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11) The product of reduction of xylose is xylitol. 12) Sucrose is made up of glucose units only. 13) Galactose is a disaccharide. 14) Sucrose is a disaccharide. 15) The iodine test is used to detect the presence of a reducing sugar. 16) Glucose is stored in animals as glycogen. 17) Amylopectin is a straight-chain polysaccharide. .
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21) What is the name of this compound? A) 2-methylbutanone B) 3-methyl-2-butanone C) 2-methyl-3-butanone D) 3-methylbutanone E) pentanone 22) Formalin is A) another name for formaldehyde. B) a plastic. C) an aqueous solution of formaldehyde. D) an excellent solvent. E) a polymer. 23) Acetone is a ketone commonly used as a A) preservative. B) flavoring agent. C) fuel. D) solvent. E) drain cleaner. 24) The ketone with the.
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11) What is the name of this compound? A) 2-pentanone B) methyl propyl ketone C) 3-methyl-2-butanone D) 2-methyl-3-butanone E) 2-methyl-3-ketone butane 12) Three functional groups found in this  compound are A) alcohol, aromatic, and ether. B) alcohol, aldehyde, and ether. C) alcohol, ether, and ketone. D) aldehyde, ether, and carboxylic acid. E) cycloalkene, alcohol, and carboxylic acid. 13) Which of the following.
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51) What is the molecular formula of benzene? A) C6H4 B) C6H6 C) C6H8 D) C6H10 E) C6H12 52) What is the name of the compound below? A) p-chlorotoluene B) o-chlorotoluene C) m-chlorotoluene D) 1-chloro-2-methyltoluene E) 2-chloro-1-methyltoluene 53) The name of the compound shown below is A) o-ethylmethylcyclohexane. B) m-ethylmethylcyclohexane. C) o-ethyltoluene. D) m-ethyltoluene. E) p-ethyltoluene. 54) Which of the following names are correct? A) 4-bromo-2-ethylbenzene B) 1-chloro-3-propylbenzene C) 3-bromo-4-chlorobenzene D) 2,2-dibromobenzene E).
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11) What kind of taste do carboxylic acids have? A) sweet B) sour C) fruity D) slippery E) oily 12) W hat is the common name for ethanoic acid? A) butyric acid B) formic acid C) citric acid D) stearic acid E) acetic acid 13) What is the irritating acid found in ant and bee stings? A) acetic acid B) formic acid C) citric acid D).
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31) What is the name for a ten-carbon continuous-chain alkane? A) hexane B) heptane C) octane D) nonane E) decane 32) The IUPAC name for CH3 -Cl is A) methyl chloride B) chloromethane. C) methanechlorine. D) chloroethane. E) methane chloride. 33) Which of the following pairs of compounds are structural isomers? A)   B) C)  D) E) 34) What is the IUPAC name forCH3 A) 4-methylhexane. B).
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16.1   Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which functional group is a carboxylic acid? A) - OH B) C) D) E)  - CH2OH 2) The functional group in acetic acid is called the A) hydroxyl group. B) aldehyde group. C) carbonyl group. D) carboxyl group. E) ester group. 3) Which of the following is found in vinegar? A) nitric acid B) formic acid C) acetic acid D).
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31) In the figure above, the monosaccharide unit on the right is a(n) A) aldopentose. B) ketopentose. C) aldohexose. D) aldoheptose. E) ketohexose. 32) Hydrolysis of the disaccharide above gives the monosaccharides A) fructose and ribose. B) fructose and galactose. C) ribose and glucose. D) ribose and galactose. E) fructose and lactose. 33) The disaccharide above contains a(n) __________-glycosidic linkage. A) α-1,4 B) β-1,4 C).
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41) What is the product when the following compound is oxidized?       A) diethyl ketone B) 2-pentene C) pentanal D) diethyl ether E) pentane 42) Which compound will undergo oxidation to yield cyclopentanone? A) pentanol B) cyclopentane C) cyclopentanol D) methylcyclobutanol E) cyclopentene 43) When two molecules of methanol are heated with acid,what is the product? A) CH3-OH B) CH3 - O.
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15.4   Matching Questions A) fructose B) amylose C) maltose D) sucrose E) glycogen 1) a carbohydrate that cannot be digested by humans 2) a disaccharide that occurs as a breakdown product of starch 3) a carbohydrate that stores energy in the human body 4) a carbohydrate that is used to build cell walls in plants 5) a monosaccharide that combines.
