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Study Resources (Chemistry)

  1) Which of the following bacteria is found in improperly canned foods and produces a toxin that can cause paralysis of muscles and breathing problems? A) Clostridium botulinumB) Salmonella C) Cryptosporidium parvumD) Escherichia coli              1) 2) Your little sister is playing in a natural pond in the Adirondacks, and you catch her.
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  1) How many chromosomes are provided to a zygote from each gamete? A) 23B) 46  pairs C) 46D) none of the above1) 2) Without the ________, the semen would not naturally be able to counteract the acidity of the vagina. A) seminal vesiclesB) glans penis C) prostateD) interstitial cells2) 3) Alterations to the positioning of.
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  40) The portion of the nephron that filters blood is called the ________.40) 41) The glomerular capsule and a tuft of capillaries called the ________ form the renal corpuscle.              41) 42) If water were flowing from area A to area B through a semipermeable membrane, we42) might expect area B to be ________.
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  1)Samara is an astronaut in deep space away from gravity. How could her urine move away               1) from the kidneys and to the bladder in such a situation? A)skeletal muscle movementsB) the Valsalva maneuver C) bladder suction pressureD) peristalsis 2)The lack of voluntary control over urination due to the inability to.
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  1) This STD is linked to cervical cancer: A) CMV infectionB) gonorrheaC) HPV infectionD) syphilis1) 2) Which of the following STDs can infect the nervous system? A) gonorrheaB) chlamydiaC) HPV infectionD) syphilis2) 3) The STD that will always produce symptoms is ________. A) HPV infectionB) chlamydiaC) gonorrheaD) syphilis3) 4) Your former roommate went through a fairly.
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62)Sam was pretty self- destructive: he drank alcohol heavily and smoked marijuana and tobacco frequently. He would steal sedatives from the medicine cabinets of his friends and family for his own pleasure, too. What reproductive system problem is he more likely to have than other men of the same age?.
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  Match each definition in the first column to the correct term in the second column.49) 50) A gland that produces alkalineA) Endometrium secretions that function to activate sperm and reduce the acidity of theB) Seminal vesicle female reproductive system. C) Prostate gland 51) One of a pair of glands that produces fluid that.
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  40) ________ is a type of neural tube defect in which part of the spinal cord develops abnormally, as does the adjacent area of the spine.              40) 41) ________ are blocks of mesoderm that eventually form skeletal muscles of the neck and trunk, connective tissue, and vertebrae.              41) 42) ________ is the.
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  32) The ________ is a group of cells that will develop into the chorion.32) 33) Sometimes, splitting of the pre-embryo is incomplete during the development of twins, and ________ twins result.              33) 34) The blastocyst attaches to the ________ about 6 days after fertilization and begins to digest its way inward.              34) 35).
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  Match each definition in the first column to the correct term in the second column. 46)An excretory organ involved with filtration of body fluids and the elimination of nitrogenous wastes. 47)Tube- like structures that are lined with muscle and function to transport urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder. 48)If this muscular.
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  13)Select two classes of HIV drugs, and fully explain how they work. Can they cure HIV? 14)Name That STD! Choose from the following STDs. You may use each choice more than once. In some cases, there may be several correct answers. gonorrhea, chlamydia, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, genital herpes, syphilis • Which.
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  41) Most nutrient absorption occurs in the ________, a major organ of the digestive system.41) 42) The ________ contains beneficial bacteria that synthesize vitamin K and some of the B vitamins.              42) 43) The ________ is connected to the GI tract and has no digestive function, but it may have a role.
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  1) The innermost lining of the gastrointestinal tract is the ________. A) submucosaB) muscularisC) serosaD) mucosa1) 2) These sharply pointed teeth on the sides of the mouth tear food. A) molarsB) caninesC) incisorsD) premolars2) 3) Infection with Helicobacter pylori can cause ________. A) gallstonesB) peptic ulcersC) tooth decayD) constipation3) 4) Adding ________ to municipal water supplies.
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  21) The filtrate moves out of the glomerular capsule to the ________ and then to the loop of the nephron. A) collecting ductB) proximal convoluted tubule C) renal pelvisD) juxtaglomerular apparatus21) 22) Cloudy urine would indicate which of the following? A) water imbalanceB) low pH C) too much protein in the dietD) bacteria in the.
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  1) During the pre-embryonic period, a single sperm passes through the zona pellucida. In the vast majority of cases, where does this process occur? A) in the uterusB) in the oviduct (fallopian tube) C) in the placentaD) in the ovary1) 2) This embryonic structure will become the embryo's part of the placenta. A) corona.
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  33) A later stage of gum inflammation in which bacteria grow in pockets between the gums and the teeth and in which teeth may become loose is called ________.              33) 34) Each time Cyrus drinks milk, he develops gas, bloating, and abdominal discomfort.34) Cyrus is probably ________. 35) Food is sent along the.
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  31) ________ is an active form of the protein that stimulates the adrenal gland to release aldosterone.              31) 32) ________ involves the relaxation of the external urethral sphincter, emptying the bladder.32) 33) The release of small amounts of urine due to sudden increases in abdominal pressure that force urine past the external.
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  68)An experimental male birth control method has been developed that inhibits gonadotropin- releasing hormone (GnRH). Does this drug have the ability to prevent sperm production? Justify your answer. Indicate any potential side effects that might be of concern to a man using this method. 69)The following table compares various methods of.
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  11) Mei had high blood pressure, so her physician gave her a prescription for a certain drug that lowered her blood pressure without affecting her red blood cell count. This drug interfered with the making of ________. A) atrial natriuretic hormoneB) growth hormone C) angiotensin IID) erythropoietin11) 12) Substances such as alcohol that.
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  31)Which of the following statements is false?31) A)Females are born with more primary follicles than they have at puberty. B)In oogenesis, meiosis is completed only if fertilization occurs. C)The pH of the vagina is acidic to deter microbial growth. D)Females enter menopause when their follicles become overly responsive to LH and FSH. 32)Women taking birth.
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  Match each definition in the first column to the correct term in the second column. 47)A person with frequent heartburn is more likely than others to eventually develop this condition. 48)This organ in the digestive system functions to store food and break down proteins before transferring chyme to the duodenum. 49)A muscular tube.
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  41) The ________ contains enzymes that spill out from the sperm and digest through the layers surrounding the secondary oocyte to assist fertilization.              41) 42) ________ is a hormone produced by the seminiferous tubules that inhibits FSH from stimulating the production of sperm cells.              42) 43) The anterior pituitary gland secretes ________.
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  59)George is experiencing problems with damaged cartilage in his knee and is eating cartilage from the bones of his steak so that his knee will more readily heal. Explain why he is not necessarily going to succeed in speeding up the repair of his knee. 60)The stomach is an extremely hostile.
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  21) The fetal period is characterized by ________. A)the formation of organ systems B)growth and preparation of fetal organ systems for their eventual functions C)germ layer formation neurulation21) 22) Developmental problems present at birth are known as ________. A) teratogenicB) birth defectsC) gastrulationD) type 2 diabetes22) 23) Which of the following is a neural tube defect that.
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