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  56. Who painted The Madonna of the Rocks? 57. What term embodied the Renaissance idea of god-given talent and intellect? 58. Did High Renaissance artists treat figures more as individuals or types? 59. Which institution’s patronage attracted artists to Rome? 60. Which Renaissance artist was a master of visual arts, architecture, and poetry?   .
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  21. __________ sought to shock the public and destroy the structures of language. A)T.S. Eliot B)Tristan Tzara C)Alfred Stieglitz D)William Butler Yeats E)Langston Hughes 22. The character ‚Jesse B. Simple? is an invention of the poet __________. A)James Baldwin B)Carl Sandburg C)Langston Hughes D)T.S. Eliot E)Ezra Pound 23. The technique that was famously employed in the films of Sergei Eisenstein is called.
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  41. Crime and gangster films became popular in Hollywood during the __________. 42. The author of the poem ‚The Negro Speaks of Rivers? is __________. 43. Fritz Lang’s most important film, called __________, depicts life in the twenty-first century.  44. The early work of William Butler __________ was influenced by Irish myth. 45..
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  46. Some Romantic artists tended toward the Gothic. 47. Fragmentation is characteristic of Romanticism. 48. Balzac can be seen as a forerunner to realism in literature. 49. The cycle of love poems called ‚Black Venus? was written by Edgar Allan Poe. 50. Songs of Innocence and of Experience is an important Romantic work by.
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  41. Parmigianino’s Madonna with the Long Neck exemplifies the Mannerist quality of __________. 42. Bramante’s __________ (‚little temple?) exemplifies High Renaissance style in architecture. 43. The focal point of the __________ is the dome of St. Peter’s. 44. The Lescot wing of the Louvre Palace is an example of __________ architecture. 45..
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  11.  The architect best known for his Falling Water (Kaufmann House) is __________. A)Walter Gropius B)Cass Gilbert C)Adolph Meyer D)Frank Lloyd Wright E)Louis Sullivan 12. The __________ represents a conscious attempt to integrate all the arts into a unified statement. A)Society of Independent Artists B)Harlem Renaissance C)Bauhaus D)National Academy of Design E)modern art school 13. Architectural exteriors completely devoid of ornamentation were.
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  31. __________ was the standard type of harmony in musical compositions prior to the late nineteenth century. 32. The treatment of space by Cubist painters is sometimes understood in relationship to the Theory of __________ in physics. 33. Early photographers in Paris spent much of their time making studies of nudes for.
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1. Writers who culled thought from great books and translated it into more accessible terms are called __________. A) academics B)humanitarians C)aristocrats D)philosophes E)philologists 2. The work of __________ is an example of Pre-Romantic style. A)Locke B)Burke C)Goethe D)Kant E)Fragonard 3. The political philosophy of __________ was particularly attractive to the new middle class. A) Marxism B)socialism C)liberalism D)communism E)colonialism 4. Works of art.
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  11. Decorative and delicately superficial __________ painting was the art of the waning aristocracy. A) baroque B)neoclassical C)rococo D)classical E)ancient 12. Many of the paintings of __________ were made into prints and sold to the public. A)Thomas Gainsborough B)Jean-Baptise Ciméon Chardin C)William Hogarth D)Jean-Honoré Fragonard E)François Boucher 13. Jacques-Louis David’s work is __________. A)classical B)neoclassical C)rococo D)neo-baroque E)romantic 14. Laugier believed architects should turn to the __________.
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  56. Who was the first Englishwoman to earn a living by writing? 57. Was St. Theresa associated with the Reformation or the Counter-Reformation? 58. Which important instrument replaced the viol during the baroque era? 59. What institution helped cement the rules of baroque-era dance? 60. Who were the patrons of landscape painting?   .
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  11. Skyscrapers could not be built until __________ could be designed. A)parking garages B)mass transportation C)security systems D)elevators E)fire alarms 12. The ‚father? of the modern skyscraper is __________. A)Frank Lloyd Wright B)Louis Sullivan C)Hector Guimard D)Victor Horta E)Antoni Gaudi 13. Kate Chopin is an example of a(n) __________ novelist. A)expressionist B)classical C)realist D)aestheticist E)symbolist 14. George Bernard Shaw famously opposed __________. A)realism B)art for art’s sake C)expressionism D)futurism E)cubism 15. Symbolist.
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  56. What innovative building was built in London for the 1851 Great Exhibition? 57. What is the name of Percy Bysshe Shelley’s famous poem about a ‚Destroyer and Preserver?? 58. Which well-known poem brought Edgar Allan Poe into the spotlight? 59. What did middle class morality emphasize? 60. What did Karl Marx and Friedrich.
