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21) Aniline is the IUPAC approved name for aminobenzene. 22) The prefix meth- means that there is one less methyl group on the nitrogen atom of an amine. 23) Amines do not form hydrogen bonds. 24) Tertiary amines form strong hydrogen bonds. 25) Amines act as weak acids by accepting protons from water. 26) Amines.
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51) The simplest cycloalkane has A) one carbon atom. B) two carbon atoms. C) three carbon atoms. D) four carbon atoms E) five carbon atoms. 52) The reaction for the combustion of heptane is C7H16 (l)  +  11 O2 (g)  →  7 CO2 (g)  +  8 H2O(g). How many liters of CO2 at STP are produced from the.
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13.4   Matching Questions Select the correct carbohydrate for each description. A) cellulose B) glucose C) sucrose D) lactose E) galactose F) glycogen G) fructose H) amylose I) maltose 1) a carbohydrate that cannot be digested by humans 2) a disaccharide that occurs as a breakdown product of starch 3) a carbohydrate that stores energy in the human body 4) a carbohydrate that is used.
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11) Polymers are large molecules consisting of repeating units. 12) Most products made from polymers can be recycled. 13) One essential building block of aspirin, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen is the benzene ring. 14) All polycyclic aromatic compounds cause cancer. 15) The compound is cis-3-hexene. 16) The repeating unit in polmers is always ethene. .
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11) Which compound below contains an ester functional group? A) OH | CH3?CH?CH2?CH3 B) CH3?CH2?O?CH2?CH3 C) O || H?C?O?CH2?CH3 D) O || CH3?C?CH2?CH3 E) O || CH3?C?OH 12) Many of the fragrances of flowers and the flavors of fruits are due to A) ethers. B) carboxylic acids. C) esters. D) amines. E) amides. 13) What is the name of this compound? O || CH3?C?O ?CH2?CH3 A) ethyl methyl ester B) diethyl ester C) ethyl.
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11) Organic compounds usually contain carbon, hydrogen and metal atoms. 12) Most medicines are organic molecules. 13) Functional groups are groups of atoms that act in predictable ways. 14) Functional groups always contain atoms other than just carbon and hydrogen. 15) Organic compounds can only be made by living things because a "vital force".
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11.3   Matching Questions Match the following organic structures with the appropriate family name. A) cycloalkane B) cycloalkene C) alkene aromatic D) aromatic compound E) alkane 1) 2) CH3CH2CH2CH3 3) 4) Match each of the following reactions with its product.  Assume any necessary catalysts are present. A) CH3 | CH3CHCH3 B) CH3 | CH3CCH3 | OH C) CH3 | CH3CHCH2OH D) CH3CH2CH2CH3 5) CH3 ? CH3C ?CH2  + H2  6) CH3 | CH3C?CH2 + H2O   .
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31) Under acid hydrolysis conditions, starch is converted to A) glucose. B) xylose. C) maltose. D) galactose. E) fructose. 32) Maltose can be classified as a(n) A) disaccharide. B) polysaccharide. C) ketose. D) pentose. E) oligosaccharide. 33) Hyperglycemia is a condition in which A) the glucose level in the blood is about 100 mg/dL. B) the amount of glucose in the urine is lower.
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12.3   Matching Questions Identify the product, if any, that would form in each of the following reactions. A) O || CH3?CH2?C?CH3 B) O || CH3?C?O?H C) O || CH3?CH2?C?H 1) CH3?CH2?CH2?O?H  2) CH3?CH2?CH?O?H  | CH3 3) O || CH3?C?H  Match the structural formula with the correct functional group. A) alcohol B) ketone C) aldehyde D) thiol E) ether 4) CH3?CH2?O?H 5) CH3?CH2?O?CH3 6) CH3?CH2?S?H 7) O ? CH3?C?H 8) .
