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Study Resources (Art And Architechture)

    11. Which concept was most important in the direction that Gothic architecture took? a.the association of light with divinity b.the church as a city of God c.the church as a fortress d.a mountain of the Lord   12. Which was an innovation in Gothic architecture? a.horseshoe arches b.round arches c.ribbed groin vaults d.stained glass windows   13. De diversis artibus (On the.
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    11. What was the nationality of the Yuan dynasty rulers? a.Chinese b.Japanese c.Mongol d.Korean   12. Which of the following is generally true of Chinese scholars under the Yuan dynasty? a.They took government positions. b.They suppressed the arts. c.They developed the arts. d.They educated the Yuan rulers.   13. Why is Zhao Mengfu unusual? a.He was a high Yuan official. b.He resigned his position.
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      38.Discuss the theme of the “good shepherd” in Early Christian and Byzantine art. What was its importance to Christians? What antecedents did it have? How did it change over time?   39.The icon Virgin and Child with Saints and Angels is among the oldest images of Mary in a position of importance..
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  1. Which is the highest art form in the Islamic world? a.sculpture b.weaving c.calligraphy d.painting   2. “Submission” is the literal meaning of: a.Islam b.Muslim c.Koran d.Mosque   3. Which of the following is a linear design based on geometric patterns and scrolling vines? a.Kufic script b.Tugras c.Arabesque d.Mandorla   4. Which is the first great Islamic building? a.Great Mosque, Kairouan b.Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem c.Great Mosque, Cordoba d.Great Mosque, Isfahan   5..
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1. Which is an oven designed to fire clay at high temperature? a.basilica b.aqueduct c.atrium d.kiln   2. The Apollo Veii was originally located: a.in a temple cella b.on the processional path to a temple. c.on a temple roof. d.in a tomb.   3. Which is our source of Etruscan temples? a.Etruscan homes b.writings of Roman architect, Vitruvius c.the one remaining at Cerveteri d.models in Etruscan.
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    31. Whose goal was to color like Titian and draw like Michelangelo? a.Tintoretto b.Bronzino c.Veronese d.El Greco   32. Palladio’s early training was as a: a.painter b.theorist and writer c.stonecutter d.military engineer   33. Which person’s books, I quattro libri dell’architettura, have influenced great architects for centuries? a.Andrea Palladio b.Piero della Francesca c.Vasari d.Lavinia Fontana   34. Which building was the main inspiration for the Villa Rotonda? a.Saint Peter’s.
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    31. Which conveys the idea that the scene of the Annunciation in Jean Pucelle’s Petites Heures of Jeanne d’Evreux is a vision? a.You can see through the wall of the house. b.Queen Jeanne is included, kneeling with her book. c.The depiction of clowns and jesters. d.The musicians are a symbol of sleep.   32. Which is.
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    41. A shallow two-handled drinking cup is known as a: a.hydria b.amphora c.krater d.kylix   42. When was the “High” Classical period in Greece? a.450 to 400 BCE b.600 to 480 BCE c.3000 to 1000 BCE d.320 to 30 BCE   43. Who designed the sculpture of the Parthenon? a.Pericles b.Kleisthenes c.Socrates d.Phidias   44. Who designed the Parthenon? a.Iktinos b.Kallikrates c.Iktinos and Kallikrates d.Iktinos and Phidias   45. The shafts of many Greek.
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  1. Where did Gothic Architecture begin? a.Île-de-France b.Burgundy c.Tuscany d.Southern England   2. Who introduced the term Gothic? a.Michelangelo Buonarroti b.Giorgio Vasari c.Petrarch d.Dante   3. Gothic originally meant: a.dark and evil b.full of light c.frightening and macabre d.a fourth-century Germanic people   4. What was Gothic architecture called in its own time? a.modern b.Italian c.old-fashioned d.ancient   5. What types of buildings were built in the Gothic style? a.Christian churches b.Jewish synagogues c.town halls d.all of the.
