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Study Resources (Art And Architechture)

  MATCHING   Match the following: a.art created for or in a single location b."the bean" c.400 stainless steel poles d.symbolizes loss and literal absence e.Public art exists to thicken the plot. f.work created or marked within natural surroundings g.stone slabs used for marking graves or for commemoration h.works that are temporary and/or made to disintegrate i.fireworks display j.Bethesda Fountain     1.land art   2.Angel of the.
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  ESSAY 1.Identify four examples of peoples who had to rely on local materials to build their shelters. Describe the materials that they used. 2.Explain why an architect must be not only an artist but also a mediator and compromiser. What are some of the variables that must be dealt with by an.
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  6.Discuss the motivation and ideas upon which Sherrie Levine's appropriation art is based. 7.Compare and contrast the visual and emotional effects engendered by Michelangelo's The Cross-Legged Captive with Louise Bourgeois' Portrait of Robert. 8.Explain why Sylvie Fleury could easily be described as a Pop artist. 9.Why is Richard Serra's Guggenheim Museum installation intended.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.a horizontal structure supported by columns consisting of cornice, frieze, and architrave b.Greek Archaic-style clothed female statue c.fortified upper part of a Greek city d.Greek goddess of wisdom and war and protector of Athens e.slight swelling in a column for illusionistic purposes f.a coffin or tomb g.Latin for eye; round window in a dome h.Altar.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.According to the Roman historian Pliny the Elder, how was glassmaking discovered? 2.List five things that can be done with molten glass. 3.List at least twelve examples of graphic design. 4.Why is Philippe Starck's Juicy Salif considered a clear example of "form over function"? 5.Web design has two key tasks. What are they?     .
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.When Thomas Hoving, former Director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, first saw a fine scene-painted ancient Greek terra cotta vase, he said "the first thought that came to mind was I was gazing not at a vase, but at a painting." This is indicative of ____. a.his great respect.
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  ESSAY 1.For thousands of years, sculpture has been created for a variety of purposes. Discuss at least five of these. 2.Explain how the lost wax process of casting works. 3.Explain why former National Gallery of Art director J. Carter Brown stated that "Among sculpture parks of the world, Storm King is King." 4.Discuss how.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Michelangelo's The Cross-Legged Captive is an example of ____ sculpture. a.additive b.bas-relief c.subtractive d.constructed e.mixed media 2.Which of the following is not an additive sculptural process? a.Modeling b.Carving c.Casting d.Constructing e.Welding 3.____ is very likely the most demanding type of sculpture because the artist must have a clear concept of the final product from the very beginning of the process. a.Casting b.Modeling c.Carving d.Relief e.Constructing 4.All but.
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  6.Compare and contrast the intaglio processes of engraving and etching. 7.Describe the process of creating a mezzotint engraving. 8.Describe the process of producing lithographic prints. 9.Describe the process by which Alex Katz's Red Coat was created. 10.Explain which of the printmaking processes is most appealing to you and why?     .
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  11.Daniel Libeskind's zigzag design for his extension of the Berlin Museum was derived mathematically from plotting the addresses of ____. a.Nazi war criminals b.World War I flying aces c.Jewish artists killed in the Holocaust d.famous German composers e.German concentration camps 12.Michelangelo's David was originally installed as a public work of art for the ____ in Florence. a.Galleria.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.List four things that influence the nature of the artist-photographer's creative product. 2.List and describe the four ways in which black-and-white films differ and a fifth way in which color films differ. 3.What is a camera obscura, and how was it used by Renaissance artists? 4.What company replaced autochrome technology with a.
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  6.Discuss Le Corbusier's Chapel of Notre-Dame-du-Haut in terms of structure and symbolism. 7.Discuss the advantages of ferroconcrete and how it has allowed the architect more freedom as a designer. 8.Concerning the field of architecture, analyze what you believe is meant by the saying "Convention gets built; innovation gets published." 9.Explain why stone is.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The ancient Greeks considered themselves to be the center of the universe or "the measure of all things," a concept known as ____. a.naturalism b.humanism c.idealism d.rationalism e.Hellenism 2.The circles, squares, patterning, and rigid wedge-shaped torsos depicted on the Dipylon Vase indicate that it is a fine example of the ____ period of Greek art. a.Archaic b.Classical c.Geometric d.Hellenistic e.Corinthian 3.Although.
