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61) The name of the polymer formed from CH2=CH2 is A) polyethylene. B) polypropylene. C) polystyrene. D) polyvinyl chloride. E) none of the above 62) The concept that explains the properties of aromatic compounds based on a structure that is an average among two possible structures is A) double bonding. B) oxidation. C) resonance. D) cis-trans isomerism. E) polymerization. 63) Which phrase.
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  1) In organic chemistry, the term unsaturated means a molecule A) that has the maximum number of carbon-hydrogen bonds possible. B) with a specific six-membered ring structure. C) that contains one or more multiple bonds between carbon atoms. D) that can react by taking up one or more water molecules. E) that is formed from.
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39) The name of the hydrocarbon with three carbon atoms and having only single bonds between carbon atoms is A) decane. B) butane. C) propane. D) ethane. E) methane. 40) The carbon atom marked with * is a ________ carbon atom. A) primary B) secondary C) tertiary D) quaternary E) none of these 41) The carbon atom marked with * is a.
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49) Radioisotopes which emit alpha rays make the best diagnostic tracers. 50) Diagnostic tracers form hot spots when they are prevented from entering diseased tissue. 51) Three applications of nuclear chemistry are medical imaging, energy production, and archaeological dating. Describe each of these applications and explain what properties of radioactive elements are.
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20) What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown? A) 4-ethyl-1-hexanol B) 3-ethyl-6-hexanol C) 3-ethyl-1-hexanol D) 4,4-diethyl-1-butanol E) isooctanol 21) The name of the alcohol shown is A) 2,4,4-trimethyl-3-pentanol. B) 2,2,4-trimethyl-3-pentanol. C) branched 3-octanol. D) trimethyl-3-pentanol. E) secondary 2,4,4-pentanol. 22) What is the systematic name for the following compound? A) 2-methyl-3-pentanol B) 2-methyl-3-pentenol C) 4-methyl-3-pentanol D) 3-methyl-2-pentanol 23) What is the IUPAC name of the compound.
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29) Which molecule is not an isomer of the molecule shown? C2H5?O?C2H5 A) CH3?O?CH2CH2CH3 B) C4H9OH C) D) E) 30) Which of the following is an isomer of the molecule shown below? A) CH3CH2CH3 B) CH3CH(CH3)CH2CH3 C) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3 D) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3 31) All of the choices listed are representations of the same molecule except ________. A) C5H12 B) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3 C) D) E) (C.
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10) The common name of CH3CH2OH is A) grain alcohol. B) wood alcohol. C) rubbing alcohol. D) antifreeze. E) glycerol. 11) The molecule with three carbon atoms with an -OH group on each, and used as a moisturizer is A) ethanol. B) glycerol. C) glycol. D) methanol. E) phenol. 12) The common name of CH2(OH)CH2OH is A) grain alcohol. B) wood alcohol. C) rubbing alcohol. D).
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50) The product of dehydration of an alcohol is an A) alkane. B) alkene. C) aromatic. D) ether. E) aldehyde. 51) Oxidation of an alcohol group results in formation of a(an) ________ group. A) alkyl B) aromatic C) carbonyl D) ether E) hydroxyl 52) The symbol [O] written above a reaction arrow means A) oxygen is removed from one of the reactants during.
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57) Which of the following has the highest ionizing power? A) alpha B) gamma C) beta D) proton 58) Discuss the harmful effects of ionizing radiation on the human body, including the factors affecting the degree of harm and the protective measures that can be used to minimize exposure. 59) The amount of a radioactive substance.
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51) What is the name of the product when 1-pentene reacts with Cl2? A) 1,1-dichloropentane B) 1,2-dichloropentane C) 2,2-dichloropentane D) 2,3-dichloropentane 52) According to Markovnikov's rule, when HCl reacts with the molecule shown, which product will result? (CH3)2C=CHCH3  +  HCl  →  ????? A) (CH3)2CHCHClCH3 B) (CH3)2CClCH2CH3 C) (CH3)2CClCHClCH3 D) (CH3)2CHCH2CH2Cl E) Cl2CHCHClCH3 53) Markovnikov's Rule refers to the A) orientation an unsymmetrical reagent.
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21) Cis-trans isomerism occurs when A) a branched alkane has a halogen added to two adjacent carbon atoms. B) an alkene is hydrated according to Markovnikov's Rule. C) the carbons in an alkene double bond each have two different substituent groups. D) the carbons in the para position of an aromatic have the same.