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21) The hydrogenation of an alkene gives a(n) A) alkane. B) alkene. C) alkyne. D) benzene. E) isomer. 22) What is the condensed structural formula for the product of the hydrogenation of 2-butene using a platinum catalyst? A) CH3?CH = CH?CH3 B) Cl | CH3?CH2?CH?CH3 C) CH3?CH2?CH2?CH3 D) CH3 | CH3?CH?CH3 E) OH | CH3?CH?CH3 23) The reaction of an alkene and water in the presence.
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14.2   True-False Questions 1) Soaps are the soluble salt of long chain fatty acids. 2) Carboxylic acids are strong acids. 3) Esters are formed from the reaction of an ether with a carboxylic acid. 4) Carboxylic acids are responsible for the sweet taste of fruits and vegetables. 5) Aspirin that has a smell of vinegar.
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31) Tertiary alcohols are oxidized to A) secondary alcohols. B) ketones. C) aldehydes. D) carboxylic acids. E) none of the above 32) Thiols can be gently oxidized to A) disulfides. B) aldehydes. C) ketones. D) carboxylic acids. E) thioethers. 33) Thiols are strong-smelling compounds responsible for A) fruity odors. B) sharp odors. C) flowery odors. D) skunky or bad smelling odors. E) salty odors. 34) What kind of.
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61) What is the name for an eight-carbon continuous-chain alkane? A) hexane B) heptane C) octane D) nonane E) decane 62) What is the name of the nine-carbon continuous-chain alkane? A) hexane B) heptane C) octane D) nonane E) decane 63) What is the name for a ten-carbon continuous-chain alkane? A) hexane B) heptane C) octane D) nonane E) decane 64) In a condensed structural formula, each carbon.
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31) What happens to water solubility as chain length increases in carboxylic acids? A) It increases. B) It decreases. C) It stays the same. 32) What is the product of the reaction of an alcohol and a carboxylic acid when reacted together under acidic conditions? A) an ether B) an ester C) a salt D) a ketone E) an.
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11) The IUPAC name for ethylene is A) ethane. B) cycloethane. C) ethyne. D) ethanene. E) ethene. 12) Which one of the following compounds has the smallest number of hydrogen atoms? A) butyne. B) 2-methylpropane. C) butene. D) 2-methybutane. E) butane. 13) What is the IUPAC name for the following compound? CH3Cl || CH3?CH ?C?CH = CH || CH3 CH3 A) 4-chloro-4,5-dimethyl-2-hexene B) 3-chloro-1,3,4-trimethyl-1-pentene C) 3-chloro-2,3-dimethyl-4-hexene D) 3-chloro-2,3,5-trimethyl-4-pentene E) 3-chloro-1,3,4,4-tetramethyl-1-butene 14) What is.
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21) The skeletal formula represents what type of alcohol? A) primary B) secondary C) tertiary D) quaternary E) none 22) Alcohols contain which functional group? A) amine B) amide C) hydroxyl D) thiol 23) A primary alcohol has a hydroxyl group bonded to a(n) A) singly substituted or unsubstituted carbon. B) disubstituted carbon. C) trisubstituted carbon. D) aromatic carbon. 24) A secondary alcohol has a hydroxyl.
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21) The suffix -al indicates an aldehyde in the IUPAC system of naming. 22) Acetone is a three-carbon aldehyde. 23) Acetone is sometimes produced in pathological conditions such as diabetes or when following extreme diets. 24) Formaldehyde is used in solution as a germicide and preservative. 25) Butyraldehyde is partly responsible for the flavor.
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21) Galactose is a A) monosaccharide. B) disaccharide. C) trisaccharide. D) polysaccharide. E) phosphosaccharide. 22) Which of the following contains α-1,6-branches? A) amylose B) glycogen C) cellulose D) sucrose E) maltose 23) Cellulose is not digestible by humans because it contains glucose units linked by ________-glycosidic bonds. A) α-1,2 B) α-1,4 C) α-1,6 D) β-1,2 E) β-1,4 24) Amylose is a form of starch which has A) only β-1,4-bonds.
