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Study Resources (Chemistry)

11.       Which of the following laboratory results reflects a patient diagnosed with rickets as a result of a dietary deficiency of vitamin D? A.       Increased serum total calcium, decreased serum total alkaline phosphatase, increased serum inorganic phosphorus B.       Decreased serum PINP, decreased serum TRAP, decreased serum DPD C. .
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1.         The alpha cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas produce: a.        Insulin. b.        Glucagon. c.        Somatostatin. d.         Pancreatic polypeptide. 2.         All of the following are tests of exocrine pancreatic function EXCEPT: a.        Secretin/cholecystokinin. b.        Pancreatic elastase. c.        Fecal fat. d.         Insulin. 3.         The gold standard for evaluating pancreatic exocrine.
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11.       Berylliosis in humans affects which of the following organs? A.       Brain B.       Heart C.       Urinary bladder D.       Lungs 12.       Which of the following has a large amount of aluminium present? A.       Baking soda B.       Saline C.       Antacids D.       Radiator fluid 13.       What is the primary route of.
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  1.A bag of fertilizer is labeled 10-15-10. What is the actual percentage of phosphorus in the fertilizer? What is the actual percentage of potassium? 2.Bloom Booster, a fertilizer used for enhancing the blooms of flowering plants, is labeled 10-30-20. Calculate the number of moles of phosphorous, P, in 20.00 g of.
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11.       What is the origin of carcinoid? A.       G cells of the gut B.       Islet cells of the pancreas C.       Enterochromaffin cells of the GI tract D.       Parafollicular cells the thyroid gland 12.       Which of the following is a useful clinical laboratory test for bile salt malabsorption?.
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1. Utilitarianism characterizes the moral approach taken by Ford in the infamous Pinto case study. a. True b. False 2. Few businesses maintain that the socially responsible course to take is the utilitarian one with the lowest net costs. a. True b. False 3. Considerations to follow in determining what the.
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1.         Which of the following electrolyte measurements would be of clinical usefulness to the clinician who is treating patients for pregnancy-induced hypertension? A.       Ionized calcium B.       Potassium C.       Magnesium D.       Phosphorus 2.         Ionized or free calcium is clinically useful for which of the following reasons? A.      .
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  1.Sketch the electromagnetic spectrum, and label ultraviolet, visible, and infrared radiation. 2.People often have a misunderstanding of the term radiation. It can have a negative connotation. Specifically consider ultraviolet radiation and cite two beneficial and two harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation. 3.List two applications of infrared light. 4. What is a blackbody radiator?       .
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1.         What is the most probable acid/base imbalance in the patient described below? 26-year-old male presents with the following signs and symptoms: Extreme hysteria Hyperventilating Pulse 105 BPM Lab data for ABGs: pH = 7.60 pCO2 = 28 mmHg HCO3- =26 mmol/L pO2 = 100 mmHg A.       Respiratory acidosis B.       Metabolic alkalosis C. .
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11.       Which of the following assays is recommended as a screening test for colorectal cancer in persons over 50 years of age? A.       Fecal typsin B.       AFP C.       BTA D.       Occult blood t test 12.       Which of the following must be determined to calculate diagnostic specificity? A.       .
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11.       In obstructive liver disease, the following test results are found: a.        Feces: urobilinogen decreased; urine: bilirubin: positive; serum: conjugated bilirubin increased. b.        Feces: urobilinogen decreased or negative; urine: urobilinogen decreased or negative; serum: conjugated bilirubin decreased. c.        Feces: urobilinogen increased; urine: bilirubin: normal; serum: conjugated bilirubin normal or slightly elevated. d.        .
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11.       Which of the following drugs is used as an immunosuppressant in liver transplants? A.       Thiocyanate B.       Tacrolimus C.       Cyclosporine D.       Primidone 12.       Which of the following compounds is prescribed as a carbonate salt used to control patients with manic-depressive tendencies? A.       Digoxin B.       Acetaminophen C. .
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11.       Hemochromatosis is a disease best described as which of the following? A.       A disease characterized by an iron overload without associate tissue injury. B.       A genetically related disease in which the body accumulates excess amounts of iron C.       A genetically related disease in which the body develops an iron.
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Chapter 23   Trace metals 1.         Which of the following proteins is a copper transport protein that migrates in the alpha2- globulin region? A.       Haptoglobin B.       Hemoglobin C.       Ceruloplasmin D.       Transferrin 2.         Chromium in blood binds to which of the following proteins? A.       Chromodulin B.       Chromoglobulin C.       Microalbumin D.       .
