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1. Scholars know the least about this civilization: A.Greek city-states B.Indus valley C.Nile valley D.Tigris-Euphrates valley 2. We know less about ancient Egyptian cities when compared with ancient Mesopotamian cities primarily because the Egyptian cities were: A. destroyed by war B.few and far between C.destroyed by the Nile River D.changed so drastically by the British in the nineteenth.
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  28. The Harappan civilization: A.was centered on one large city: Harappa B.had a strong central government C.was based along the Ganges river D.had a language, but it has not yet been deciphered 29. The art and craftwork of the Indus Valley indicates: A.that the civilization was not very well developed B.they participated in active interregional trade C.they did.
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  25. Jesus’ most important commandment was to: A.love your neighbor B.love God C.give to the poor D.honor your father and mother 26. For Paul, the most important criterion for being a Christian was: A.observance of Jewish ritual laws B.being born into a Christian family C.low socioeconomic status D.faith 27. Paul: A.felt that married clergy were closer to God than single clergy B.opposed.
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  23. Regarding military policy of the Han empire, it is true that: A.nearly all able-bodied men had to serve in the military B.the Han emperors were much less militaristic than the Qin emperors C.there was little trouble with the tribes beyond the Great Wall D.the Han military was at a disadvantage at times because.
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  24.T F   The Abbasid clan were descended from Muhammad’s uncle. 25.T F   The Seljuk Turks abolished the position of caliph. 28.Which of the following regions had NOT yet been conquered by Islam in 650 C.E.? A.Oman B.Egypt C.Spain D.Libya 29.T F   Between 1070 and 1180 C.E., the Abbasid Caliphate lost territory to the Byzantine Empire. 30.The campaigns.
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  50. In the eighth century, the advance of Islam into Europe was: A.most rapid in Scandinavia B.stopped in southern France by Charles Martel C.most rapid in Italy D.of little consequence for the Catholic Church 51. Charlemagne: A.was crowned Roman Emperor by the Pope B.suffered several defeats which cut the size of his empire by half C.was a great.
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1. The Indian subcontinent includes all of the following areas, except: A.Tibet B.Bhutan C.Bangladesh D. Nepal 2. Since 3000 B.C.E., most immigrants to India have come from the: A.ocean B.southeast C.northwest D.southwest 3. Of the following, who came closest to unifying the entire Indian subcontinent? A.Chandragupta Maurya B.Asoka C.Kanishka D.Alexander the Great 4. Aryan immigrants to the Indus valley: A.came from Europe B.came from central Asia C.came.
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  49. Muslim rule in Spain: A.was characterized by suppression of Christianity and Judaism B.extended for nearly 100 years after the rule of Ferdinand and Isabella C.was tightly controlled by the Abbasid caliph D.revitalized trade in the western Mediterranean 50. The Alhambra is in this city: A.Baghdad B.Damascus C.Istanbul D.Granada 51. The Spanish Inquisition was established to: A.hunt down those suspected.
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  1. Neolithic groups in China began the transition from hunting and gathering to farming and village life as early as:  A. 1700 B.C.E. B.400.C.E. C.8000 B.C.E. D.2700 B.C.E. 2. China’s three earliest known dynasties: A.were centered on the Yangzi River B.were each at one time the most powerful regional dynasty C.did not overlap each other D.showed a reverential.
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  38.The Silk Road linked which of the following cities? A.Sarapion and Asabon B.Luoyang and Bactra C.Luoyang and Guangzhou D.Antioch and Alexandria 39.  Which of the following was the first emperor of the Flavian dynasty? A.Flavian B.Trajan C.Valerian D.Vespasian 40.  Which of the following Greek and Roman Gods are linked correctly? A.Zeus and Apollo B.Aphrodite and Persephone C.Dionysus and Bacchus D.Ares and Mercury 41. The.
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  13.Which of the following innovations was developed first? A.the crossbow B.Longshan ceramics C.farming with domesticated animals D.Yangshao penal code 14.T F  The Longshan culture extended further west than the Shang culture. 15.Which of the following was the more recent development in early Chinese culture? A.domestication of the water buffalo B.primitive writing C.domestication of the horse D.human grave sacrifices 17.Explain how.
