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Study Resources (Business Management)

  101.Consider whether the shift toward a more integrated and interdependent global economy is a good thing. Discuss the shift from the eyes of the consumer, the worker, the company, and the environmentalist.            102.Discuss what occurred in Seattle in 1999 at the meeting of the WTO and why the events were important.
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    31.Property rights refer to the legal rights over the use to which a resource is put and over the use made of any income that may be derived from that resource.      32.To facilitate international business, property rights are defined in a consistent way across countries.      33.Property rights can be violated in two.
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  21) Antimicrobial drug resistance due to the acquisition of new genes occurs in bacteria by the following mechanism(s) a) conjugation. b) conjugation and transposition. c) conjugation and transduction. d) transduction and transposition. e) conjugation, transposition, and transduction. 22) All of the following are approaches used to help reduce the incidence of antimicrobial drug resistance except … a).
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  49) Describe the mechanism of tetanus toxin in causing spastic paralysis. 50) The capsule is considered a virulence factor for many pathogens. Explain how the capsule aids the pathogen in establishing the disease process. 51) Explain how superantigens are able to cause toxic shock syndrome.     .
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    41.Cross-border business transactions have become easier for international businesses because they use a common currency.      42.A domestic business must find ways to work within the limits imposed by governmental intervention in the international trade and investment system.      43.Managing an international business is much easier than managing a domestic business.        Multiple Choice Questions  44.Since the.
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  48) Distinguish between an acute viral infection and a persistent viral infection. 49) Explain how the immune response contributes to the clinical symptoms of the common cold caused by the rhinovirus. 50) Describe how the papilloma virus is able to transform a normal cell into a cancer cell.     .
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    71.In Russia in the chaotic period following the collapse of communism, an outdated legal system, coupled with a weak police force and judicial system, allowed the Russian Mafia to demand "protection money" from business owners. Any business owner who rebelled had to face violent retribution. This violation of property rights.
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  11) How is Trypanosoma brucei gambiense, transmitted to humans? a) By a water-borne route. b) By an aerosol route. c) Through the bite of a tsetse fly. d) By direct contact. e) Through sexual contact. 12) How do trypanosomes evade host defense mechanisms to cause disease? a) By killing phagocytic cells. b) By avoiding phagocytosis through capsule production. c).
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    61._____ have/has the most to gain from reductions in agricultural tariffs and subsidies that are a part of the Doha agenda.    A. The world's developed nations   B. The world's poorer nations   C. European nations   D. The United States     62.Which of the following is NOT a consequence of the reduction in trade barriers and restrictions on FDI since 1950?    A. Firms are.
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  31) Streptococcus pyogenes is not efficiently opsonized for phagocytosis because of this component of its capsule. a) hyaluronic acid b) lipid A c) lipopolysaccharides d) teichoic acid e) Protein A 32) What directly causes the damage during an active Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection? a) A potent cytolysin that targets alveolar macrophages. b) A cell-mediated inflammatory response. c) A cytolysin that.
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  89.What is the International Monetary Fund? What is the World Bank? What is their relationship, if any, with each other?            90.What is the Uruguay Round? List the measures implemented in the Uruguay Round?            91.Explain the trends in world trade and foreign direct investment over the last half century.            92.Explain how a company competes.
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  21) Toxic shock syndrome caused by Staphylococcus aureus is mediated by an exotoxin that acts as a _____ . a) cytotoxin b) neurotoxin c) hemolysin d) superantigen e) superantibody 22) Which of these are associated with Type III secretion systems? a) Gram positive bacteria b) Gram negative bacteria c) Staphylococcus aureus d) Streptococcus pyogenes e) pathogenic fungi 23) How does the bacterial.
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  11) Azoles are a class of antifungal drugs that target ___________ biosynthesis, causing cell membrane disruption. a) sterol b) glycerol c) fatty acid d) transport protein e) folic acid 12) Metronidazole or “Flagyl” is commonly used to treat some _____________ infections. a) viral b) fungal c) protozoan d) intracellular bacterial e) ear 13) Acyclovir is a commonly used anti-herpes drug. It is.
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  44) People develop giardiasis by consuming water containing Giardia lamblia ____________. 45) _______________ are algae that produce potent neurotoxins in large blooms called red tides. 46) The life cycle form of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum that is transferred from the mosquito to a human is called a(n) _____________________. 47) The malarial.
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  48) Describe two unique targets for antimicrobial drugs in bacteria. 49) A person with an impaired immune system is given a bacteriostatic drug to treat a bacterial infection. After ending antibiotic therapy the person redevelops the same infection. Explain what may have gone wrong.     .
