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Study Resources (Art And Architechture)

  ESSAY 1.Describe the social and economic changes that occurred which brought about the Renaissance. 2.Compare and contrast Cimabue's Madonna Enthroned with Giotto's Madonna Enthroned. 3.Compare and contrast Donatello's David with Verrocchio's David. 4.Describe the classical design of Alberti's Palazzo Rucellai. 5.Using the Madonna of the Rocks as an example, trace the changes that occurred in.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.Why were most catacomb frescoes either quickly executed or unfinished? 2.Why have the Middle Ages sometimes also been considered to be the "Dark Ages"? 3.How did the term Gothic originate, and why was it for many years considered a term of derision? 4.Identify the various functions that the Hagia Sophia has served.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.Identify three various opinions as to when modern art began. 2.On what two levels did the "modern" painters of the 19th century object to Academic art? 3.Into what two stylistically divergent groups did the Post-Impressionists fall? 4.Who were the American Expatriates? 5.What contemporaneous events that occurred during the Napoleonic period fueled a renewed.
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  ESSAY 1.Discuss the subject matter and the use of classical compositional devices in Jacques-Louis David's The Oath of the Horatii. 2.Contrast the stylistic differences between the Rubenistes and the Poussinistes and provide an example from each camp. 3.Compare and contrast Ingres's Grande Odalisque with Sylvia Sleigh's, Philip Golub Reclining. 4.Discuss the style and popularity.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.In the central part of Africa, ____ was developed to cast small bronze sculptures as early as the 9th century. a.sand casting b.the lost wax technique c.molding d.smelting e.cold casting 2.In the bronze Altar of the Hand from Benin, which of the following is not meant to venerate the king and glorify his divine office? a.The.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.What is the Western tradition in art? 2.Identify three ways in which the Islamic religion and mosques differ from Christianity. 3.What geographical areas and cultures comprise the peoples and art of Oceania? 4.What is the subject matter of the muslin teepee lining of the Crow peoples of the Plains? Why did the.
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  11.In Spanish Colonial art, indigenous art forms were integrated with European influences. Examples of Meso-American motifs include all of the following except ____. a.the jaguar b.flower-filled jars c.leaf patterns d.the lion image e.elaborate borders 12.The Incas from Peru were engineering geniuses and built both the fortress of Machu Picchu and the ____, which was 30 feet.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The first centuries after the death of Jesus, before Emperor Constantine proclaimed religious tolerance for Christians, were known as the ____. a.Dark Ages b.Period of Persecution c.Period of Recognition d.Period of Non-Recognition e.Early Christian period 2.The ____ were a huge network of galleries and burial chambers beneath the city of Rome where Christians worshiped in.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Which of the following is not an example of globalization? a.A war around the globe finds its way into living rooms. b.New York is the center of the art world. c.One stock market affects all stock markets. d.China's air pollution flows into California. e.Cellular phones and the Internet allow for instant communication. 2.Appropriation artist Vik.
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  11.Which of the following statements concerning Diego Velázquez's painting techniques is false? a.He favored Venetian colors. b.He used highly contrasting lights and darks. c.He favored idealized, classical figures. d.He painted deep, illusionistic spaces. e.He portrayed the royal family in naturalistic attitudes. 12.For his mysterious Las Meninas, or the ____, Diego Velázquez dissolved his forms into small,.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.____ is characterized by spontaneous execution, large gestural brushstrokes, abstract or abstracted imagery, and intense color fields, all produced on large, monumental canvases. a.Impressionism b.Post-Impressionism c.Abstract Expressionism d.Fauvism e.Analytic Cubism 2.Like many of Arshile Gorky's later paintings, The Liver is the Cock's Comb is composed of unstable, organic shapes that remind us of ____. a.looming horizons b.erotic.
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  6.What was Womanhouse? Describe it and explain why it was important for women artists. 7.Describe the architectural movement known as Postmodernism and provide two examples. 8.Jackson Pollock was in psychoanalysis when he was producing his drip paintings. What influence might this have had on his art? 9.Explain how Mark Rothko's depression affected his.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.non-religious b.style characterized by processions, courtly scenes, and ornate embellishment c.a painting composed of three panels d.painting that depicts everyday people doing ordinary activities e.a design resembling a flower with four petals f.a Venus with her hand over her privates for modesty g.a style of decorative mosaic inlay h.composed of right angles i.Tintoretto j.symbolizes belief that Christ.
