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3.5   Questions Based on MasteringAstronomy Tutorials 1) Which of the following claims cannot be tested by science? A) This drug will cure cancer. B) The geometry of the universe is curved. C) Smoking shortens people's lifespans. D) The Earth was created by God. E) The Sun goes around the Earth. 2) Which of the following statements expresses.
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31) In the human reproductive system, ovulation is triggered   A) at the end of the luteal phase.   B) by the surge in progesterone release.   C) by the surge in LH release.   D) at the beginning of the follicular phase.   32) The declining FSH levels during the follicular phase results in.
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61) __________ is the ability to generate and maintain elevated body temperatures.   62) The theropod dinosaur, __________, had asymmetrical feathers similar in structure to those of modern birds.   63) In biological systems, radiant heat exchange occurs through electromagnetic radiation in the __________ range.  64) A __________ is an animal with.
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76) What are the three levels through which genomic variation is generated by sexual reproduction?   77) Describe the mechanism of sex determination in the two forms of automictic parthenogenesis.   78) What role does inhibin play in regulating ovulation?   79) Describe the interactive roles of the various hormones in the process.
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11) If you are located in the Northern Hemisphere, which of the following correctly describes a relationship between the sky and your location? A) The altitude of the north celestial pole equals your latitude. B) The altitude of the celestial equator equals your latitude. C) The altitude of the north celestial pole equals.
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61) __________ is a cytochrome P450 enzyme that metabolizes androgens to estrogens.   62) Most forms of asexual reproduction in animals occur by __________ through the use of ova and the female reproductive system.   63) In serial hermaphroditism, __________ animals are initially males.   64) __________ is the most abundant of the.
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Chapter 2   Discovering the Universe for Yourself 2.1   Multiple Choice Questions 1) Which of the following statements about the celestial equator is true at all latitudes? A) It lies along the band of light we call the Milky Way. B) It represents an extension of Earth's equator onto the celestial sphere. C) It cuts the.
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3.4   Short Answer Questions 1) How did ancient peoples of central Africa predict the weather? 2) Why was a knowledge of the stars so important to Polynesians? 3) Describe how Eratosthenes first measured the size of Earth over 2000 years ago. 4) Describe the Ptolemaic model of the solar system. How did Ptolemy account.
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2.4   Short Answer Questions A.Earth rotates once each day. B.Earth revolves around the Sun once each year. C.The direction of Earth's axis in space precesses with a period of 26,000 years. D.Stars appear to move randomly in the local solar neighborhood. E.The universe is expanding. 1) Polaris will no longer be the North Star 1,000 years.
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4.2   True/False Questions 1) Speed and velocity are the same thing. 2) The Moon is constantly falling toward Earth. 3) If you double the mass of fusion material in a hydrogen bomb, you quadruple the amount of energy generated. 4) When energy is converted from one form to another, a tiny amount is inevitably.
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2.5   Questions Based on MasteringAstronomy Tutorials 1) If the Earth's rotation axis was tilted by 45 degrees instead of 23.5 degrees, what are some of the implications, and why? A) The seasons would be more extreme, because the Sun's rays would be more direct in summer, and less direct in winter. B) The.
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4.4   Short Answer Questions 1) Under what conditions is an object weightless? 2) State Newton's three laws of motion. 1. In the absence of a net force, an object moves with constant velocity. 2. Force = rate of change in momentum or mass times acceleration. 3. For every force there is an equal and opposite.
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21) At approximately what time would a first quarter moon rise? A) 6 A.M. B) 9 A.M. C) noon D) 6 P.M. E) midnight 22) If the Moon rises around 3 A.M., its phase must be A) full. B) first quarter. C) third quarter. D) waning crescent. E) waxing crescent. 23) In which direction does a quarter moon rise? A) north B) south C) east D).
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2.2   True/False Questions 1) In South Africa, it's usually quite warm around the time of the winter solstice and quite cool around the time of the summer solstice. 2) You can find the tilt of Earth's axis by measuring the angle between your horizon and the North Star. 3) The Milky Way can.
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1.5   Questions Based on MasteringAstronomy Tutorials 1) Light travels at 300,000 km/sec. About how far does light travel in 10 years? A) About 10 light-years B) About 3,000,000 kilometers C) About 30 million seconds D) About 30,000 kilometers E) About 10 trillion kilometers 2) In a ten-billion to one scale model, the Sun and the Earth are.
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11) Changing the orbit of a spacecraft by firing thrusters is an example of A) Newton's first law of motion. B) Newton's second law of motion. C) Newton's third law of motion. D) the universal law of gravitation. E) none of the above 12) What quantities does angular momentum depend upon? A) mass and velocity B) mass, velocity,.
