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    11)The Speech and Debate Clause of the U.S. Constitution protects members of the [ state ] legislature from defamation actions based on remarks during legislative debates. 12)The University of ________ might sue for defamation over the published statement ?All University of ________ professors are crack heads.? 13)Defamation can occur only through the.
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  3)Why is global awareness important? 4)Describe Canada's educational system in terms of national, provincial, and local control as well as how the system is funded. 5)Describe the educational systems in Japan in comparison to that of the United States. 6)Explain how public schools in the United Kingdom differ from schools in the United.
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  1)Although First Amendment doctrine presumes that prior restraints are unconstitutional, in limited instances, such as cases involving false advertising or copyright violations, prior restraints are permissible. 2)The Blackstonian view of press freedom, which prohibits prior restraints but allows subsequent punishment of illegal expression, was familiar to the founders of the U.S..
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    11)The U.S. Constitution provides that amendments must be ratified by the President. 12)Three circuits of the U.S. Court of Appeals, the Second Circuit, the D.C. Circuit, and the Ninth Circuit, are especially important to communication law. 13)The U.S. Supreme Court rarely exercises original jurisdiction; it primarily functions as an appellate court. 14)The majority.
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  1)National political parties may not receive ?soft money? contributions from business corporations. 2)In McConnell v. FEC, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act?s (BCRA) restriction on ?electioneering communication.? 3)In Buckley v. Valeo, the U. S. Supreme Court held that Congress could not limit campaign contributions by individuals and PACs. 4)In.
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  1)The effect of copying on the plaintiff?s commercial market is the least important factor in determining fair use. 2)Copyright law does not allow the federal government to own a copyright in works created by government employees as part of their official duties. Consequently, the American Dairy Council, a private organization promoting.
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    11)According to the ruling in FEC v. Massachusetts Citizens for Life, a non-profit corporation formed to promote an ideology, such as opposition to abortion, is exempt from federal election restraints on corporate expenditures advocating the election or defeat of candidates. 12)A legally qualified candidate?s campaign advertisement may be edited by a.
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  4)Why have publishers said good riddance to the ?bad tendency? test? 5)Explain briefly what Alexander Bickel, the New York Times? attorney in the Pentagon Papers case, meant when he said after his victory: ?We extend the legal reality of freedom of at some cost to its limitless appearance.?   .
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  1) Original expression is copyrighted as soon as A) it is registered. B)notice is ?affixed.? C)it is fixed in a tangible medium. D)only when all of the above conditions are met. E)None of the above. 2)The Nation magazine lost its fair use copyright case to Harper & Row for several reasons, including the fact that.
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  11)  Teaching or clarifying values or a way that educators try to shape young people's lives is through   A) character education. B)the cure for dysfunctionalism. C)watered-down morality. D)service learning. 12)  Many service learning programs encourage students to adopt all of the following except: A)an intellectual stance on the importance of engaging in experiences that.
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  1)This kinds of assessment measures students' capacities for reasoning, thinking divergently, and solving problems creatively. 2)Learning that results from volunteer work performed outside school hours.  3)A form of communication without needing to be connected to the Internet at the same time. 4)A form of synchronous communication that allows people to see and.
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  1)Although the Supreme Court never ruled on the constitutionality of the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798, the Supreme Court said in New York Times v. Sullivan that seditious libel laws violate the central purpose of the First Amendment. 2)Once libel plaintiffs establish they have been defamed by the media, they.
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  4)Sampling Some courts have ruled that the copying of musical phrases and sections of pictures in new works is fair use. Other courts rule that sampling infringes copyright. Briefly argue that sampling is or is not fair use. 5)Contributory Infringer Napster and Grokster have been ruled to be contributory infringers of copyrighted music..
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  1)Work Made for Hire Tell why it is important for freelancers to be aware if they sign a contract containing the phrase ?work made for hire.? 2)Performing Rights Societies Why are performing rights societies, such as the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) and Broadcast Music. Inc (BMI) important to radio.
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  1)The framers of the Constitution intended the First Amendment to protect citizens from interference with their freedom of expression by state and local governments. 2)The Supreme Court disfavors content regulations; yet the First Amendment protects political speech more than it protects advertising. 3)In the 1950s, the Supreme Court ruled in Dennis v..
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  1)If a viewer copies a violent act he sees on television, the victim can probably successfully sue the broadcaster for A) emotional distress. B)copycat harm. C)outrage. D)negligence. E)None of the above. 2)To win a private facts suit, a plaintiff must prove the publication A) is disgusting to the average person. B)is highly offensive to a reasonable.
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  1)The extent to which we recognize connections to countries and people of the world  2)Voluntary organizations such as churches, scouts, and chambers of commerce, for example, that attempt to cultivate global perspectives are called 3)The study of how educational systems of one country are alike and different from other countries of.
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  1) Students sometimes proclaim, ?Let information be free.? The argument goes something like this: It is so easy and inexpensive to acquire and trade information on the Internet, the information ought to be free. Music and video, too. Those gargantuan music and film companies have ripped people off long enough,.
