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  1) The town of Intolerance decides to ban the outdoor advertising of alcohol in media such as billboards. Establishments selling or serving alcohol may have on-site outdoor signs identifying the business, and may include alcohol-related terms in their name, such as ?The Liquor Store,? but may not have outdoor displays.
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  1) In some states, journalists may withhold sources unless the courts or law enforcement officials demonstrate three things, including A)a compelling need for the information. B)the relevance of the information to the case. C)an implication of the journalist in criminal wrongdoing. D)All of the above. E)A and B. 2)Justice White, who wrote the opinion for the.
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  1.  Between around 1300 and 1500, Spain and Portugal were blocked from participating in A. Christian rituals B.European trade C.epidemics D.the Indian Ocean trade 2. Direct or indirect results of Columbus’ voyages included all of the following except A.the formation of guilds B.the destruction of powerful native American empires C.the enrichment of diets and nutrition around the.
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  2)The campus Paper publishes a three-part series, written by Ron Reporter, about the sale on campus of illegal CDs imported from factories in Southeast Asia. The stories report that illegal sales are part of a national market in illicit sale of cheap, but high quality CDs. Ron Reporter (RR) promised.
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  1.  Which of the following did NOT contribute to shattered illusions about the future? A.World War I B.global economic depression C.improved standards of living D.World War II 2. In the second half of the twentieth century, which of the following encouraged optimism? A.conflicts over gender identity B.ethnic and religious violence C.unequal distribution of wealth D.advancements in communication technology 3.T.
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  25.Which of the following events in evolutionary history happened first? A.first dinosaurs B.first reptiles C.first amphibians D.first birds 26.T F  Homo sapiens was the product of interacting and interbreeding among a variety of earlier species. 27.The “candelabra” model and the “Noah’s Ark” model differ in their assessments of: A.the geographic location(s) of the evolution of Homo.
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  1) Stewart?s Dissent The seminal case in the debate over a journalist?s privilege is Branzburg v. Hayes decided in 1972. While the majority of the Court ruled that journalists must testify before grand juries, Justice Stewart?s dissenting opinion has had considerable influence on later law. Briefly explain Stewart?s opinion and its impact. 2)First.
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  13.T F   Horses were first domesticated in China. 14.Most experts think that innovative primary urbanization: A.could not have happened without diffusive urbanization B.occurred only in the fertile crescent C.occurred only in Asia D.must have begun after the practice of agriculture 15. Urbanization began latest: A.in Mesopotamia B.along the Nile River C.along the Indus River D.along the Niger River 16. The Bronze.
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  13.Fossil remains of the earliest direct human ancestors, Australopithecus and Homo habilis, have been found only in: A.Australia B.Asia C.Africa D.Western Europe 14.  The remains of Homo sapiens have been found throughout: A.Eurasia B.Australia C.Africa D. Java 15. The earliest evidence of hominids controlling fire dates to about: A.5 million years ago B.1 million years ago C.200,000 years ago D.30,000 years ago 16. Louis.
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  1)Cameras are currently allowed in the U.S. Supreme Court. 2)Recently in People v. Bryant, the Colorado Supreme Court modified and upheld an order prohibiting media publication of intimate information about Kobe Bryant?s accuser. 3)A criminal defendant?s Sixth Amendment rights create a presumption against open court proceedings. 4)Under their contempt power, judges have virtually.
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  1. When the first cities developed, most of the world’s population was: A.farmers or merchants B.raiders or hunter-gatherers C.hunter-gathers or farmers D.farmers or raiders 2. The world’s earliest cities developed: A.in fertile Plains regions B.along major river systems C.exclusively along coastal waters D.around large manufacturing facilities 3.T F   Until the late nineteenth century, most people did NOT live in an.
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  1.  Global exploration expanded at an unprecedented rate beginning in the A.thirteenth century B.seventeenth century C.tenth century D.eighteenth century 2. Which of the following was NOT a method of disseminating new political, economic, and social philosophies? A. political colonialism B.economic imperialism C.cultural isolationism D.missionary activity 3.T F   The “Age of Revolution,” 1640-1914, includes revolutions in France, Haiti and North.