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    38.What psychological insights can be inferred from the statue of Commodus as Hercules?     39.Compare Etruscan sculpture with Archaic Greek sculpture. What are the similarities and differences? Give examples.   40.How do an Etruscan temple and a Greek temple compare in form?   41.Discuss the mixture of traditions that come together in the Augustus of Primaporta.   42.Describe.
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    41. For what was the Isenheim Altarpiece commissioned? a.the pilgrimage church in Isenheim b.the residence of the Bishop of Mainz c.the residence of the ruler of Halle d.a hospital that specialized in skin diseases   42. In which capacity was the Isenheim Altarpiece used? a.as a private devotional altar b.for Easter Mass celebration c.treatment for ill patients d.it was carried.
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  1. Which of Raphael’s works includes a self-portrait? a.The Small Cowper Madonna b.Poetry and the Arts c.The School of Athens d.Miraculous Draft of Fishes   2. Which four artists define the High Renaissance? a.Raphael, Leonardo, Michelangelo, and Titian b.Donatello, Botticelli, Raphael, and Leonardo c.Donatello, Mantegna, Masaccio, and Michelangelo d.Raphael, Donatello, Masaccio, and Brunelleschi   3. When was the High Renaissance? a.the sixteenth-century b.1495 to.
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    32.How does the appearance of the Seated Guanyin Bodhisattva differ from the political situation of the time and place that it was created?   33.What does a dragon symbolize in Chinese art?   34.What is the key block?   35.What were the most popular subjects for Ukiyo-e prints?     36.What are the physical characteristics of the axis mundi.
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    21. An engaged column-like element that is rectangular instead of rounded is called a: a. buttress b.pilaster c.drum d.jamb   22. The theme of wall paintings in the Villa of Mysteries is probably: a.a Roman orgy b.divine justice c.initiation into the cult of Bacchus d.the Greek play Oedipus Rex 23. The Romans could build faster and cheaper because they developed.
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    11. Which of the following describes the depiction of Jesus on the Lindau Gospel outer cover? a.calm and classical b.turbulent and agitated c.emotional d.abstract and ornamental   12. What is the symbolism of jewels when applied to the covers of Gospel books? a.the “pearl of great price” that Jesus spoke of b.biblical descriptions of the Heavenly Jerusalem c.that Jesus.
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    11. Which was Raphael’s first commission in Rome? a.tapestry cartoons b.a Virgin and Child for the Pope c.frescoes in the papal apartments d.a Sistine Chapel fresco   12. Which is the term for a painting or drawing used as a model or pattern for another work? a.cartoon b.hemicycle c.sketch d.illumination   13. Which event marks the end of the classical phase of.
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    11. The wings that intersect with the nave and aisles at a right angle are known as: a. colonnade b.apse c.transept d.arcade   12. Which is the entrance porch of a church? a.narthex b.transept c.triforium d.naos   13. At the “Last Supper,” Jesus ate bread (calling it his body) and drank wine (calling it his blood) with his disciples and.
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    43.Describe the purpose of the Colosseum and its architectural orders.   44.Discuss the Tetrarch in regards to what has happened to the tradition of Roman verism.   45.Discuss two examples of Roman art that demonstrate the commemorative nature that much of it has.       .
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  31.Which is the block at the top of a column? a.capital b.pediment c.triglyph d.metope   32. The triangular gable end of a Greek temple is the: a.triglyph b.stylobate c.echinus d.pediment   33. In the Doric order, which of the following are alternating panels in the frieze, which are sometimes sculpted? a.metopes b.triglyphs c.palmettes d.volutes   34. Which of the following architectural orders has an acanthus leaf motif? a..
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    37.Identify and explain how the Palace Chapel of Charlemagne was influenced by one Byzantine church in particular.   38.Discuss the iconographic meaning of the page with Christ Washing the Feet of His Disciples.   39.Describe the style and characteristics of the Page with Matthew the Evangelist from the Ebbo Gospels.   40.Define, describe, give an example,.