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10.2   True/False Questions 1) Organic chemistry is the study of the chemistry of compounds that contain primarily carbon and hydrogen. 2) Nylon, polyester, and most other plastics are organic compounds. 3) There are millions of organic compounds. 4) Carbon has six valence electrons. 5) Methane has a tetrahedral structure. 6) Organic compounds are always highly water.
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  11.1   Multiple-Choice Questions 1) A hydrocarbon with a double bond is a(n) A) alkane. B) alkene. C) alkyne. D) alcohol. E) saturated compound. 2) Alkenes and alkynes are called unsaturated compounds because A) they have the maximum number of hydrogen atoms attached to each carbon in the compound. B) they have fewer hydrogen atoms attached to the carbon chain.
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  12.1   Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which one of the following compounds is an alcohol? A) B) C) CH3?CH?CH?CH2?CH3 D) CH3?CH2?O?CH2?CH3 E) CH3?S?H 2) The compound CH3CH2?SH is in the organic family known as A) ethers. B) thiols. C) alcohols. D) sulfides. E) amino acids. 3) What is the IUPAC name of this compound? OH | CH3?C?CH3 | CH3 A) butanol B) propanol C) 2-propanol D) 2-methylbutanol E) 2-methyl-2-propanol 4) Which of the following compounds is.
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51) What is the major functional group in the following compound? O || CH3?C?NH?CH3 A) ketone B) carboxylic acid C) ester D) amine E) amide 52) With the correct choice of acid, acid hydrolysis of acetamide could produce A) acetic acid and ammonium chloride. B) acetic acid and methylamine. C) ethanol and ammonia. D) acetaldehyde and ammonium hydroxide. E) formic acid and ethylamine. 53) Amines.
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  13.1   Multiple-Choice Questions 1) A carbohydrate that gives two molecules when it is completely hydrolyzed is known as a A) monosaccharide. B) disaccharide. C) polysaccharide. D) starch. E) trisaccharide. 2) Which group of carbohydrates cannot be hydrolyzed to give smaller molecules? A) monosaccharides B) disaccharides C) trisaccharides D) tetrasaccharides E) polysaccharides 3) A monosaccharide that consists of 5 carbon atoms, one of which.
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  14.1   Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which functional group is found in a carboxylic acid? A) ?OH B) O || ?C?OH C) O || ?C?O? D) OH | ?C?OH | E)  ?CH2?OH 2) This functional group is known as a(n) O ? ?C?O?C A) ester. B) carboxylic acid. C) alcohol. D) aldehyde. E) acetal. 3) The functional group in acetic acid is called the A) hydroxyl group. B) aldehyde group. C) carbonyl group. D) carboxyl group. E) ester group. 4).
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31) Quinine is an alkaloid used for treatment of malaria. 32) Nicotine is a pharmacologically active aromatic amine. 33) Meperidine is a synthetic compound developed from morphine. 34) Urea is one end product of protein metabolism in humans. 35) Aspirin substitutes may contain amide rather than ester functional groups. .
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11) The dehydration product of CH3?CH2?CH2?O?H in the presence of acid is A) CH2?C?CH23. B) cyclopropane. C) cyclopropene. D) propene. E) propyne. 12) When 2-methyl-2-butanol undergoes dehydration in acid, one product is A) 2-methyl-2-butene. B) 2-methylbutanone. C) 2-pentanone. D) 2-methylbutanal. E) hexene. 13) In the oxidation of an alcohol to a ketone, there is A) a loss of hydrogen. B) a loss of oxygen. C).
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12.2   True/False Questions 1) Alcohols, ethers, and phenols contain oxygen with only single bonds. 2) Alcohols can form hydrogen bonds. 3) A secondary alcohol can be easily oxidized to a carboxylic acid. 4) This alcohol can be oxidized to a ketone. 5) Derivatives of phenol are often used as antiseptics. 6) Ethyl ether has been replaced.
