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Study Resources (Business Management)

  31. What was the main function of American cities during the Jeffersonian era? A)to centralize cultural activities B)to serve as depots for international trade C)to create agricultural marketplaces D)to centralize financial activities E)to serve as places to exchange ideas and keep up with news 32. In what ways was Jefferson a powerful president? A)He successfully reformed and.
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Multiple Choice 1. Which of the following does NOT characterize the Young America movement of the 1840s and 1850s? A) territorial expansion B)an aggressive foreign policy C)economic expansion and growth D)technological progress E)appraisal of American values 2. Which of the following novels was so original in form and conception that it was considered the ideal Young.
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  31. The Brer Rabbit stories ________. A)showed how a fugitive slave could find safe haven in the underbrush B)were fantasies which enabled slaves to forget their harsh lot for a while C)were used to indoctrinate white children with the belief that slaves were no smarter than animals D)showed how a defenseless animal could overcome.
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  41. Which statement below is true of the American Colonization Society? A) African countries refused to participate in the program. B)It advocated immediate emancipation of slaves. C)It was opposed by African Americans in the North. D)Government intervention hampered its efforts. E)It was responsible for most of the emancipations prior to the Civil War. 42. Which.
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  21. In 1798, the Federalists sponsored a military buildup with the intention of ________. A)taking the French West Indies B)suppressing internal political dissent C)conquering Canada D)pacifying the Indian tribes of the Ohio Valley E)pumping federal dollars into a sagging economy 22. According to the Kentucky Resolutions, ________. A)ultimate power always remained with the federal government B)states had the.
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  11. The Lewis and Clark expedition ________. A)at last discovered the long-sought Northwest Passage B)traveled up the Missouri River to the Pacific Northwest C)explored the desert Southwest, including Pike’s Peak and the Grand Canyon D)had to fight its way through the domains of several hostile Indian tribes E)was assisted by a young Shoshone woman named.
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  11. What was the focus of the feminine subculture for many middle-class women during the nineteenth century? A)establishing that women are morally superior to men B)establishing a sense of solidarity with other women C)gaining political equality with men D)gaining economic equality with men E)competition with other women to be most virtuous 12. What was considered the.
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  21. William Lloyd Garrison’s stand on _________ led to an open break at the national convention of the American Anti-slavery Society in 1840. A)interracial marriage B)African-American rights C)religion D)temperance E)women’s rights 22. Frederick Douglass was all of the following EXCEPT ________. A)a former slave B)the founder of the black newspaper North Star C)a prominent black abolitionist D)a fiery orator, who.
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  41. Hinton R. Helper tried to convince southern yeoman farmers that ________. A)they should end planter dominance and slavery with it B)slavery increased their standard of living C)they could someday be slave owners themselves D)they should fight to maintain the institution of slavery E)they should free their slaves 42. Nonslaveholders in the South followed the leadership.
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  21. Where did most of the immigrants to the United States come from in the 1840s and 1850s? A) the Middle East B)Europe C)Africa D)Latin America E)China 22. What was the period of greatest immigration in proportion to the overall population in America? A) 1790 to 1800 B)1805 to 1815 C)1840 to 1860 D)1880 to 1890 E)1910 to 1920 23..
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  Multiple Choice 1. The term Reconstruction refers to the _______. A)period immediately following the Civil War B)attempt to rebuild the city of Atlanta C)struggle at Gettysburg D)treatment of African Americans after emancipation E)attempt to change southern ideas about slavery 2. Who was Robert Smalls? A)He was an African-American Congressman during Reconstruction. B)He was a former general from the Union.
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Multiple Choice 1. The first goal of expansionists in the United States after 1815 was to ________. A)obtain the Pacific Northwest from Great Britain B)obtain Florida from Spain C)acquire the former French colony of Louisiana D)develop the trans-Appalachian West E)eradicate the Native Americans 2. The Adams-Onís Treaty ________. A)excluded Spain from the North American continent B)reduced British influence in.
