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4.Explain why you agree or disagree with the following propositions: a. Stabilizing population is not desirable because without more consumers, economic growth would stop. b. The world will never run out of resources because we can use technology to find substitutes and to help us reduce resource waste. 5.What do you.
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10.Section 3-5. What is the key concept for this section? Describe three ways in which scientists study ecosystems. Explain why we need much more basic data about the structure and condition of the world’s ecosystems.  Distinguish between the Holocene and Anthropocene eras. List ten planetary boundaries designated by scientists. Which.
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Recall that net primary productivity (NPP) is the rate at which producers can make the chemical energy that is stored in their tissues and that is potentially available to other organisms (consumers) in an ecosystem. In Figure 3-14, it is expressed as units of energy (kilocalories, or kcal) produced in.
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1.Do you think that you are living unsustainably?  Explain.  If so, what are the three most environmentally unsustainable components of your lifestyle?  List two ways in which you could apply each of the three principles of sustainability (Figure 1-2) and each of the three social science principles of sustainability (Figure.
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1.Core Case Study. Describe the threats to many of the world’s amphibian species (Core Case Study) and explain why we should avoid hastening the extinction of any amphibian species through our activities. 2.Section 4-1. What is the key concept for this section? Define biodiversity (biological diversity) and list and describe.
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1.Core Case Study. Summarize the authors’ vision of a more sustainable world, which could be attainable by 2065. 2.Section 1-1. What are the key concepts for this section? Define sustainability. Define environment. Distinguish among environmental science, ecology, and environmentalism. Distinguish between an organism and a species. What is an ecosystem?.
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Answer the true-false questions below for more practice with key terms and concepts from this chapter. 1.The SDLC is also known as the waterfall approach. 2.The leader of a project team is the stakeholder. 3.No changes to the system can be made during the maintenance phase. 4.The program development cycle is.
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Answer the multiple-choice questions below for more practice with key terms and concepts from this chapter. 1. Security experts paid to find security holes in a system are called a. white-hat hackers. b. gray-hat hackers. c. black-hat hackers. d. crackers. 2. An unlawful attack against computers or networks done to intimidate a government or its people.
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1.How would you explain the importance of tropical rainforests (Core Case Study) to people who think that such forests have no connections with their lives? 2.Explain why: (a) the flow of energy through the biosphere depends on the cycling of nutrients, and (b) the cycling of nutrients depends on gravity (Concept.
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10.Section 1-4. What is the key concept for this section? What is an environmentally sustainable society?  What is natural income and what does it mean to live off of natural income? Describe Tuy Sereivathana’s efforts to prevent elephants from becoming extinct in Cambodia and to reduce the country’s poverty. What.
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Answer the true-false questions below for more practice with key terms and concepts from this chapter. ___ 1. In a peer-to-peer network, each computer is considered equal. ___ 2. Once you create a homegroup, computers running any version of Windows can join it. ___ 3. It is possible to share files.
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8.Section 2-3. What are the two key concepts for this section? What is energy? Distinguish between kinetic energy and potential energy and give an example of each. What is heat (thermal energy)? Define and give two examples of electromagnetic radiation. Define and distinguish between renewable energy and nonrenewable energy. What.
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Fill in the blanks by using key terms from this chapter. 1.A(n) __________ is a collection of related information.  2.A(n)__________ is a database object where data is stored. 3.A(n)__________ makes data entry easier. 4.The simplest form of database is a single list of items, called a(n)   5.A(n) ___________is a central repository.
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4.What is a resource?  Distinguish between an inexhaustible resource and a renewable resource and give an example of each.  What is the sustainable yield of a renewable resource?  Define and give two examples of a nonrenewable or exhaustible resource.  Explain why the suggested priorities for more sustainable use of nonrenewable.
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9.Section 3-4. What is the key concept for this section? What happens to matter in an ecosystem? What is a nutrient cycle? Explain how nutrient cycles connect past, present, and future life. Describe the hydrologic, or water cycle.  Summarize the unique properties of water. What three major processes are involved.
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7.Define and distinguish between a physical change and a chemical change (chemical reaction) and give an example of each. What is a nuclear change? Define and explain the differences among natural radioactive decay, nuclear fission, and nuclear fusion. What is the law of conservation of matter and why is it.
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Answer the true-false questions below for more practice with key terms and concepts from this chapter. 1.Each database consists of a single table of information. 2.The primary key uniquely identifies a record in a table. 3.A query retrieves specific data from one or more tables. 4.In a relational database, all records.
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Answer the multiple-choice questions below for more practice with key terms and concepts from this chapter. 1. What form of synchronous online communication allows you to make phone calls over the Internet? a. E-mail b. VoIP c. A forum d. Flickr 2. What are conversations between buddies that happen in real-time and disappear when they end? a..