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    21. What did the architects at Durham Cathedral develop that became an important element of Gothic architecture? a.a crisscrossing rib vault and bay system b.the clerestory c.the bailey d.the three story nave 22. Which is the semicircular area above the door lintel of a church? a.archivolt b.trumeau c.jamb d.tympanum   23. Which is the central supporting post in a Romanesque church.
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    31. Who was the Roman Emperor that succeeded Hadrian, and was known for his military and intellectual achievements? a.Commodus b.Marcus Agrippa c.Marcus Aurelius d.Trajan   32. Which was in the original apse of the Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine that was the focus of the building because of its placement and size? a.the Roman double eagle b.a colossal.
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    21. Which is the very large round window above the entrance to a Gothic church? a. lancet b.oculi c.rose window d.grisalle   22. The main entrance in Gothic churches is usually on the: a.North b.South c.East d.West   23. What is an arch and connected pier on the outside of a church that contains the thrust of the vault called? a.compound pier b.mullion c.flying.
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    11. What is the angular Islamic script that developed first called? a.tugra b.iwan c.muqarnas d.kufic   12. An influence on the bowl with kufic border from Samarkand is: a.Chinese porcelain b.Korean celadon c.Greek pottery d.Byzantine mosaic   13. In Islamic architecture, which is a large vaulted chamber with one side being an open arch? a.iwan b.madrasa c.muqarna d.mihrab   14. Which is an Islamic architectural decoration that appears.
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    31. Which is the basis for Botticelli’s Venus? a.Masaccio’s Eve b.the antique Medici Venus c.Donatello’s David d.Pollaioulo’s Battle of the Nudes   32. Which artist studied Alberti’s theoretical treatises and wrote his own on perspective, geometry, and volumetric construction? a.Sandro Botticelli b.Andrea Mantegna c.Giovanni Bellini d.Piero della Francesca   33. What are two panels paired together called? a.an altarpiece b.a diptych c.a duet d.a giornata   34. What.
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    51. Which of the following means “measure,” “rule,” or “law” in Greek? a.contrapposto b.canon c.acropolis d.kylix   52. Which ancient Greek is noted for developing a “canon” of proportion, which he illustrated in the sculpture, the Spear Bearer? a.Phidias b.Polykleitos c.Pericles d.Praxiteles   53. Praxiteles’ Aphrodite of Knidos was considered daring because it: a.broke the canon of Polykleitos b.showed the goddess as an old.
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      67.What is different about the appearance of Cycladic figurines when compared to the way they originally looked?   68.Explain what the “flying gallop” is and give an example.   69.Describe the appearance of a Geometric style vase.   70.Briefly describe the identifying characteristics of the Doric architectural order.   71.Briefly describe the identifying characteristics of the Ionic architectural.
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    43.What is oil painting and who introduced it to the Italians?       44.Give examples and explain how ordinary objects are used as disguised religious symbols in the Mérode Altarpiece.   45.Give examples and explain how ordinary objects are used as disguised religious symbols in The Annunciation by Jan van Eyck.   46.Explain the message and meaning.
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    41. Which is the usual binder in tempera painting? a.rabbit skin glue b.gum arabic c.linseed oil d.egg yolk   42. Where were the two important schools of Italian Gothic painting? a.Rome and Naples b.Venice and Ravenna c.Milan and Bologna d.Siena and Florence   43. Which painting tradition was the most important influence on Cimabue? a. French b.Byzantine c.Spanish d.English   44. To whom did Giorgio Vasari give.
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    51. What did Holbein do because of harassment from reformers? a.quit painting b.turned to book illustration c.moved to England d.turned to landscape painting   52. Which artist’s career began with copying Bosch? a.Pieter Bruegel the Elder b.Hans Holbein c.Caterina van Hemessen d.Matthias Grünewald   53. What is the term for a series of paintings on a single subject? a.polyptych b.cycle c.arrangement d.procession   54. Bruegel’s Hunters in the.
