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70.The atmosphere of ____________________ contains acid compounds including sulfuric and hydrochloric acid. 71.The largest satellite orbiting a terrestrial planet is ____________________. 72.The terrestrial planet with the oldest surface is ____________________. 73.The terrestrial planet with the most moons is ____________________. 74.The terrestrial planet with the most effective greenhouse effect is ____________________. .

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  • 70.The atmosphere of ____________________ contains acid compounds including sulfuric and
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41.What is the order of star colors with increasing temperature?A.Red, Yellow, BlueB.Blue, Red, YellowC.Red, Blue, YellowD.Yellow, Red, BlueE.Blue, Yellow, Red 42.The energy of a photon is proportional to the light'sA.wavelength.B.speed.C.frequency.D.intensity.E.two of the above. 43.The bluer the light, the ____ each photon contains.A.more energyB.less energyC.less speedD.more speedE.none of the above 44.Each element has its.

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  • 41.What the order of star colors with increasing temperature?A.Red, Yellow,
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11.____ is the separation of material in a newly formed planet or asteroid according to density. This happens when the object becomes molten.A.AccretionB.DifferentiationC.CondensationD.OutgassingE.Sublimation 12.A newly formed planet or large asteroid becomes molten due to ______.A.the last infalling objectsB.decay of radioactive element isotopesC.Both of the aboveD.None of the above. Newly formed planets.

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  • 11.____ the separation of material in a newly formed planet
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68.300 nm light has a lower frequency than 500 nm light. 69.The largest optical telescope ever constructed was a refracting telescope. 70.X-rays easily penetrate Earth's atmosphere and reach the ground from space. 71.Light can behave as a particle or as a wave. 72.The amount of energy a photon carries depends on its wavelength. 73.Reflecting telescopes.

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  • 68.300 nm light has a lower frequency than 500 nm
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11.The ____ of a star is a measure of the total energy radiated by the star in one second.A.colorB.apparent visual magnitudeC.luminosity classD.spectral typeE.luminosity 12.The star named Sheat is of M2 II spectral type and luminosity class. Based on this information, which of the following are true? I. Sheat has a surface temperature less.

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  • 11.The ____ of a star a measure of the total
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61.Jupiter radiates less heat than it absorbs from the sun. 62.Jupiter's interior is mostly liquid helium. 63.Jupiter's intense magnetic field traps high-energy particles from the solar wind and forms a radiation belt around the planet. 64.Both Jupiter and Saturn contain liquid metallic hydrogen. 65.Jupiter's ring is composed of particles of frozen ice. 66.Saturn's belts and.

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  • 61.Jupiter radiates less heat than it absorbs from the sun. 62.Jupiter's
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41.Use the chart below to answer the following question(s). Star d (pc) Parallax (sec of arc) SpectralType d Cen 0.026 B2 IV HR 4607 0.039 G8 III HR 4758 20 G0 V HD 39801 0.005 M2 I 9 CMa 2.5 A1 V Which star in the table is the closest to Earth?A.d CenB.HR 4607C.HR 4758D.HD 39801E.9 CMa 42.Use the chart below to answer the following question(s). Star d (pc) Parallax (sec of arc) SpectralType d.

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  • 41.Use the chart below to answer the following question(s). Star d (pc) Parallax
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61.Sunspots are dark becauseA.regions of the photosphere are obscured by material in the chromosphere.B.shock waves move through the photosphere.C.the sun rotates differentially.D.the strong magnetic field inhibits the currents of hot gas rising from below.E.they radiate their energy into space faster than the rest of the photosphere. 62.The centers of granulesA.are hot.

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  • 61.Sunspots dark becauseA.regions of the photosphere obscured by material in
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1.Which of the following is NOT one of the four stages in the development of a terrestrial planet?A.floodingB.crateringC.slow surface evolutionD.fusion of hydrogen to heliumE.differentiation 2.That Earth ____ , evidence that Earth differentiated.A.rotates slowlyB.has an average density that is higher than the density of the crustC.has a no magnetic fieldD.has a surface.

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  • 1.Which of the following NOT one of the four stages
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31.We can be sure the particles in the rings of Neptune are very small becauseA.the rings are faint in forward scattered light.B.the rings are bright in forward scattered light.C.only small particles are produced in comet impacts with larger moons.D.the magnetic field of Neptune would quickly force large particles out of.

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  • 31.We can be sure the particles in the rings of
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1.What is the wavelength of the longest wavelength light that can be seen with the human eye?A.400 nmB.4000 nmC.7000 nmD.700 nmE.3 ´ 108 m 2.____ has (have) wavelengths that are longer than visible light.A.Gamma-raysB.Ultraviolet lightC.Infrared radiationD.X-raysE.a, b and d above 3.____ has (have) wavelengths that are shorter than visible light. I. Gamma-rays II. Ultraviolet light III. Infrared radiation IV. X-rays A.I.

