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Study Resources (Astronomy)

57.The Copernican model of the solar system has the planets orbit the sun along elliptical paths.58.Copernicus was the first to propose that Earth moved around the sun.59.A scientific model can never be exactly correct.60.Many classical Greek astronomers believed Earth could not move because they detected no parallax.61.The Ptolemaic model of.
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Question Which of the following best explains why Kepler 10b is called a "super-Earth"? It is similar composition to Earth, but is larger in radius. It has similar composition to Earth, but is more massive. It is smaller in radius than Earth. It is composed primarily of superconducting metals. Part E.
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48.____________________ made very accurate observations of the positions and movements of the planets that were later used to help develop the Rudolphine Tables. 49.The first observations of objects in the solar system that orbited neither the sun nor Earth were made by ____________________. 50.Uranus' orbital period is 84 years. How far is.
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Question Three terms in planetary science sound the same but have different meanings. The _____________ describes the path of the Sun as seen against the background stars. A solar ________________ occurs when the Moon passes across the disk of the Sun. An ______________ describes the shape of a planetary orbit about.
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101.If the Moon’s orbital plane was aligned with the celestial equator we couldA.have eclipses every month.B.never have eclipses.C.have eclipses only at solstice.D.have eclipses only at the equinoxes. 102.Earth doesn’t experience a solar eclipse every month becauseA.of unpredictable weather patterns.B.the moon always keeps its same side toward the Earth.C.the moon’s position is.
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Question Which of the following best explains the formation of the four terrestrial (inner) planets? Which of the following best explains the formation of the four terrestrial (inner) planets? a) The terrestrial planets are former moons of the Jovian (outer) planets. b) The terrestrial planets formed from the repeated collision of icy comets. c) The.
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Question Which of the following contributed to Earth being a life-supporting planet? CHOOSE ALL THAT APPLY. a)Plate tectonics actively reshapes Earth's surface. b)Earth has the thickest atmosphere in the solar system. c)Earth has never been hit by an asteroid. d)The Sun is a modest-sized star. e)Earth does not have a magnetic field.   .
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11.From 1979 to 1999 Pluto was closer to the sun thanA.Earth.B.Uranus.C.Neptune.D.Saturn.E.Jupiter 12.Arrange the following distances in order from smallest to largest. I.kilometer II.light-year III.yard IV.Astronomical unit A.I, II, III, IVB.IV, III, II, IC.III, I, IV, IID.II, I, IV, IIIE.III, I, II, IV 13.It takes light 1.3 seconds to travel from the moon to Earth and 8 minutes.
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Question What is cosmology? What is cosmogony? Know some examples for how the constellation patterns of ancient or indigenous cultures reflect their cosmology (a.k.a. “world view”). What are the differences in the way the sky looks at far northern latitudes, at mid-latitudes, near the equator and in the southern hemisphere that.
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Question orbital variations of the Earth around the Sun thought to control climate shifts between glacial (ice age) and interglacial periods. What is the period of these orbital variations? (circle best answer: (a) I day (b) 252.17 million years; (c) 2.58 million years; (d) tens of thousands to a hundred thousand.
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51.The diagram below shows three approximate locations of the sun along the western horizon. Which number indicates the location of the sun at sunset on December 21st for an observer at latitude 48? N?A.1B.2C.3D.The sun will set in the east.E.The sun will not set on December 21st at this latitude. 52.The.
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119.The constellations were created by the Greeks.120.A second magnitude star in Ursa Major is brighter than a fourth magnitude star in Orion.121.The Greek letter designation conveys information about a star's location and brightness.122.The celestial equator always passes directly overhead.123.The celestial equator always crosses the horizon at the east point and.
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11.The geometry of an ellipse is described by two numbers: the ____ which is half the longest diameter of the ellipse and the ____ which tells us the shape of the ellipse.A.radius, eccentricityB.radius, deferentC.semi major axis, deferentD.semi major axis, epicycleE.semi major axis, eccentricity 12.The semi major axis of an ellipse isA.the.
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11.The ____ of an object depends on the diameter of the object and the distance to the object.A.apparent brightnessB.apparent magnitudeC.zenithD.angular diameterE.color 12.An observer's nadir isA.the point directly opposite the observer's zenith.B.the north point on the observer's horizon.C.located at the center of Earth.D.always located near a circumpolar constellation.E.directly opposite the north celestial.
