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51) What process has shaped Earth's surface more than any other? A) impact cratering B) volcanism C) plate tectonics D) wind erosion E) acid rain 52) Why is continental crust lower in density than seafloor crust? A) Continental crust is made from remelted seafloor crust and therefore only the lower-density material rises to form it. B) Continental crust.
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11) Radiative energy is ________. A) energy carried by light B) heat energy C) energy from nuclear power plants D) energy of motion 12) Absolute zero is ________. A) 0 Kelvin B) 0? Celsius C) 0? Fahrenheit D) 100? Celsius 13) What does temperature measure? A) The average kinetic energy of particles in a substance B) The average mass of particles in.
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5.2   True/False Questions 1) There are more atoms in a glass of water than stars in the observable universe. 2) Atomic nuclei consist of protons and electrons. 3) Electrons orbit an atomic nucleus like planets orbit the Sun. 4) The atomic nuclei of the same element always have the same number of protons. 5) The.
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6.2   True/False Questions 1) Oceans cover more of Earth's surface than land. 2) All four of the giant outer planets–Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune–have rings. 3) The jovian planets have no solid surface. 4) Pluto is the largest solar system object beyond the orbit of Neptune 5) All planets orbit the Sun in the same.
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5.5   Questions Based on MasteringAstronomy Tutorials 1) If a hydrogen emission line appears at 656.2 nm in the laboratory, what can we say about a cloud of hydrogen gas, with an emission line at 680.2 nm? A) It is receding away from us. B) The location of the emission line has nothing to.
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11) Which of the following worlds have the thinnest lithospheres? A) Earth and the Moon B) Venus and the Moon C) Mercury and Venus D) Earth and Mars E) Earth and Venus 12) Which of the terrestrial worlds has the strongest magnetic field? A) Mars B) Earth C) the Moon D) Venus E) Mercury 13) Why does Earth have the strongest magnetic.
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11) An atom that has fewer electrons than protons is called a/an ________. A) ion B) molecule C) solid D) plasma 12) Thermal radiation is defined as ________. A) radiation with a spectrum whose shape depends only on the temperature of the emitting object B) radiation produced by an extremely hot object C) radiation that is felt as.
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11) Which of the following is not a characteristic of the inner planets? A) They are relatively smaller than the outer planets. B) They all have solid, rocky surfaces. C) Their orbits are relatively closely spaced. D) They all have substantial atmospheres. E) They have very few, if any, satellites. 12) Which of the following is.
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6.7   MasteringAstronomy Concept Quiz 1) Compared to the distance between Earth and Mars, the distance between Jupiter and Saturn is ________. A) much larger B) about the same C) much smaller D) just slightly less 2) How is Einstein's famous equation, E=mc2, important in understanding the Sun? A) The Sun has a magnetic field strong enough to.
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7.4   Short Answer Questions 1) How does the size of a planet determine its internal temperature? 2) Describe the three sources of internal heat of the terrestrial planets. 3) Explain how we can estimate the geological age of a planetary surface from its number of impact craters. 4) What is the main visual difference.
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41) Which of the following planets has the least substantial atmosphere? A) Venus B) Earth C) Mars D) Neptune E) Mercury 42) Suppose Earth's atmosphere had no greenhouse gases. Then Earth's average surface temperature would be A) -16°C, which is well below freezing. B) 0°C, or about the freezing point for water. C) 10°C or about 5°C cooler than.
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6.6   MasteringAstronomy Reading Quiz 1) Which of the following lists the planets of our solar system in the correct order from closest to farthest from the Sun? A) Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune B) Mercury, Earth, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune, Uranus C) Mercury, Venus, Mars, Earth, Saturn, Jupiter, Neptune, Uranus D).
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11) Laboratory measurements show hydrogen produces a spectral line at a wavelength of 486.1 nanometers (nm). A particular star's spectrum shows the same hydrogen line at a wavelength of 486.0 nm. What can we conclude? A) The star is moving toward us. B) The star is moving away from us. C) The star.
