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11) The process in which a nucleus spontaneously breaks down by emitting radiation is known as A) transformation. B) translation. C) fusion. D) a chain reaction. E) radioactive decay. 12) A nuclear equation is balanced when A) the same elements are found on both sides of the equation. B) the sum of the mass numbers and the sum.
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Identify the following as acids, bases, or neutral solutions. A) base B) neutral C) acid 16) has a sour taste 17) has a pH = 4.5 18) turns blue litmus paper red 19) contains more hydronium ions than hydroxide ions 20) H2O 21) [H3O+] = 3.4 x 10-5 M 22) [OH-] = 2.8 x 10-2 M 23) Ca(OH)2 24) pH =9.0 25) [H3O+].
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51) The simplest cycloalkane has A) one carbon atom. B) two carbon atoms. C) three carbon atoms. D) four carbon atoms E) five carbon atoms. 52) The reaction for the combustion of heptane is C7H16 (l)  +  11 O2 (g)  →  7 CO2 (g)  +  8 H2O(g). How many liters of CO2 at STP are produced from the.
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  11.1   Multiple-Choice Questions 1) A hydrocarbon with a double bond is a(n) A) alkane. B) alkene. C) alkyne. D) alcohol. E) saturated compound. 2) Alkenes and alkynes are called unsaturated compounds because A) they have the maximum number of hydrogen atoms attached to each carbon in the compound. B) they have fewer hydrogen atoms attached to the carbon chain.
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8.1   Multiple-Choice Questions 1) According to the Arrhenius concept, if HNO3were dissolved in water, it would act as A) a base. B) an acid. C) a source of hydroxide ions. D) a source of H- ions. E) a proton acceptor. 2) The name given to an aqueous solution of HBr is A) hydrogen bromide. B) hydrobromic acid. C) bromic acid. D).
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  12.1   Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which one of the following compounds is an alcohol? A) B) C) CH3?CH?CH?CH2?CH3 D) CH3?CH2?O?CH2?CH3 E) CH3?S?H 2) The compound CH3CH2?SH is in the organic family known as A) ethers. B) thiols. C) alcohols. D) sulfides. E) amino acids. 3) What is the IUPAC name of this compound? OH | CH3?C?CH3 | CH3 A) butanol B) propanol C) 2-propanol D) 2-methylbutanol E) 2-methyl-2-propanol 4) Which of the following compounds is.
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61) What is the name for an eight-carbon continuous-chain alkane? A) hexane B) heptane C) octane D) nonane E) decane 62) What is the name of the nine-carbon continuous-chain alkane? A) hexane B) heptane C) octane D) nonane E) decane 63) What is the name for a ten-carbon continuous-chain alkane? A) hexane B) heptane C) octane D) nonane E) decane 64) In a condensed structural formula, each carbon.
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51) Benedict's test requires an aldehyde and an adjacent A) saturated carbon. B) ketone. C) hydroxyol. D) phenyl ring. E) acid. 52) Which of the following compounds would give a positive Tollens' test? A) methanol B) acetone C) diethyl ether D) phenol E) butanal 53) The common name for 2-butanone, a readily available solvent, is A) methyl acetone. B) ethyl methyl ketone. C)  β-butanone. D) butyl.
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10.2   True/False Questions 1) Organic chemistry is the study of the chemistry of compounds that contain primarily carbon and hydrogen. 2) Nylon, polyester, and most other plastics are organic compounds. 3) There are millions of organic compounds. 4) Carbon has six valence electrons. 5) Methane has a tetrahedral structure. 6) Organic compounds are always highly water.
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11) The dehydration product of CH3?CH2?CH2?O?H in the presence of acid is A) CH2?C?CH23. B) cyclopropane. C) cyclopropene. D) propene. E) propyne. 12) When 2-methyl-2-butanol undergoes dehydration in acid, one product is A) 2-methyl-2-butene. B) 2-methylbutanone. C) 2-pentanone. D) 2-methylbutanal. E) hexene. 13) In the oxidation of an alcohol to a ketone, there is A) a loss of hydrogen. B) a loss of oxygen. C).
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21) The functional group contained in the compound    is a(n) A) thiol. B) carboxylic acid. C) amine. D) ester. E) amide. 22) The functional group contained in the compound  CH3-CH2-NH2  is a(n) A) thiol. B) carboxylic acid. C) amine. D) ester. E) amide. 23) Isomers are molecules that share the same formula and have A) a different shape to the molecule. B) the.
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9.3   True/False Questions 1) Exposure to radiation is unavoidable because some radioactive elements occur naturally. 2) One symptom of radiation sickness is an increased production of red blood cells. 3) If the half-life of hydrogen-3 is 11.8 years, after two half-lives the radioactivity of a sample will be reduced to one-half of the.