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Chapter 24   Vitamins 1.         Scurvy is a disease caused by a deficiency in which of the fo llowing? A.       Vitamin K B.       Vitamin B2 C.       Vitamin C D.       Vitamin A 2.         Vitamins A, D, and K are classified as: A.       Water-soluble. B.       Fat-soluble..
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11.       NT-pro-BNP is 76 amino acids in length and it is: A.       A metabolite of BNP. B.       The storage form of BNP. C.       The natriuretic peptide that is the inactive form. D.       The catabolic product of ANP. 12.       Which of the following statements is true about cTnI? A.       .
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11.       Possible risks of hepatocellular damage due to toxic blood levels of acetaminophen are evaluated based on blood levels and which of the following? A.       Urine levels B.       Months postingestion C.       Time (hours) postingestion D.       Degree of level of consciousness (LOC) 12.       Overexposure to compounds such as Marathon®, Parathion®, Diazinon®,.
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1.         Which of the following conditions will cause an increase anion gap? A.       Renal failure B.       Hypoaldosteronism C.       Renal failure D        Hyperkalemia 2.         The anion gap is determined from which of the following groups of electrolytes? A.       Sodium, chloride, potassium, and calcium B.       Sodium, chloride, potassium, and.
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21.       Uric acid may be determined with: a.         The enzyme urease. b.         The enzyme uricase. c.         Formation of a blue color with phosphotungstic acid. d.         Formation of a red color with diazotized sulfanilic acid. e.        Both B and C 22.       The creatinine clearance test is routinely used to assess the.
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1.         Which of the following is NOT an NPN substance? a.         Urea b.         Ammonia c.         Creatinine d.         Troponin T 2.         Urea/BUN is produced from: a.         The catabolism of proteins and amino acids. b.         Oxidation of purines. c.         Oxidation of pyrimidines. d.         The breakdown of complex carbohydrates. 3.         An elevated BUN.
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11.       Thyroid hormones are derived from which of the following amino acids? A.       Phenylalanine B.       Methionine C.       Tyrosine D.       Histidine 12.       Serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels are decreased in which of the following diseases or conditions? A.       Primary hyperthyroidism B.       Primary hypothyroidism C.       .
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1.         Suppose a laboratory received 2 µg of DNA from a clinical sample, when the DNA isolation procedure used stated that 10 µg was optimal. The laboratory’s result can be explained by all of the factors below EXCEPT: A.       A low patient white blood cell count. B.       Inadequate.
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21.       Pituitary secretion of ACTH is inhibited by elevated levels of: A.       Aldosterone. B.       Cortisol. C.       Estradiol. D.       Progesterone. 22.       Tetraiodothyronine describes which of the following compounds? A.       T4 (thyroxine) B.       T3 C.       MIT D.       Reverse T3 23.       Which of the following does NOT release.
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1. The traditional, "rational" model of the business organization is defined it as a structure of formal relationships, which are designed to achieve a goal efficiently. a. True b. False 2. A firm's organizational chart, identifying the formal and informal hierarchies of authority, exemplifies the fundamental reality of.
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  1.Explain how a barometer measures the pressure of the atmosphere. 2.Water vapor varies with the temperature of the water. Explain. 3.Graph the data in Table 12.1 to show the trend in water vapor pressure as the temperature of the water increases. Attach the graph to your pre-lab questions. Don’t forget to title.
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1.         All of the following are considered reasons for monitoring drug levels EXCEPT: A.       To prevent toxicity of drugs with a low therapeutic index. B.       To determine whether a patient is complying with the physician’s instructions. C.       To adjust dose if individual differences or disease.
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21.       A patient’s blood gas results are: pH= 7.49; PCO = 54 mmHg; HCO3- = 39 mmol/L; pO2 = 100 mmHg. These results are consistent with which of the following? A.       Respiratory alkalosis B.       Respiratory acidosis C.       Metabolic alkalosis D.       Metabolic acidosis 22.       Which of the following.
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1.         Which hormone is not produced by the placenta? A.       Estriol B.       Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) C.       Adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) D.       Progesterone 2.         Pituitary gigantism is associated with which of the following? A.       Growth (GH) deficiency B.       GH excess C.       Hypercorticolism D.       Hypeprolactinemia 3.        .
