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  19.Medieval structures employed a system of which of the following in order to keep vertical walls from buckling outward? a.Vaults b.Pendentives c.Keystones d.Buttresses 20.Which of the following is not a correct description of a system utilizing a framework to support the building with walls attached to the frame, forming an exterior skin?                a. Monolithic b.Skeleton.
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    1.Edward Bernays coined the word "spin" in public relations.   2.Public information is the most widely used term by social service agencies to describe public relations.   3.Planning is the bridge between research and communication in public relations.   4.A flack is an endearing term for a public relations practitioner that describes a hardworking, entrepreneurial.
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  15-1.1  This newspaper was one of the largest and most influential national black-published newspapers in history. It led the way for many other black publishers during the Jim Crow and civil rights eras. a.Chicago Defender b.Freedom’s Journal c.Northern Star d.Provincial Freeman 15-1.2 Press  _________________________ was the first black woman to edit a newspaper. a.Elizabeth Cady Stanton b.Pauline Frederick c.Mary Ann Shadd.
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  16.What is the term for a play structured in a way such that it rises to a peak and falls to a conclusion? a.Foreshadowed b.Pyramidal c.Episodic d.Causal 17.The dynamics of a play rise in a straight line to the conclusion. a.True b.False 18.The central personage of a play is called the protagonist. a.True b.False 19.The single basic motivation for an actor’s.
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  16-3Completion (fill-in-the-blank) Questions 16-3.1 While contracted professionals function in a way similar to wage earners, they typically do not receive neither company paid _________________________and ___________ funds. 16-3.2 Freelance professionals are _________________ contractors who work on a ____________ project and then move on to the next one when each project is ________________. 16-3.3 contract; companyUnlike with salaried.
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9.Which of the following is not a structural system? a.Post-and-lintel b.Cantilever c.Arch d.Suspension 10.Which of the following is a structural system that consists of horizontal beams and vertical supports? a.Post-and-lintel b.Cantilever c.Arch d.Suspension 11.Which of the following is a structural system that defines space by transferring stress outward to its legs? a.Post-and-lintel b.Cantilever c.Arch d.Suspension 12.Which of the following is a structural system in which.
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  14-2.1 Democratic States   Historians generally consider the period between the mid18th century and today to be the “age of democracies”. 14-2.2 Democratic States   A participatory democracy is a system that permits and encourages a greater number of people to participate in the larger political process. 14-2.3 Media Systems   The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is an example of an.
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  16-4.1 Employment   16-4.2 Briefly list the four steps needed to construct a successful portfolio.   16-4.3 How has media convergence impacted employment offerings?   16-4.4 What are the three types of employment currently open to those working in the new digital media industry? 16-4.5 Name three major guilds benefitting contract workers in the digital media industry..
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  13-5.1 Challenges of New Journalism“New Journalism” and the 24/7 news cycle are playing havoc with what journalists have traditionally called ethics. List at least four areas of ethics that practically all “codes of ethics” produced by journalism professional organizations disseminate and discuss why we need to take a second look at them. 13-5.2 Mediated.
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  16-1.12 According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 19 percent of all advertising firms in the United States in 2010 were geographically centered in what two states? a.California and New York b.Massachusetts and New York c.New Jersey and New York d.California and Florida 16-1.13 The branch of the PR industry that focuses its services on Congressional.
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1. Essentially a publicity release touting the Pharaoh's accomplishments, this provided the key to modern understanding about ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics. A)Stories of the Acropolis B)the Crusades C)stone tablets D)the Rosetta Stone   2. The word "propaganda" dates back to   A) the Crusades. B)the Republic of Venice. C)the American Revolution. D)Pope Gregory XV in the seventeenth century.   3. Which is NOT.
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6.In theatre, types of plays such as tragedies and comedies are called which of the following? a.Conventions b.Genres c.Dynamics d.None of the above 7.The characteristics of tragedy have not changed from the 5th century B.C.E to modern times. a.True b.False 8.In his Poetics, Aristotle described in great detail the characteristics of which of the following? a.Melodrama b.Comedy c.Farce d.Tragedy 9.What is the most.