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Answer the multiple-choice questions below for more practice with key terms and concepts from this chapter. 1.A _____ contains the information for a single entry in a database (person, place, thing, event, or idea). a.field b.record c.table d.primary key 2.Which database object is used to display data in an easy to read and print format? a.Table b.Form c.Report d.Query 3.A database.
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Fill in the blanks using the words from the Word Bank above. 1.The traditional model for system development is the __________ 2.A(n)__________ is used to show the flow of data through a system and highlights its deficiencies.  3.A(n)__________ is a graphic view of an algorithm. 4.___________define the correct construction of commands.
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Fill in the blanks by using key terms from this chapter. 1. The term __________ means criminal activity on the Internet. 2.Using e-mail and other technologies to embarrass, threaten, or torment an adult is called________________. 3. __________ happens when someone uses your name and other information for financial gain. 4. ________.
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Answer the multiple-choice questions below for more practice with key terms and concepts from this chapter. 1.Feasibility studies take place during the _____ phase of the SDLC. a.planning b.analysis c.design d.implementation 2.Testing is an important part of the _____ phase of the SDLC. a.planning b.analysis c.design d.implementation 3.Which development system uses prototyping? a.SDLC b.JAD c.RAD d.Waterfall 4.A(n) ______ is a set of steps to solve a.
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5.Section 1-2. What is the key concept for this section? Define and give three examples of environmental degradation (natural capital degradation).  About what percentage of the earth’s natural or ecosystem services has been degraded by human activities? Define pollution.  Distinguish between point sources and nonpoint sources of pollution.  Distinguish between.
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3.Explain why scientific theories are not to be taken lightly and why people often use the term “theory” incorrectly. Explain why scientific theories and laws are the most important and most certain results of science. 4.Distinguish among tentative science (frontier science), reliable science, and unreliable science. What are four limitations of.
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1.What ecological lesson can we learn from the controlled experiment on the clearing of forest described in the Core Case Study that opened this chapter? 2.Suppose you observe that all of the fish in a pond have disappeared.  Describe how you might use the scientific process described in the Core Case.
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1.Core Case Study. What are three harmful effects resulting from the clearing and degradation of tropical rain forests? 2.Section 3-1. What are the two key concepts for this section? Define and distinguish among the atmosphere, troposphere, stratosphere, stratosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, and biosphere. What three interconnected factors sustain life on earth?.
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4.Section 4-3. What is the key concept for this section? Describe how geologic processes can affect natural selection.  How can climate change and catastrophes such as asteroid impacts affect natural selection? 5.Section 4-4. What are the two key concepts for this section? Define speciation. Distinguish between geographic isolation and reproductive.
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6.What is a chemical formula? Distinguish between organic compounds and inorganic compounds and give an example of each. Distinguish among complex carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids. What is a cell? Distinguish among a gene, a trait, and a chromosome. .
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5.Section 2-2. What are the two key concepts for this section? What is matter? Distinguish between an element and a compound and give an example of each. Distinguish among atoms, molecules, and ions and give an example of each. What is the atomic theory? Distinguish among protons, neutrons, and electrons..
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3.Define natural capital. Define natural resources and natural services, or ecosystem services, and give two examples of each. Give three examples of how we are degrading natural capital. Explain how finding solutions to environmental problems involves making trade-offs. Explain why individuals matter in dealing with the environmental problems we face..
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9.Explain how excluding the harmful environmental and health costs from the prices of goods and services affects the environmental problems we face. What is the connection between government subsidies, resource use, and environmental degradation? What are two ways to include the harmful environmental and health costs of the goods and.
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Answer the multiple-choice questions below for more practice with key terms and concepts from this chapter. 1.Computers in a peer-to-peer network belong to a ___________. a.workgroup b.domain c.personal area network d.piconet 2.Which resources are not shared by default in a homegroup? a.Pictures and videos b.Music c.Documents d.Printers 3.Which type of wireless LAN uses WiFi to transmit data? a.PAN b.MAN c.VPN d.WLAN 4.Which type of network spans.
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2.Section 2-1. What is the key concept for this section? What is science?  Describe the steps involved in the scientific process. What is data?  What is a model? Distinguish among a scientific hypothesis, scientific theory, and scientific law (law of nature). Summarize Jane Goodall’s scientific and educational achievements. What is.
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9.Define and give an example of a system. Distinguish among the inputs, flows (throughputs), and outputs of a system. Why are scientific models useful? What is feedback? What is a feedback loop? Distinguish between a positive feedback loop and a negative (corrective) feedback loop in a system, and give an.
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6.What is affluence? What is an ecological footprint?  What is a per capita ecological footprint?  Compare the total and per capita ecological footprint s of the United States and China.  Use the ecological footprint concept to explain how we are living unsustainably in terms of the estimated number of planet.
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3.Section 3-2. What is the key concept for this section? Define ecology. Define organism, population, and community and give an example of each.  Define and distinguish between an ecosystem and the biosphere. 4.Distinguish between the living and nonliving components in ecosystems and give two examples of each. What are two other.
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