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Study Resources (Art And Architechture)

  31. At the end of the Peloponnesian Wars, __________ had gained political dominance. 32. The __________ in Alexandria became the focal point of the Hellenistic intellectual world.  33. ‚Man is the measure of all things,? according to __________. 34. Diogenes was leader of the philosophers called __________. 35. __________ would sit in the.
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  21. The Holy Office of the __________ was charged with maintaining the purity of Christian thought—by any means necessary. A)Church B)Pope C)King D)Inquisition E)Monastery 22. The medieval Church recognized seven deadly __________. A)saints B)kings C)sins D)days E)books 23. The Council of Constance reunited the Church after the __________ of 1378. A)Great Divide B)Inquisition C)Great Schism D)Crusades E)Black Death 24. One practical effect of the Crusades was.
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  41. The two sacred cities of Islam are Mecca and __________. 42. The Muslim calendar begins on the date in 622 C.E. in which __________ fled to Medina. 43. The ‚holy struggle? encouraged by Caliph Abu Bakr is referred to as __________. 44. ‚Orthodoxy? means __________ and rests on the concept of unerring.
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  11. __________ installed a Tetrarchy to rule the Roman Empire. A)Constantine B)Caesar C)Diocletian D)Augustus E)Maccabeus 12. __________ split the Roman empire, creating two capital cities. A)Diocletian B)Caesar C)Augustus D)Constantine E)Midian 13. All Roman emperors after Constantine were __________. A)assassinated B)overthrown C)Muslim D)Christian E)Germanic 14. __________ asserts the existence of one god. A)Polytheism B)Animism C)Monotheism D)Religion E)Ideology 15. Rabbinical interpretations and commentaries on the Mishnah are called __________. A)Talmud B)Oral Law C)Gemara D)Torah E)Petateuch 16. The first five books of the.
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  21. __________ was the first philosopher to treat art in a comprehensive manner. A)Marcus Aurelius B)Diogenes C)Epictetus D)Seneca E)Plotinus 22. Roman religion stressed community __________, not individual religious experience. A) ritual B)wealth C)equality D)peace E)none of these 23. The most formidable religious cult in the Roman Empire was the Persian mystery-cult of __________. A)Minerva B)Vesta C)Janus D)Mithra E)none of these 24. Roman architecture self-consciously borrowed from.
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  46. The fifth century barbarians quickly invaded the Eastern Empire. 47. Byzantine art was a short-lived phenomenon. 48. Byzantine art is easily dated and stylistic developments are mostly understood. 49. The content of Byzantine art focuses on human figures. 50. Byzantine emperors were seen as divinely sanctioned by God. 51. The goal of hieratic style.
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  46. The Western Empire greatly outlasted the Eastern Empire. 47. Judaism has no official hierarchy or clergy. 48. The Diaspora led to two distinct Jewish communities in Europe. 49. Jews do not believe Jesus fulfilled the prophecy of Messiah. 50. Constantine was the first to legalize the Christian Church in Rome. 51. Judaism does not.
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  46. Minoan architecture employed both circular and rectangular columns. 47. Minoan art tells us that they likely had a cult of a sacred wolf. 48. The Greeks took the Minoans as their model. 49. Achilles and Odysseus were both figures drawn from Mycenaean culture. 50. Mycenaeans practice mummification. 51. The Greek polis was comprised of.
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  21. __________ is the description of the lives of saints. A)Eschatology B)Hermeneutics C)Hagiography D)Ecclesiast E)Transubstantiation 22. After the sack of Constantinople, many Greek scholars brought humanism to __________. A) Spain B)France C)Low Countries D)Italy E)none of these 23. Unlike painting in the West, icons did not __________ biblical events. A)ignore B)simplify C)illustrate D)alter E)define 24. The Church-controlled format of icons encouraged __________. A)creativity B)regularity C)individuality D)invention E)narrative 25. Stylistically, Byzantine icons derive from.
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  31. Gothic cathedrals frequently contain __________ symbolism, sometimes even mathematical formulae. 32. In their human qualities and personalized faces, the jamb statues on Chartres Cathedral illustrate the High Gothic style, or Gothic __________. 33. Objects designed to visualize Christian themes and enhance private worship are called __________. 34. The area around Paris, called.