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  11.The most significant architectural aspect of St. Michael's at Hildesheim is its use of the ____ to define the spaces within the rest of the church, thereby paving the way for Romanesque and Gothic architecture. a.transept b.clerestory c.crossing square d.facade e.nave 12.In St. Sernin, the ceiling structure is a stone barrel vault, which was necessary for.
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  11.In Robert Rauschenberg's combine painting The Bed, he uses a(n) ____ as his canvas. a.sleeping woman b.quilt and pillow c.electric blanket d.floral curtain e.stuffed ram 12.Superrealism is firmly rooted in a long, realistic tradition in the arts but, as a recognized artistic movement of the 1970s, it is also in part a reaction against ____. a.Romanticism b.Pop Art c.20th-century.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.the illusion of depth created through parallel planes that appear to recede from the picture plane b.19th-century French ship wrecked off the coast of West Africa c.19th-century movement that sought extremes of emotion as enhanced by virtuoso brushwork and a brilliant palette d.a neoclassical, nonexperimental style promoted by the Royal French.
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  11.As evidenced in The Birth of Venus, the Medici family protégé Sandro Botticelli loved, above all else, to paint ____. a.Madonnas b.portraits c.seascapes d.mythological themes e.religious themes 12.Some of the purest examples of Renaissance Classicism are to be found in the ____ of Leon Battista Alberti. a.paintings b.books c.sculpture d.engravings e.architecture 13.Considered a true Renaissance man, ____ excelled in engineering, the natural.
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  ESSAY 1.Describe how Bernini's David illustrates the Baroque characteristics of motion, space, and time. 2.Summarize Bernini's extensive contributions to both the interior and exterior of St. Peter's. 3.Contrast the pictorial and stylistic differences found in the two canvases of Susannah and the Elders by Jacopo Tintoretto and Artemisia Gentileschi. 4.Discuss the various possible interpretations.
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  11.Alexander Archipenko's Walking Woman displays an important innovation in Cubist sculpture: the use of ____. a.flat solids in relief b.curving shapes to indicate movement c.void space as solid form d.bronze as a Cubist material e.solid form as void space 12.In Umberto Boccioni's Dynamism of a Soccer Player, we see the ____ obsession with illustrating images in.
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  6.Explain why Édouard Manet's Le Déjeuner sur l'Herbe is considered a pivotal work in the rise of the Impressionist movement and what about it was so shocking to the average Parisian. 7.Compare and contrast Titian's Venus of Urbino with Manet's Olympia. 8.Discuss how the Impressionists came to be influenced by Japanese prints.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.irregularly shaped pearl b.capacity of a material to be molded or shaped c.16th-century movement that attempted to reform the Catholic church by establishing rival religions d.an open public square or plaza e."dark manner" f.a railing held up by small posts or balusters g.18th century style characterized by lighter colors, playfulness and ornate decoration h.those Romantic.
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  ESSAY 1.Following a long tenure in Paris, the art world shifted to New York City after World War II. Discuss two major reasons why this shift took place. 2.Romare Bearden believed that African American artists should create their own art form. Explain his signature style, found in Prevalence of Ritual: Mysteries, and.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.What was modern about the "new" art of the late 18th century in France was its concept of ____. The first period of modern art to use planar recession was ____. a.color; Realism b.space; Neoclassicism c.texture; Impressionism d.line; Romanticism e.light; Expressionism 2.The Neoclassical style is characterized by all of the following except ____. a.harsh sculptural lines b.a.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.What has the phenomenon of globalization created? 2.Briefly describe the political, economic, and cultural subjugation depicted in Miguel Luciano's Plantano Pride. 3.What does the contemporary art of artists of or from the Middle East often reflect? 4.What cynical adaptation did Fang Lijun use for his painting 30th Mary? 5.Briefly discuss the anxieties experienced.
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  ESSAY 1.Using examples provided from Nigeria, Zaire, the Congo, and Mali, illustrate African art's penchant for symbolism and ornament. 2.Compare and contrast Picasso's Nude with Drapery with an Etoumba mask. 3.Discuss the subject matter and compositional elements depicted in the mural from the Mayan temple at Bonampak, discovered in 1947. 4.Explain who the Aztecs.