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    31. Who made the oldest signed self-portrait by a woman in Western Europe? a.the Abbess Hitda b.the nun Guda c.the nun Ende d.Saint Walpurga   32. What is the subject of a “Throne of Wisdom” statue? a.Solomon on his throne b.Christ sitting in judgment of the world c.the Virgin Mary holding the Christ Child on her lap d.the emperor and.
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  1. Which is the Jewish book that contains the first five books of the Hebrew Bible? a. Talmud b.Torah c.Koran d.Bible   2. Which was in the Ark of the Covenant? a.tablets with the Ten Commandments b.the bones of Abraham c.Moses’s staff and robe d.a weapon of unimaginable destructive power   3. A high-ranking angel closely associated with God is a(n): a.madrasa b.transept c.icon d.cherub   4..
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  1. Which is a container for holy objects? a.bailey b.reliquary c.colophon d.scriptorium   2. Who controlled the Western Roman Empire after it fell in the fifth century? a. the Muslims b.the Spaniards c.Germanic peoples d.Byzantium   3. Which is the room in a monastery that is used for writing or copying manuscripts? a. Scriptorium b.Refectory c.Sanctuary d.Library   4. The Chi Rho Iota page from the.
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    72.Briefly describe the identifying characteristics of the Corinthian architectural order.         73.Compare the Greek Anavysos Kouros with the Egyptian stature of Menkaure and a Queen. Note differences and similarities in appearance, intent, and meaning.   74.Discuss the development of Kouros figures culminating in the Kritios Boy. What changes have taken place in the kouroi.
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  1. Which became the most prominent religion in India during the period of c. 650-1526?    a.               Islam b.Hinduism c.Buddhism d.Christianity   2. Which is the cone-like superstructure of a Hindu temple? a.shikara b.fusuma c.garbhagriha d.mandapa   3. Which is the knob-like architectural decoration found at the top point of a spire where earthly and cosmic worlds are thought to join? a.axis-mundi b.finial c.shikara d.mandapa   4..
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    21. The earliest use of pendentives in a major building is at: a.San Vitale. Ravenna b.San Marco, Venice c.Santa Sabina, Rome d.Hagia Sophia, Constantinople   22. The famous Empress of the first Golden Age of Byzantium was: a.Irene b.Theodora c.Galla Placidia d.Sabina   23. All books were once “written by hand.” The term for these books is: a. scroll b.codex c.folio d.manuscript   24. What is parchment.
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    61. Which two conflicting trends increase in prominence in Hellenistic sculpture? a. realistic and abstract b.Classical and anti-Classical c.organic and geometric d.conservative and liberal   62. Where were Greek theaters built? a.in the city center b.on hilltops c.into a hillside d.adjacent to a temple   63. The Greek word orkhestra literally means a.to dance b.a group of musicians c.several instruments d.to chant in unison   64. In.
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    21. Byodo-in is designed to evoke the: a.Forbidden Palace b.Western Paradise c.world mountain d.home of Vishnu   22. Which is a technique in Japan where a large wooden sculpture is constructed from smaller hollow blocks? a.woodblock b.system c.joined-block d.assemblage   23. Which is a technique in which cutout paper is pasted onto another surface? a. gilding b.collage c.polychrome d.paste-up   24. The world’s oldest novel is which.
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    77.What subtle adjustments or refinements were made in the Parthenon that give it a more organic appearance? Speculate about the possible reasons for these refinements.   78.Describe the stylistic development that occurred from the Peplos Kore, to the Parthenon’s pedimental sculpture, and the Nike Adjusting Her Sandal.   79.How does the Aphrodite of Melos.
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      37.Literally, “Renaissance” means.   38.How do the Limbourg brothers show their interest in the natural world in their February page?   39.In the February page by the Limbourg brothers, what elements are “International Gothic” conventions?   40.How did Brunelleschi use color in his architectural interiors?   41.In which century were Masaccio’s frescos particularly copied and studied? Name a.
