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Study Resources (Chemistry)

  5.1   Multiple Choice Questions 1) An ionic bond is best described as A) the sharing of electrons. B) the transfer of electrons from one atom to another. C) the attraction that holds the atoms together in a polyatomic ion. D) the attraction between 2 nonmetal atoms. E) the attraction between 2 metal atoms. 2) A covalent bond.
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11) Below is a list of successive ionization energies (in kJ/mol) for a period 3 element.  Identify the element and explain how you came to that conclusion. IE2 = 2250IE3 = 3360IE4= 4560 IE5= 7010IE6= 8500IE7 = 27,100 12) Why do successive ionization energies increase? 13) Why is the first ionization energy of.
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  4.1   Multiple Choice Questions 1) Predict the charge that an aluminum ion would have. A) 5- B) 1+ C) 1- D) 2+ E) 3+ 2) Predict the charge that a calcium ion would have. A) 6- B) 2- C) 3+ D) 2+ E) 1+ 3) Predict the charge that an ion formed from sulfur would have. A) 1- B) 6+ C) 3- D) 4+ E) 2- 4) Predict the.
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31) Neon belongs to the ________ group of the periodic table. A) alkali metal B) alkaline earth metal C) halogen D) noble gas 32) Radium belongs to the ________ group of the periodic table. A) alkali metal B) alkaline earth metal C) halogen D) noble gas 33) Which of the following elements has chemical properties similar to selenium? A).
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3.2   Algorithmic Questions 1) Electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength of 640 nm appears as orange light to the human eye. The frequency of this light is ________ . A) 4.688 × B) 4.688 × C) 1.920 × D) 1.920 × E) 2.133 × 2) An FM radio station broadcasts electromagnetic radiation at.
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11) Choose the compound from the list below. A) sodium B) methanol C) neon D) helium E) lithium 12) Choose the heterogeneous mixture from the list below. A) sports drink B) chlorine gas C) black coffee D) lasagna E) carbon (graphite) 13) Choose the homogeneous mixture from the list below. A) wine B) mud C) ice water D) salad E) salsa 14) Choose the homogeneous mixture from the.
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11) Food can be cooked by ________ radiation. A) ultraviolet B) gamma C) microwave D) x-ray E) radio 12) When waves of equal amplitude from two sources are out of phase when they interact, it is called A) destructive interference. B) diffraction. C) constructive interference. D) effusion. E) amplitude. 13) When waves of equal amplitude from two sources are in phase.
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4.4   Short Answer Questions 1) Are anions typically larger or smaller than their corresponding atom?  Why? 2) Give the name of the element whose symbol is Na. 3) Describe the difference between ions and isotopes. 4) Give an example of an halogen. 5) What group of elements in the periodic table are the most unreactive.
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1.2   Algorithmic Questions 1) Identify the crystalline solid. A) plastic B) glass C) table salt D) water E) bleach 2) Choose the pure substance from the list below. A) coffee B) a casserole C) carbon dioxide D) salt water E) pomegranate juice 3) A wooden baseball bat is an example of A) a compound. B) an element. C) a heterogeneous mixture. D) a homogeneous mixture. 4) Natural gas.
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21) How many significant figures are in the measurement, 20.300 m? A) 3 B) 4 C) 5 D) 1 E) 2 22) What answer should be reported, with the correct number of significant figures, for the following calculation?  (433.621 - 333.9) × 11.900 A) 1.19 × 103 B) 1.187 × 103 C) 1.1868 × 103 D) 1.18680 × 103 E) 1.186799.
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1.3   Short Answer Questions 1) Define an atom. 2) Define matter. 3) A sample of liquid isopropyl alcohol is placed in a sealed container.  Some of the volatile isopropyl alcohol vaporizes.  Does the mass of the sealed container and its contents change during the vaporization?  Explain. 4) Describe an atom and what it is.
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51) Give the ground state electron configuration for Mg2?. A) 1s22s22p63s2 B) 1s22s22p6 C) 1s22s22p63s23p2 D) 1s22s22p63s23p6 E) 1s22s22p63s1 52) Give the ground state electron configuration for Rb?. A) [Ar]4s24p6 B) [Kr]5s1 C) [Ar]4s23d104p6 D) [Kr]5s2 E) [Kr]5s24d2 53) Give the ground state electron configuration for Se2?. A) [Ar]4s23d104p4 B) [Ar]4s23d104p2 C) [Ar]4s24p6 D) [Ar]4s23d104p6 E) [Ar]4s23d84p6 54) Give the ground state electron configuration for the ion of.
