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Study Resources (Chemistry)

  1) This type of hormone characteristically requires a second messenger. A) water- solubleB) steroidC) prostaglandinD) lipid- soluble1) 2) In males, the primary source of estrogens is the ________. A) adrenal cortexB) ovariesC) heartD) hypothalamus2) 3) When a woman breast- feeds, oxytocin causes the milk to move from the mammary glands toward the nipples. What.
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  26) The ________ functions as the sensory area for touch, vision, hearing, and olfaction26) as well as association areas for interpreting sensations, language, thinking, decision making, self- awareness, creativity, and storing memories. 27) ________ memory stores large amounts of information for hours, days, or years.27) 28) The thin outer layer (1 to.
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  11) Maria has been in labor for 12 hours, and her obstetrician thinks that it is time to artificially induce birth. What hormone will the physician inject? A) vasopressinB) oxytocinC) estrogenD) prolactin11) 12) Inflammatory processes can be painful and even dangerous if they continue inappropriately.12) Which of the following would control those processes? A).
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  11) Your classmate does not have much muscle strength. Her doctor says she has an autoimmune disease, but you didn't quite catch the name the physician gave for the illness. Based on what you have learned, what do you think the diagnosis is? A) senilityB) myasthenia gravis C) Alzheimer's diseaseD) schizophrenia11) 12) Which of.
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  Match each definition in the first column to the correct term in the second column. 47)A syndrome that results from prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol and can be characterized by fatigue, high blood pressure, and elevated glucose levels. 48)An autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system perceives cells of.
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  27) ________ form the myelin sheath, which wraps around the axon, to insulate against short- circuiting between neurons.              27) 28) ________ is a progressive disorder in which the dopamine- producing neurons in the movement control center of the brain die.              28) 29) ________ involves an insufficient amount of several neurotransmitters, such as.
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  1) Which condition involves an uninjured body part experiencing pain as the result of injury to another part of the body? A) receptor potentialB) referred pain C) interceptorsD) sensory adaptation1) 2) Which of the following is not detected with a special sense? A) hearingB) balanceC) smellD) temperature2) 3) Which receptors are responsible for touch,.
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  41) A(n) ________ is the attachment point of a muscle to a bone that remains stationary during movement.              41) 42) The ________ is a modified form of endoplasmic reticulum that stores and releases calcium ions when a muscle contracts.              42) 43) The striations of skeletal muscles are caused by the arrangement within.
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  32) When the result of two hormones working at the same time is greater than that of either alone, we say that they work ________.              32) 33) Follicle- stimulating hormone originates from the ________ gland.33) 34) When blood calcium levels fall, the ________ glands cause greater calcium release from the bones.              34) 35).
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  21) Charlene loved to eat raw garlic in various dishes. She didn't notice any strong smell, so she couldn't understand why others didn't want to be around her. What sensory phenomenon is she demonstrating? A) receptor potentialsB) accommodation C) sensory adaptationD) action potentials21) 22) Samantha gets into a new elevator in a.
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  31)If you boil a cup of water with a tablespoon of dried shitake mushrooms and take a sip after              31) it cooled down, your taste receptors will identify the following flavor ________. A)sweetB) bitterC) saltyD) umami 32)Taste buds that are more sensitive to sweet flavors than to others are located ________.              32) A)on.
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  37) The synaptic ________ is the narrow space between two neurons.37) 38) The enzyme ________ removes the neurotransmitter acetylcholine from synapses after it has been released.              38) 39) ________ are numerous short, branching projections from the neuron that create a huge surface for receiving signals from other cells.              39) 40) A ________ neuron.
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  11) Which of these structures forms the channel that sound travels through to reach the eardrum? A) incusB) external auditory canal C) auditory tubeD) malleus11) 12) Which of these eye structures is responsible for allowing a person to see color? A) incusB) scleraC) conesD) rods12) 13) Sami stepped into a strange, new house but sensed.
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  11) Which brain structure maintains homeostasis and influences blood pressure, heart rate, digestive activity, breathing rate, and body temperature? A) medulla oblongataB) thalamus C) cerebellumD) hypothalamus11) 12) If you go to the refrigerator and reach in to take out a drink, you will not normally fall over because of this part of.
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  21) Leukocytosis- promoting factor, among other things, acts to encourage the movement of white blood cells to the site of an injury. Which hormone opposes this action? A) THB) insulinC) epinephrineD) cortisol21) 22) When Tanous exercises, his muscles need a greater flow of blood. Which of the following22) substances are the muscles likely.
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  37) Inflammation of the protective coverings of the brain and spinal cord is known as ________.37) 38) A circuit of neurons that helps in the automatic response to a stimulus is a(n)38) ________. 39)A loud, unexpected noise will cause this part of the autonomic nervous system to become active. 40)This is a group of.
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49)If Georgina takes a drug that increases the effects of norepinephrine, what changes would we see in the basic activities of her body? 50)Professor Morningstar has developed a terrific new antibiotic to be taken orally in water- based syrup, but it is not working against bacterial meningitis. Based on the information.
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  21) Muscle cells that are not exercised will atrophy, or shrink in size. Lou Gehrig's disease affects nervous tissue but also causes muscle atrophy. What type of nerve cell must be affected to cause this muscle- wasting condition? A) neuroglial cellsB) interneurons C) motor neuronsD) sensory neurons21) 22) Some drugs modulate the.
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  43)Synapse in which neurotransmitters decrease the chance of an action potential on the postsynaptic cell. 44)Synapse in which neurotransmitters allow sodium to enter the postsynaptic cell. 45)A specific type of neuron that conducts information toward the brain and spinal cord from a sensory receptor. 46)The junction between a neuron and another cell. 47)The short.
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  63)Describe the four traits that all muscle types share. 64)In former times, surgeons used small doses of curare to relax the patient's abdominal and other muscles during operations. Why did this compound work? What additional precautions do you think the medical staff needs to put into place when a patient is.
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  51) The muscle that extends and rotates the thigh when walking is called the ________.51)   52)Anabolic steroids are chemically related to this type of hormone. 53)Caused by a neuron, stimulating muscle cells to contract. 54)Delivers the signals from the motor neuron to every sarcomere of the muscle cell. 55)Calcium binds to this protein to.
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