paramagnetic species from below. A) Ti4? B) O C) Ar D) All of the above are paramagnetic. E) None of the above is paramagnetic. 122) How many of the following species are paramagnetic? Sc3?Br?Mg2?Se A) 0 B) 2 C) 1 D) 4 E) 3 123) How many of the following species are diamagnetic? CsZr2?Al3?Hg2? A) 1 B) 3 C) 0 D) 2 E) 4 124) Give the.
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  Multiple Choice Questions 1) The vertical height of a wave is called A) wavelength. B) amplitude. C) frequency. D) area. E) median. 2) The number of cycles that pass through a stationary point is called A) wavelength. B) amplitude. C) frequency. D) area. E) median. 3) Place the following types of electromagnetic radiation in order of increasing wavelength. ultraviolet lightgamma raysradio waves A) gamma rays.
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