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  6.Discuss the symbolism in Raphael's The School of Athens and why it was appropriate for its location. 7.Explain how Titian uses color as a compositional device in his Venus of Urbino. 8.Compare and contrast Leonardo's The Last Supper with Tintoretto's The Last Supper. 9.Discuss Tintoretto's unusual painting techniques. 10.Explain how artists from the second.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The Baroque era was born in ____, at least in part as a reaction to the spread of Protestantism resulting from the ____. a.Florence; Catholic Counter-Reformation b.Rome; Reformation c.Madrid; papacy d.Flanders; rise of the middle class e.Paris; French Revolution 2.Which of the following was not a Baroque addition to St. Peter's? a.The Latin Cross plan b.The façade c.The.
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  11.Which of the following statements about Edgar Degas is not true? a.He was a superb draftsman who studied under Ingres. b.He had exhibited at the Salon before joining the Impressionists. c.He was strongly influenced by Japanese prints. d.His pictorial spatial organization was derived from Renaissance prototypes. e.He was fascinated by the new art of photography. 12.The.
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  21.The shocking realism depicted in Thomas Eakins' The Gross Clinic stems from his ____. a.training as a surgeon b.close observation of wounded soldiers in the Civil War c.commitment to Gustave Courbet's realist philosophy d.morbid psychological state e.experience working with live models and dissecting corpses 22.The Hudson River School was a group of artists who painted the.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.Identify the two most significant areas of Europe for the arts during the Renaissance. 2.Explain the differences found in the Renaissance art of Florence and Rome, of Siena, and of Venice. 3.Identify the three great masters of the High Renaissance in Italy. 4.What two things likely influenced Venetian painters of the High.
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  6.Compare and contrast the relationship between Romanesque sculpture and Romanesque manuscript illumination. 7.Compare and contrast the style of the Saint Matthew page from the Coronation Gospels with the Saint Matthew page from the Ebbo Gospels. 8.Using Chartres Cathedral as an example, explain the dramatic vistas found in a High Gothic church. 9.Describe the.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.painterly movement b.color-field painter c.a construction in which other media or found objects are attached to the canvas d.representing the likeness of human or other figures e.equestrian sculptor f.a type of 17th-century still-life g.rendering of subjects with sharp photographic precision h.draws freely from past styles of ornamentation i.canvas that extends into three-dimensional space j.Deconstructivist architect     1.shaped canvas   2.superrealism   3.Rem Koolhaas   4.combine.
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  6.Picasso said, "I'd give the whole of Italian painting for Vermeer of Delft. There's a painter who simply said what he had to say without bothering about anything else. None of these mementos of antiquity for him." Evaluate Picasso's meaning based on what you have learned about both Italian painting.
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  6.Explain why Charles Demuth belonged to a group of artists known as the "Cubo-Realists." 7.Discuss how the four versions of the Mona Lisa mirror the cultural concerns of the periods in which they were created. 8.Describe Naum Gabo's Column and the Constructivist aesthetic and theory behind it. 9.Explain the difference between Illusionistic Surrealism.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Which of the following statements does not set the Fauves apart from their 19th-century predecessors? a.They used harsh, nondescriptive color as an end in itself. b.Their subject matter centered on traditional nudes, still-lifes, and landscapes. c.They used bold linear patterning. d.Their skewed perspective and distortions were inspired by ethnographic works. e.They sought a more.
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  21.Although the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris was begun in the Early Gothic period, later modifications led to High Gothic style developments such as the ____. a.elimination of the triforium and use of flying buttresses b.use of compound piers and ribs c.use of an alternate support system d.elimination of sculptured tympanums e.use of tribune galleries.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.child born of the union of a European and a Meso-American b.a snakelike earthwork form in Ohio c.a prayer leader in a mosque d.the chief Hindu god e.a Buddhist state of perfect blessedness f.a hollow ceramic figure placed at ancient Japanese burial plots g.a design or stamp placed on a document as a sign.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.praying figures b.a gateway building leading to an open court c.a passageway that extends behind the choir and apse and into the chapels d.resembles intricate textiles e.the church crossing square serves as the basis for determining the overall building dimensions f.an apse-shaped chapel which often radiates from the ambulatory g.the arrangement of windows and.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.Dalí's Surrealism b.an independent exhibition of experimental art held in the autumn of 1905 c.an emotional impact achieved through agitated brushwork, intense coloration, and violent, hallucinatory imagery d."the blue rider" e.Picasso's first major artistic phase f.emphasized constructing rather than disintegrating form g.credo of the Futurists h.outgrowth of Cubist collage in which artists try to use.