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  41. The Greeks believed the gods invented musical instruments, and Athena played the __________. 42. The religious rituals of ancient Greece centered on __________, from which Greek theatre likely developed. 43. The Greek literary tradition begins with __________, rather than written, works. 44. Scholars call Epic poems that draw their material from.
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  11. Minoan __________ had running water and elaborate drainage systems. A) cities B)villages C)houses D)palaces E)ships 12. The ‚Palace of __________? had so many rooms that Greek myth called it the ‚labyrinth of the Minotaur.? A)Minoan B)Crete C)Knossos D)Aegean E)Minos 13. Minoan civilization was centered on __________. A)militarism B)politics C)trade D)hunting E)agriculture 14. The __________ supplanted the Minoans as rulers of Crete. A)Spartans B)Persians C)Mycenaeans D)Alexandrians E)Egyptians 15. The Mycenaean military was the.
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  46. Some Buddhist sculpture in India shows Hellenistic influence. 47. Hubris refers to excessive pride or ambition. 48. Greek astronomers were aware the earth is a sphere. 49. Although talented in many things, the Greeks produced no major mathematicians. 50. The histories of Thucydides are polemical and biased. 51. The Sophists preached faith to reason. 52..
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  56. What are two concepts that reject abstract speculation in favor of experience and practicality? 57. Which class of Romans desired trompe l’oeil wall paintings? 58. Which Roman emperors apparently loved lewd pantomime? 59. Which language did the early Romans consider a peasant language? 60. Which two epic poems did Vergil’s Aeneid largely parallel?   .
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  31.  In the early years of Islam, music was considered a ‚__________ pleasure.? 32. Modern readers are often struck at the Byzantine distaste for __________ and their preference for elaboration on tradition. 33. Anna Comnena was perhaps the most important writer of __________ in the Byzantine era. 34. The bulk of Byzantine.
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1. __________ refers to the basic Greek city-state. A)Demos B)Plutos C)Polis D)Acropolis E)Kouros 2. __________ means the ‚high city,? and referred to the elevated place in the center of the city occupied by the temples of the gods. A)Plutos B)Aristos C)Kouros D)Hellenes E)Acropolis 3. __________ is a style of vase painting that made use of bold, simple, linear designs. A) Archaic B)Kouros C)Classical D)Geometric E)Kore 4..
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  41. In Sumer, the festival of the goddess of fertility, __________, involved drunken, orgiastic dancing involving self-mutilation with knives. 42. The Pharaoh __________ believed in only one god. 43. The caves at __________ have been sealed to protect them from atmospheric damage. 44. Sumerian sculpture came to depict kings in __________ acts, rather.
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  11. The name ‚Muhammad? means __________. A)Messiah B)Angel C)Praised One D)Son of God E)Savior 12. In the East, nearly all subject matter was __________. A)abstract B)secular C)entertaining D)religious E)mythological 13. Byzantium was a sacked by the __________ in 1204. A)Ottoman Empire B)Visigoths C)Petchenegs D)Crusaders E)Scots 14. Art taken by Venetians during the sack of Constantinople became the inspiration for the __________. A)Gothic B)Early Gothic C)Romanesque D)Renaissance E)Reformation 15. The Caliph Abu Bakr.
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  21. Aristotle believed that the art could produce a ‚purging? of emotions, an effect he called __________. A) techne B) poiesis C)catharsis D)idealization E)poetics 22. An artwork’s color scheme is referred to as its __________. A)harmony B)tone C)design D)composition E)palette 23. Among the four characteristics of Greek __________ painting is the portrayal of figures in simple line drawings. A)mural B)sculpture C)devotional D)vase E)none of these 24. The.
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  41. After the Roman civil war, the reign of __________ resulted in the rebuilding of a number of important temples, roads, bridges, and aqueducts. 42. The opinions of specialized legal scholars called __________ limited the power of judges. 43. __________ believed that one should neither fear nor desire death, but merely.
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  31.  In the early years of Islam, music was considered a ‚__________ pleasure.? 32. Modern readers are often struck at the Byzantine distaste for __________ and their preference for elaboration on tradition. 33. Anna Comnena was perhaps the most important writer of __________ in the Byzantine era. 34. The bulk of Byzantine.
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  46. The fifth century barbarians quickly invaded the Eastern Empire. 47. Byzantine art was a short-lived phenomenon. 48. Byzantine art is easily dated and stylistic developments are mostly understood. 49. The content of Byzantine art focuses on human figures. 50. Byzantine emperors were seen as divinely sanctioned by God. 51. The goal of hieratic style.