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Question Understand the two different types of plants and why the terrestrial planets are closer to the sun that the gaseous or Jovian planets. Important thoughts for each: Mercury, greatest temperature extremes and no sustained atmosphere Venus, rotates in a direction opposite to the other planets, has a very high surface.
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108.____________________ is a measure of the light energy that hits one square meter in one second. 109.The ____________________ is the point on the celestial sphere directly above an observer, regardless of where the observer is located on Earth. 110.Star A has an apparent visual magnitude of 6.3 and star B has an.
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31.Table 2-1 StarName Apparent VisualMagnitude d Dra 3.07 a Cet 2.53 r Per 3.98 Nim 8.07 a Cma -1.46 Refer to Table 2-1. Which star in the table would appear the brightest to an observer on Earth?A.a CetB.a CMaC.NimD.r PerE.d Dra 32.Table 2-1 StarName Apparent VisualMagnitude d Dra 3.07 a Cet 2.53 r Per 3.98 Nim 8.07 a Cma -1.46 Refer to Table 2-1. Based on the information in the table, what is the ratio.
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41.The greatest inaccuracy in Copernicus' model of the solar system was that the planetsA.travel in circular orbits with uniform motion.B.traveled on epicycles whose centers followed orbits around the Sun.C.traveled in elliptical orbits.D.were allowed to travel backwards in their orbits.E.the planets orbited the Sun. 42.The orbit of the planet Jupiter is ellipse.
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21.Which of the following books of tabulated predicted planet positions was not based on uniform circular motion?A.the Rudolphine Tables by KeplerB.the Prutenic Tables based on Copernicus’ modelC.the Alphonsine Tables based on Ptolemy’s observations and calculations 22.The force of gravity from one object extends to infinity never going to zero.When we say.
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Question This satellite shows several mountain glaciers in Alaska. The locations of the terminus of Hubbard Glacier are shown for two different years. According to this information, Hubbard Glacier is a. ____________ Turner Glacier is b. ________________________ a. choose: advancing retreating b. choose: flowing into Disenchantment Bay 2 km Terminus on August 1, Terminus on July 13,.
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81.During a total lunar eclipse,A.the moon must be new.B.the observer must be in the path of totality.C.the moon's color will be affected by Earth's atmosphere.D.the moon must be at about its greatest distance from Earth.E.it must be near the time of one of the equinoxes. 82.A totally eclipsed moon glows coppery.
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61.A(n) ___________ is a set of beliefs that appears to be based on scientific ideas, but which fails to obey the most basic rules of science.A.theoryB.hypothesisC.pseudoscienceD.allegoryE.scientific model 62.The point in Earth's orbit where Earth is farthest from the sun is known as A.aphelion.B.perihelion.C.precession.D.the winter solsticeE.a and d 63.______________ is the point in.
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41.If you were standing on the Earth's equator, which of the following in the sky would pass through your zenith during the entire day (24 hours)?A.The north celestial poleB.The south celestial poleC.The celestial equatorD.The nadir 42.If the Sun passes directly overhead on at least one day per year, thenA.you are within.
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1.Seen from the northern latitudes (mid-northern hemisphere), the star PolarisA.is never above the horizon during the day.B.always sets directly in the west.C.is always above the northern horizon.D.is never visible during the winter.E.is the brightest star in the sky. 2.An observer on Earth's equator would find _______ A.the celestial equator passing at.
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1.How many centimeters are there in one kilometer?A.100B.1,000C.10,000D.100,000E.1 ´ 106 2.Scientific notation is used in science becauseA.it makes it easy to write big or small numbers.B.all astronomical distances are expressed in metric units.C.it makes conversions between units easy.D.all of the above 3.The average distance from Earth to the sun isA.1 lyB.1 million.
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1.Which of the following people did NOT accept a heliocentric model for the universe?A.KeplerB.CopernicusC.TychoD.GalileoE.Newton 2.The book "De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium"A.describes how Galileo's observations and Kepler's calculations proved the Copernican theory.B.describes the construction of Galileo's telescope and his observations.C.is a dialog written to convince the general public of the merits of the.
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Question The failure to detect planets with masses like that of the Earth indicates _______ . A.) that Jovian planets are much more abundant in space than terrestrial planets B.) nothing about the existence of terrestrial planets around other stars because the techniques being used are unable to detect such planets C.) that planets.
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Question please answer both in detail/full response: 1. earth and venus are so similar in size and overall compostion that they are almost twins. why did these two planets evolve so differently? why is earth's atmospehre rich in oxygen and poor in carbon dioxide, whereas the reverse is true on venus? what.
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