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  13.1   Multiple-Choice Questions 1) A carbohydrate that gives two molecules when it is completely hydrolyzed is known as a A) monosaccharide. B) disaccharide. C) polysaccharide. D) starch. E) trisaccharide. 2) Which group of carbohydrates cannot be hydrolyzed to give smaller molecules? A) monosaccharides B) disaccharides C) trisaccharides D) tetrasaccharides E) polysaccharides 3) A monosaccharide that consists of 5 carbon atoms, one of which.
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9.2   Short Answer Questions 1) One symbol for the β particle is β. Another symbol for the same particle is ________. 2) The common unit of radioactivity which is used to measure the biological damage is the ________. 3) The radioisotope used as a diagnostic tool to measure thyroid function is ________. 4) The.
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11) Polymers are large molecules consisting of repeating units. 12) Most products made from polymers can be recycled. 13) One essential building block of aspirin, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen is the benzene ring. 14) All polycyclic aromatic compounds cause cancer. 15) The compound is cis-3-hexene. 16) The repeating unit in polmers is always ethene. .
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11) When beta particles are emitted, the atomic number decreases. 12) The rem is a unit that measures the biological effect of radiation. 13) The Bq is larger than the Ci. 14) After two half-lives, the activity of a sample is four times the initial activity. 15) Nuclear fission as used in nuclear power.
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31) Tertiary alcohols are oxidized to A) secondary alcohols. B) ketones. C) aldehydes. D) carboxylic acids. E) none of the above 32) Thiols can be gently oxidized to A) disulfides. B) aldehydes. C) ketones. D) carboxylic acids. E) thioethers. 33) Thiols are strong-smelling compounds responsible for A) fruity odors. B) sharp odors. C) flowery odors. D) skunky or bad smelling odors. E) salty odors. 34) What kind of.
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11) The special feature that determines the family name and chemical reactivity of the organic compound it is found in is called a(n) A) functional group. B) organic compound. C) identifying group. D) ionic bond. E) covalent bond. 12) Which of the following is not typical of most hydrocarbons? A) high melting point B) poor solubility in water C).
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7.4   Matching Questions Identify the term defined in each description. A) hypotonic B) hypertonic C) saturated D) unsaturated E) hydrogen bonding 1) a solution that contains the highest amount of solute that dissolves at a given temperature 2) the major attraction between water molecules 3) the association of several water molecules with ions produced in a solution 4) a solution.
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11) Alcohols can be dehydrated to form alkenes. 12) Primary alcohols can be oxidized to either aldehydes or ketones. 13) Secondary alcohols can be oxidized to ketones. 14) A tertiary alcohol can be easily oxidized to a carboxylic acid. 15) All aldehydes have a carbonyl carbon bonded to at least two hydrogens. 16) Many odors.
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  9.1   Multiple-Choice Questions 1) What is the nuclear symbol for a radioactive isotope of copper with a mass number of 60? A) B) C) 29Cu D) E) 2) The product from the alpha decay of is ________. A) B) C) D) E) 3) The product from the positron emission of is ________. A).
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41) The carbonyl group consists of A) a carbon-oxygen-hydrogen structure. B) a carbon-oxygen single bond. C) a carbon-oxygen double bond. D) a carbon-oxygen triple bond. E) a carbon-oxygen-carbon structure. 42) In the IUPAC naming system, a ketone is named by replacing the -e in the corresponding alkane name with A) yne. B) ene. C) al. D) one. E) ol. 43) In the.
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21) Galactose is a A) monosaccharide. B) disaccharide. C) trisaccharide. D) polysaccharide. E) phosphosaccharide. 22) Which of the following contains α-1,6-branches? A) amylose B) glycogen C) cellulose D) sucrose E) maltose 23) Cellulose is not digestible by humans because it contains glucose units linked by ________-glycosidic bonds. A) α-1,2 B) α-1,4 C) α-1,6 D) β-1,2 E) β-1,4 24) Amylose is a form of starch which has A) only β-1,4-bonds.
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  Select the correct name for the following. A) diethyl ether B) 1-ethyl-3-hydroxycyclohexene C) diethyl ketone D) 1-propanone E) propanal F) 3-propanone G) 3-ethylphenol 9) CH3?CH2?O?CH2- CH3 10) 11) O || CH3?CH2?C?CH2?CH3 12) O || CH3?CH2?C?H Classify the alcohols shown in column 1 as primary, secondary, or tertiary. A) tertiary B) primary C) secondary 13) CH3?CH2?O?H 14) CH3 | CH3?C?CH2?O?H | CH3 15) OH | CH3?CH?CH3 16) CH3 | CH3?C?CH2?CH3 | OH Identify the family for each of the following compounds.   A) ketone B).