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  6.Discuss the allegorical significance of Benvenuto Cellini's gold Saltcellar of Francis I. 7.Compare and contrast Melvyn Firmager's Untitled and David Ellsworth's Vessel in terms of the versatility of wood. 8.Explain how the magnificent Roman Portland Vase was created. 9.Evaluate Wolf Von Eckardt's quote that "successful designs...stand out because...they raise the human spirit and.
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  ESSAY 1.Discuss how and why the art of photography is far more than a mechanical process. 2.Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of digital photography. 3.Explain the process of producing a daguerreotype and the limitations and later refinements of this photographic medium. 4.Summarize three reasons for the lack of commercial and popular success of Matthew.
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  11.In an effort to produce an integrated look to the Parthenon, all of the following construction variations are found except that the ____. a.columns tilt inward b.top step of the platform is perfectly straight c.columns are not evenly spaced d.corner columns are wider in diameter e.shafts of the columns swell in diameter 12.The contrast of textures.
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  11.Much of ancient Egypt's art and many of its monuments were, in one way or another, linked to ____. a.the hunt and the harvest b.death or worship of the dead c.everyday life and common activities d.the gods e.mummies 12.In both the Akkadian Victory Stele of Naram Sin and the Egyptian Narmer Palette, the kings are depicted.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.the art of creating motion pictures b.photosensitive surface c.asphalt residue d.allows for a positive print image e.dedicated to advancing photography as a separate art form f.presentation of a rapid progression of images of stationary objects g.performed the first successful experiments in cinematography h.one of the first female war photojournalists i.unlimited view in all directions j.creating a film.
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  ESSAY 1.Summarize the four philosophies of the Greeks that formulated their attitude toward life. 2.Discuss the technique of creating a black-figure vase, including the three-stage firing process. How were red-figure vases produced? 3.Describe the essential features of the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders and how and when they were used. 4.Describe the Phidian style.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The advent of the camera replaced the age-old need of art to imitate nature as closely as possible, and this change, in turn, led to the development of 20th century artistic ____. a.realism b.abstraction c.Pop Art d.cartoons e.modernism 2.The word photography is derived from Greek roots that mean ____. a.the art of light b.to write with pictures c.to.
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  21.From the ancient Greeks to the colonial Americans, the ____ has been found to be a useful basis for urban design. a.square b.mall c.palace d.gridiron e.ring 22.Pierre-Charles L'Enfant's late 18th-century urban design plan for Washington, D.C., was inspired by the art and architecture of ____. a.papal Rome b.Tudor England c.New York City d.Neo-classical France e.old Vienna 23.Many cities in the Near East.
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  11.The stylized tree of life and flowers the Tabriz Arbadil carpet, like many Persian rugs, portrays the old Islamic concept of ____. a.heaven on earth b.an oasis in the desert c.paradise as a garden d.purity in simplicity e.the wonder of all living things 12.Unlike a typical chandelier, Dale Chihuly's are a different species. They ____. a.contain batteries b.contain.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.the face or front of a building b.bridge-like structure that carries water c.an extension of the arch principle in hemispherical form d.siding composed of thin, narrow boards placed in horizontal, overlapping layers e.prefabricated, cast-iron structure f.Native American circular, underground, ceremonial structure g.wedge-shaped stone block used to construct an arch h.ferroconcrete apartment houses erected for Expo.
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  ESSAY 1.Compare and contrast Ando Hiroshige's Rain Shower on Ohashi Bridge and Zhao Xiaomo's Family by the Lotus Pond in terms of their visual impact. 2.Describe the processes involved in producing a wood engraving and the range of effects that can be achieved. 3.Evaluate the following quote by printmaking author Arthur M. Hind: 4.Describe.