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  31. The __________ proposed that Mary remained a virgin despite giving birth to Christ. 32. __________ strives for harmony, order, reason, intellect, objectivity, and formal discipline. 33. Most of the people in the Ottoman Empire remained Jewish or __________. 34. Michelangelo painted the ceiling of the __________. 35. The basis of the composition.
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  46. In France the absolutist state and the church worked in harmony. 47. Baroque music is noted for its melodic simplicity. 48. Baroque sculpture epitomizes self-containment. 49. Jan Vermeer is known for his flower paintings. 50. Rembrandt expressed the values of a small aristocracy. 51. The human figure dominates the landscape in all Baroque painting. 52..
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  21. __________ is the musician who developed bebop. A)Thelonius Monk B)John Coltrane C)Cecil Taylor D)Charlie ‚Bird? Parker E)Louis Armstrong 22. ‚Fusion? is characterized by __________. A)a combination of classical and jazz elements B)an interest in opera C)a combination of rock and jazz elements D)the near total absence of percussion E)complex form and surprising harmony 23. Postmodernist writers tend to view language as.
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  41. London was the center of music __________, distributing sheet music to an unprecedented audience of musicians. 42. The dominant force in English sacred music was the Chapel __________. 43. The English composer Thomas Morley played an important role in importing and adapting the Italian __________. 44. Erasmus’ The Praise of Folly is.
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  11. Architecture that stretches engineering to the limits of building materials is called __________ architecture. A)expansive B)postmodern C)spansion D)vernacular E)limit 12. Postmodern architecture focuses on meaning and symbolism, and embraces __________. A) function B)history C)unity D)traditionalism E)universalism 13. The work of __________ required an advanced aerospace computer in order to be built.  A) Ricardo Bofill B)Frank Gehry C)Le Corbusier D)Frank Lloyd Wright E)Raymond Hood 14..
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1. A mode of inquiry that reaches conclusions by moving from the general to the specific is called __________. A)induction B)abduction C)argument D)deduction E)logic 2. The work of __________ is baroque in style. A)Alberti B)Michelangelo C)Palladio D)Fragonard E)Bernini 3. __________ is a government with power vested in the hands of an absolute monarch. A)Communism B)Aristocracy C)Liberalism D)Absolutism E)Monarchy 4. The mid-sixteenth century movement for reform in the Roman.
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  21. The monarch __________ embodied the baroque age. A)Charles II B)James IV C)George III D)Louis XIV E)Bernard II 22. One of the principle developments of baroque theatre was French __________. A)anticlassicism B)court masque C)comedy D)neoclassicism E)romanticism 23. The ‚court masque? was developed in __________. A)France B)Italy C)England D)Greece E)Netherlands 24.. The __________ was invented during the baroque period. A)novel B)opera C)sonata D)symphony E)monody 25. Antonio Vivaldi is known as a master of __________. A)opera B)restoration comedy C)sonata D)concerto E)program.
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  21. The rise of the __________ was an important component of dance during this period. A) danseur B)corps de ballet C)ballerina D)danseuse E)waltz 22. Ballet d’action emphasized __________. A)set design B)musical accompaniment C)drama D)display E)realism 23. The rococo style in literature produced much __________. A)poetry B)satire C)realism D)classicism E)comedy 24.. __________ was a slave, possibly of Fulani origin, who wrote poems in a neoclassical style. A).
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  21. Christopher Marlow’s best-known play is __________. A)Othello B)Tamburlaine the Great C)The Tempest D)Julius Caesar E)Doctor Faustus 22. The __________ courts were particularly influential for their patronage of music. A)Netherlandish B)Italian C)French D)Flemish E) English 23. The __________ helped spread music and identify composers as individuals. A)court B)church C)aristocracy D)guild E)printing press 24.. The most important musical contribution of the Reformation was the __________. A)chorale B)opera C)sonata D)symphony E)monody 25. The Church of.
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  46. Luther’s An Appeal to the German Nation argued that papal taxes, although not mentioned in the Bible, were necessary. 47. John Calvin believed salvation came through an appeal to saints and the Virgin Mary. 48. Disagreement over transubstantiation was one of the causes of the Reformation. 49. Calvinists saw themselves as.
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  57. What phrase did the art critic Harold Rosenberg use to refer to the history of modernism?  58. What was Ezra Pound’s advice to young modern artists? 59. What was the purpose of Surrealist ‚automatic writing?? 60. Which two disciplines and approaches to design did the Bauhaus combine? 61. What was the favorite.
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  41. Richard Wagner drew heavily on __________ mythology. 42. Fillipo Taglioni’s The Revolt in the Harem is probably the first ballet about the emancipation of __________. 43. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s poem, called ‚__________,? established the legend of Paul Revere in American culture. 44. Walt Whitman’s use of long __________ lines was a.