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2.4   Short Answer Questions 1) The number 6.022 × 1023 is called 2) Define energy. 3) Define the law of the conservation of energy. 4) Describe the difference between an intensive and extensive property using examples.  5) Since metals expand when heated, what happens to the density of a sample of iron metal.
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21) Give the ground state electron configuration for Se. A) [Ar]4s23d104p4 B) [Ar]4s24d104p4 C) [Ar]4s23d104p6 D) [Ar]4s23d10 E) [Ar]3d104p4 22) Give the ground state electron configuration for I. A) [Kr]5s24d105p6 B) [Kr]5s24d105p5 C) [Kr]4d105p6 D) [Kr]5s25p6 E) [Kr]5s25d105p6 23) Give the ground state electron configuration for Sr. A) [Kr]5s24d2 B) [Kr]5s24d105p2 C) [Kr]5s2 D) [Kr]5s25d105p2 E) [Kr]5s24d10 24) Give the ground state electron configuration for Pb. A) [Xe]6s26p2 B) [Xe]6s25d106p2 C).
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3.4   Short Answer Questions 1) Define diffraction. 2) Define constructive interference. 3) What is the photoelectric effect? 4) Why do atoms only emit certain wavelengths of light when they are excited?  (Why do line spectra exist?) 5) Describe how a neon light works. .
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21) Which of the following numbers has the greatest number of significant figures? A) 0.8010 B) 0.504 C) 742000 D) 9.05 × 1024 22) How many of the following numbers contain 3 significant figures? 0.5091.0500.05001.06 × 1024 A) one B) two C) three D) four 23) How many significant figures are there in the answer to the following problem? (8.881 × 2.100).
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2.3   Matching Questions Match the following. A) 106 B) 10-9 C) 103 D) 10-6 E) 10-1 F) 10-3 G) 10-2   1) kilo Diff: 1    Var: 1    Page Ref: 2.5 Global:  G2 2) centi Diff: 1    Var: 1    Page Ref: 2.5 Global:  G2 3) milli Diff: 1    Var: 1    Page Ref: 2.5 Global:  G2 4) nano Diff: 1    Var: 1    Page Ref: 2.5 Global:  G2 5) micro Diff: 1    Var: 1    Page.
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2.2   Algorithmic Questions 1) Which of the following is the smallest volume? A) 2.6 cm3 B) 0.065 dL C) 3.5 × 102 mL D) 9.0 × 106 nL 2) What symbol is used to represent the factor 109? A) M B) m C) μ D) G 3) The factor 1,000,000 corresponds to which prefix? A) deka B) deci C) mega D) milli 4) The factor.
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51) Which of the following statements is TRUE? A) The principal quantum number (n) describes the shape of an orbital. B) The angular momentum quantum number (l) describes the the size and energy associated with an orbital. C) The magnetic quantum number (ml) describes the orientation of the orbital. D) An orbital is the.
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  3.1   Multiple Choice Questions 1) The vertical height of a wave is called A) wavelength. B) amplitude. C) frequency. D) area. E) median. 2) The number of cycles that pass through a stationary point is called A) wavelength. B) amplitude. C) frequency. D) area. E) median. 3) The distance between adjacent crests is called A) wavelength. B) amplitude. C) frequency. D) area. E) median. 4) On the electromagnetic spectrum,.
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11) Semiconductors are A) metalloids. B) noble gases. C) nonmetals. D) metals. 12) Which of the following statements is false? A) An anion is usually larger than its corresponding atom. B) Metals tend to form cations. C) An atoms is usually larger than its corresponding cation. D) The halogens tend to form 1+ ions. E) Nonmetals tend to gain electrons. 13).
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4.3   Matching Questions Match the following. A) Fe B) C C) 2 D) 1 E) Mg F) electrons in completed shells G) electrons in the outermost shell H) Si I) K J) number of unpaired electrons in Zn2+   1) magnesium Diff: 1    Var: 1    Page Ref: 4.2 Global:  G2 2) carbon Diff: 1    Var: 1    Page Ref: 4.2 Global:  G2 3) potassium Diff: 1    Var: 1    Page Ref: 4.2 Global: .
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