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20) The alkyne functional group has A) a carbon-carbon triple bond. B) a carbon-oxygen-hydrogen group. C) a six-membered ring with three double bonds. D) a double bond between carbon and oxygen. E) one or more bonds between carbon and nitrogen. 21) The alcohol functional group has A) a carbon-carbon triple bond. B) a carbon-oxygen-hydrogen group. C) a six-membered ring.
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21) When comparing amine compounds of different classes but similar molar masses, which type will most likely be the highest boiling point? A) primary amines B) secondary amines C) tertiary amines D) quaternary ammonium salts 22) Which amine has the highest boiling point? A) B)   C)    D)     E)      23) Arrange the following.
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11) The base forms a new ________ bond in a Brønsted-Lowry acid-base reaction. A) covalent B) aquo C) hydrogen D) ionic E) metallic 12) Which of the following is a diprotic acid? A) acetic acid B) hydrochloric acid C) phosphoric acid D) sulfuric acid E) nitric acid 13) What is the conjugate base of HSO4-? A) SO42- B) H2SO4 C) H3O+ D) OH- E) H2SO3 14) According to.
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10) Which form of radiation is generally considered the most dangerous? A) γ B) β C) α D) positron E) all of the above 11) Radioactivity is generally associated with which part of the atom? A) nucleus B) electrons C) protons D) neutrons E) the entire atom 12) This question has three parts: a.  Explain the difference between natural radioactive isotopes and artificial.
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31) The term used to describe the geometry of a carbon atom involved in a double bond is A) distorted tetrahedral. B) linear. C) perpendicular. D) tetrahedral. E) trigonal planar. 32) The term used to describe the geometry of a carbon atom involved in a triple bond is A) distorted tetrahedral. B) linear. C) perpendicular. D) tetrahedral. E) trigonal planar. 33) What.
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  1) Which statement concerning Arrhenius acid-base theory is not correct? A) An Arrhenius acid produces hydrogen ions in water solution. B) An Arrhenius base produces hydroxide ions in water solution. C) A neutralization reaction produces water plus a salt. D) Acid-base reactions must take place in aqueous solution. E) none of the above 2) The H3O+.
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59) What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown? A) 2-methyl-2-propylbutane B) 2-ethyl-2-methylpentane C) 2,2-ethyl-methylpentane D) 3,3-dimethylhexane E) isooctane 60)  Which group is the best description of the properties of alkanes? A) flammable, reactive, water soluble B) non-flammable, non-polar, water soluble C) flammable, non-reactive, insoluble in water D) non-flammable, polar, reactive E) none of the above 61) Which of the following.
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49) The condensed structure of n-octane is ________. A) B) CH3 CH3 CH2CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3 C) D) E)      50) The condensed structure of 2,2,4,4-tetramethylheptane is ________. A) B) CH3 CH3 CH2CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3 C) D) E)     51) What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown? (CH3)3?C?CH2?CH2?CH3 A) 1,1,1-trimethylbutane B) 2,2-dimethylpentane C) 2-dimethylpentane D) 2-ethylhexane E) heptane 52) What is the IUPAC name.
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80) What is the systematic name of the following compound? A) 2-methoxy propane B) 2-ethoxy propane C) ethyl methyl ether D) diethyl ether 81) Organic compounds which are sulfur analogs of alcohols are referred to as A) sulfuric alcohols. B) disulfides C) halides. D) thiols. E) carbonyls. 82) Which property of thiols makes them useful as additives to natural gas? A) flammability B).
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  1) Compounds with the -OH group attached to a saturated alkane-like carbon are known as A) alcohols. B) alkyl halides. C) ethers. D) hydroxyls. E) phenols. 2) Compounds with an oxygen atom bonded to two organic groups are known as A) alcohols. B) ethers. C) hydroxides. D) hydroxyls. E) phenols. 3) None of the following organic compounds is very likely to form.
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  1) All of the following statements are general properties of organic compounds except A) the bonds are covalent. B) they have relatively low boiling points. C) they have limited or no water solubility. D) they usually behave as electrolytes in solution. E) they have relatively low melting points. 2) Which of the statements about the behavior.