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Multiple Choice 1. In 1856, which antislavery Senator was almost beaten to death on the floor of the U.S. Senate by Representative Preston Brooks? A)Thaddeus Stevens B)John C. Calhoun C)Charles Sumner D)Zachary Taylor E)William Graham Sumner 2. When did the “irrepressible conflict” over slavery in the territories begin? A)the late 1840s B)the mid–1860s C)the early 1830s D)the late 1700s E)the late 1850s 3..
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  41. How can Jefferson’s foreign policy best be characterized? A)It allowed Madison—the next president—to return to domestic concerns. B)It seriously damaged the British economy through conflict and embargoes. C)It fostered a valuable alliance with France. D)It did more harm than good for the United States. E)It strengthened relations with Europe, despite the war. 42. What was.
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Multiple Choice 1. By 1810, one-fifth of the American population was made up of ________. A)Indians B)immigrants C)blacks D)Latinos E)Catholics 2. The large increase in the national population reflected in the 1810 census resulted mainly from ________. A) the assimilation of whole tribes of Native Americans into the general population B)natural biological increase C)a huge increase in the importation.
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  31. Why was Andrew Jackson so influential in the mid-1800s? A)He embodied the popular taste for democracy and social leveling. B)He was a charismatic and kind president, fighting for the poor and disenfranchised. C)The 1830s and 1840s represented a time in which Americans wanted to be led by a strong leader. D)He made political.
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  11. Which one of the following was NOT a southern staple by about 1820? A)cotton B)rice C)sugar D)indigo E)tobacco 12. Under the ________ system, manufacturers provided raw materials to people in their own homes and then picked up the finished products for distribution. A)finishing-off B)mass production C)piece work D)putting-out E)cottage industry 13. The great showplace for early American industrialization was ________. A)New York,.
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  11. In 1854, Stephen Douglas proposed a bill that would set up territorial governments in Kansas and Nebraska on the basis of ________. A)the Compromise of 1850 B)Free-Soil ideology C)congressional approval or disapproval of slavery D)presidential approval or disapproval of slavery E)popular sovereignty 12. What law did Stephen Douglas need to repeal in order to gain.
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  21. McCulloch v. Maryland involved questions regarding ________. A)the national bank B)internal improvements C)the role of the U.S. Congress D)the chartering of private corporations E)timber rights 22. According to the decision of Gibbons v. Ogden, which of these would regulate interstate commerce? A) the executive branch B)Congress C)the Supreme Court D)the individual states E)the judicial branch 23. The main diplomatic challenge.
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Multiple Choice 1. Which of these was used successfully in the early 1800s to increase church membership? A)overseas missionary activity B)ecumenicalism C)revivalism D)spiritualism E)marketing tactics 2. What was the Second Great Awakening? A)a wave of religious revivals B)a political movement to abolish slavery C)an early women’s rights movement D)a reform movement to educate more American children E)a creative movement that revolutionized American.
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  41. What brought most German immigrants to the United States in the 1840s and 1850s? A) They wanted to avoid European wars. B)They wanted to escape tough economic times. C)They wanted to escape catastrophic famine. D)They wanted to escape political oppression. E)They wanted to escape religious persecution. 42. Which of the following characterizes the experience.
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  41. How did the question of slavery impact the Constitutional Convention? A) It caused few real problems. B)It generally saw northerners willing to support southern concerns. C)It threatened to disrupt and destroy the work of the convention. D)It found the southern delegates eager to compromise on most significant arguments. E)It was resolved, but left.
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  11. In 1861, Lincoln declared martial law and suspended the _________ in the area between Philadelphia and Washington. A)Constitution B)writ of habeas corpus C)right to bear arms D)freedom of speech protections E)right to vote 12. The first major battle of the war, at Bull Run, resulted in ________. A)a Union victory B)a Confederate victory C)a bloody stalemate D)the capture of.