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51) Benedict's test requires an aldehyde and an adjacent A) saturated carbon. B) ketone. C) hydroxyol. D) phenyl ring. E) acid. 52) Which of the following compounds would give a positive Tollens' test? A) methanol B) acetone C) diethyl ether D) phenol E) butanal 53) The common name for 2-butanone, a readily available solvent, is A) methyl acetone. B) ethyl methyl ketone. C)  β-butanone. D) butyl.
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41) The compound is classified as a A) primary amine. B) secondary amine. C) tertiary amine. D) quaternary amine. E) hydrated amine. 42) Which of the following compounds cannot form hydrogen bonds with water? A) CH3?CH2?CH3 B) CH3?CH2-OH C)   O || CH3?C?OH D) O || CH3?C?O?CH3 E) CH3?CH2?NH2 43) Aminobenzene is properly known as A) toluene. B) aniline. C) amidine. D) histidine. E) phenylamine. 44) What is the name.
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11) The special feature that determines the family name and chemical reactivity of the organic compound it is found in is called a(n) A) functional group. B) organic compound. C) identifying group. D) ionic bond. E) covalent bond. 12) Which of the following is not typical of most hydrocarbons? A) high melting point B) poor solubility in water C).
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61) A deficiency of which amine is responsible for the signs and symptoms of Parkinson's disease? A) histamine B) dopamine C) epinephrine D) diphenhydramine E) methedrine 62) The prefix nor- in a drug name means that there is A) one more amine in the new molecule than in the original. B) one more methyl group on the nitrogen.
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  Select the correct name for the following. A) diethyl ether B) 1-ethyl-3-hydroxycyclohexene C) diethyl ketone D) 1-propanone E) propanal F) 3-propanone G) 3-ethylphenol 9) CH3?CH2?O?CH2- CH3 10) 11) O || CH3?CH2?C?CH2?CH3 12) O || CH3?CH2?C?H Classify the alcohols shown in column 1 as primary, secondary, or tertiary. A) tertiary B) primary C) secondary 13) CH3?CH2?O?H 14) CH3 | CH3?C?CH2?O?H | CH3 15) OH | CH3?CH?CH3 16) CH3 | CH3?C?CH2?CH3 | OH Identify the family for each of the following compounds.   A) ketone B).
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31) The carbon atoms in saturated hydrocarbons A) have only single bonds. B) contain at least one double bond. C) contain at least one triple bond. D) contain a benzene ring. E) contain both a double and a triple bond. 32) An organic compound composed of carbon and hydrogen connected only by single bonds is an A).
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  10.1   Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Compounds that have the same molecular formula but different arrangements of atoms are called A) isomers. B) isotopes. C) indicators. D) isozymes. E) isometrics. 2) Which of the following is true of nonane, C9H20, which has a density of 0.79 g/mL, melts at -51 °C, and boils at 151 °C? A) Nonane is soluble.
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10.3   Matching Questions Identify the following as more characteristic of an organic compound or an inorganic compound. A) inorganic B) organic 1) high melting point 2) flammable 3) covalent bonds 4) contains metal atoms 5) insoluble in water 6) ionic bonds Match the following organic structures with the appropriate family name. A) ketone B) ether C) ester D) alcohol E) alkyne F) alkene G) aldehyde H) amine I) carboxylic.
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21) The reaction of an ester with NaOH is known as A) esterification. B) neutralization. C) saponification. D) reduction. E) oxidation. 22) A carboxylic acid is named in the IUPAC system by replacing the e in the name of the parent alkane with A) oic acid. B) oic. C) carboxylic acid. D) acid. E) oate. 23) When compared to sulfuric acid, how.
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13.2   Short Answer Questions State whether each of these structures is the α- or β-form. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Identify each Fischer projection as the D- or L-isomer. 6) CHO ? HO ? H ? H ? OH ? CH2OH-threose 7) CH2OH ? C = O ? HO ? H | CH2OH-erythulose 8) CHO ? HO ? H ? H ? OH ? HO ? H ? HO ? H ? CH2OH-glucose 9) CHO ? HO ? H ? H ? OH ? H ? OH ? HO ?.