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  • 1.What the wavelength of the longest wavelength light that can
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55.A(n) ____________________ telescope has an objective that is a lens. 56.Refracting telescopes suffer from ____________________ aberration. 57.The diagram below illustrates the layout and light path of a reflecting telescope of the ____________________ design. 58.A(n) ____________________ is used to measure the brightness and color of stars. 59.A wave on a lake is found to have.

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  • 55.A(n) ____________________ telescope has an objective that a lens. 56.Refracting telescopes
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56.The parallax of the star 75 Leo is 0.10 and its apparent visual magnitude is +5.18. The absolute visual magnitude of 75 Leo is ____________________. 57.A G2 I star is ____________________ in diameter and ____________________ luminous than the sun. 58.____________________ can be used to determine the distance to a star when the.

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  • 56.The parallax of the star 75 Leo 0.10 and its
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60.____________________ is responsible for absorbing ultraviolet radiation in Earth's upper atmosphere. 61.In the diagram below label each of the major divisions of Earth's interior. 62.____________________ waves are seismic waves that do not travel through Earth's liquid core.or 63.The separation between Africa and Arabia is a(n) ____________________ valley. 64.The ____________________ hypothesis for the formation of.

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  • 60.____________________ responsible for absorbing ultraviolet radiation in Earth's upper atmosphere. 61.In
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1.The iron in our solar system was created from smaller mass atomic nuclei in ______.A.the EarthB.our sunC.JupiterD.the Big BangE.supernovas 2.The hydrogen in our solar system was created from subatomic particles in ______.A.the EarthB.our sunC.JupiterD.the Big BangE.supernovas 3.The oldest rocks found on Earth are about ____ years old.A.14 billionB.10.5 billionC.7.0 billionD.3.9 billion 4.An extrasolar.

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  • 1.The iron in our solar system was created from smaller
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51.Much of the solar wind comes from ____ where the magnetic field does not loop back into the sun.A.prominencesB.coronal holesC.spiculesD.granulationE.auroras 52.____ about 130 km above Earth's surface near the polar regions when energy in the solar wind guided by Earth's magnetic field excites gases in the upper atmosphere.A.Coronas occurB.Flares occurC.Auroras occurD.Coronal.

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  • 51.Much of the solar wind comes from ____ where the
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47.The ____________________ planets have larger radii than the ____________________ planets. 48.The adding of material an atom at a time to create a solid grain or flake is the process of ____________________. 49.The description large somewhat dirty snowball model fits the physical structure of ____________________. 50.The diagram below shows the radioactive decay of cesium.

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  • 47.The ____________________ planets have larger radii than the ____________________ planets. 48.The
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21.If we can solve the orbital motion of an eclipsing binary, we can findA.the mass of each star.B.the diameter of each star.C.the distance to the binary.D.all of the aboveE.both a and b 22.Which of the following kinds of stars best obey the mass-luminosity relation?A.main sequence starsB.giant starsC.supergiant starsD.white dwarfsE.all of the.

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  • 21.If we can solve the orbital motion of an eclipsing
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11.____ in Saturn's rings is/are produced by the gravitational interaction of Mimas with the particles in the rings and appears as a large ____ in the rings.A.Cassini’s division; gapB.Cassini’s division; clumpC.Moons; gapD.Moons; clump 12.The fresh newly created surfaces of icy satellites of Jovian planetsA.appear dark in color with few impact craters.B.appear.

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  • 11.____ in Saturn's rings is/are produced by the gravitational interaction
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31.Segmented mirrors sag under their own weight. Their optical shape must be controlled by computer-driven thrusters under the mirrors in what is calledA.an achromatic lens.B.active optics.C.a Schmidt-Cassegrain design.D.a Newtonian design.E.interferometry. 32.The pupil of the human eye is approximately 0.8 cm in diameter when adapted to the dark. The ratio of the.

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  • 31.Segmented mirrors sag under their own weight. Their optical shape
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71.SunspotsA.are cooler than their surroundings.B.are regions where material is rising from below the photosphere.C.are the result of convection.D.produce spicules.E.are generally found near the poles of the sun during sunspot maximum. 72.The ____ is (are) the hot gases that are the moving extension of the sun's corona.A.spiculesB.prominencesC.flaresD.supergranulesE.solar wind 73.The corona of the sun.

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  • 71.SunspotsA.are cooler than their surroundings.B.are regions where material rising from
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54.The largest satellites of Jupiter are known as the ____________________ satellites. 55.Volcanism is apparent on many objects in the solar system. However, volcanic activity is known to be currently occurring only on Earth and Jupiter’s satellite____________________. 56.The one object in the solar system besides Earth suspected of currently having a liquid on.

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  • 54.The largest satellites of Jupiter known as the ____________________ satellites. 55.Volcanism
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1.Absolute zero isA.zero degrees Celsius.B.the temperature at which atoms have no remaining energy from which we can extract heat.C.the temperature at which water freezes.D.both a and cE.none of the above 2.The neutral hydrogen atom consists ofA.one proton and one neutron.B.one proton.C.one proton, one neutron, and one electron.D.one proton and one electron.E.an.

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  • 1.Absolute zero isA.zero degrees Celsius.B.the temperature at which atoms have
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