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1. In the early days of long-distance trade, the most common type of goods was: A.luxury items B.processed foods C.grains D.metallurgical products 2. Before 1500 C.E., the greatest part of the exchange economy consisted of: A.long-distance transactions B.medium-distance transactions C.local transactions D.international trade 3. True free market economies require all of the following, except: A.individuals seeking personal profit B.benevolent government regulation C.no control.
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  13.In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries: A.Europe’s population nearly doubled B.peasants who survived the plague often found their situation improved C.France and England remained at peace D.the Renaissance became most strongly entrenched among the lower classes 14.T F   The Black Death, or bubonic plague, originated in Central Asia. 15.The bubonic plague: A.is transmitted by flies B.was spread primarily.
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  13.The early-fifteenth-century Incas: A.traded with the Aztec Empire B.practiced metallurgy primarily in the valleys C.grew crops on high mountain slopes D.engaged in a substantial amount of trade, but it was regulated by the government 14. Of the following regions, which had the least extensive network of trade routes by 1500? A. North America B.Europe C.the Middle.
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  35.T F   The Ming government prohibited private overseas trade by Chinese merchants. 36.T F   The Grand Canal connected the agricultural region in the west with the administrative centers in the south. 39.Which of the following trading ports and cities in the Indian Ocean declined in prominence after 1000 C.E.? A. Zanzibar B.Delhi C.Calicut D.Kanchipura.
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  38. The South American civilization known for its enormous pebble patterns, best seen in an aerial view is:  A. the Huari B.the Inca C.the Nazca D.the Tiwanaka 39. Iron smelting in West Africa: A.took place after urbanization had progressed substantially B.developed gradually C. began around 200 C.E. D. was introduced from outside the region 40. The Bantu: A.only settled.
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  25.T F  Siddhartha Guatama’s fundamental goal was to find a remedy for sorrow. 26.Of the theories that explain the decline of Buddhism in India and the revival of Hinduism, which do you find most convincing?  Explain. 27.Buddhism: A.began in Tibet B.did not have a specific founder C.had an order of monks D.did not develop scripture 28..
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  37. In Sumer after about 2800 B.C.E., members of this group ruled in conjunction with kings: A. temple priests B.large landowners C.rich artisans D.peasants’ representatives 38. Sumerian trade: A.relied entirely on donkey caravan B.never made significant use of the boat C.extended as far as the Indus valley D.primarily involved trading surplus Sumerian foodstuffs and products for gold and.
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  25.T F   By 5000 B.C.E., the early inhabitants of the Americas were cultivating maize. 26.T F   The Toltec, Aztec, and Maya repudiated all aspects of the Teotihuácan civilization. 27.T F   The quality and designs of the textiles produced in coastal Peru are exceptional. 28.T F   The artwork of the Hohokam people.
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  11. Rome’s armies: A.spent little time developing new technology B.were paid for primarily by taxes on Roman citizens C.required few male citizens to actually serve in it D.were often made up in part by men from conquered regions 12. During the height of the Roman Empire: A.the most important import for Rome was wine B.all major cities.
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  51. Japan: A.was conquered twice by China B.was careful to keep its borders closed to immigrants during its early years C.modeled its art on that of the southeast Asian islands D.accepted the cultural hegemony of China 52. The seventeen-point program adopted by Japan: A.was adopted around the year 1410 B.included reverence for Buddhism C.was designed to exclude any.
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  11.T F  The Ramayana is interpreted differently in different parts of the Hindu world. 12.T F   The Artha-sastra includes codes of law and statecraft. 16.Which of the following was written first? A.the Bhagavad-Gita B.the Puranas C.Sangam poetry D.the Mahabharata and Ramayana 17.T F   Hindu gained ascendancy over Buddhism during India’s “golden age”. 18.The Artha-sastra: A.was written by a minister.
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1. Permanent contact between Europe and the Americas did not occur until A. 1533 C.E. B.1000 C.E. C.1492 C.E. D.870 C.E. 2. Leif Eriksson led the Vikings who established a temporary settlement in North America around A. 500 C.E. B.1000 C.E. C.982 C.E. D.870 C.E. 3.T F   Europeans constructed caravels based on  Arab ship and sail designs. 4.T.