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  21)Journalists sometimes lose a statutory privilege to withhold confidential sources if the journalists observe?are witnesses to?criminal activity. 22)Judicial skepticism toward a First Amendment-based journalist?s privilege has markedly increased since 2001. 23)Recent cases show federal courts as finding support for a journalist?s privilege in the federal common law. 24)California?s shield law protects journalists whose.
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    11)A federal shield law allows ?anyone who disseminates information to the public? to shield confidential sources from courts and grand juries. 12)Congress failed to adopt a federal shield law that would permit anyone who disseminates information to the public to withhold confidential information from courts and grand juries. 13)Recognizing new media, Congress.
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  1) Two cases in which the Supreme Court ruled that the press and public have no First Amendment right of access to prisons. A)Pell v. Procunier and Saxbe v. Washington Post B)Richmond Newspaper v. Virginia and Department of Justice v. Reporters? Committee for Freedom of the Press C)Chrysler Corporation v. Brown and Department.
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  1) Ron Reporter writes a series of stories about university officials selling illegal drugs to dorm residents. Reporter does not observe any drug sales. On the basis of the articles, the district attorney charges the director of student housing with drug trafficking. As she begins preparation for trial, the district.
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  1)Records Describe how the Society of Professional Journalists would evaluate the following definition of public records in an open records act: ?A public record is a written memorial of a final action.? What would be an alternative definition the society might prefer?   2)Embedded Journalists Hundreds of journalists were embedded with American troops during.
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  4)Electronic Freedom of Information Act Why is EFOIA important? 5)National Archives and Records Administration v. Favish How did the Supreme Court expand the already broad privacy exemption in the Federal Freedom of Information Act in its decision in National Archives and Records Administration v. Favish?   .
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  25.Which region witnessed the earliest urban settlement? A.sub-Saharan Africa B.Mesopotamia C.Mesoamerica D.the Indus plain. 26. The Sumerians: A.originally came from Northern Africa B.were eventually displaced by the Ubaid peoples C.dominated Mesopotamia for nearly a millennium D.were eventually conquered by Alexander the Great 27. The Sumerians were finally conquered by: A.Sargon of Akkad B.Nefertiti of Egypt C.Alexander the Great of Macedon D.Hammurabi of Babylon 28. Around.
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  1)The press and public have a First Amendment right of access to records and meetings of the executive branch of government, the Supreme Court has ruled. 2)Before releasing public records, custodians are usually authorized to require a requester to prove the records will be used for a ?public purpose.? 3)Disclosure of government.
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  1) Lil? Willie, a world famous rapper, is arrested for the murder of his girlfriend, Florescent. The arrest generates massive pretrial publicity, including comments from the police that the gun used to shoot Florescent was found in the trunk of Lil? Willie?s Bentley. The press also reports that Lil? Willie.
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1.  Which of the following constitutes the first example of empire building? A.Persia B.Egypt C.Akkad D.Greece 2. Against which of the following did the Greeks successfully resist in the fifth century B.C.E.? A. Persia B.Egypt C.China D. Japan 3.T F   It can be argued that the Roman empire endured for approximately 2000 years. 4.T F   Ashok Maurya, who came.
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  2) Management of the Acme Corporation, a Texas-based producer of consumer products, wants to publicly express its opposition to legislative proposals to restrict immigration in the United States. In particular, the company wants to criticize a proposal sponsored by Senator Whiteman, a U.S. Senator who is a candidate for reelection.
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  1)The government has greater latitude under the First Amendment to regulate commercial speech than political speech. 2)In Virginia Pharmacy, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that commercial speech is protected under the First Amendment because of the consumer?s interest in receiving information. 3)Although considerable falsehood is permitted in the political arena, the U.S..
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  3) The city council of Virtue, concerned with the proliferation of sexual material on cable, prohibits the cablecasting of ?indecent? programming at any time. The ordinance defines indecency as the ?patently offensive depiction or description of sexual or excretory activities and organs.? Further, the ordinance specifies that the city council,.
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  1) Public access to government records depends on several provisions of open records laws, including the (1) stated purpose of the law, (2) how government agencies and records are defined, (3) the time allowed for government responses to requests, (4) the fees charged and the (5) penalties imposed if governments.