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  11.Anselm Keifer's paintings and monumental sculpture all reflect the heavy weight of his consciousness as a ____. a.Russian b.neo-Nazi c.Dutchman d.German e.socialist 12.Swiss artist Pipilotti Rist was the first artist to adapt a ____ aesthetic and her most common subject is ____. a.classical; the reclining Venus b.post-modern; change c.graffiti; urban violence d.rapper; materialism e.music-video; her own nude body 13.Designed by architect ____,.
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  ESSAY 1.Explain how Takashi Murakami and Jeff Koons' works often aim to reconcile "high art" and "low culture." Also, make a case as to whether or not they should be considered Pop artists. 2.Describe the link between globalization and what is known as the postcolonial condition. 3.Mexican artist Enrique Chagoya states, "My artwork.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.mixing of traditions of different cultures to create new blends and connections b.Japan's Andy Warhol c.overly sentimental work considered tasteless decoration d.female Muslim garment worn for modesty e.young British artists f.Latin for emptiness g.Bram Stoker's Chair II h."an incredibly empty canvas for innovation" i.futuristic "vehicle" j.Designed the Chicago Spire 1.burqa 2.Mariko Mori's Wave UFO 3.Takashi Murakami 4.vanitas 5.hybridity 6.Santiago Calatrava 7.kitsch 8."yBa" 9.China 10.Sam Taylor-Wood     .
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  21.Nicolas Poussin's Rape of the Sabine Women utilizes a(n) ____, thereby borrowing a Renaissance technique for structuring a balanced composition. a.theatrical presentation of his subjects b.intersection of diagonals c.exaggerated chiaroscuro d.compositional triangle e.energetic motion 22.King Louis XIV's Palace at Versailles was originally the site of his ____. a.summer house b.birthplace c.mistress's hideaway d.winter retreat e.hunting lodge 23.In the Palace at Versailles, all.
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  ESSAY 1.Discuss how modern artists, beginning with Gustave Courbet, managed to persist despite hostile criticism from the art establishment. 2.Discuss the two seemingly different influences of Paul Cézanne and African ethnographic art found in Pablo Picasso's Rose Period painting known as Les Demoiselles d'Avignon. 3.Explain the subject matter of Guernica and how Picasso.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.What are the five major characteristics of Baroque art? 2.How did the irregularity of styles of the Baroque period manifest itself in Spain and Flanders, the Netherlands, and France and England? 3.How did Louis XIV guarantee adherence to Classicism? 4.Why was Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun's painting of Marie Antoinette and Her Children not exhibited.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.Identify five artistic influences that converged in New York City in the 20th century to produce an artistic melting pot that inspired the Abstract Expressionist movement. 2.Where and when did Pop art originate, who was one of its first creators, and what artist influenced him? 3.Briefly explain why Michael Graves' Humana.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The word ____ is derived from the French and means rebirth. a.Mannerism b.Renaissance c.Baroque d.Archaic e.Resurrection 2.During the Renaissance period, there was a revival of all of the following except ____. a.Classical themes in art and literature b.realism and naturalism c.spirituality and otherworldliness d.the Greek philosophy of humanism e.delight in beauty for its own sake 3.The realism, symbolism, and complicated imagery.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.Explain how the Fauves got their name. 2.Identify the three artistic movements of the early 20th century that are termed Expressionistic. 3.What type of art was prevalent in America prior to the First World War? 4.What did the Dadaists declare about art? 5.What event drove major refugee artists to the United States, thereby.
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  ESSAY 1.Discuss the two phenomena that reflect the medieval obsession with salvation in the afterlife and how this affected church construction in the Romanesque period. 2.Using the church of St. Sernin as an example, identify and discuss the five major interior areas of a Latin plan church and the two Romanesque additions.
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  6.Discuss the genesis of the Buddhist religion and of Buddha images. 7.Describe the intricate elements of the Hindu Kandariya Mahadeva Temple at Khajuraho. 8.Compare and contrast Li K'an's Bamboo and Hasegawa Tohaku's Pine Wood. 9.Discuss how and why many Western artists of the 19th century were influenced by the art of the East. 10.Explain.
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