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  35. Which of the following is NOT a legacy of the Hunas? A.dismemberment of the Gupta empire B.introduction of new groups into areas already settled C.increase in inter-regional trade D.flowering of Hindu philosophy 36. India’s “adivasis”: A.are well described in ancient historical records B.usually live in the less-accessible areas C.farm some of India’s richest soil D.have rarely been able.
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  48.  Under the leadership of Emperor Constantine: A.the Roman Empire was purged of its eastern characteristics B.Constantinople served as the sister-capital of Rome C. the Justinian legal code was spread throughout the empire D. the Hagia Sophia was constructed in 532 C.E. 49. The Byzantine Empire was centered in A.Rome B.Constantinople C.Antioch D.Cyrene 50. A significant reason that the.
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  11.T F   The Ramayana includes the Bhagavad-Gita. 12.T F   Ritualistic sex is an integral part of Bhakti Hinduism. 17.T F   The Puranas were written before the Rigveda. 18.T F   Hinduism is strongly connected to the sacred geography of the Indian subcontinent. 19.The Hindu culture developed before which of the following religious cultures? A.Egyptian B.Islamic C.Hittite D.Sumerian 20. Currently, the.
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  1. Judaism: A.began when Adam made a pact with God that Adam’s descendants would always worship God B.is basically a polytheistic religion C.once contained nearly one-fifth of the world population D.has had a role in history that is disproportionate to the number of its followers 2. Which of the following is NOT one of.
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  24. The Guptas: A.encouraged a resurgence of Hindu philosophy B.discouraged the arts, since they felt they stirred up anti-government feelings C.discouraged the use of Sanskrit and encouraged the use of Urdu D.shut down most Buddhist monasteries and centers of learning 25.T F   Asoka’s son, a Buddhist missionary, succeeded in converting Sri Lanka to Buddhism. 26.T.
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  37. The Greek city-state: A.had political powers analogous to that of a state within the United States B.was kept small by wars with the Persian empire C.typically had populations exceeding 100,000 D.usually centered on a single city 38. Solon: A.instituted a law providing for debtors’ prisons B.relied on the hereditary aristocracy for power C.allowed common people to have.
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  47. Which empire or series of empires left the least amount of detailed records? A.Indian empires B.Roman Empire C.Chinese empires D.Ottoman Empire 48. Asoka’s empire: A.included the island of Sri Lanka B.was overthrown by barbarian invasions from the north C.was not described in known historical records until a find about 100 years ago D.expelled many Hindus 49. Over the last.
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  35.T F   Paul thought it possible for humans to overcome original sin. 36.T F   Persecution by the Romans led to a decline in Christian conversions. 37.T F   Pelagius preached that humans could choose between good and evil and thus determine their own fate. 41.At the time of Jesus, which of the.
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  1. Muslims believe that the most recent prophet was: A.Jesus B.Muhammad C.Abraham D.Abu Bakr 2. Islam: A.means ascension in Arabic B.believes in the Holy Trinity C.places little importance on stories of Muhammad’s life D.believes God transmitted the truth to Muslims through the angel Gabriel 3. Of the following, which is NOT one of the five pillars of Islam? A.observing a.
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  1. The Zhou dynasty: A.created the first true Chinese empire B.stayed strong up to the point it was overthrown C.disintegrated, leading to the Warring States period D.was briefly interrupted by a 24-year interregnum 2. The Warring States period: A.was ended by the Zhou dynasty B.led to the rule of the Qin dynasty C.occurred in part in the first.
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  11.T F   The Qin dynasty created the first Chinese Empire. 12.T F   Laozi believed that stable government required strict laws strictly enforced. 13.T F   Confucianism became an important philosophy of the Han empire. 14.T F   Confucianism thought political leadership should be morally based 15.T F   The fall of the Qin dynasty was hastened by.
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  49.Homer’s two great epic poems are A.Politics and Lysistrata B.Oresteia and Oedipus Rex C.the Orations and Crito D.the Iliad and the Odyssey 50. Which of the following events occurred first? A.the 2nd Peloponnesian War B.the Battle of Marathon C.the burning of Persepolis D.the construction of the Acropolis 53.The greatest number of battles in the Persian wars occurred in which of.