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  11.William Henry Fox Talbot's first "photogenic drawings" were eerie, delicate photographs of ____, produced from a ____. a.women; contact print b.plants; negative c.still-lifes; pewter plate d.flowers; camera obscura e.landscapes; copper plate 12.After the daguerreotype, the next major advance in the history of photography was the development of the ____ process, an example of which is Young.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.List five historical examples of site-specific art. 2.Describe and give the location of Robert Smithson's Spiral Jetty. 3.Explain the materials and methods that Ana Mendieta has employed to mark the presence of her body in the landscape. 4.Describe Emma Stebbins' Angel of the Waters. 5.Explain how and why the Oklahoma City Memorial, the.
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  6.Describe Antoni Gaudi's Parc Guell in Barcelona. 7.Describe the controversy surrounding Anish Kapoor's Cloud Gate. 8.What are Cow Parades? Research at least one city that has one and explain how and why it was started. 9.Explain the difference between site-specific public art and monuments. 10.Explain the symbolism of the stelae at Peter Eisenman's Berlin.
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  11.In his Apollo and Daphne (Fig. 2-72), the Italian Baroque sculptor Bernini captured the softness of flesh and the textures of hair, leaves, and bark, thereby showing us the potential of ____ as a sculptural material. a.wood b.terra cotta c.marble d.granite e.bronze 12.In recent years, artists have produced ____ sculptures by welding, riveting, and soldering. a.cast b.direct-metal c.burnished d.forged e.light 13.Referring to.
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  ESSAY 1.Using two varied examples of his work, explain how Andy Goldsworthy explores both the transitory and the timeless. 2.Describe the staggering "vital statistics" of Christo and Jeanne-Claude's The Gates, Central Park, New York City, 1979-2005. 3.Describe Transient Rainbow and explain why Cai Guo Qiang's fireworks pieces are classic examples of ephemeral art. 4.Can.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.Identify five Greek and four Roman cultural contributions that still influence us today. 2.What is Classical Art? 3.Explain the Greek use of color on sculpture. 4.What has been the fate of the Parthenon since the Age of Pericles? 5.What was the Ara Pacis, and when and why did Augustus have it constructed?     .
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.an oven for firing ceramics b.molten silica mixed with minerals c.used for lenses of optical instruments d.coated with melted powdered glass e.a hard coating formed by applying liquid to a ceramic and then firing it f.highly ornamental style of the 1890s characterized by patterns, curves, and attenuation g.high fashion h.decorated with designs that are raised.
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  6.Compare and contrast the art and architecture of the Sumerians with that of the Assyrians. 7.Contrast the art of the short-lived Amarna period with Egypt's long standing tradition of convention. 8.Describe the architectural features of the spectacular Minoan Palace at Knossos. 9.Artist Emil Nolde said, "Art is exalted above religion and race. Not.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.Provide one explanation as to why Egyptian stone figures appear simplified and blocky. 2.Why did the ancient Greeks likely value marble more for its durability than anything else? 3.In spirit and style, which of Picasso's two-dimensional works were very similar to his constructed sculpture? 4.Who do many critics consider to be the.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The working surface from which a print is made is called a ____. a.metal plate b.matrix c.ground d.palette e.screen 2.The oldest form of printmaking is ____, and most likely the first people to use it were the ancient ____. a.lithography; Romans b.engraving; Greeks c.etching; Babylonians d.woodcut; Chinese e.serigraphy; Egyptians 3.Zhao Xiaomo's Family by the Lotus Pond is a(n) ____. The areas.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.reddish brown clay used in sculpture and pottery b.a rough file used on stone c.a framework for supporting some sculptural media d.greenish-blue finish on bronze or copper due to oxidation e.preexisting objects are integrated into novel combinations f.minimalist sculptor g.styrofoam Dog Toy 4 sculptor h.sculptures project only slightly from the background i.pliable material is shaped into.
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  11.Etching is a very versatile medium. In Henri Matisse's Loulou in a Flowered Hat, he used ____ to represent the essential features of a woman. a.hazy shading b.numerous thin and thick lines c.a combination of drypoint and etching d.tight, rhythmic, flowing lines e.only a few uniformly etched lines 12.The popularity of relief printing declined with the.