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31) What kind of bonds do alcohols form between individual molecules? A) oxygen bonds B) hydrogen bonds C) single bonds D) carbon bonds E) ionic bonds 32) The dehydration of an alcohol in the presence of a strong acid yields A) an alkane. B) an alkene. C) a ketone. D) an alcohol. E) an aldehyde. 33) The dehydration product of CH3.
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51) What is the name of the alkyl group CH3-CH2-CH2-? A) propane B) methyl C) ethane D) ethyl E) propyl 52) What is the IUPAC name for this alkane? A) 2-ethyl-3-methylpentane B) 4-ethyl-3-methylpentane C) 3, 4-dimethylhexane D) 2, 3-diethylbutane E) octane 53) What is the name for a one-carbon alkyl substituent? A) methyl B) ethyl C) propyl D) butyl E) pentyl 54) What is the name for a.
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  Choose the type of compound from Column 2 that best matches each item in Column 1. A) haloalkane B) cycloalkane C) alkane D) alkene E) cycloalkene 12) CH3- CH = CH-CH3 13) CH4 14) 15) CH3CH2Cl 16) 17) Select the correct name for each figure.   A) p-chlorotoluene B) toluene C) ethylbenzene D) 1-chloro-3-methylcyclohexane 18) 19) .
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31) The addition of hydrogen to an organic compound or the loss of oxygen is called A) reduction. B) oxidation. C) dehydration. D) halogenation. E) hydration. 32) The hydrogenation of 2-methylpropanal gives the product A) 1-butanol. B) 2-methylpropanoic acid. C) 2-methyl-3-propanol. D) 2-methyl-1-propanol. E) 2-methyl-2-propanol. 33) Which of the following ketones is the most soluble in water? A) B) C) D) E) 34).
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11.2   True/False Questions 1) Organic chemistry is the study of the chemistry of carbon compounds. 2) There are millions of organic compounds. 3) Carbon has six valence electrons. 4) Methane has a tetrahedral structure. 5) The bond angles in a tetrahedral molecule are 90°. 6) Organic compounds are always highly water soluble. 7) Most organic compounds are.
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11) Octane is a seven-carbon continuous chain alkane. 12) Octane is a seven-carbon linear alkane. 13) In a condensed structural formula, the carbon and attached hydrogens are written as a group. 14) The first four linear alkyl substituent groups are named methyl, ethyl, propyl, and butyl. 15) Isomers have the same molecular formula. 16) When.
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13.3   Matching Questions Identify the product, if any, that would form in each of the following reactions. A)       B)   C) 1) 2) Match the structural formula with the correct functional group. A) thiol B) ether C) alcohol 3) CH3 - CH2 - OH 4) CH3 - CH2 -O - CH3 5) CH3 - CH2 - SH   .
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21) Which of the following is the correct structural formula for 3-methylcyclohexene? A) B) C) D) E) 22) The odors you associate with lemons, oranges, roses, and lavender are due to A) alkenes. B) alkanes. C) alkynes. D) thiols. E) amines. 23) Insects communicate with chemicals called A) markers. B) isomers. C) signals. D) pheromones. E) scents. 24) Some alkenes have cis-trans isomers.
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11) The IUPAC name for ethylene is A) ethane. B) cycloethane. C) ethyne. D) ethanene. E) ethene. 12) Which one of the following compounds has the smallest number of hydrogen atoms? A) butyne B) 2-methylpropane C) butene D) 2-methylcyclopropane E) butane 13) Which of the following names are correct? A) 3-butyl-4-pentene B) 3-ethyl-1-heptene C) 3-etheneheptane D) 5-ethyl-6-heptene E) All of the above are correct. 14) What is the.
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12.2   True/False Questions 1) Propylene is used to induce ripening in fruits. 2) Alkynes contain double bonds. 3) An alkynes containing three carbons is named propyne. 4) Fragrances and flavors are often compounds with more than one functional group (for example, an alkene that also contains an aldehyde). 5) Light-induced cis-trans isomerization is an important.
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12.3   Matching Questions Match the following organic structures with the appropriate functional group. A) alkane B) cycloalkane C) cycloalkene D) alkene E) aromatic compound 1) 2) CH3CH2CH2CH3 3) 4) A)   B)   C) D) E) F)   G) H) I) J) K)   L) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10)            11) +    →   .