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13.3   True/False Questions 1) Sucrose is a disaccharide. 2) A reducing sugar gives a precipitate of silver metal with Benedict's reagent. 3) Sucrose is made up of glucose units only. 4) Amylopectin is a straight-chain polysaccharide. 5) The product of oxidation of an aldose is a carboxylic acid. 6) The product of reduction of mannose is.
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14.3   Matching Questions Identify the family for each of the following compounds. A) ketone B) ester C) amide D) amine E) carboxylic acid 1) O || CH3?C?CH3 2) O || CH3?CH2?C?OH 3) O || CH3?CH2?C?O?CH3 4) CH3?CH2?NH?CH3 5) O || CH3?CH2?C?NH?CH3 Select the correct name for the following.   A) ethyldimethylamine B) formic acid C) ethyl formate D) sodium formate 6) O || OH?C?OH 7) O || H?C?O?CH2?CH3 8)O || H?C?O?Na+ 9) CH3 | CH3?CH2?N?CH3 .
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41) The carbonyl group consists of A) a carbon-oxygen-hydrogen structure. B) a carbon-oxygen single bond. C) a carbon-oxygen double bond. D) a carbon-oxygen triple bond. E) a carbon-oxygen-carbon structure. 42) In the IUPAC naming system, a ketone is named by replacing the -e in the corresponding alkane name with A) yne. B) ene. C) al. D) one. E) ol. 43) In the.
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11) A glycosidic bond between two monosaccharides can also be classified as a(n) A) double bond. B) ester bond. C) ether bond. D) achiral bond. E) alcohol bond. 12) In a disaccharide, two monosaccharides are joined by what kind of bond? A) double B) anomeric C) alcohol D) glycosidic E) rotational 13) Which of the following contains a β-1,4-glycosidic bond? A) galactose B) lactose C).
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31) A compound that contains the ring structure of benzene is called a(n) A) alkane. B) cycloalkane. C) alkyl group. D) aromatic compound. E) hydrocarbon. 32) The compound below is named A) cyclohexane. B) cyclohexene. C) cyclohexyne. D) benzene. E) cyclobenzene. 33) What is the molecular formula of benzene? A) C6H4 B) C6H6 C) C6H8 D) C6H10 E) C6H12 34) The odors you associate with lemons, oranges, roses,.
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11) Most of the carboxylic acid in an aqueous solution is ionized. 12) An ester is derived from an alcohol and a carboxylic acid. 13) Methyl salicylate (oil of wintergreen) is used therapeutically as a counter-irritant. 14) Butyl alcohol is one of the reactants used to make methyl butyrate. 15) Caffeine is an alkaloid. 16).
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11.2   True/False Questions 1) Light-induced cis-trans isomerization is an important step in vision. 2) Propylene is used to induce ripening in fruits. 3) Fragrances and flavors are often compounds with more than one functional group (for example, an alkene that also contains an aldehyde). 4) In a cis alkene, the groups are on the.
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11) Alcohols can be dehydrated to form alkenes. 12) Primary alcohols can be oxidized to either aldehydes or ketones. 13) Secondary alcohols can be oxidized to ketones. 14) A tertiary alcohol can be easily oxidized to a carboxylic acid. 15) All aldehydes have a carbonyl carbon bonded to at least two hydrogens. 16) Many odors.
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21) The functional group contained in the compound    is a(n) A) thiol. B) carboxylic acid. C) amine. D) ester. E) amide. 22) The functional group contained in the compound  CH3-CH2-NH2  is a(n) A) thiol. B) carboxylic acid. C) amine. D) ester. E) amide. 23) Isomers are molecules that share the same formula and have A) a different shape to the molecule. B) the.
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