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  11.____, primarily used for covering roofs of structures, acquire their strength from the fact that the sides of a triangle, once joined, cannot be forced out of shape. a.pendentives b.shingles c.balloon framing d.trusses e.clapboard 12.Originally a derisive term, ____ uses mass produced, light, easily handled cuts of wood and metal nails for the assembly of millions.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The Native American dwellings at Mesa Verde, Colorado used ____ as part of the back support for more than one hundred rectangular ____. a.forests; houses b.cliff walls; apartments c.earth flooring; kivas d.stones; huts e.adobe; temples 2.The prehistoric Stonehenge is one of the earliest examples of ____ construction, in which two stones were set vertically and.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.What is the definition of architecture? 2.How are fabric roofs held up in sports arenas? 3.List and provide an example of three functions of arches. 4.Why can rounded arches enclose only square bays, and what adjustment must be made to obtain a rectangular bay?     .
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  6.Compare and contrast the painting on the Archaic-period François Vase with that of the Classical-period Argonaut Krater. 7.Describe the Roman system of government in the Republican period and summarize why it was doomed to fail. 8.Illustrate how the areas and peoples that were conquered by Roman expansionism actually benefited from subsequent urban.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Site-specific works are distinguished from other artworks in that they are produced ____. a.as a group effort b.in or for one location c.as monumental works d.to appeal to the masses e.for vast open spaces 2.Andy Goldsworthy's Ice Star was produced using ____. a.leaves b.sticks c.his breath d.stones e.an iceberg 3.Goldsworthy's Storm King Wall snakes through fields and around trees, ____ and.
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  ESSAY 1.Explain why it is believed that cave paintings were created for prehistoric religious rituals. 2.Art historian Erwin Panofsky stated that the artistic intention of the Egyptians was "directed not toward the variable, but toward the constant, not toward the symbolization of the vital present, but toward the realization of a timeless.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.List four types of matrices used in printmaking. 2.List five types of intaglio printmaking. 3.What is the subject matter of Käthe Kollwitz's lithograph The Mothers? 4.How is it possible to produce gauffrage, or inkless intaglio prints? 5.List two reasons why printmaking is an important artistic medium.     .
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.What societal changes occurred as the Stone Age progressed from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic periods? 2.Identify four key advancements that separate historic societies from prehistoric societies. 3.Identify three aspects of Egyptian art and life that are unique to that culture. 4.What were the Fertile Crescent and the Fertile Ribbon? 5.Identify the conventional.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.transferred image b.cut into with a sharp tool c.sharp pointed cutting tool used for engraving d.rubber bladed tool used in serigraphy e.solution of sugar and water creates a nonlinear etching f.printing from a flat surface g.inkless intaglio h.curved, multi-toothed tool used in nonlinear etching i.creates photographic images on a screen covered with light-sensitive gel j.nonlinear printmaking technique     1.hatcher   2.burin   3.lift-ground   4.photo.
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  ESSAY 1.Compare and contrast the paintings of George Washington by Gilbert Stuart and Roy Lichtenstein. 2.Considering the advantages and disadvantages of each medium, do you think oil or acrylic is the better medium? 3.Discuss the cultural tensions symbolized in Roger Shimomura's Untitled painting. 4.Analyze graffiti and street art as an art form and explain.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.For the Paleolithic Hall of Bulls cave painting, artists used all of the following techniques except ____. a.drawing with chunks of raw pigment b.painting with a bronze knife blade c.spray painting with a hollowed out bone d.foreshortening to create the illusion of three-dimensional forms e.painting with fingers and sticks 2.One of the earliest and most.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.Middle Stone Age b.from the Greek for "large stone" c.first major civilization of ancient Mesopotamia d.a headstone e.represented according to a concept of perfection f.Asiatic tribe that introduced bronze weapons and the horse to Egypt g.diminishing the size of parts of an object that are farthest from the viewer h.of ancient Greece before the 8th.
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  ESSAY 1.Contrast the attitude of the ancient Greek philosophers regarding the distinction between fine art and functional objects with that of a 19th-century French philosopher. Explain why you do or do not agree with either point of view. 2.Discuss how Robert Arneson's Jackson Pollock blurs the line between craft and fine art..
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