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11.3   Matching Questions Match the following organic structures with the appropriate family name. A) cycloalkane B) cycloalkene C) alkene aromatic D) aromatic compound E) alkane 1) 2) CH3CH2CH2CH3 3) 4) Match each of the following reactions with its product.  Assume any necessary catalysts are present. A) CH3 | CH3CHCH3 B) CH3 | CH3CCH3 | OH C) CH3 | CH3CHCH2OH D) CH3CH2CH2CH3 5) CH3 ? CH3C ?CH2  + H2  6) CH3 | CH3C?CH2 + H2O     .
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21) The hydrogenation of an alkene gives a(n) A) alkane. B) alkene. C) alkyne. D) benzene. E) isomer. 22) What is the condensed structural formula for the product of the hydrogenation of 2-butene using a platinum catalyst? A) CH3?CH = CH?CH3 B) Cl | CH3?CH2?CH?CH3 C) CH3?CH2?CH2?CH3 D) CH3 | CH3?CH?CH3 E) OH | CH3?CH?CH3 23) The reaction of an alkene and water in the presence.
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31) Normal blood pH is about A) 6.8. B) 7.0. C) 7.2. D) 7.4. E) 7.6. 32) In a buffer system of HF and its salt, NaF, A) the HF neutralizes added acid. B) the HF neutralizes added base. C) the HF is not necessary. D) the F- neutralizes added H2O. E) the F- neutralizes added base. 33) Which of the following.
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31) A compound that contains the ring structure of benzene is called a(n) A) alkane. B) cycloalkane. C) alkyl group. D) aromatic compound. E) hydrocarbon. 32) The compound below is named A) cyclohexane. B) cyclohexene. C) cyclohexyne. D) benzene. E) cyclobenzene. 33) What is the molecular formula of benzene? A) C6H4 B) C6H6 C) C6H8 D) C6H10 E) C6H12 34) The odors you associate with lemons, oranges, roses,.
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31) An imaging technique that detects the energy absorbed by hydrogen atoms in a magnetic field is known as A) positron emission tomography (PET). B) computed tomography (CT). C) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). D) radioactive tracer study. E) supermagnetic tomography (SMT). 32) The dosage of technetium-99m for myocardial imaging is 280 μCi/kg of body weight.  How.
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  10.1   Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Compounds that have the same molecular formula but different arrangements of atoms are called A) isomers. B) isotopes. C) indicators. D) isozymes. E) isometrics. 2) Which of the following is true of nonane, C9H20, which has a density of 0.79 g/mL, melts at -51 °C, and boils at 151 °C? A) Nonane is soluble.
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21) The skeletal formula represents what type of alcohol? A) primary B) secondary C) tertiary D) quaternary E) none 22) Alcohols contain which functional group? A) amine B) amide C) hydroxyl D) thiol 23) A primary alcohol has a hydroxyl group bonded to a(n) A) singly substituted or unsubstituted carbon. B) disubstituted carbon. C) trisubstituted carbon. D) aromatic carbon. 24) A secondary alcohol has a hydroxyl.
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Compare the osmotic pressure of these solutions to the osmotic pressure of red blood cells. A) hypertonic B) hypotonic C) isotonic 11) water 12) 0.5% NaCl 13) 0.9% glucose 14) 7% glucose 15) 5% NaCl 16) 5% glucose 17) 0.9% NaCl Indicate whether each of the following compounds dissolves in water to give ions, molecules, or both. A) both B) molecules C) ions 18) NaCl,.
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12.3   Matching Questions Identify the product, if any, that would form in each of the following reactions. A) O || CH3?CH2?C?CH3 B) O || CH3?C?O?H C) O || CH3?CH2?C?H 1) CH3?CH2?CH2?O?H  2) CH3?CH2?CH?O?H  | CH3 3) O || CH3?C?H  Match the structural formula with the correct functional group. A) alcohol B) ketone C) aldehyde D) thiol E) ether 4) CH3?CH2?O?H 5) CH3?CH2?O?CH3 6) CH3?CH2?S?H 7) O ? CH3?C?H 8)   .
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21) The suffix -al indicates an aldehyde in the IUPAC system of naming. 22) Acetone is a three-carbon aldehyde. 23) Acetone is sometimes produced in pathological conditions such as diabetes or when following extreme diets. 24) Formaldehyde is used in solution as a germicide and preservative. 25) Butyraldehyde is partly responsible for the flavor.