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21) Amines contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. 22) Amines contain the functional group -OH. 23) Functional groups are groups of atoms that act in predictable ways. 24) Functional groups always contain atoms other than just carbon and hydrogen. 11.3   Matching Questions Identify the following as more characteristic of an organic compound or an inorganic compound. A).
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11) Hydration is used to convert alkenes and alkynes to alkanes. 12) Hydrogenation of unsaturated vegetable oils raises the melting point and makes them more solid. 13) Halogenation is the process of adding chlorine or similar elements to an alkene or alkyne. 14) Markovnikov's rule states that when a hydrogen halide adds to.
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13.2   True/False Questions 1) Alcohols, ethers, and phenols contain oxygen with only single bonds. 2) Alcohols, ethers, and thiols contain oxygen atoms. 3) Thiols usually have sweet odors. 4) Methanol, 2-propanol, and ethylene glycol are all toxic when ingested. 5) 1,2,3-propanetriol is obtained during the manufacture of soap. 6) Glycerin strongly attracts and holds water, a.
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  Select the correct name for the following. A) diethyl ether B) propane sulfide C) 1-ethyl-3- hydroxycyclohexene D) m-ethylphenol E) propanethiol 6) CH3 - CH2 – CH2 - SH 7) CH3 - CH2 - O - CH2 - CH3 8) Classify the alcohols shown in column 1 as primary, secondary, or tertiary. A) primary B) secondary C) tertiary 9) CH3 - CH2 -.
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21) The structural formula of the carboxylic acid produced by the oxidation of 2,2-dimethyl-1-propanol is A) B) C) D) E) 22) A carboxylic acid is named in the IUPAC system by replacing the -e in the name of the parent alkane with A) -oic acid. B) -oic. C) -carboxylic acid. D) acid. E) -oate. 23) Which carboxylic acid.
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14.2   True/False Questions 1) All aldehydes have a carbonyl carbon bonded to at least two hydrogens. 2) Many odors from solvents, paint removers, and perfumes are derived from aldehydes or ketones. 3) In a ketone, the carbonyl group is bonded to two other carbon atoms. 4) The carbonyl group consists of a carbon-oxygen single.
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21) Ketones  are reduced to secondary alcohols. 22) Benedict's test can be used to determine whether an α-hydroxyaldehyde functional group is present. 23) An acetal is formed from an aldehyde or ketone and one molecule of alcohol. 24) A hemiacetal has  alkoxy and hydroxyl functional groups bonded to the same carbon. 25) Glucose forms.
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11) Excessive exposure to formaldehyde can irritate the eyes and respiratory tract. 12) A major flavor component of vanilla is an aldehyde. 13) The carbonyl group gives aldehydes higher boiling points than alkanes of similar mass. 14) The carbonyl group gives ketones lower boiling points than alkanes of similar mass. 15) Carbonyl compounds having.
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11) The breakdown of glucose to chemical energy for the cells to do work is an example of A) oxidation. B) respiration. C) reduction. D) anabolism. E) mutarotation. 12) Photosynthesis uses __________ as an energy source. A) glucose B) carbon dioxide C) chlorophyll D) oxygen E) sunlight 13) Fructose does not undergo hydrolysis because it is a A) aldose. B) hexose. C) reducing sugar. D) monosaccharide. E).
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71) What type of compound is CH3-CH2- CH3? A) alkane B) branched alkane C) cycloalkane D) haloalkane E) isomer 72) The special feature that determines the family name and chemical reactivity of the organic compound it is found in is called a(n) A) functional group. B) organic compound. C) identifying group. D) ionic bond. E) covalent bond. 73) A functional group is.
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12.1   Multiple-Choice Questions 1) A hydrocarbon with a double bond is a(n) A) alkane. B) alkene. C) alkyne. D) alcohol. E) saturated compound. 2) The carbon atoms in saturated hydrocarbons A) have only single bonds. B) contain at least one double bond. C) contain at least one triple bond. D) contain a benzene ring. E) contain both a double and a triple.