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  16-5.1 What is Guild or Association? What are the two principle roles guilds provide? Provide an example of one guild covered in Communication Models: How Do Mass Media Communicate Their Messages?   16-5.2 Both the basic technology and the practice of photography are dramatically different today when contrasted against in the history of the medium.
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  14-4.7 What is the basic distinction between the concepts Digital Divide and Digital Divide 2.0? Global Community Through Media Technology 14-4.8 Describe three of the reasons listed in Chapter 14 why  terrorist groups use the Internet as their core Conflict in the Global Village 14-4.9 What is cultural imperialism? What is an example of how  this term.
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  16-2 True/False QuestionsProduction companies today hire _______ personnel for each project—many of them freelancers—and retain only small management and support staffs between projects. a.fewer b.more c.contract d.international 16-2.1   Traditionally, a newspaper columnist was only responsible for the content of their piece -- not the actual typesetting or page layout in which it appeared. 16-2.2   Freelance media workers can.
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  15.Elements in dance that tell a story are which of the following? a.Narrative b.Abstract c.Ethnic d.Mimetic 16.Which of the following means dance works that are designed to be diversions? a.Mimetic b.Abstract c.Divertissements d.Ethnic 17.Color in the mise-en-scène for dance can be stronger than that used in theatre. a.True b.False 18.In many respects, dance can rely on a set of universally recognized and symbolic.
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7.Which of the following is a painting medium that is transparent and must be worked wet? a.Oil b.Watercolor c.Gouache d.Tempera 8.Oils, perhaps the most popular of the painting media, were developed near the beginning of what century? a.12th b.14th c.15th d.16th 9.Which of the following is responsible for the fact that watercolors produce a delicacy that cannot be produced by.
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  15-5.1 Community BuildingChapter 15 presents a number of case studies regarding the successes and struggles of American minority faced as they used media to build their communities while also contributing to the diverse tapestry that is the United States. Select one of the groups covered in this chapter and explain what.
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  26.Which of the following terms means mental and physical involvement in situations not directly participated in? a.Sympathy b.Sensibility c.Empathy d.Aesthetic distance 27.The plot of a play is like its skeleton. a.True b.False 28.This device helps to prepare the audience for action and events that are to follow in a play. a.Discovery b.Foreshadowing c.Exposition d.Crisis 29.What is the essence of dramatic communication? a.Discovery b.Foreshadowing c.Diction d.Character 30.Which of the.
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6.All sculpture is three-dimensional. a.True b.False 7.Freestanding sculptural works are called which of the following? a.Linear b.Sculptural c.Full round d.Relief 8.Sculpture designed to be seen from one side only is called which of the following?                a. Linear b.Sculptural c.Full round d.Relief 9.Which of the following is the term for sculpture that employs such materials as wire or neon tubing? a.Linear b.Sculptural c.Full round d.Relief 10.Which of.
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6.The cave of Lascaux dates to what historic period? a.The early Stone Age b.The period of the pyramids c.The Archaic period d.The early Middle Ages 7.Scholars agree that all art must have a purpose. a.True b.False 8.Of the following, which one is not traditionally associated with the humanities? a.Philosophy b.Psychology c.Architecture d.History 9.The nature of how art historians see art is different today.
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6.Which of the following would be defined as a group of movements loosely related and played in succession? a.Sonata b.Concerto c.Suite d.Cantata 7.Which of the following would be defined as a composition for solo instruments with accompaniment? a.Sonata b.Concerto c.Suite d.Cantata 8.Which of the following would be defined as a large choral work for chorus and/or solo voices? a. Cantata b.Mass c.Suite d.Oratorio 9.Which.
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- 1. In economic terms, the public relations field is most extensively developed in A) Europe. B)United States. C)South Africa. D)China.   2. Which of the following terms is NOT generally associated within the accepted definitions of public relations? A)profitability B)mutual lines of communication/feedback C)publics D)management function   3. Which of the following is the first element of the public relations.
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  14-4.1 Government/MediaAccording to Chapter 14, the president is believed to set the media agenda of the US Government. Who has challenged this belief, however? Specify in what ways this belief has been challenged. Relations   14-4.2Who is Henry Louis Gates? In what media-related event  did he recently participate?   14-4.3With what idea is Thomas Hobbes associated?.