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1. __________ is the adherence to the accepted, traditional, and established religious faith. A) Christianity B)Hieratic C)Monasticism D)Humanism E)Orthodoxy 2. __________ is a philosophy concerned with human beings, their achievements, and interests. A)Humanism B)Christianity C)Orthodoxy D)Classicism E)Byzantium 3. __________ is a decorative work for walls, vaults, floors, or ceilings, composed of pieces of colored material set in plaster or.
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1. __________ constituted a more feminine point of view of ethics and personal conduct than the rigid and oppressive feudalism. A)Chivalry B)Capitalism C)Romanticism D)Secularism E)Socialism 2. __________ is expression by means of symbols  to make a broad commentary on human existence. A) Farce B)Allegory C)Sottie D)Ars nova E) Gothic 3. __________ style is a synthesis of medieval intellect, spirituality,.
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  21. The Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke are called the __________ Gospels. A) First B)Grand C)Gnostic D)Synoptic E)Apocryphal 22. In the time following the Resurrection, the followers of Christ called themselves the __________. A)Apostles B)Divine C)Saved D)Way E)none of these 23. In the time following the Resurrection, Romans made no distinction between Christians and __________. A)themselves B)criminals C)Jews D)philosophers E)slaves 24. Many Christians __________ service.
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  41. The two sacred cities of Islam are Mecca and __________. 42. The Muslim calendar begins on the date in 622 C.E. in which __________ fled to Medina. 43. The ‚holy struggle? encouraged by Caliph Abu Bakr is referred to as __________. 44. ‚Orthodoxy? means __________ and rests on the concept of unerring.
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  21. __________ is the description of the lives of saints. A)Eschatology B)Hermeneutics C)Hagiography D)Ecclesiast E)Transubstantiation 22. After the sack of Constantinople, many Greek scholars brought humanism to __________. A) Spain B)France C)Low Countries D)Italy E)none of these 23. Unlike painting in the West, icons did not __________ biblical events. A)ignore B)simplify C)illustrate D)alter E)define 24. The Church-controlled format of icons encouraged __________. A)creativity B)regularity C)individuality D)invention E)narrative 25. Stylistically, Byzantine icons derive from.
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  31. The phrase __________ refers to the Roman attempt to control the dissatisfied urban masses. 32. Aristotle did not believe music should be a __________ endeavor, but a pastime of intelligent amateurs. 33. The Romans invented the __________ trumpet. 34. In Roman dance, pantomime was a serious form, while __________ was more.
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  31. Sumerian artists depicted actual individuals, usually __________. 32. Large and expressive eyes are characteristic of __________ art. 33. The __________ symbolizes the royal leadership of ancient Sumer, as well as masculine fertility. 34. Ancient sculptors seem to have worked from __________, not live models. 35. Egyptians believed the __________ embodied the sun god. 36..
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1. __________ means the ‚The Teaching? and refers to the Old Testament books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. A)Talmud B)Rebus C)Torah D)Yahweh E)Orthodox 2. A __________ is a row of windows in the upper part of a wall. A)basilica B)rebus C)Talmud D)clerestory E)monastery 3. __________ is the religious tradition and ethical system of the Jewish people. A)Rebus B)Torah C)Talmud D)Yahweh E)Judaism 4. A(n) __________.
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  11. Roman expansion was built on __________. A)trade B)intermarriage C)conquest D)opportunism E)none of these 12. The Roman Republic collapsed during a period of __________. A)peace B)international trade C)democracy D)civil war E)foreign invasion 13. One of Julius Caesar’s most lasting contributions is the invention of the __________. A) catapult B)cross-bow C)coliseum D)May Day holiday E)Julian Calendar 14. __________ sought the reestablishment of the Roman Republic after.
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  46. The purpose of Egyptian pyramids was to protect the pharaohs’ bodies after death. 47. The largest pyramid at the Giza complex is that of Khufu. 48. Egyptian musicians played the lyre. 49. Paleolithic humans herded sheep. 50. Neanderthal people seem to have had a religion. 51. Paleolithic hunters were as fully human as we.