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4.1   Multiple Choice Questions 1) What is the acceleration of gravity of Earth? A) 9.8 m/s2 downward B) 9.8 m/s downward C) 9.8 km/s2 downward D) 9.8 m2/s downward E) 9.8 km/s downward 2) If an object's velocity is doubled, its momentum is A) halved. B) unchanged. C) doubled. D) quadrupled. E) dependent on its acceleration. 3) As long as an object is.
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11) Insects rely on the terpenoid __________ to control reproductive development, metamorphosis, and molting.   A) bombyxin   B) eclosion hormone   C) juvenile hormone   D) methyl farnesoate   12) Insects that develop through egg, larval, pupal, and adult stages are considered to be   A) hemimetabolous.   B) heterometabolous.   C) holometabolous.   D) hypermetabolous.   13) The.
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1.6   MasteringAstronomy Reading Quiz 1) Which of the following is not a general difference between a planet and a star? A) Planets are smaller than stars. B) Planets are dimmer than stars. C) All planets are made of rock and all stars are made of gas. D) Planets orbit stars, while stars orbit the center.
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11-day period over which the pattern of eclipses repeats. E) period between successive Easters. 6) The Jewish calendar is kept roughly synchronized with a solar calendar by A) adding a thirteenth lunar month to 7 out of every 19 years. B) having a thirteenth month with 5 days each year. C) skipping a month every.
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3.1   Multiple Choice Questions 1) People of central Africa predicted the weather by A) recording the seasonal changes in average temperature. B) observing the path of the planets across the sky. C) observing the length of the lunar cycle. D) observing the orientation of the crescent moon relative to the horizon. E) observing the location of.
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46) Substantial evidence exists to suggest that endothermy existed among the early reptile lineages.   47) Environmental temperatures are most variable in aquatic ecosystems.   48) Water has a higher thermal conductivity than air.   49) Fur and feathers tend to reduce the overall temperature gradient between skin and the bulk phase of.
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Chapter 1   Our Place in the Universe 1.1   Multiple Choice Questions 1) The farthest bright galaxies that modern telescopes are capable of seeing are up to A) 1 million light years away. B) 10 million light years away. C) 1 billion light years away. D) 10 billion light years away. E) 1 trillion light years away 2) Suppose.
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2.7   MasteringAstronomy Concept Quiz 1) Which of the following statements about the celestial sphere is not true? A) The Earth is placed at the center of the celestial sphere. B) When we look in the sky, the stars all appear to be located on the celestial sphere. C) The "celestial sphere" is another name.
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1) Which one of the following traits is characteristic of an r-type life history strategy?   A) large litters   B) parental care   C) large-sized offspring   D) delayed reproduction   2) Which organism would most likely be semelparous?   A) African elephant   B) chimpanzee   C) Pacific salmon   D) tortoise   3) The term "anisogametic" refers.
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1.2   True/False Questions 1) Our solar system is located in the center of the Milky Way Galaxy. 2) The solar system contains about 100 billion stars. 3) A typical supercluster contains no more than about 10,000 stars. 4) One light year is about 10 trillion kilometers. 5) In the grapefruit model of the solar system,.
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3.7   MasteringAstronomy Concept Quiz 1) Suppose the planet Uranus were much brighter in the sky, so that it was as easily visible to the naked eye as Jupiter or Saturn. Which one of the following statements would most likely be true in that case? A) A week would have eight days instead.
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1.7   MasteringAstronomy Concept Quiz 1) Which of the following has your "cosmic address" in the correct order? A) You, Earth, solar system, Local Group, Local Supercluster, Milky Way Galaxy, universe B) You, Earth, solar system, Milky Way Galaxy, Local Group, Local Supercluster, universe C) You, Earth, Local Group, Local Supercluster, solar system, Milky Way.
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21) The swimming capacity of human sperm is attained within the   A) bulbourethral gland.   B) epididymis.   C) prostate gland.   D) seminal vesicles.   22) Which of the following structures is INCORRECTLY matched to its function?   A) bulbourethral gland --- secretion of nutrients and enzymes   B) epididymis --- sperm concentration and storage  .
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46) Animals that can undergo multiple reproductive cycles are known as semelparous.   47) Steroid hormones bind to nuclear hormone receptors in target cells.   48) Progesterone is produced by tissues other than the gonads.   49) In mammals, birds, and butterflies, a male results when the zygote is heterogametic.   50) The most.
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