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31) What is the product of this reaction? CH3CH2CH = CHCH3  +  Cl2  →  ? A) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3 B) C) D) E) 32) The reaction of cyclohexene and Cl2 yields A) 1-chlorocyclohexene. B) 1,2-dichlorocyclohexane. C) 1,3-dichlorocyclohexane. D) 2,3-dichlorocyclohexane. E) 3,4-dichlorocyclohexane. 33) The reaction of propene and Br2 yields A) 1-bromopropane. B) 2-bromopropane. C) 1,1-dibromopropane. D) 1,2-dibromopropane. E) 2,2-dibromopropane. 34) The chemical reaction.
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21) Galactose has the structure shown below.  It can be classified as a(n) A) ribose. B) ketose. C) disaccharide. D) monosaccharide. E) ketone. 22) Galactose has the structure shown below.  Which anomer is shown? A)  the α anomer B)  the β anomer C) the  D anomer D) the  L anomer E) none of the above 23) The conversion between α.
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41) Long-chain molecules that consist of many repeating units are called A) polymers. B) monomers. C) organic compounds. D) alkenes. E) alkanes. 42) Small molecules that make up the repeat unit in polymers are called A) monomers. B) alkenes. C) alkynes. D) minipolymers. E) synthetic polymers. 43) The synthetic polymer polyethylene is unreactive because it is A)  unsaturated. B) a haloalkane. C)  saturated. D) a cycloalkene. E).
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81) The functional group contained in the compound CH3CH2COOH is a(n) A) thiol. B) carboxylic acid. C) amine. D) ester. E) amide. 82) The functional group contained in the compound CH3CH2CONH2 is a(n) A) thiol. B) carboxylic acid. C) amine. D) ester. E) amide. 83) The functional group(s) contained in the compound shown below is (are) A) an amine. B) an aromatic. C) an amide. D).
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11) Dioxanes are aromatic compounds that contain two oxygen atoms in the ring. 12) Alcohols form hydrogen bonds; this accounts for their higher boiling points when compared to similar-sized alkanes. 13) The oxygen atom in alcohols decreases water solubility of the molecule. 14) Phenols behave as weak acids in water. 15) Alcohols can.
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41) Which of the following pairs of compounds are structural isomers? A) B) C) D) E) 42) Which of the following pairs of formulas represent structural isomers? A) B) C) D) E) 43) A cycloalkane A) has two fewer carbon atoms than the corresponding alkane. B) has two fewer hydrogen atoms than the corresponding alkane. C) contains  -CH3 groups joined.
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15.3   True/False Questions 1) A monosaccharide can be hydrolyzed to smaller units. 2) Fructose is also known as dextrose. 3) Fructose is a ketohexose. 4) In the α anomer of glucose, the OH on carbon 1 is above the plane of the ring. 5) A reducing sugar gives a precipitate of silver metal with Benedict's.
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  Match the following organic structures with the appropriate functional group.   A) haloalkane B) amide C) carboxylic acid D) ketone E) ether F) alcohol G) thiol H) alkene I) ester J) alkyne K) aldehyde L) amine 6) CH3CH2CH= CH2 7) 8) CH3OH 9) 10) CH3CH2OCH2CH3 11) 12) CH3CH2SH 13) 14) HC≡CCH3 15) CH3CH2NH2 16) 17) .
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14.3   Matching Questions Select the correct name for the following. A) propanal B) 1-propanone C) diethyl ketone D) 3-propanone 1) 2) Match the structural formula with the correct functional group.   A) aldehyde B) ether C) ketone 3) 4) 5) CH3CH2OCH3 6) Identify the product, if any, that would form in each of the following reactions. A) no reaction B) C) CH3CH2CH3 D) CH3CH2OH E) F) .
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11) A phenol has an -OH group bonded to a(n) A) singly substituted or unsubstituted carbon. B) disubstituted carbon. C) trisubstituted carbon. D) aromatic carbon. E) tetrasubstituted carbon. 12) Thiols have structures similar to alcohols except that they contain A) three alcohol groups. B) more than one carbon. C) sulfur in place of oxygen in the functional.
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15.1   Multiple-Choice Questions 1) A carbohydrate that gives two molecules when it is completely hydrolyzed is known as a A) monosaccharide. B) disaccharide. C) polysaccharide. D) starch. E) trisaccharide. 2) Which group of carbohydrates cannot be hydrolyzed to give smaller molecules? A) monosaccharides B) disaccharides C) trisaccharides D) oligosaccharides E) polysaccharides 3) A monosaccharide that consists of 5 carbon atoms, one of which.
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