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9.4   Matching Questions Indicate whether each of the following is characteristic of the fission or fusion process. A) both fission and fusion B) fission C) fusion 1) A large nucleus is split into smaller nuclei. 2) Very high temperatures must be achieved to initiate the reaction. 3) This nuclear process provides the energy of the sun. 4) This.
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21) The nuclear symbol that completes the equation is a(n) +  ?  →  A) proton. B) neutron. C) gamma ray. D) beta particle. E) alpha particle. 22) What does the ? represent in the bombardment equation of nitrogen-14?   +  ?  →   +   A) alpha particle B) beta particle C) gamma ray D) proton E) neutron 23) When aluminum-27 is.
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10.3   Matching Questions Identify the following as more characteristic of an organic compound or an inorganic compound. A) inorganic B) organic 1) high melting point 2) flammable 3) covalent bonds 4) contains metal atoms 5) insoluble in water 6) ionic bonds Match the following organic structures with the appropriate family name. A) ketone B) ether C) ester D) alcohol E) alkyne F) alkene G) aldehyde H) amine I) carboxylic.
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12.2   True/False Questions 1) Alcohols, ethers, and phenols contain oxygen with only single bonds. 2) Alcohols can form hydrogen bonds. 3) A secondary alcohol can be easily oxidized to a carboxylic acid. 4) This alcohol can be oxidized to a ketone. 5) Derivatives of phenol are often used as antiseptics. 6) Ethyl ether has been replaced.
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11) Organic compounds usually contain carbon, hydrogen and metal atoms. 12) Most medicines are organic molecules. 13) Functional groups are groups of atoms that act in predictable ways. 14) Functional groups always contain atoms other than just carbon and hydrogen. 15) Organic compounds can only be made by living things because a "vital force".
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31) The carbon atoms in saturated hydrocarbons A) have only single bonds. B) contain at least one double bond. C) contain at least one triple bond. D) contain a benzene ring. E) contain both a double and a triple bond. 32) An organic compound composed of carbon and hydrogen connected only by single bonds is an A).
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11) Which of the following statements correctly describes the hydronium-hydroxide balance in the given solution? A) In acids, [OH-] is greater than [H3O+]. B) In bases, [OH-] = [H3O+]. C) In neutral solutions, [H3O+] = [H2O]. D) In bases, [OH-] is greater than [H3O+]. E) In bases, [OH-] is less than [H3O+]. 12) For Kw, the.
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41) When an atom of uranium-235 is bombarded with neutrons, it splits into smaller nuclei and produces a great amount of energy. This nuclear process is called A) fission. B) fusion. C) decomposition. D) chain reaction. E) ionization. 42) In the sun, nuclei of hydrogen combine to form a larger nucleus and release a great amount.
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11.2   True/False Questions 1) Light-induced cis-trans isomerization is an important step in vision. 2) Propylene is used to induce ripening in fruits. 3) Fragrances and flavors are often compounds with more than one functional group (for example, an alkene that also contains an aldehyde). 4) In a cis alkene, the groups are on the.
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8.3   Matching Questions Identify each of the following compounds as an acid, a base, or neither. A) acid B) neither C) base 1) HCl 2) NaOH 3) NH3 4) H2SO4 5) KOH 6) NaCl 7) NaNO3 8) H2CO3 In the following solutions, is the [OH-] greater than, less than, or equal to the [H3O+]? A) equal to B) less than C) greater than 9) acid 10) base 11) [H3O+].
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11) The IUPAC name for ethylene is A) ethane. B) cycloethane. C) ethyne. D) ethanene. E) ethene. 12) Which one of the following compounds has the smallest number of hydrogen atoms? A) butyne. B) 2-methylpropane. C) butene. D) 2-methybutane. E) butane. 13) What is the IUPAC name for the following compound? CH3Cl || CH3?CH ?C?CH = CH || CH3 CH3 A) 4-chloro-4,5-dimethyl-2-hexene B) 3-chloro-1,3,4-trimethyl-1-pentene C) 3-chloro-2,3-dimethyl-4-hexene D) 3-chloro-2,3,5-trimethyl-4-pentene E) 3-chloro-1,3,4,4-tetramethyl-1-butene 14) What is.
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11) A glycosidic bond between two monosaccharides can also be classified as a(n) A) double bond. B) ester bond. C) ether bond. D) achiral bond. E) alcohol bond. 12) In a disaccharide, two monosaccharides are joined by what kind of bond? A) double B) anomeric C) alcohol D) glycosidic E) rotational 13) Which of the following contains a β-1,4-glycosidic bond? A) galactose B) lactose C).
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