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    21.What are Islam’s five pillars of faith?   22.Explain the religious importance of the Dome of the Rock to several faiths.   23.What features distinguish the arches at the Great Mosque in Cordoba?       24.Who are Muhammad, Abu Bakr, and Ali and what was their role in the Islamic faith?   25.Relate the Islamic idea of paradise to.
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    21. Which of the following is a semicircular structure? a.martyrium b.hemicycle c.mausoleum d.cenotaph   22. Who was Giorgione’s assistant who became one of the most famous Renaissance artists? a.Titian b.Michelangelo c.Raphael d.Pontormo   23. In which subject is Titian considered renowned? a.landscape b.female nudes c.Virgin and Child d.still life   24. Who was perhaps the Renaissance’s greatest woman patron of the arts and the Marchesa of Mantua? a.Sofonisba Anguissola b.Lavinia.
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    37.Discuss the iconography of Nataraja: Shiva as Lord of the Dance.   38.Describe the iconography and general meaning of The Hour of Cowdust.   39.What makes Chinese landscape painting fundamentally different from Western landscape painting? Explain why a viewer might be able to “wander” through a Song painting more easily than in a Western.
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      59.What made Leonardo’s Last Supper a technical failure?   60.Which contemporary people does Raphael include in his School of Athens?   61.What is the message of Bosch’s large triptych?   62.Describe Michelangelo’s process of marble selection.       63.Choose a work that best represents the High Renaissance and explain why the artist is an appropriate choice and what characteristics.
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    21. Who changed Florentine painting more than anyone since Giotto? a.Fra Angelico b.Paolo Uccello c.Sandro Botticelli d.Masaccio   22. Which is the term for a framed niche in the wall? a.loggia b.sacristy c.balustrade d.aedicula   23. Who first demonstrated the system of linear perspective? a.Masaccio b.Brunelleschi c.Donatello d.Ghiberti   24. Which is a line running back into the represented space of a picture that converges with other lines.
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  1. What was the area of western Belgium, southwestern Netherlands, and a small part of northern France called in the fifteenth-century? a.Aquitaine b.Holy Roman Empire c.Flanders d.Aragon   2. Which of the following was not among the great early Flemish painters? a.Jan van Eyck b.Rogier van der Weyden c.Robert Campin d.Paolo Uccello   3. Where does Campin place his Annunciation? a.in a first-century.
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      32.What is the effect of the use of conches at the Church of Hagia Sophia?   33.Describe the continuous narrative technique used in the Page with Rebecca at the Well.   34.What was the Byzantine iconoclastic controversy?   35.Explain the theme of gifts found in the mosaics of the Emperor and Empress at San Vitale.           .
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    11. A round arch consists of the following? a.voussoirs and buttresses b.voussoirs and keystone c.keystones and voussoir d.keystones and arcades   12. Two equal intersecting barrel vaults form a(n): a.exedra b.spandrel c.groin vault d.corbeled vault   13. Which of the following is a series of arches in a row? a.arcade b.aqueduct c.spandrel d.entablature   14. What is the act of a human being elevated to divine status? a.augury b.crenellation c.apotheosis d.dharma   15. The.
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    48.What is the theme of Lorenzetti’s Allegory of Good Government in the Country and City?     49.List and describe the architectural elements that combined to make the Gothic style and describe the overall effect that was achieved.   50.What stylistic differences are seen in the figures of the Annunciation and Visitation sculptures at Reims.
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    11. What does Pollaiuolo’s only known print reveal to be a special interest of his? a. architecture b.lives of the saints c.everyday life d.classical sculpture   12. Where was the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance? a.Rome b.Siena c.Venice d.Florence   13. Which is the name of Brunelleschi’s added element, like a section of entablature, above the capital and below the springing.
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