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Study Resources (Business Management)

21: Summarize the positive and negative attributes of millions of acres of American lawns. Be sure to justify or include evidence for your choices. 22: In what ways might lawns be compatible with the principles of sustainable communities? 27: In 1997, the County of Los Angeles restricted the use of gasoline-powered lawn-care.
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15: Where could alternative fuel for 3 x 108 Chinese cars come from? Coal? Nuclear fission? Solar cells? Sugar cane? Research this issue, especially the Chinese coal industry and the potential to produce liquid fuel from coal. List and discuss the environmental implications. 16: Based on 300 million motor vehicles, the.
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11: Proven petroleum reserves are roughly 1100 billion barrels (see Issue 7). Compare the annual oil demand of a world population consuming at U.S. levels (the answer from Question 9-7) to the 2005 proven oil reserves of 1100 billion barrels. 12: Evaluate the impact on air pollution if that were to.
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19: Discuss MSW and e-waste from the perspective of sustainability. 20: Much of the non-point source pollution in Oregon’s Willamette River in 2000 was from the high-tech industry. How are policymakers and stakeholders addressing this problem? 21: Access the Ohio EPA report we referenced above. How can waste disposal fees account for.
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Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) 1: How many chlorines are found in hexachlorobutadiene? 2: Should women with a tendency for bone-density loss or people with periodontitis be tested for organochlorines? Why or why not? Do you think this is routinely done? 3: An ad hoc hypothesis in science is one that is made up.
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1: According to the Department of Labor, the Consumer Price Index is a measure of the representative cost of a “basket” of goods and services. It stood at 127.4 in 1990, and had reached 201 by mid-2006.[1] Therefore, by what percent had the CPI increased over that sixteen--year interval? 2: To determine.
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 4:  Discuss whether or not you agree that “holding back the sea” would be the best solution to rising sea level. What other options exist? 7:  Most proposals to reduce the impact of climate change focus on reducing emission of greenhouse gases, by (1) developing more non-polluting renewable energy sources, (2).
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6:  Let’s analyze the consequences of bringing the world’s per capita oil consumption up to U.S. levels. Using the data on U.S. oil consumption given above and a 2005 population of 293 million, calculate the U.S. per capita oil consumption in 2005 in barrels per person per year. Convert that.
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14: Is the assumption that increasing fuel economy must be achieved only through vehicle “downsizing” valid? What are other ways in which increased fuel economy can be achieved? 15: According to the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI), “CAFÉ has caused 2000 deaths and 20,000 injuries per year” because there are.
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11: Comment on the extent to which energy efficiency and conservation investments could help reduce China’s air pollution problems. 14:  Do you think U.S. automobile makers are poised to take advantage of such a new market if it were to arise? In other words, do U.S. automobile makers produce such.
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9: What are environmental and health impacts if emissions are not reduced? Who pays these costs? 10: Should people who choose to drive low-mileage vehicles with high emissions pay these costs? Justify your answer. Be sure to assess your reasoning, using critical thinking principles. 11: Domestic oil imports increased from 1975.
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Global Water Supplies: Are They Sustainable? 1: Which economic sector—agriculture, industry or municipalities, uses the most water? 2: Where is most fresh water at the earth’s surface? 3: How could climate change affect the distribution of water in Table 11-1? 4: Does our statement in #3 above violate American “free market” principles? Is.
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6: Based on the above data, what was the average concentration of cyanide, in mg/L, in the original 100,000 cubic meters of poisoned water? 7: The UN Assessment recommended, among other things, “an international system for addressing the issues of liability and compensation related to such spills and their consequences.” 10: Review.
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sustainable Energy: Is the Answer Blowing in the Wind? 1: What was the percentage increase in energy consumption from 1970–1988? 1988–2004? Is the rate of increase of U.S. energy consumption rising or falling? 2: What was the average yearly increase in energy consumption over the period 1970-2004? (Use the formula r =.
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6: Identify advantages and disadvantages to a waste-disposal charge based on weight. 7: What percentage of MSW was shipped out-of-state in 2003? This compares to 9% in 1997. 8: Calculate the average transport cost per ton that municipalities were willing to pay in 1997 to ship worthless garbage across state lines,.
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16: Do a similar Internet search for examples of water conflicts—both international and intra-national. Summarize your findings in a paragraph or two. 17: Find examples of water waste, either in the U.S., or abroad. You could focus on agriculture, industrial or domestic use. Summarize in a paragraph or two what you.
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13: Is gold mining consistent with the goals of sustainable societies? Why or why not? 15: Go to www.retroworks.com, click on “sustainable environmental ideas,” and read about Good Point Recycling and their method for producing gold wedding rings from recycled PCs. Describe their method. Do you think it is important to.
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Whacker Madness? The Proliferation of Turfgrass 1: Before continuing, contrast activities involved in “gardening”, with those involved in “lawn maintenance.” 2: Mississippi’s highway department maintains over 2,000,000 acres of roadside turf , out of a total turf area of 2.5 million acres. The state’s area is 31,000,000 acres. What % of the.
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10: Are cheap imports of consumer goods from China being subsidized by insufficient investment in environmental protection in that country? What information would you like to have in order to answer the question more fully? 11: How does this figure compare to the annual water need to preserve human health given.
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22: According to the New York Times: “Thomas Stallkamp, Chrysler’s then-president, said he doubted Americans wanted cleaner vehicles enough to pay the $50 to $200 per vehicle that he estimated it would take to reduce emissions from Chrysler’s then-current vehicles. ‘Keeping our manufacturing costs as low as possible is important.
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24: For an authoritative examination of the impact of cars, read Asphalt Nation: How the Automobile Took Over America and How We Can Take It Back by Jane Holtz Kay (1997, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA). What are Kay’s recommendations? Evaluate their practicality, and any barriers to their implementation. 25:.
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12: Author and environmental provocateur Garrett Hardin,[1] in addressing the issue of energy supply, said, “Whenever it is thought to be impossible to limit the growth of either population or desire, it is impossible to solve a shortage by increasing the supply” (emphasis his). Explain why you agree or disagree.
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12: Research the carbon cycle. Discuss the importance of limestone and fossil fuels as carbon storehouses (sinks). What responsibilities do countries that produce the preponderance of greenhouse gases have to mitigate the impact on countries like the Maldives? What assumptions did you use to answer this question? .
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1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2003 Cars 67,820 74,140 69,981 71,518 69,668 68,072 73,065 74590 Light Trucks 12,313 19,081 23,796 27,363 35,611 45,605 52,939 56302 19: Based on what you have learned, describe how personal motor vehicles could be a part of a sustainable society, citing evidence. 21: As of 2006, SUVs were classified as “light trucks,” and thus allowed to exceed emissions of cars. Among SUVs there is great variation in emissions, with.
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22: Another proven sustainable source of electricity is geothermal. Research and assess the state of geothermal development in the U.S. Assess the future potential for expanding this resource. 23: Solar photovoltaic technology employs another renewable energy source: the sun. Research the growth of the photovoltaic industry by searching the World.
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Gold Mining: Is It Sustainable? 1: Assume you were a government official in charge of economic “development.” List a few types of subsidies that you might propose to encourage mining. Why do you think governments provide subsidies to support mining? 2: Estimate the total gold production during the twentieth century. 3: What is.
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16: Taking the average annual household electricity consumption at 10,000 kWh, how many homes could theoretically be provided electricity through wind power development in the top 5 states alone? 17: According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, the U.S. consumed 3,953,000,000,000 kWh of electricity in 2004.  How does this compare.
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