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  1) All of the following are examples of how virulence factors facilitate establishment of disease by a pathogen EXCEPT: a) gaining entry into the host. b) evade or overcome host defenses. c) obtain nutrients from the host. d) antibiotic resistance. e) lyse host cells for nutrients. 2) Which of these virulence factors is NOT possessed by.
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    21.A nation's legal system is usually of very little interest to international business managers, because international businesses are headquartered in different countries.      22.When law courts interpret common law, they do so with regard to tradition, precedent, and custom.      23.Judges under a civil law system have more flexibility than those under a common.
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  True / False Questions  1.The two dimensions, according to which the political systems can be assessed, collectivism-individualism and democratic-totalitarian are independent of each other.      2.It is possible to have a democratic political system that emphasizes a mix of collectivism and individualism.      3.When collectivism is emphasized, an individual's right to do something may be.
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    61.In which of the following economies would the government be most likely to take into state ownership troubled firms whose continued operation is thought to be vital to national interests?    A. Market economies   B. Laissez-faire economies   C. Liberal economies   D. Mixed economies     62.Which of the following statements about the legal systems of countries is NOT true?    A. They can affect the.
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  31) What is the intermediate host in the life cycle of Schistosoma? a) mosquito b) tick c) body louse d) freshwater snail e) cat 32) The fungus Pyrenophora tritici-repentis causes disease in wheat. Only strains of P. tritici-repentis that contain the ToxA gene are able to cause disease; other strains are avirulent. The appearance of the.
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    11.The Cold War was a war between collectivism and individualism.      12.Most modern democratic states practice representative democracy.      13.Democracy is a form of government that prohibits opposing political parties.      14.In a totalitarian country, there are safeguards to protect an individual's right to freedom of expression, opinion, and organization.      15.It is possible to have a totalitarian.
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  21) The papillomavirus infects keratinocytes that are not actively dividing. What does this virus do to gain nucleotides to support viral replication, ? a) It stimulates the cell to enter into “S-phase” of the cell cycle b) It contains genes that encodes for enzymes for nucleotide synthesis. c) It degrades the nuclear DNA.
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    41.The political systems of a country raise ethical issues that have implications for the practice of international business.      42.The political, economic, and legal environments of a country influence the attractiveness of that country as a market or investment site.        Multiple Choice Questions  43.Interdependent political, economic, and legal systems of a country make up.
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  33) Bloodletting, or the intentional draining of blood from an ill individual, was a method commonly used in the middle ages to cure disease. 34) Cephalosporins are a type of β-lactam antibiotic. 35) The use of antimicrobial drugs is directly linked to the development of antibiotic resistance. 36) For an antimicrobial drug to.
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  11) The Ebola virus is transmitted by a ____________ mechanism. a) respiratory b) zoonotic c) fecal-oral d) sexual e) mechanical 12) Viral transfer by a mechanical mechanism involves which of these? a) Direct host to host contact. b) Transfer from mother to fetus. c) An insect vector. d) Fecal-oral route of transmission. e) Blood-borne transmission. 13) By which mechanism is the yellow.
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  Essay Questions  85.With the help of an example discuss the characteristics of globalization.            86.Explain what is meant by the globalization of markets. Provide an example. What are the most global markets?            87.Discuss the concept of the globalization of production.            88.What is the World Trade Organization? What is its role in the world economy?                .
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  Essay Questions  82.Why did Karl Marx criticize capitalism? Describe how he planned to correct those shortcomings.            83.Discuss collectivism. What ideals does the philosophy support? Where did the philosophy start? How does collectivism exist in the modern world?            84.What are state-owned companies? Why do they usually perform poorly?                .
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    71.A multinational enterprise (MNE) is a firm that ____.    A. exports its products to multiple countries   B. has production units in more than two countries   C. does most of its business on the Internet   D. lists its securities on a public exchange     72.Which of these statements pertaining to cross-border FDI flows is true?    A. There was a growth of FDI between.
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    31.Globalization reduces the risks of global financial contagion.      32.Globalization critics argue that the decline in unskilled wage rates is due to the migration of low-wage manufacturing jobs offshore and a corresponding reduction in demand for unskilled workers.      33.Evidence suggests that technological change has had a bigger impact than globalization on the declining.
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  11) Botulinum toxin belongs to a group of toxins called A-B toxins. What does the term “A-B” refer to? a) Their antigen-binding properties. b) Their antibody-binding toxins. c) Their enzymatically active subunit and cell binding subunit. d) Their action on the brain. e) Their activation of  B-cells. 12) Cattle may serve as a reservoir for E.coli.