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  17.Which of the following is the name for the printmaking process in which the image is transferred to the paper by cutting away non-image areas? a.Intaglio b.Etching c.Relief d.Collage 18.Which of the following is the name for the process in which printing is done from grooves cut into a plate? a.Intaglio b.Wood engraving c.Serigraphy d.Collage 19.Which of the following is.
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  14-1.1 Structures and the Press  By its nature, a democracy partially allows the public to determine which issues are important and what the government should do about them. In the United States, many people, including most political experts and pundits, believe that because of his position, it is the _______________who sets the media agenda. a.president b.speaker.
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  27.Which of the following terms are most closely related? a.Line and mass b.Mass and color c.Color and form d.Form and line 28.The primary hues are the same in light and pigment. a.True b.False 29.Orange, resulting from mixing equal amounts of red and yellow, is which of the following? a.Tertiary hue b.Secondary hue c.Primary hue d.Saturated hue 30.The spectrum notation of color is called.
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  25.Which of the following means the technique of fading out one scene and fading in the next? a.Wipe b.Lap dissolve c.Iris-out d.Iris-in 26.Which of the following is the technique of keeping images in the background and foreground in equal focus? a.Depth of focus b.Rack focus c.Differential focus d.Omnifocus 27.Which of the following is a shot taken with the camera moving.
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  15.Which of the following is the term meaning the joining together of shots during the editing process? a.Montage b.Cutting c.Persistence of vision d.Camera viewpoint 16.Which of the following is the technique and effect resulting from the use of natural or outdoor lighting and a hand-held camera? a.Chiaroscuro b.Cinema verité c.Cinema concrete d.Journalism 17.Which of the following is a technique that.
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  14-1.11  One exception to the general corporate model that characterizes most American media is the following broadcasting network which reaches 125 million listeners each week. a.British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) b.Voice of America (VOA) c.Radio Rutomoangingo d.International Public Radio (IPR) 14-1.12 Telecommunication Systems  One of the early visionaries of satellite communication was the futurist and best-selling author ________________________ Early on,.
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  29.The traditional material in post-and-lintel construction is which of the following? a.Stone b.Steel c.Wood d.Brick 30.The center of which architectural structure is called a keystone? a.Post-and-lintel b.Arch c.Bearing-wall d.Cantilever 31.The transfer of stress from the center of an arch outward to its legs results in the need for which of the following? a.Buttress b.Column c.Round arch d.Horseshoe arch 32.Concrete is a 20th century invention. a.True b.False 33.The designers.
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5.Which of the following is the basic picture unit of a film? a.Reel b.Shot c.Frame d.Cut 6.Which type of film attempts to record actuality using primarily a sociological or journalistic approach? a.Absolute film b.Narrative film c.Documentary film d.Silent film 7.In many ways, this type of film uses the techniques of theatre. a.Narrative film b.Documentary film c.Absolute film d.None of the above 8.The motion picture was.
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  14-3.1 Thought materialistic; competitive According to Hobbes, the human condition is naturally _________, ____________ and _________________. 14-3.2 Media SystemsIn 1972, the British Parliament enacted the__________________, which made it possible for privately funded companies to begin broadcasting regionally, so as to encourage the development of an independent and commercially funded broadcast media. Broadcasting Act 14-3.3 Media Systems Organizations; UNESCO ________________________ are groups.
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  16.Sculptural works that are modeled utilize which of the following processes? a.Addition b.Subtraction c.Substitution d.Manipulation 17.Sculptural works that are transitory are called which of the following? a.Found b.Ephemeral c.Substitutive d.Modern 18.Unlike pictures, sculpture has literal mass. a.True b.False 19.Unlike pictures, sculpture uses form to define line. a.True b.False 20.Color is irrelevant to sculpture. a.True b.False 21.Which of the following terms relates to “the ideal of relationships”? a.Proportion b.Texture c.Unity d.Form 22.Which of the following.
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  15-2.1  Operation Wetback was the name of an effort by the Dwight D. Eisenhower administration in 1954 to deport 3 million illegal aliens living in the Southwest United States. 15-2.2   The United States has never passed a law criminalizing the migration of people based on their ethnicity/race. 15-2.3  The crónica were short, weekly columns that.