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  21. Mr. Zero is a character in Elmer Rice’s play entitled __________. A)The Bank B)Man and the Masses C)The Ghost Sonata D)The Adding Machine E)The Hairy Ape 22. ‚The emancipation of dissonance? was the concept of __________. A)Arnold Schoenberg B)Igor Stravinsky C)Richard Wagner D)Maurice Ravel E)Georges Bizet 23. The choreographer whose direction of Stravinsky’s Rite of Spring caused a riot was __________. A)Sergei.
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  11. John Locke believed that the each person is born __________. A)corrupt B)sinful C)blank D)rational E) artistic 12. The __________ style exalted intuition, inspiration, and the genius of human creativity. A) neoclassical B)rococo C)traditional D)baroque E)Renaissance 13. The work of the Roman baroque painter __________ turned away from idealized religious scenes in favor of mundane scenes. A)El Greco B)Velázquez C)Caravaggio D)Rubens E)Ruysch 14. The Spanish baroque.
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1. The use of atmosphere to create a sense of deep space is called __________. A)linear perspective B)ambient perspective C)spatiality D)general perspective E)atmospheric perspective 2. The establishment of Protestant sects within the Christian Church is called the __________. A)Copernican Revolution B)Council of Trent C)Reformation D)Counter-Reformation E)Wittenberg Revolt 3. Two images hinged together are called a __________. A)double-vision B)diptych C)triptych D)relief E)panel 4. German secular songs are referred to.
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  11. Rosa Bonheur is known for her paintings of __________. A)stormy seas B)animals C)peasants D)urban life E)political events 12. The most famous example of Romantic architecture is the __________. A)Crystal Palace B)Eiffel Tower C)Royal Pavillion D)White House E)Houses of Parliament 13. In a __________ play, each character tends to be either all good or all evil. A)tragic B)classical C)comedic D)melodramatic E)Romantic 14. Chopin’s compositions embrace __________. A)standard form B)heroic drama C)grand.
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1. Existentialism emphasizes __________. A)practicality B)social progress C)pleasure D)individual meaning E)anti-colonialism 2. Albert Camus used the Greek myth of __________ to suggest humanity’s endless struggle for meaning and purpose. A)Medusa B)Hercules C)Sisyphus D)Athena E)Achilles 3. The reduction of natural images into shapes is a type of __________. A)idealism B)naturalism C)classicism D)abstraction E)impressionism 4. Modernist painting rejected __________, among other things. A)narrative content B)nude figures C)preparatory sketches D)religious connotations E)political goals 5. The idea that.
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  41. Among other ways, __________ expanded the classical symphonic form by incorporating greater emotion. 42. The ballets of Georges __________ exemplified ‚psychological realism.? 43. Alexander Pope used __________ to criticize society. 44. A Vindication of the Rights of Women was written by __________. 45. In eighteen century literature, drama declined and the __________.
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  31. Postwar decolonization began in the late __________. 32. Postmodernism grew out of modernism, beginning roughly around the year __________. 33. Absolute freedom and individuality were assumptions of __________ painters in the postwar period. 34. Alexander Calder’s __________ put abstract sculpture into motion. 35. The __________ in Paris has no fixed interior walls.
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  31. The __________ method is an example of induction, not deduction. 32. The work of __________ proposed three new laws of planetary motion. 33. The absolute monarch ruled by __________ right. 34. Between 1600 and __________ most European artists used the baroque style. 35. Rather than using atmospheric perspective, in Landscape with the Burial.
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  31. Faith in reason and __________ informed much eighteenth century thought. 32. Scholars called the ‚moderns? argued that recent works were superior to __________ ones. 33. ‚Man was born free, and everywhere he is in chains? is the opening line of a work by JeanJacques __________. 34. Kant defined the __________ as.
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  46. The international socialist movement supported the German Reich. 47. Art Nouveau rejected all aspects of modernity. 48. Dostoyevski’s Crime and Punishment suggests morality and respectability are the same. 49. Emile Zola, a typical naturalist, believed that human nature was completely determined by heredity. 50. Kate Chopin’s novel The Waves is an example.
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  46. Pamphlets and essays were particularly important ways to express democratic ideas. 47. Mary Wollstonecraft argued that women were naturally submissive. 48. Some scholars suggest neoclassicism is a sub-category of Romanticism. 49. Jean-Jacques Rousseau placed emphasis on reason over emotion, rationality over sympathy. 50. Enlightenment society emphasized charm, manners, and finesse. 51. Neoclassicism was.
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  46. Le Corbusier stated that a house is ‚a machine to be lived in.? 47. Frank Lloyd Wright’s ‚prairie style? emphasized the values of rural community life. 48. For existentialists, freedom lies in human consciousness and the human struggle to give meaning to otherwise meaningless events. 49. All abstract art is non-representational. 50..