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11) When an atom loses an electron, it becomes A) sublimated. B) dissociated. C) ionized. D) an isotope. E) a plasma. 12) An electron-volt is A) the charge of one electron. B) the energy of one electron. C) the energy jump between the first and second energy levels of hydrogen. D) an amount of energy much smaller than a joule. E).
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7.1   Multiple Choice Questions 1) Rank the five terrestrial worlds in order of size from smallest to largest: A) Mercury, Venus, Earth, Moon, Mars. B) Mercury, Moon, Venus, Earth, Mars. C) Moon, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars. D) Moon, Mercury, Mars, Venus, Earth. E) Mercury, Moon, Mars, Earth, Venus. 2) Under what circumstances can differentiation occur in a.
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6.5   Questions Based on MasteringAstronomy Tutorials 1) How do scientists estimate how old the solar system is? A) They look up the answer in a book. B) They make a guess: no one really knows how old the universe is. C) They measure the abundances of radioactive elements in meteorites, and use their half-lives.
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61) Why does the burning of fossil fuels increase the greenhouse effect on Earth? A) Burning fuel warms the planet. B) Burning releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. C) Burning depletes the amount of ozone, thereby warming the planet. D) Burning produces infrared light, which is then trapped by existing greenhouse gases. E) All of.
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7.2   True/False Questions 1) Higher temperatures make rocks weaker. 2) Smaller worlds generally have thinner lithospheres. 3) Earth is the only planet in the solar system known to have plate tectonics. 4) The sky is blue because molecules in the atmosphere scatter blue light more effectively than red light. 5) Sunsets are red because sunlight.
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5.6   MasteringAstronomy Reading Quiz 1) From shortest to longest wavelength, which of the following correctly orders the different categories of electromagnetic radiation? A) Gamma rays, X-rays, ultraviolet, visible light, infrared, radio B) Infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays, radio C) Radio, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays D) Gamma rays, X-rays, visible light,.
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11) Earth's atmosphere resulted from the impact of icy planetesimals that originated in the outer regions of the Solar System. 12) The Moon probably formed at the same time that Earth formed, rather like the formation of a double planet. 13) Based on our theory of how our own solar system formed,.
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5.7   MasteringAstronomy Concept Quiz 1) Which of the following best describes why we say that light is an electromagnetic wave? A) The passage of a light wave can cause electrically charged particles to move up and down. B) Light can be produced only by electric or magnetic appliances. C) Light is produced only when.
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4.6   MasteringAstronomy Reading Quiz 1) The difference between speed and velocity is that ________. A) they are expressed in different units B) velocity also includes a direction C) velocity is the same as acceleration but speed is different D) velocity is calculated using a physics equation 2) The acceleration of gravity on Earth is approximately 10.
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11) X-rays, because they have more energy, travel through space faster than visible light. 12) X-rays are more intense than radio waves. 13) You are currently emitting electromagnetic waves. 14) Lines of a particular element appear at the same wavelength in both emission and absorption line spectra. 15) Any object moving relative to Earth.
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4.5   Questions Based on MasteringAstronomy Tutorials 1) A planet is orbiting a star. Which of the following statements is true for the acceleration and gravitational forces experienced by the star and the planet? A) The acceleration of the planet is much more than the acceleration of the star, but the force on.
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5.4   Short Answer Questions 1) Atomic number refers to ________. 2) Define atomic mass number 3) An isotope of fluorine has 9 protons and 10 neutrons. What are the atomic number and atomic mass number of this fluorine? If we added a proton to this fluorine nucleus, would the result still be fluorine?.
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6.4   Short Answer Questions 1) In the 1800s, many people assumed that Venus would have tropical temperatures, but instead it is very hot. Explain why tropical temperatures would have made sense given what was known in the 1800s, and why Venus instead turns out to be very hot. 2) Briefly summarize the.
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