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8.Which of the following is a novel whose subject matter comprises the adventures of a rogue? a.Manners b.Gothic c.Historical d.Picaresque 9.Which of the following is a novel whose subject matter comprises observations of the customs, values, and mores of a complex society? a.Manners b.Picaresque c.Historical d.Gothic 10.Which of the following is a novel that is set in a specific time.
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  15-1.11  In 1975, David Goldstein purchased this publication a Los Angeles based gay magazine, which over the next 10 years he built into the largest circulating gay publication in the world. a.The Stonewall Journal b.One c.The Advocate d.The Ladder 15-1.12  This was the first major lesbian rights organization in the United States. a.Society for Human Rights b.Mattachine Society c.Human Rights.
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  16-1.1 Workplace In Chapter 16 we learn that media have not only changed for consumers, but also for those wishing to enter the industry as producers. Which of the following forms of convergence has most directly influenced the need for additional training? a.Social convergence b.Economic convergence c.Media convergence d.Regulatory convergence 16-1.2 Workplace Shifts in industry business models have made.
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  16-4.7 What copyright issues may contract/freelance media workers face?   16-4.8 How long does a freelance professional typically work for a contractor?   16-4.9Being a member of the right guild can dramatically improve the working conditions for media workers. How is this the case?   16-4.10 According to Chapter 16, what are the biggest challenge facing.
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  16.The term “decorative art” first appeared during what century? a.5th century B.C.E b.5th century C.E. c.15th century C.E. d.18th century C.E. 17.Which of the following artists was described as painting verdute? a.Canaletto b.Corot c.Picasso d.Miró 18.Which of the following was discussed as a work exemplifying art as revealing metaphysical or spiritual truths? a.A Gothic cathedral b.A tribal totem c.An abstract work d.All of the.
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5.Dance appears to have sprung from what human need? a.Religious b.Psychological c.Aesthetic d.None of the above 6.Which of the following is a body of group dances performed to traditional music? a.Modern dance b.Ballet c.Folk dance d.Line dance 7.Which of the following is the most obvious repository of formalized movement in dance? a.Modern dance b.Folk dance c.Line dance d.Ballet 8.Dance is a part of human communication.
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  16-5.4Briefly explain the importance of geography in the video game industry. Be certain to outline both industrial and educational   16-5.5 In what way(s) have the basic tasks of writers in the Digital Age Changed? Cite a specific recent change of practice and situate it Platforms   .
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    11. A publicist would most likely be considered an "honorable" term in  A) corporate America. B)nonprofit organizations. C)agency business. D)entertainment/celebrity business.   12. According to a 2009 report, the median annual salary for recent graduates in public relations was  A) $22,000. B)$25,000. C)$31,000. D)$35,000.   13. The RACE acronym was articulated by   A) Edward Bernays. B)Walter Lindenmann. C)Ivy Lee. D)John Marston.   14. The notion.
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  15-4.1 Who was Rosie the Riveter? In what media did she appear? What role did advertisers hope she would play?   15-4.2 In what years did African Americans win the Academy Award for best Actor (use of the term ‘actor’ here is gender neutral)? African Americans in Film     15-4.4 What was Executive Order 9981? Who.
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  15-3.1   Native Americans________________led the way for a major, albeit slow, change in the portrayal of ________________ in the mass media when in 1956 he landed the role in The Lone Ranger 15-3.2   _____________, the first Latino newspaper in the United States and the fountainhead of the press in exile, was established in __________. 15-3.3   Separate.
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  16.Which of the following would be defined as a very fast and lively tempo? a.Lento b.Adagio c.Allegro d.Vivace 17.Which of the following would be defined as a slow tempo? a.Andantino b.Andante c.Lento d.Allegretto 18.Which of the following would be defined as a slow, leisurely tempo? a.Largo b.Adagio c.Moderato d.Allegro 19.Which of the following would be described as a musical style that stresses tone color, atmosphere,.
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  14-5.1 MediumBriefly compare and contrast the concepts of high and low context cultures. Provide an example from Chapter 14 of how the same media content may resonate in cultures that vary in their degree of context. In sum, why does culture matter in our global media system?   14-5.2 Democracy   14-5.3 Political SystemsDo you agree with.
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