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  True / False Questions  1.The shift toward a more integrated and interdependent world economy is referred to as globalization.      2.A company does not need a large size to facilitate, and benefit from, the globalization of markets.      3.Companies hope to lower their overall cost structure or improve the quality or functionality of their product.
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  35) The female Anopheles mosquito serves as the definitive host in the life cycle of the malarial pathogen Plasmodium falciparum. 36) The classical symptoms of giardiasis occur when the protozoan enters the bloodstream of its human host. 37) The fungus Candida albicans is an opportunistic pathogen that may cause disease in.
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    21.Efficiency gains associated with containerization have caused transportation costs to fall dramatically.      22.The Internet has developed into the information backbone of the global economy.      23.Globalization of markets has resulted in greater differentiation of consumer tastes and preferences.      24.In the early 1960s, the United States was by far the world's dominant industrial power. However.
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  97.How has the foreign direct investment picture changed since the 1960s?            98.What is a multinational enterprise (MNE)? How does a mini-multinational differ from an MNE?            99.Why does China represent both opportunities and threats for established international businesses?            100.Consider the global economy of the 21st century. What important changes are taking place? What do.
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  21) Name for the infective stage of the malarial parasite in the mosquito. a) gametocyte b) sporozoite c) merozoite d) oocyst e) zygote 22) When an Anopheles mosquito feeds on a person with malaria, it ingests the ___________ form of the parasite. a) gametocyte b) sporozoite c) merozoite d) oocyst e) zygote 23) Most of the clinical symptoms observed in an individual.
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  34) Viral infections are always acute and cause extensive damage to host cells. 35) A herpes simplex I viral infection lasts a lifetime. 36) Many of the clinical symptoms associated with viral infection are caused by the host immune response. 37) Some viruses cause certain types of cancer. 38) Most cancer causing viruses are.
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  41) The mode of action for aminoglycoside antibiotics is to inhibit _____________ synthesis. 42) Tetracylines are considered to be __________-_______________ antibiotics because they show activity against a wide range of bacteria. 43) Azidothymidine (AZT) is an antiviral drug used to treat a(n) _________ infection. 44) Proteins that remove antimicrobial drug from a cell.
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  36) Many pathogenic bacteria adhere to host cells via fimbriae. 37) A toxin that is part of the cell structure and usually found in the surface elements of the cell is called an endotoxin. 38) Hemolytic uremic syndrome is caused by Staphylococcus aureus. 39) Enterotoxins produced by Staphylococcus aureus are weak superantigens. 40) Type.
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    11.The Uruguay Round, finalized in December 1993, reduced protection for patents, trademarks, and copyrights.      12."Beggar thy neighbor" retaliatory trade policies involved countries progressively lowering trade barriers against each other, which contributed to the Great Depression of the 1930s.      13.Rivers Inc., a U.S. based sports apparel manufacturer, sets up a production unit in.
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  50) A person is prescribed antibiotics for a bacterial infection. After taking the drug for a few days the person stops taking the drug. Two weeks later the person develops the same infection. This time the bacterial isolate is resistant to the antibiotic. What type of resistance, mutational or acquired.
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  93.Discuss the impact of technological change on global markets.            94.Explain the notion of the Internet emerging as an equalizer.            95.Innovations in transportation have had a major impact on global trade. Consider one of these innovations: containerization. Why is this innovation so significant?            96.Discuss the demographics of world trade since the 1960s. How has.
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  43) A substance produced by a pathogenic agent that enables it to gain entry into the host, avoid host defenses, or obtain nutrients is called a(n) __________ factor. 44) A bacterial toxin that is secreted by the cell is called a(n) _________. 45) The scientific name of a causative agent of bacterial.
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  1) The original meaning of antibiotic was … a) any compound that will kill viruses or bacteria. b) any compound that will kill microbes. c) any compound produced by a microbe that will kill another microbe. d) any compound produced by a microbe that will kill a virus. e) any compound that will only kill.
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    51.Which of the following is a feature of a democracy?    A. Exercise of absolute control by one person or political party.   B. Governance by people or elected representatives.   C. Prohibition of entry to opposing political parties.   D. Complete restriction of individual political freedom.     52.Totalitarianism:    A. refers to a political system in which government is by the people, exercised either directly or.
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    51.Which of the following is NOT an impediment that makes it difficult for firms to achieve the optimal dispersion of their productive activities to locations around the globe?    A. Reduced tariffs on imports of manufactured goods   B. Government regulations   C. Issues associated with economic and political risk   D. Barriers to foreign direct investment     52.The General Agreement on Tariffs and.
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