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11.       Which of the following conditions is NOT associated with hyponatremia? A.       Cushing’s disease B.       Addison’s disease C.       Diuretic therapy D.       Diarrhea 12.       Hypokalemia may be seen in each of the following EXCEPT: A.       Renal failure. B.       Starvation. C.       Alkalosis. D.       Diarrhea. 13.       Measurement.
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11.       Suppose that a laboratory wanted to separate small DNA fragments that were 10 base pairs (bps) apart in size. The optimal technique to use for the separation is: A.       Agarose gel electrophoresis. B.       Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. C.       Pulse-field gel electrophoresis. D.       Denaturing gel electrophoresis. 12.       Which.
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1.         THC (?9-tetrahydrocannabinol) is the principal active metabolite of which of the following? A.       Benzodiazepine B.       Marijuana C.       Acetaminophen D.       Morphine 2.         Urine adulteration test strips are designed to detect which of the following? A.       Bleach B.       Nitrites C.       Creatinine D.       All of the above 3.         Which of the.
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11.       Vitamin E toxicity has been associated with which of the following? A.       Atherosclerosis B        Clotting deficiencies C.       An affliction of premature infants who have been exposed to high oxygen therapy and later developed retinopathy of prematurity (formerly retrolental fibroplasias) D.       Hepatoma 12.       A direct assay for measurement.
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11.       The specimen of choice for measuring blood pH, pO2, and pCO2 is: A.       Heparinized capillary blood. B.       Heparinized arterial blood. C.       Heparinized venous blood. D.       Serum. 12.       Name the equation shown below: pH = pK′ + log   cHCO3- α x pCO2 A.       Anion.
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11.       Creatinine is formed from the: a.         Oxidation of creatine. b.         Oxidation of protein. c.         Deamination of dibasic amino acids. d.         Metabolism of purines. 12.       Creatinine reacts with strong alkaline picrate to form a yellow-red compound. This reaction is: a.         Nessler’s reaction. b.         Ehrlich’s diazo reaction. c.         Jaffe reaction. d.         Lieberman-Burchard.
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  4.Atmospheric scientists are concerned about the increasing levels of CO2(g) in the environment. Carbon sequestration is the process of capture and long-term storage of atmospheric CO2(g). One process involves reacting carbon dioxide with an abundantly available metal oxide such as magnesium oxide to form a stable carbonate. Write an equation.
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1.         Which of the following compounds initially condenses to form aminolevulinic acid? A.       Coproporphyrinogen and urobilinogen B.       Glutamic acid and alanine C.       Acetylcholine and epinephrine D.       Succinyl coenzyme A and glycine 2.         What is the required oxidation state (valence) of iron that enables it to bind to a chromogen in.
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1.         Serial sampling for cardiac biomarkers is defined as: A.       Drawing blood samples periodically, usually at prescribed time intervals over the course of the patient’s stay. B.       Drawing blood samples randomly during the first four hours after admission to the facility. C.       Drawing a blood sample once after admission to.
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  1.Most liquid crystals exhibit polymorphism. Explain polymorphism. 2.Liquid crystals are described as anisotropic. Define anisotropy. 3.Describe the continuum of liquid—liquid crystal—solid. Discuss the differences in terms of physical properties. 4.Define order parameter, S, and relate this value to the structure of each substance: liquid, liquid crystal, and crystalline solid. 5.Most liquid crystal molecules are.
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1.         Big, little and mini are all descriptors for which of the following peptides? A.       Gastrin B.       Parathyroid hormone C.       Secretin D.       Cholecystokinin 2.         Which of the following is the primary physiological role of secretin? A.       Stimulate the intestine to move its contents to the.
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1.         Bile formed in the liver is stored in the: a.        Liver. b.        Gall bladder. c.        Duodenum. d.         Large intestine. 2.         A breakdown product of bilirubin metabolism that is produced in the colon from the oxidation of urobilinogen by microorganisms is: a.        Porphobilinogen. b.        Urobilin. c.         Stercobilinogen. d.         Protoporphyrin. e.        Protoheme. 3.        .
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1.What is a model? 2.Explain Rutherford’s nuclear model of an atom. 3.What is a continuous spectrum? 4.What is an emission spectrum? 5.Neils Bohr derived an equation for calculating energy levels of an atom: 6.It will be necessary to calibrate the spectroscope in this experiment. What does it mean to calibrate something? Explain calibration and give.
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