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  1)Why do media defense attorneys in defamation cases so often (and frequently successfully) ask a judge to issue an order of summary judgment?   2)Describe the combination of sloppy and unprofessional reporting practices that might add up to actual malice. 3)Why did the Supreme Court compare large civil damages to a criminal libel.
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  21)  An history teacher who encourages students to learn and use a word processing program for composing research essays is using which technology theme? A)cooperative learning approach B)integrated approach C)tool approach D)supportive approach 22)  What is a form of real-time or synchronous communication on the Internet? A)file transfer protocol B)electronic mail C)world wide web D)chat 23)  What are asynchronous electronic.
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1)  One of the most important moves toward common education expectations is the  A) Elementary and Secondary Education Act. B)No Child Left Behind Act. C)National Assessment of Educational Progress (NEAP) test. D)none of the above 2)  Critics of the American Public Education system worry that  A) students are not learning the skills they need. B)teachers.
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  3)What is the significance of the Florida Star v. BJF case? 4)Incitement Can the media be held liable for ?inciting? dangerous or violent acts when readers and viewers copy or take inspiration from violent or dangerous acts they read or view? 5)Consent Advise a corporate PR practitioner on the type of consent she should.
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    11)Unauthorized commercial appropriation of someone?s identity can occur in print advertisements but usually not in news stories? 12)The Supreme Court has ruled that journalists have a privilege to accompany public officials onto private property if the officials have a search warrant. 13)A photographer for the campus newspaper, the Blowtorch, took an award-winning.
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  1) During campaign periods, a media corporation that is not owned by a political party or candidate A)may advocate the election of a federal candidate in an editorial published in one of its magazines. B)may not donate corporate funds to a candidate. C)may create and sponsor a PAC. D)may refuse to sell space to.
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  1)Absolutist Explain briefly why justices Black and Douglas were characterized as ?absolutists.? 2)Fourteenth Amendment What is the contribution of the Fourteenth Amendment to First Amendment freedom of expression? Give an example. 3)Vagueness and Overbreadth What is the difference between a vague and an overbroad law? Give examples.       .
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  1)The federal constitution is the country?s ultimate legal authority. 2)The U.S. Supreme Court, the nation?s supreme judicial body, has the last word on the meaning of the federal constitution. Each state?s supreme court is the interpreter of that state?s constitution. 3)Amendments to the U.S. Constitution must be ratified by three-fourths of the.
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  1)If a court applies the strict scrutiny test to a government speech regulation, the government must justify the regulation by proving it has a ________ for regulating the speech. A)rational interest B)reasonable interest C)probable cause D)necessary tendency E) None of the above 2)A county ordinance prohibits newspapers from publishing stories favoring abortions, stories the ordinance.
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  31)  James Comer developed a strategy for working with students at risk in which teams of professionals participate in A)leadership training programs. B)competitions for increased student achievement. C)consensual and collaborative decision making. D)mentorship training activities. 32)  Which of the following mottos would be expressed by an advocate of the Coalition of Essential Schools? A)Planning for the Future.
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    11)The FCC reviews television or radio programs prior to their being broadcast. 12)In Los Angeles v. Preferred Communications, the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that cable franchising decisions by local governments are exempt from First Amendment scrutiny. 13)A tax aimed solely at the largest newspaper in a state is unconstitutional, but a.
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  1)The founders stipulated in the Constitution that the Bill of Rights protects a ?right of privacy.? 2)In Florida Star v. BJF, the Supreme Court ruled that the media can rarely be punished for publishing truthful, lawfully acquired information about an matter of public importance. 3)The Supreme Court has ruled a citizen has.
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1)What responsibilities do educators have to make students aware of their global neighbors? 2)How does the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO), a nonprofit educational foundation based in Switzerland, work to make comparative education relevant to teachers and students around the world?   .
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  41)  According to Mitzel, instructional context variables include A)factors both inside and outside the classroom that influences teaching and learning. B)questions teachers ask during a lesson. C)teachers personalities. D)teachers background knowledge. 42)  According to Mitzel, which of the following examples would be identified as a process variable?  A) A teacher using effective examples to make.
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    11)For human (not corporate) authors, copyright in a work created today will last for 50 years. 12)When a crew of KBMX-TV tapes fire footage for the 6 o?clock news, copyright in the tape belongs to the news crew. 13)A news story cannot be copyrighted because it contains newsworthy facts. 14)The original and main.
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  1) Gene Green, a widely published professor of accounting, is suing the Daily Caper, the campus newspaper, for libel. The paper reported on its web site that Green was being investigated by a campus committee for drunken behavior and harassing secretaries. The Caper?s web site quoted an anonymous source saying.
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  1) The 1931 case in which the U.S. Supreme Court established the presumption that prior restraints are unconstitutional, but acknowledged that prior restraints might be permissible in wartime to bar expression harmful to the safety of troops. A)Gitlow v. New York B)Schenck v. United States C)Near v. Minnesota D)Abrams v. United States E)None of the.
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