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10) The functional group illustrated by R?OH is an A) alkyl. B) alcohol. C) ether. D) ester. E) aldehyde. 11) The functional group illustrated below is an A) alcohol. B) amide. C) ether. D) ester. E) amine. 12) The functional group illustrated below is an A) alkyl. B) alcohol. C) ether. D) ester. E) aldehyde. 13) The functional group which illustrates an ester is ________. A).
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69) What is the IUPAC name of the molecule shown? A) dimethylcyclobutane B) cyclohexane C) 1,2-dimethylcyclobutane D) 2,3-dimethylcyclobutane E) 3,4-dimethylcyclobutane 70) What is the IUPAC name of the molecule shown? A) dimethylcyclobutane B) cyclohexane C) 1,2-dimethylcyclobutane D) 1,1-dimethylcyclobutane E) 2,2-dimethylcyclobutane 71) How many hydrogen atoms are present in the molecule shown? A) 6 B) 18 C) 14 D) 16 E) 12 72) How many hydrogens are present in.
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  1) What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown? A) isopropylamine B) propylamine C) 2-propylamine D) 1-methylethylamine E) N-methylethylamine 2) Which molecule is N,N-dimethylpropylamine? A) CH3?CH2?CH2?CH2?CH2? H2 B) C) D) E) 3) Which molecule shown is trimethylamine? A) CH3?CH2?CH2?CH2?CH2? H2 B) C) D) E) 4) Which molecule shown is N,N-dimethylethylamine? A)  CH3?CH2?CH2?CH2?CH2? H2 B) C) D) E) 5) What is the.
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19) Which product is formed by gamma emission from technetium-99? The atomic number of technetium is 43. A) Nb B) Nb C) Ru D) Tc E) Tc 20) Which product is formed by gamma emission from niobium-94? The atomic number of niobium is 41. A) Y B) Nb C) Tc D) Mo E) Zr 21) Which nuclear reaction is an example of.
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40) Which compound would have the highest boiling point? A) B) C) D) E) 41) Which compound has the highest boiling point? A) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2OH B) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3 C) CH3CH2CH2CH2OH D) CH3CH2CH2CH3 E) CH3CH2CH2OH 42) Which of the following is the most soluble in water? A) diethyl ether B) methanol C) 1-butanol D) 1-decanol E) decane 43) Which of the following is the most soluble.
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70) The simplest aromatic alcohol, recognized by its strong medicinal odor and used as a disinfectant is A) ethanol. B) glycerol. C) glycol. D) methanol. E) phenol. 71) Which compound is sometimes called carbolic acid? A) ethanol B) methanol C) glycerol D) ether E) phenol 72) Compounds with the -OH group attached to an aromatic ring are known as A) alcohols. B) alkyl halides. C).
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11) How many hydrogen atoms are contained in a molecule of cyclopentene? A) 5 B) 6 C) 8 D) 10 E) 12 12) What is the IUPAC name of the molecule shown? A) 3-methyl-6-heptene B) 5-methyl-1-heptene C) 5-ethyl-1-hexene D) 2-ethyl-5-hexene E) octene 13) What is the IUPAC name of the molecule shown? A) isopentene B) 3-methyl-1-butene C) 3-methyl-1,2-butene D) 2-methyl-3-butene E) 1,1-dimethyl-2-propene 14) What is the IUPAC name.
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  1) All of the statements about nuclear reactions are true except A) nuclear reactions involve changes in the nucleus of an atom. B) the rate of a nuclear reaction is increased by the addition of a catalyst. C) a nuclear reaction is unaffected by the chemical state of the atoms involved. D) nuclear reactions.
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29) Which of the following is a strong acid? A) HNO3 B) H3PO4 C) NH4+ D) HCO3- E) H2O 30) Which of the following is a weak acid? A) HNO3 B) H3PO4 C) NH3 D) HCl E) OH- 31) Which reaction best illustrates the behavior of the weak base H2PO4- in aqueous solution? A) H2PO4- (aq)  +  H2O (l)    HPO42- (aq)  +.
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70) Using systematic names, the structure shown could be called A) 1,2-dimethylbenzene. B) 1,3-dimethylbenzene. C) para-dimethylbenzene. D) ortho-dimethylbenzene. E) meta-dimethylbenzene. 71) The most common reactions involving aromatics are ________ reactions. A) addition B) elimination C) oxidation D) reduction E) substitution 72) All of the following are common reactions of benzene except A) bromination. B) chlorination. C) hydrogenation. D) nitration. E) sulfonation. Match the following.   A) another name for 1,2-dichlorobenzene B).
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