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  1)Nudity is synonymous with obscenity. 2)A person who ?panders? may be convicted for commercial exploitation of sexual material even though the materials are not obscene. 3)Adult-oriented pay-cable services such as the Playboy Channel are prohibited from operating between 6 a.m. and 10 p.m. 4)In Freedman v. Maryland, the U.S. Supreme Court said that.
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  1.  According to historian Mircea Eliade, the “sacred”: A.must be experienced internally B.cannot provide a deeper sense of significance to life C.was not understood by “primitive” man D.is distinct from mundane acts such as eating or sexual activity 2. Evidence that Neanderthals expressed religious beliefs includes: A.carved ivory statues in gravesites B.glass beads in gravesites C.flint tools and.
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  1)The 1966 case in which the U.S. Supreme Court overturned a murder conviction because the prejudicial publicity and carnival-like atmosphere in the courtroom deprived the defendant of a fair trial. A)Estes v. Texas B)Chandler v. Florida C)Sheppard v. Maxwell D)Patton v. Yount E)None of the above 2)The cases in which convictions have been overturned because of.
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    11)A community may use its zoning authority to control the location of sexually-oriented businesses. 12)The ?social value? prong of the Miller test is an effort by the U.S. Supreme Court to preserve freedom for serious works depicting sexuality while allowing states to criminalize the distribution of sexual materials that lack serious.
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  11)A material statement in advertising, like a material statement in corporate securities transactions, is one that is likely to affect a purchasing decision. 12)A Volvo television advertisement emphasizing the strength and safety of Volvos shows a Volvo and several other brands of cars being run over by a giant truck. The.
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  1. Humans had established themselves on all the continents of the earth except Antarctica by: A. 15,000 B.C.E. B.5,000 B.C.E. C.15,000 C.E. D.250,000 B.C.E. 2. To better understand the prehistory of humans, historians must rely heavily upon: A.mythology B.archaeological evidence C.oral histories D.religious teachings 3.T F  Until the mid-nineteenth century, questions about human origins were generally addressed by creation.
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    11)In high profile cases, judges may prohibit attorneys, court personnel, and law enforcement personnel from making public comments, such as discussing a defendant?s prior criminal record. 12)In Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that judges may impose gag orders on press coverage criminal cases without examining the.
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1. The Neolithic Age: A.preceded the Paleolithic Age B.is named for the characteristics of its tools C.began substantially prior to the founding of the first cities D.was a time in which trade was virtually nonexistent 2. The first animals to be domesticated in the “Fertile Crescent” were: A.goats and sheep B.pigs and cattle C.dogs D.llamas and turkeys 3. The use.
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  1)The 1976 case in which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that pharmacy advertisements conveyed constitutionally protected information of value to consumers. A) Bolger v. Youngs Drug Products Co. B)Virginia State Board of Pharmacy v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council C)Bigelow v. Virginia D)Carey v. Population Services E) None of the above 2)Although commercial advertising now.
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    11)Open records laws usually provide citizens access to legislative records. 12)Open records laws usually provide citizens access to electronic records. 13)Open records laws usually allow custodians to withhold records that would embarrass the government. 14)Reporters embedded with American troops are generally permitted to report the date, time, location and results of completed military.
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  1.T F DNA helped reaffirm the scientific theory of evolution. 2.Which of the following statements regarding settlement patterns is NOT true? A. The newest, biggest cities were in the developing world. B.Most new jobs were in service industries. C.By 2006, half the world’s population lived in cities. D.At the turning point of the Industrial.
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  1) After wrestling with the problem of obscenity for many years, Justice Brennan wrote in his dissenting opinion in Paris Adult Theatre that A) all definitions of obscenity are vague. B)the government should severely restrict all sexual content. C)the government should restrict only sexual content appealing to ?deviates.? D) the government should.
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  1)The First Amendment explicitly says that journalists have a constitutional right to withhold the names of confidential sources. 2)The Supreme Court has recognized in the First Amendment an ?implied? right for journalists to withhold the names of confidential sources. 3)About 30 states have statutes allowing journalists to withhold the names of confidential.
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