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  41. The figure of the Cnidian Aphrodite sways to the left in the famous Praxitelean __________. 42. The Dying Gaul exemplifies __________ style. 43. Greek temples had little open __________ space. 44. The paired spiral shaped forms on the capital of an Ionic column are called __________. 45. After the sack of Athens.
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  46. In Rome, the average citizen lived a relatively prosperous economic life. 47. Rome had very little commerce or industry, making it reliant on military conquest. 48. Octavian became, effectively, the first ‚emperor? of Rome. 49. The death of Marcus Aurelius was the ‚beginning of the end? for the Roman Empire. 50. The average.
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  21. The word __________ means ‚love of wisdom.? A)poetics B)Socratic C)atomism D)philosophy E)materialism 22. __________ was an important school of pre-Socratic philosophy. A)Platonism B)Aristotelianism C)Scholasticism D)Materialism E)Idealism 23. Horizontal bands used in organizing a design are called __________. A)murals B)friezes C)geometric D)devotionals E)registers 24. Athenian pottery can be divided into two types: black-figure and __________. A)white-figure B)decorative C)red-figure D)geometric E)Gorgon 25. The __________ column on Greek temples probably originated in Egypt two thousand years.
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  11. The name ‚Muhammad? means __________. A)Messiah B)Angel C)Praised One D)Son of God E)Savior 12. In the East, nearly all subject matter was __________. A)abstract B)secular C)entertaining D)religious E)mythological 13. Byzantium was a sacked by the __________ in 1204. A)Ottoman Empire B)Visigoths C)Petchenegs D)Crusaders E)Scots 14. Art taken by Venetians during the sack of Constantinople became the inspiration for the __________. A)Gothic B)Early Gothic C)Romanesque D)Renaissance E)Reformation 15. The Caliph Abu Bakr.
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1. __________ is the adherence to the accepted, traditional, and established religious faith. A) Christianity B)Hieratic C)Monasticism D)Humanism E)Orthodoxy 2. __________ is a philosophy concerned with human beings, their achievements, and interests. A)Humanism B)Christianity C)Orthodoxy D)Classicism E)Byzantium 3. __________ is a decorative work for walls, vaults, floors, or ceilings, composed of pieces of colored material set in plaster or.
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1. __________ is a type of government run by the few, especially by a small faction of persons or families. A)Democracy B)Plutocracy C)Monarchy D)Oligarchy E)Sophistry 2. __________ is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty and art and their relation to human beings. A)Ethics B)Epistemology C)Metaphysics D)Physics E)Aesthetics 3. __________ is a style of art relying on the.
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1. __________ refers to the ‚Senatus Populusque Romanus,? or the Senate and the Roman people. A)Pax Romana B)Trompe l’oeil C)Cella D) S.P.Q.R. E) Sarcophagi 2. The __________ was a 200-year span of stability during the Roman Empire, beginning with Emperor Augustus. A)Great Peace B)Pax Romana C)Cella D)Empire E)Augustean 3. __________ are columns, often decorative, that are part of, and.
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  11. __________ carried Athenian culture further than ever before. A)Philip B)Alexander C)Macedon D)Ptolomie E)Herodotus 12. The age after Alexander’s death is called __________. A)Classical B)Archaic C)Imperial D)Historia E)Hellenistic 13. __________ refers to the fusion of diverse religious beliefs and practices. A)Emotionalism B)Internationalism C)Syncretism D)Hubris E)Phenomenalism 14. __________ was the city from which Hellenistic culture flowed. A)Athens B)Sparta C)Thebes D)Tyre E)Alexandria 15. __________ was the first to view history as a specialized discipline. A)Herodotus B)Hippocrates C)Socrates D)Protagoras E)Thucydides 16. Herodotus believed.
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  56. What characteristic Sumerian idea is seen in He-goat from Ur? 57. What is one reason lifelike sculptures of humans were rare in the ancient period? 58. What was the attitude of the Egyptians toward the human body? 59. Who is the main character of the Gilgamesh epic? 60. When was the Egyptian Book.
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  11. The medieval city offered hope of escape and protection to runaway __________, among others. A) serfs B)lords C)knights D)women E)criminals 12. The medieval ‚middle class? largely supported __________ over the feudal system. A) military states B)aristocracies C)monarchies D)theocracies E) oligarchies 13. Many important __________ gained their charters in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. A) monasteries B)universities C)towns D)guilds E)kingdoms 14. The texts.
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