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  37. The Sui dynasty: A.came between the Qin and Han dynasties B.was founded by a Confucius scholar C.initially had the loyalty of peasant farmers D.decentralized authority, giving more independent power to local levels of government 38. The Grand Canal, completed during the Sui dynasty, linked which of the following? A.the Yangzi and the Yellow River systems B.the.
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  37. Baghdad was: A.once the largest city in the world B.built near the delta of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers C.built by the Abbasid dynasty D.built around 942 38.T F   The end of the caliphate effectively ended the spread of Islam. 39.T F   Sufis were less likely than ulama to emphasize strict religious doctrine. 40.T F  .
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  27.During the Renaissance, European artists began to utilize which of the following in their paintings?  A. acrylic paint B.perspective C.Arabic themes D.Asian themes 28. Which of the following is an Arab invention that aided in commercial navigation during the fifteenth century? A. the sextant B.the barometer C.the astrolabe D. the compass 29. Which of the following.
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  13. The Hittite empire was centered in: A.Mesopotamia B.Palestine C.the upper Nile D.Anatolia 14. The Assyrians: A.were descendants of the Hittites B.asserted their empire on three separate occasions C.never managed to extend their empire to the Mediterranean D.failed in their bid to conquer Egypt 15. Ancient Egypt: A.was often a unified state B.was quite vulnerable to attack from the south C.was quite vulnerable.
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1. The city of Rome was founded in approximately: A. 753 B.C.E. B.509 B.C.E. C.405 B.C.E. D.241 B.C.E. 2. Rome became a republic in this year: A. 753 B.C.E. B.509 B.C.E. C.405 B.C.E. D.241 B.C.E. 3. Rome: A.believed in the domino theory B.never could expel the Greeks from southern Italy C.usually chose conquest of a state rather than an.
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1. The oldest religion still in practice is: A.Buddhism B.Judaism C.Hinduism D.Christianity 2. The Rigveda: A.consists primarily of prayers and chants B.is the youngest of the major writings of Hinduism C.presents Hinduism as a monotheistic religion D.offers no definitive answers to the question of how the world was created 3. The caste system in India: A.officially provides for six castes B.is.
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  13. Hierakonpolis: A.experienced its greatest growth during a time of ecological balance B.was a herald of the coming “Nagada II” culture C.disposed of its dead in the Nile D.was on the Mediterranean Sea near the mouth of the Nile 14. Most of the great Egyptian pyramids were built: A.after Egypt was conquered by Persia B.during the Old.
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  25.The Incas used which of the following to record dates and accounts? A.beads B.tablets C.quipu D.pochteca 26.T F   The Mayas dominated the Yucatán peninsula through 900 C.E. 27.The three largest empires in sub-Saharan West African were: A.Ghana, Takrur, Mali B.Mali, Songhay, Ghana C.Funj, Ethiopia, Adal D.Kongo, Zimbabwe, Bagirmi 28.T F   The documents from the Cairo Genizah contain many manuscripts written by.
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  36. Buddhism in China: A.enjoyed immediate and lasting favor from the ruling classes B.came from India via sea trading routes C.conflicted sharply with Daoism D.developed a sect called Chan, which later became Zen in Japan 37. Shinto beliefs: A.found spirits inherent in nature B.believe that only the one god can bring salvation C.prohibit worship of the sun or.
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  14.  Shari’a: A.provides rights for men, but not for women B.specifies that the dowry shall go to the bride’s family C.requires a husband to take care of his children D.prevents a man from taking more than one wife 15.T F   As Ibn Battuta discovered, the status of women in the Islamic world of the fourteenth.
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  25. The balance of power among the Egyptians, Medes, Babylonians, and Lydians was broken by A. Cyrus II B.Cambyses I C.Cambyses II D.Darius I 26. Which Persian ruler was the least benevolent to his subjects? A.Cambyses II B.Cyrus II C.Darius I D.Alexander the Great 27. Darius I: A.was the son of Cyrus the Great B.enforced a Persian legal code throughout his.
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  1. Empires: A.usually grow through conquest B.by definition share rule with conquered peoples C.have been few and far between in human history over the last five millennia D.exist primarily to enrich conquered areas 2. The phrase “All roads lead to Rome,” refers to: A.the extensive construction of roads by the Romans as they expanded their empire B.the.
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