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  11. Planters who owned large plantation houses with at least fifty slaves made up about ______ percent of the white population in the South in 1860. A)1 B)75 C)25 D)40 E)90 12. Most southern whites ________. A)owned at least one slave B)were nonslaveholding yeoman farmers C)were poor people who sympathized with the slaves D)owned at least five slaves E)favored abolishing slavery 13..
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  11. The Report on Manufactures suggested ________. A)low tariffs on imported goods B)congressional taxes on industrial goods C)protective tariffs D)strict laissez faire E)a fluctuating tariff schedule 12. During Washington’s second term in office, ________. A)foreign affairs became a much more important focus B)relations with Great Britain and France improved dramatically C)Hamilton and Jefferson resolved their differences over domestic policy D)Hamilton.
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Multiple Choice 1. Members of the Federalist party ________. A)advocated states’ rights B)supported the French Revolution C)wanted Thomas Jefferson to be president D)supported a strong national government E)despised centralized economic planning 2. For many Americans, George Washington was ________. A)a symbol of the new government B)a routine, typical political leader C)not a popular leader D)a threat to proclaim himself king E)a good.
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  41. How was John Adams’s presidency made much more difficult? A) He lacked experience with government. B)Alexander Hamilton interfered and opposed him constantly. C)Jefferson refused to cooperate with a Federalist president. D)America continued to have problems with the British on the seas. E)Adams could not communicate well with Jefferson. 42. How are the Quasi-War and.
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  31. The temperance movement was like the abolition movement in ________. A)spawning Washingtonian societies B)being popular in both the North and the South C)being part of an international movement D)involving women and black activists in important roles E)being restricted largely to the North 32. Each of the following was a result of the temperance campaign of.
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  11. Andrew Jackson’s attitude toward Native Americans was that they should be ________. A)removed to areas beyond white expansion B)allowed to remain on their tribal lands C)encouraging settlement and assimilation D)treated as equals to the white man E)exterminated 12. ________ denied states the right to take Native American tribal lands. A)McCulloch v. Maryland B)southern legislatures C)Worcester v. Georgia D)Fletcher v..
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Multiple Choice 1. ________ came to symbolize the triumph of democracy in the 1820s. A)Henry Clay B)John C. Calhoun C)Daniel Webster D)Martin Van Buren E)Andrew Jackson 2. The most evident feature of democracy in America to European travelers was the ________. A)American contribution B)decline in the spirit of deference C)participation of women in government D)American election process E)equality of former slaves 3. American.
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  21. Men that were called nationalists in the early 1780s were the ________ later in the same decade. A) Whigs B)Federalists C)Antifederalists D)Tories E)Republicans 22. The three-fifths rule concerned the issue of ________. A)whether or not to count slaves as part of the population B)the number of branches in the national government C)checks and balances D)presidential power E)the number of.
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  41. What caused the New York riot of July 1863? A)a combination of racial prejudice and opposition to the draft B)a combination of fervent abolitionism and religious zeal C)a strong anti-immigrant sentiment D)economic desperation E)southern agitators who were trying to stir up trouble 42. Which identifies the main reason for Lincoln’s victory in the 1864 presidential.
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  11. Which of the following best sums up the ideals of John O’Sullivan’s concept of Manifest Destiny? A) North America was American property. B)Britain and Mexico were the natural enemies of the U.S. C)Industrialization and expansion are inextricably linked. D)The U.S. was destined to expand into North America. E)The U.S. was doomed if it.
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  31. Why did opponents criticize Hamilton’s assumption program? A)It rewarded states like Massachusetts, which had sloppy financial systems, for nonpayment of debt. B)It proposed a lengthy and unrealistic policy of repaying the original holders of the debt. C)Only the poor would profit from the program, disadvantaging the rich and creating larger economic issues. D)The.
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  11. The controversy which delayed ratification of the Articles of Confederation involved ________. A)slavery B)the disposition of western lands C)American relations with European countries D)regulating trade with British manufacturers E)boundaries between the states 12. The most important accomplishment of Congress under the Articles of Confederation was its ________. A)disposition of the Florida border problem with Spain B)passage of.