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  11. Christopher Marlowe’s Tamburlaine the Great established __________ as the convention of later Elizabethan and Jacobean playwrights. A)iambic pentameter B)free verse C)blank verse D)comedic styling E)large spectacles  12. ‚Here I stand—I cannot do otherwise,? are the well-known words of Martin __________ before his inquisition. A)Zwingli B)Calvin C)Copernicus D)Luther E) Huss 13. Ulrich Zwingli condemned pilgrimages, fasts, papal supremacy and __________. A)masses B)baptism C)catechism D)transubstantiation E)church.
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  31. __________ erased the line between literature and journalism, producing works that tersely represent simple acts, employ sparse dialogue, and understate emotion. 32. Following in the tradition of Copland and Gershwin, __________ blended popular and ‚serious? styles in his celebrated West Side Story. 33. The composer __________ employed elements of Eastern European.
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  31. Hieronymus __________ did not follow the developments of Italy. 32. The medium of __________ paint helped Flemish painters achieve a new naturalism. 33. Unlike the other Protestant reformers, __________ saw music as an essential part of worship. 34. The interludes of dancing in ‚dinner ballets? are called __________. 35. Copernicus argued.
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  41. Berthe Morisot was an original member of the __________. 42. Art Nouveau grew out of the English __________ Movement. 43. The work of Arthur Schoenberg grew out of German __________. 44. Fillipo __________ coined the term ‚futurism? in his manifesto expressing the goals of the movement. 45. Robert __________ created The Cabinet of.
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  1. Abstract expressionism emphasizes __________. A)political engagement B)traditional content C)subjective emotions D)careful planning E)recognizable imagery 2. __________ is the idea that beliefs must be judged within their own social context . A)Quantum mechanics B)Pluralism C)Ethnocentrism D)Cultural relativism E)Primitivism 3. Color-field painting is associated with the artist __________. A)Mark Rothko B)Jackson Pollock C)Willem de Kooning D)Barnett Newman E)David Smith 4. __________ used everyday objects as models for his sculpture. A)David.
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  41. The novel __________, by Miguel Cervantes, is a parody of chivalric romances. 42. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke believed government should be founded on a social __________. 43. The Death of the Virgin, by __________, was rejected by the parish of Santa Maria del Popolo. 44. The studio of Peter Paul.
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  21. __________ wrote historical plays and was one of the first African-American playwrights to contribute to mainstream theatre. A)Anna Hyers B)J.A. Arneaux C)Emma Hyers D)Langston Hughes E)William Edgar Easton 22. Melodrama combined theatre and __________. A)dance B)painting C)poetry D)sculpture E)music 23. A composition for solo voice with piano accompaniment and poetic text is called a __________. A)prelude B)nocturne C)impromptu D)Lied E)bel canto 24.. The operas of Jacques Offenbach.
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1. In general, Romanticism emphasizes __________. A)academic training B)classical models C)aristocratic self-cultivation D)individual emotion E)truth to life 2. Musical works built around a non-musical story are called __________. A)narrative music B)choral music C)program music D)Lieder E)nocturnes 3. The political philosophy of __________ was particularly attractive to the new middle class. A)Marxism B)socialism C)liberalism D)communism E)colonialism 4. __________ allowed workers to promote their own interests in the economic realm. A)Committees B)Elections C)Parties D)Newspapers.
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1. Realism emphasizes __________. A)subjective impressions B)mythological content C)academic training D)individual expression E)truth to life 2. __________ believed symbols and dreams were key to understanding a person. A)Friedrich Nietzsche B)Henry Tanner C)Emile Durkheim D)Sigmund Freud E)Niels Bohr 3. The first well-known African-American painter was __________. A)Thomas Eakins B)William Holman Hunt C)Henry O. Tanner D)Edouard Manet E)Daniel Hudson Burnham 4. The ‚Decadents? celebrated __________. A)industrial life B)medieval life C)art for art’s sake D)technological.
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  31. The work of Géricault frequently emphasizes human struggles against the forces of __________. 32. British and French philosophers in the nineteenth century developed the theories of materialism and __________. 33. Hegel believed that __________ art ‚reaches the highest level that sensuous, imaginative material can correctly express.? 34. The emergent middle-class favored a.
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  46. High Renaissance paintings are usually composed along the lines of a geometric shape. 47. Michelangelo was a religious skeptic. 48. Leonardo’s paintings show a concern with closely observed nature, consistent with his interest in science. 49. Mannerism can be seen as anti-classical. 50. Classicism aims to depict ‚real life.? 51. The Ottoman Empire defeated.
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