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  41. How did the Missouri Compromise impact slavery? A)It put a final time limit on the institution in the South. B)It demonstrated that the federal government didn’t care about slavery. C)It ensured that slavery would remain indefinitely. D)It put a final end to the slave trade if not the institution of slavery in the.
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  21. The Whig Party ________. A)generally supported Jackson’s presidency B)grew from a coalition of Jackson’s opponents C)refused the support of other, smaller parties D)represented political ideas unique to the American experience E)supported abolition 22. William Henry Harrison’s nickname “Tippecanoe” refers to his ________. A)support for the emancipation of African-American slaves in the South B)birthplace C)experience as a legislative logroller D)military.
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  31. What were the different stands Democrats and Whigs took on annexation and slavery in new territories? A) Democrats endorsed expansion and both free and slave states, while Whigs opposed annexation to avoid the slavery debate. B)Democrats opposed annexation to avoid the slavery debate, while Whigs endorsed expansion and both free.
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Multiple Choice 1. What caused seven states to secede from the Union before any shots had been fired? A)the Compromise of 1850 B)John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry C)the election of President Lincoln D)the Emancipation Proclamation E)Lincoln’s plans to free the slaves 2. Which of the following southern states was the first to secede from the Union? A)Kentucky B)Virginia C)Alabama D)South.
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  21. The effect of Macon’s Bill Number Two was that ________. A)Napoleon promised to rescind the Berlin and Milan decrees B)Great Britain promised to rescind the Orders in Council C)Napoleon declared war on the United States D)Madison received strong public support E)even diplomatic contact with Britain and France was severed 22. Which of these was true.
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  21. The victory at ________ gave the Union control of the Mississippi River. A)Gettysburg B)Vicksburg C)Richmond D)Shiloh E)Fredericksburg 22. Lincoln’s opponent from the Democratic Party in the presidential election of 1864 was _______. A) Jefferson Davis B)Stephen Douglas C)John Bell D)Ulysses S. Grant E)George McClellan 23. Who surrendered to the Union Army at Appomattox Courthouse in April of 1865? A)Confederate President Jefferson.
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Multiple Choice 1. The leader of the 1831 slave uprising in Southampton County, Virginia, was ________. A)Denmark Vesey B)Hinton R. Helper C)George Fitzhugh D)Daniel Webster E)Nat Turner 2. The majority of slaves worked ________. A)in industry B)as skilled tradesmen C)as house servants D)as field workers E)in restaurants, hotels, and saloons 3. What did the young children of plantation slaves do while their parents.
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  31. Why was the “civilization” of Native Americans tragic? A)Some Native Americans refused to become civilized, so they were murdered by white Americans. B)Many Native Americans tried to use civilized means like protests and boycotts to influence the U.S. government for their rights but failed. C)Few Native Americans wanted to become “civilized” because it.
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  31. In the beginning, the Civil War was a ________. A)struggle to free the slaves B)struggle to preserve the Union C)personal struggle between Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis D)struggle to preserve “King Cotton” E)struggle over control of new and future territories 32. Which statement best describes the Confederate constitution? A)It was a loose collection of ideas rather.
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  41. Most of the emotional impact of Uncle Tom’s Cabin came from what? A)its portrayal of Southerners as greedy, immoral barbarians B)its portrayal of northern abolitionists as heroic defenders of morality C)its evidence that slaves were just as evil as the slave owners D)its portrayal of slavery as a necessary evil that needed to.
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  21. Harriet Beecher Stowe published her abolitionist novel ______ in 1852, and it was enormously successful. A)Uncle Tom’s Cabin B)The Impending Crisis of the South C)Tom Sawyer D)Up from Slavery E)Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl 22. What issue brought the case of Dred Scott v. Sanford to the Supreme Court? A)A slave owner sued.
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